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Martin Luther King - I Have A Dream Speech - August 28, 1963. MALCOLM X: BY ANY MEANS NECESSARY. LBJ Library and Museum - Civil. What was Jim Crow. Jim Crow was the name of the racial caste system which operated primarily, but not exclusively in southern and border states, between 1877 and the mid-1960s.

What was Jim Crow

Jim Crow was more than a series of rigid anti-black laws. It was a way of life. Under Jim Crow, African Americans were relegated to the status of second class citizens. We Were There - The Greensboro Sit Ins. Civil Rights Movement - Jim Crow Laws - Separate Is Not Equal. “Marriages are void when one party is a white person and the other is possessed of one-eighth or more negro, Japanese, or Chinese blood.”

Jim Crow Laws - Separate Is Not Equal

—Nebraska, 1911 “Separate free schools shall be established for the education of children of African descent; and it shall be unlawful for any colored child to attend any white school, or any white child to attend a colored school.” —Missouri, 1929 “All railroads carrying passengers in the state (other than street railroads) shall provide equal but separate accommodations for the white and colored races, by providing two or more passenger cars for each passenger train, or by dividing the cars by a partition, so as to secure separate accommodations.”

—Tennessee, 1891. Biography for Kids: Sojourner Truth. History >> Biography >> Civil Rights for Kids Occupation: Abolitionist and author Born: c. 1797 in Swartekill, New York Died: November 26, 1883 in Battle Creek, Michigan Best known for: Former slave who became an abolitionist and women's rights activist Biography: Where did Sojourner Truth grow up?

Biography for Kids: Sojourner Truth

Sojourner Truth was born around 1797 on a farm in Swartekill, New York. Her birth name was Isabella Baumfree and she was born a slave. Harriet Tubman for Kids. Biography Occupation: Nurse, Civil Rights Activist Born: 1820 in Dorchester County, Maryland Died: March 10, 1913 in Auburn, New York Best known as: A leader in the Underground Railroad Biography: Where did Harriet Tubman grow up?

Harriet Tubman for Kids

Harriet Tubman was born a slave on a plantation in Maryland. African-American Slavery after 1500. Slave fort (modern Ghana) Although other people, both white and Native American, have been held as slaves in North America, the experience of the African people who were forced to come to North America as slaves was more unusual, because more than half of the people living in slave states were slaves.

African-American Slavery after 1500

Most of the people who became slaves in North America were from West Africa. You would be living in a village when outsiders attacked and captured you, and then they would sell you to somebody else, who sold you to somebody else, and in the end somebody would sell you to a white man who would keep you in a slave fort on the coast of Africa. Half of the people captured with you died of hunger or sickness, while you were walking to the coast. Soon men with guns would force you to get on a ship, and they would take you to North America. Slavery in America. Slavery in America Slavery in America began in 1607 and continued until 1865.

Slavery in America

These links tell you more about this controversial but, for a long time, legal practice. Slavery It's hard to imagine that people did these things to each other, but different times allowed different ideals. Underground Railroad Student Activity. Slave Owners Nowadays when I hear folks growling and grumbling about not having this and that I just think what would they done if they be brought up on the Moore plantation.

Underground Railroad Student Activity

The Moore plantation belong to Master Jim Moore, in Moore, South Carolina. The Moores had own the same plantation and the same [slaves] and their children for years back. African Slave Trade - Africa for Kids. Over a period of about 400 years, about 10-15 million African people were kidnapped and sold into slavery.

African Slave Trade - Africa for Kids

These people were packed onto to crowded ships, and brought to the New World, the Americans, as a source of free labor. People were traded for goods. Slavery in the United States. The slave market in Atlanta, Georgia, 1864 (Library of Congress) When the North American continent was first colonized by Europeans, the land was vast, the work was harsh, and there was a severe shortage of labor.

Slavery in the United States

Men and women were needed to work the land. White bond servants, paying their passage across the ocean from Europe through indentured labor, eased but did not solve the problem. Kid's Biography: Martin Luther King, Jr. History >> Biography >> Civil Rights for Kids Martin Luther King at the March on Washingtonby Unknown Occupation: Civil Rights Leader Born: January 15, 1929 in Atlanta, GA Died: April 4, 1968 in Memphis, TN Best known for: Advancing the Civil Rights Movement and his "I Have a Dream" speechBiography: Martin Luther King, Jr. was a civil rights activist in the 1950s and 1960s.

Kid's Biography: Martin Luther King, Jr.

Overview. What does "civil rights" mean? Civil rights are basic rights that every citizen has under the laws of the government. In the United States the civil rights of each individual citizen are protected by the Constitution. Rosa Parks - KIDS DISCOVER. Rosa Parks had endured prejudice, bigotry, and injustice all her life. She knew this was unfair and unjust. What made it worse was that there were laws that supported the unjust treatment of black people. The police and government did not treat everyone equally. Biography for Kids: Ruby Bridges.

History >> Biography >> Civil Rights for Kids Occupation: Civil Rights Activist Born: September 8, 1954 in Tylertown, Mississippi Best known for: First African-American student to attend an all-white elementary school in the South Biography: Where did Ruby Bridges grow up? Ruby Bridges grew up on a small farm in Tylertown, Mississippi. History of Civil Rights movement, 4th grade Lesson Intro.

African-American Civil Rights Movement. History >> Civil Rights for Kids March on Washington Aug 28, 1963from the United States Information Agency The African-American Civil Rights Movement was an ongoing fight for racial equality that took place for over 100 years after the Civil War. Leaders such as Martin Luther King, Jr., Booker T. Civil Rights Act of 1964.

History >> Civil Rights for Kids The Civil Rights Act of 1964 was one of the most important civil rights laws in the history of the United States. It outlawed discrimination, ended racial segregation, and protected the voting rights of minorities and women. President Lyndon Johnson signing the law Background. March on Washington. Jim Crow Laws. Birmingham Campaign.

Little Rock Nine. Montgomery Bus Boycott. Kid's Biography: Martin Luther King, Jr. Rosa Parks - KIDS DISCOVER. US History 1920-1990 (Racism) - Questions. US History 1920-1990 (Racism) WGBH American Experience . Freedom Riders . People . Stokely Carmichael. 'Still a city of slaves' – Selma, in the words of those who live there. Selma The Bridge To The Ballot. History of the Civil Rights Movement. Civil Rights and the 1950s: Crash Course US History #39.