Immigration and Ethnicity: Overview - Theme - Electronic Encyclopedia of Gold in Australia. But perhaps the most significant population movement was the migration of thousands of people from overseas countries to the Victorian goldfields. The influx led to dramatic changes in Victoria’s population, and more importantly, to its society and culture. This group of people is described as the ‘gold generation’, a generation that left a profound and lasting impact on the colony and on the Australian nation. Population growth The population of Victoria rapidly tripled as a result of the gold rushes, growing from 77,000 in 1851 to 237,000 in 1854. During 1852, the peak year of the rushes, 90,000 people arrived in Melbourne. Victoria had a population of 411,000 by 1857. Intra-colonial migration was the source of some of this population growth but it is difficult to measure how many people overlanded from other colonies to the Victorian diggings.
A predominance of single men Sources of immigrants During the gold rushes, the majority of the international arrivals were from Britain. The Australian gold rush. JCF Johnson, A Game of Euchre, col. wood engraving, Australasian Sketcher Supplement [Melbourne], 25 December, 1876. Image courtesy of the National Library of Australia: nla.pic-an8927787. The gold rushes of the nineteenth century and the lives of those who worked the goldfields – known as 'diggers' – are etched into our national folklore.
There is no doubt that the gold rushes had a huge effect on the Australian economy and our development as a nation. It is also true to say that those heady times had a profound impact on the national psyche. The camaraderie and 'mateship' that developed between diggers on the goldfields is still integral to how we – and others – perceive ourselves as Australians. The diggers' defiance and open disdain of authority during this time is still a dominant theme in any discussion of our history and national identity. Indeed, mateship and defiance of authority have been central to the way our history has been told. The discovery that changed a nation Gold frenzy.
Australian gold rush. The 1850s gold rush attracted many Chinese people to Australia in search of a fortune. In this scene, Chinese and European diggers methodically search for gold using various devices and techniques. When gold was discovered When gold was discovered in Australia, the volume of Chinese immigration significantly increased. The highest number of arrivals in any one year was 12,396 in 1856. In 1861, 38,258 people, or 3.3 per cent of the Australian population, had been born in China. The Chinese immigrants referred to the Australian gold fields as 'Xin Jin Shan', or the New Gold Mountain.
Chinese On The Australian Gold Fields | Australian Gold, History & Culture Info - Historic Gold Rush Village Mogo South Coast NSW Australia. Overview - Chinese People Living On 1800s Australian Goldfields - New South Wales The number of Chinese people that came to Australia in the 1800's Gold Rush is open to speculation. It is believed about 7000 Chinese worked in the Araluen gold fields in Southern NSW. Australia first became multi-cultural during the gold rush period with mass international immigration to Australia. The lure of gold however often took a personal toll on individuals of all persuasions, particularly those who did not speak English. The Chinese were particularly industrious, with techniques that differed widely from the Europeans.
This and their physical appearance and fear of the unknown led to them to being persecuted in a racist way that would be regarded as untenable today. Follow the links below to discover more - Chinese Communities in the goldrush days, Chinese Gold Mining Methods and Anti-Chinese Racism. Www.scool.scholastic.com.au/schoolzone/toolkit/assets/pdfs/New_Gold_Mountain.pdf. Teaching writing with Christopher Cheng. Videos, Goldfields. Maldon Sample local wines and produce, or discover hidden treasures in one of the many antique stores. Castlemaine Discover a fine goldrush heritage as you fossick for local arts, crafts and antiques.
Bendigo From gold rush beginnings to a significant city in 20 years. Today, heralded as one of Australia's most vibrant inland cities where energy, optimism and creativity drive the new wealth of the city. Bendigo Castlemaine and Maldon Victoria's golden centre is an ancient landscape, bearing the legacy of waves of people - from the Jaara people, the gold rush diggers and their descendants, through to today's 'tree changers'. Bendigo's living Chinese History Bendigo was known to the early Chinese as 'Dai Gum San' (Big Gold Mountain) and by the mid 1850s was home to 4000 Chinese gold seekers. Celebrations in the Goldfields This small triangle of Central Victoria boasts many of Australia's oldest community events and possesses one of the busiest events calendars you will hope to find. Video. Teaching Challenges: New Gold Mountain #1.
