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Specialized Courts. The scope of criminal court research and evaluation has grown with the advent of specialized or problem-solving courts.

Specialized Courts

Examples of specialized courts include drug courts, mental health courts, domestic violence courts and reentry courts. Specialized courts differ from traditional courts in that they focus on one type of offense or offender. Usually the judge plays an intensive supervisory role. BOP: Inmate Custody and Care. Quakers in the World - Reformers in Criminal Justice. Many Quakers have worked for reform of the criminal justice systems of their day.

Quakers in the World - Reformers in Criminal Justice

Quakers believe that people can always change: their focus has been on reforms that make positive change more likely, such as increased opportunities for education, improved prison conditions, help with facing up to violent impulses, and much else. Nowadays, restorative justice approaches are a central focus. William Penn was the first great Quaker prison reformer. In his ‘Great Experiment’ in Pennsylvania in the 1680s he abolished capital punishment for all crimes except murder.

He also stated that ‘prisons shall be workhouses,’ that bail should be allowed for minor offences’, and ‘all prisons shall be free, as to fees, food and lodgings’. Coming Home Straight From Solitary Damages Inmates And Their Families. When Sara Garcia's son, Mark, was released from solitary confinement, she also became his unofficial case manager: seeking a psychiatrist, job leads and writing out applications for food stamps.

Coming Home Straight From Solitary Damages Inmates And Their Families

Julia Robinson for NPR hide caption itoggle caption Julia Robinson for NPR When Sara Garcia's son, Mark, was released from solitary confinement, she also became his unofficial case manager: seeking a psychiatrist, job leads and writing out applications for food stamps. Julia Robinson for NPR The thing Sara Garcia remembers from the day her son, Mark, got out of prison was the hug — the very, very awkward hug.

The Psychological Impact of Incarceration: Implications for Post-Prison Adjustment. From Prison to Home: The Effect of Incarceration and Reentry on Children, Families, and Communities Craig Haney University of California, Santa Cruz December 2001 [ Project Home Page | List of Conference Papers ] Contents Abstract Endnotes.

The Psychological Impact of Incarceration: Implications for Post-Prison Adjustment

Safe Communities, Fair Sentences. Court Role and Structure. The federal judiciary operates separately from the executive and legislative branches, but often works with them as the Constitution requires.

Court Role and Structure

Federal laws are passed by Congress and signed by the President. The judicial branch decides the constitutionality of federal laws and resolves other disputes about federal laws. However, judges depend on our government’s executive branch to enforce court decisions. Courts decide what really happened and what should be done about it. Study Reveals the Financial Impact of Mass Incarceration on Families. A new study looks beyond the oft-reported topline numbers surrounding incarceration in America to capture the personal costs associated with having a family member in the penal system.

Study Reveals the Financial Impact of Mass Incarceration on Families

“Who Pays? The True Cost of Incarceration on Families” quantifies the real and lasting collateral damage of mass incarceration, from mental health support to loss of children, to permanent decreases in earning potential. Conducted by the Ella Baker Center for Human Rights, Forward Together and Research Action Design, the project spanned the course of a year.