Liberal Arts, Philosphy, and Personal Reading
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Scientism is a term used, usually pejoratively, [ 1 ] [ 2 ] [ 3 ] to refer to belief in the universal applicability of the scientific method and approach, and the view that empirical science constitutes the most authoritative worldview or most valuable part of human learning to the exclusion of other viewpoints. [ 4 ] It has been defined as "the view that the characteristic inductive methods of the natural sciences are the only source of genuine factual knowledge and, in particular, that they alone can yield true knowledge about man and society." [ 5 ] The term frequently implies a critique of the more extreme expressions of logical positivism [ 6 ] [ 7 ] and has been used by social scientists such as Friedrich Hayek , [ 8 ] philosophers of science such as Karl Popper , [ 9 ] and philosophers such as Hilary Putnam [ 10 ] and Tzvetan Todorov [ 11 ] to describe the dogmatic endorsement of scientific methodology and the reduction of all knowledge to only that which is measurable. [ 12 ]
"ZEITGEIST, Part 1" - Debunked or Refuted? A Video Response
Notable Economic Thinkers
"Energized" waters of various kinds It's a good bet that neither the vendors who promote "energizing" products, nor the science-challenged people who buy them, have the slightest idea of what the term means, or how its presence can be demonstrated. The answer is that when applied to water, it's nothing but marketing hokum! See also our Energized Water debunking page.
The Natural Productivity Cycle In your personal life, when attending to business or working on side projects, how often do you spend 8 consecutive hours in front of a computer? It doesn’t make sense because we lose the ability to concentrate effectively within a few hours . Everyone goes through alternating periods of high and low mental acuity. There are days when I work on personal projects for well over 8 hours, but the time is always divided into multiple sessions.
Ein Sof [ pronunciation? ] , or Ayn Sof , ( Hebrew אין סוף ), in Kabbalah , is understood as God prior to His self-manifestation in the production of any spiritual Realm , probably derived from Ibn Gabirol 's term, "the Endless One" ( she-en lo tiklah ). Ein Sof may be translated as "no end", "unending", "there is no end", or infinite . Ein Sof is the divine origin of all created existence, in contrast to the Ein (or Ayn), which is infinite no-thingness . It was first used by Azriel ben Menahem , who, sharing the Neoplatonic view that God can have no desire, thought, word, or action, emphasized by it the negation of any attribute.
Kabbalah , also spelled Cabala or Qabbālâ et al. (different transliterations now tend to denote alternative traditions, [ 1 ] Hebrew : קַבָּלָה literally "receiving/tradition"), is an esoteric method, discipline and school of thought. Its definition varies according to the tradition and aims of those following it, [ 2 ] from its religious origin as an integral part of Judaism , to its later Christian , New Age , or Occultist syncretic adaptations.