This week my literacy class started reading New Gold Mountain: The Diary of Shu Cheong by Christopher W. Cheng. This is an historical fiction which is part of the "My Australian Story" series. It tells the story of life on the goldfields at Lambing Flat, NSW in 1860-1861. Shu Cheong, a fictitious character travels to Australia to find gold to take back to his village. On the journey both his father and third uncle die, leaving Shu Cheong alone in a foreign country. The local Chinese Society arrange a foster parent (Uncle) for Shu Cheong and it is at this point that we pick up the story. Summary of Pages 1-30The first thirty pages introduce us to Shu Cheong and life on the goldfields. ActivitiesCode Breaker: Begin a vocabulary chart with the class. Text User: Explain about the historical fiction genre.
Text Participant: Look at a map of the area where this story takes place. Www.chrischeng.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/11/new-gold-mountain-uni-questions.pdf. Www.chrischeng.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/11/new-gold-mountain-teachers-notes.pdf. New Gold Mountain | Christopher Cheng. Scholastic Australia 2005 ISBN 1865048518 Through the eyes of a Chinese boy Shu Cheong, we hear the story of life on the goldfields for the Chinese miners.
Set in the years 1860-61 at Lambing Flat (Now called Young in NSW) the Chinese miners are successfully working hard to extract the precious metal but they have a different way of life to the other miners and they speak a different language and they mine very differently, often at sites other miners have abandoned. This causes much antagonism towards the Chinese miners and soon riots erupt. “The white miners carried flags of their countries, but they also had a large new flag. Tension grows between European and Chinese miners at the Lambing Flat goldfields in New South Wales. This is a story of hardship, but ultimately of hope, as it traces the Chinese experience of the Australian goldfields.
Www.scool.scholastic.com.au/schoolzone/toolkit/New_Gold_Mountain.pdf. Websites for Reading Books & Stories online. Teaching Ideas. Future of Fiction. English Language Arts teachers are constantly fighting the battle to instil habits of reading and writing into learners who have so many other options of how to spend their leisure time. Exacerbated by the influx and availability of technology incessantly at the fingertips of many of today’s learners, it is becoming even harder to lure them towards print. When much of today’s youth inhabit an interactive multimedia-rich environment, its no wonder the printed page appears somewhat cold, lifeless and unappealing in comparison. Weil (1997) suggests that learners are “natives in a place that most adults are immigrants” and to foster a culture of reading and writing for these “digital natives” (Prensky, 2006), we need to move our thinking about reading, writing, literacy and books beyond the traditions of the printed page to engage and motivate our learners to read in a way that looks recognisable to them.
Educators need to explore the future of fiction. The Software Educational Standards. Pop-Up Punctuation Mini Project. Punctuation seems to cause a lot of problems for learners. I am not sure why, but many learners have failed to grasp even basic rules, such as capitalisation. Others though, are ready to learn the more sophisticated marks such as semi-colons. Correcting their writing and asking them to read constantly to see effective use of punctuation is one way to tackle these issues. However, I wanted to address this area in a more direct way - but experience means I know that 'teaching' grammar explicitly, does not work.
I created and shared a Google Doc outlining the project, as follows:- Each learner had to sign up to research and create a punctuation mark pop-up from the list in the task sheet - so that all punctuation marks were covered. Once their pop-ups were created, they checked them against the rubric before sharing them with each other. They were given time to teach each other about their punctuation marks using their pop-ups as a visual aid. S3 - Gold. Portals.studentnet.edu.au/literacy/uploads/goldngrammar_shoalhaven_unit.pdf. Into the Book: Teaching Reading Comprehension Strategies. The Story of Sliver Pete - from Children's Storybooks Online. By Carol Moore I've never told this story before, but just the same I'm telling you now. I was a boy of 8 in 1885 and I lived in a small town out west with my baby sister and my folks who ran the local delivery stable.
It might not have been such a bad place except for one man. His name was Sliver Pete and we thought him the meanest, ugliest, most cussed hombre that ever packed a gun and it was well known he carried a Colt 45. He didn't much like to work, was a cowpoke a few months out of the year and the rest of the time he played and cheated at cards and killed anybody who called him on it. Then for recreation or just pure spite he killed every sheriff that ever tried to arrest him.
The townspeople ended up offering a reward of $20,000 to anyone who could either run Sliver Pete out of town or put him in his grave. One very windy day the stagecoach arrived in town with an unusual passenger. The man called himself Preacher Dan. That afternoon the card game started early. "Oh. English - Get Smart.