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Alternative Christian texts

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Deuterocanonical books. Deuterocanonical books is a term used since the 16th century in the Catholic Church and Eastern Christianity to describe certain books and passages of the Christian Old Testament that are not part of the Hebrew Bible.

Deuterocanonical books

The term is used in contrast to the protocanonical books, which are contained in the Hebrew Bible. This distinction had previously contributed to debate in the early Church about whether they should be classified as canonical texts. The term is used as a matter of convenience by the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church and other Churches to refer to books of their Old Testament which are not part of the Masoretic Text. The deuterocanonical books are considered canonical by Catholics, Eastern Orthodox, Oriental Orthodox, and the Church of the East, but are considered non-canonical by most Protestants. The word deuterocanonical comes from the Greek meaning 'belonging to the second canon'. History[edit] Dead Sea scrolls[edit] Influence of the Septuagint[edit] Jewish position[edit] Index Librorum Prohibitorum. Title page of Index Librorum Prohibitorum (Venice 1564).

Index Librorum Prohibitorum

The Index Librorum Prohibitorum (English: List of Prohibited Books) was a list of publications deemed heretical, anti-clerical or lascivious, and therefore banned by the Catholic Church.[1] A first version (the Pauline Index) was promulgated by Pope Paul IV in 1559, and a revised and somewhat relaxed form (the Tridentine Index) was authorized at the Council of Trent. Historian Paul F. Grendler believed that the promulgation of the Index marked "the turning-point for the freedom of enquiry in the Catholic world".[1] The 20th and final edition appeared in 1948, and the Index was formally abolished on 14 June 1966 by Pope Paul VI.[2][3][4] The Bible: The Dead Sea Scrolls and Other Ancient Manuscripts. Part I Part II Many ancient texts were not included in the Bible.

The Bible: The Dead Sea Scrolls and Other Ancient Manuscripts

Perhaps, the most famous are the Dead Sea Scrolls. We may also have heard of the writings of the "Church Fathers. " Other "outside books" are the Nag Hammadi manuscripts, the Pseudepigrapha, and the Apocrypha. Apocrypha For Protestants, the Apocrypha, sometimes called the Jewish Apocrypha, is a collection of 14 or 15 Jewish texts, most of which were included in a Greek translation of the Hebrew Bible called the Septuagint (LXX) that was used first by Jews and later by Christians.

Note! Dead Sea Scrolls. The Bible: Noncanonical Books (Ancient Manuscripts) We're sorry, but we were unable to find the page you requested.

The Bible: Noncanonical Books (Ancient Manuscripts)

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Visit our Global Ministries home page, Advanced Search, or Site Map. Apocrypha. Apocrypha are statements or claims that are of dubious authenticity.


The word's origin is the medieval Latin adjective apocryphus, "secret, or non-canonical", from the Greek adjective ἀπόκρυφος (apocryphos), "obscure", from verb ἀποκρύπτειν (apocryptein), "to hide away".[1] It is commonly applied in Christian religious contexts involving certain disagreements about biblical canonicity. The pre-Christian-era Jewish translation (into Greek) of holy scriptures known as the Septuagint included the writings in dispute. However, the Jewish canon was not finalized until at least 100–200 years into the A.D., at which time considerations of Greek language and beginnings of Christian acceptance of the Septuagint weighed against some of the texts. Some were not accepted by the Jews as part of the Hebrew Bible canon. Those canons were not challenged until the Protestant Reformation (16th century), when both the Roman Catholic and Eastern Orthodox Churches reaffirmed them.

Examples[edit] Other[edit] The Brick Testament. Digital Dead Sea Scrolls.