United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. Facing History and Ourselves: Holocaust. German History Docs: Nazi Germany (1933-1945) Jewish Virtual Library. Digital Holocaust Resources - Wiener Library. Digital Collections, Publications & Exhibitions Czech Republic Database of Digitised Documents (holocaust.cz) The website contains a database of digitised documents and a database of victims which can be searched by name, birth place or date and address.
Roots of Nazi Ideology. Racism and Nazi Racial Ideology - The Holocaust. Although racism is said to spring from a belief that there are distinct human races with distinctive characteristics which determine the moral and other qualities of their individual members, the belief has no scientific basis.
In fact racism is rarely the product of any kind of purely cognitive process. People who propound racist beliefs are almost always motivated by emotional or psychological factors or by a supervening interest, and will therefore persist in such beliefs even when there is overwhelming evidence to the contrary. The so-called “reasons” proffered for racist attitudes towards entire ethnic or national groups are necessarily no more than rationalisations.
Although racial theories of human behaviour have long been shown to lack any scientific foundation, nineteenth-century racist thinkers, such as Houston Chamberlain, exerted a significant influence on many in Adolf Hitler’s generation. Recommended Reading. Establishing a totalitarian state - Why the Nazis were able to stay in power - Higher History Revision - BBC Bitesize. Rise of the Nazis and Beginning of Persecution. The Rise of the Nazis to Power in Germany Hitler and the Nazi Party rose to power due to the social and political circumstances that characterized the interwar period in Germany.
Many Germans could not concede their country’s defeat in World War I, arguing that “backstabbing” and weakness in the rear had paralyzed and, eventually, caused the front to collapse. The Jews, they claimed, had done much to spread defeatism and thus destroy the German army. How did the Nazi consolidate their power? – The Holocaust Explained: Designed for schools. The political instability in the late 1920s and early 1930s played an important role in helping the Nazis rise to power.
This topic will explain how the political situation escalated from the hope of the ‘Grand Coalition’ in 1928, to the dismissal of von Schleicher and the end of the Weimar Republic in 1933. The ‘Grand Coalition’ In June 1928, Hermann Müller had created the ‘grand coalition’ to rule Germany. Outlawing the Opposition. While the Nazis were focusing on putting Germans back to work in the midst of the Great Depression, they also unleashed attacks on their political opposition as soon as Hitler became chancellor.
On the evening of February 27, 1933, alarms suddenly rang out in the Reichstag as fire destroyed the building’s main chamber. Within 20 minutes, Hitler was on the scene to declare: “This is a God-given signal! If this fire, as I believe, turns out to be the handiwork of Communists, then there is nothing that shall stop us now from crushing out this murderous pest with an iron fist.” Young People – The Holocaust Explained: Designed for schools. Culture was integral to the Nazis’ aim to infiltrate and control all areas of life.
In 1933, the Reich Chamber of Culture was established under the leadership of Joseph Goebbels. The department was split into seven different sections aiming to cover all areas of cultural life: the press, art, theatre, radio, music, films and literature. This topic will use three of these sections, art, literature and music, to evidence how Goebbels used culture to achieve control over the German public. Art. Children in Nazi Germany. As with women, Nazi attitudes towards children were derived chiefly from their leader.
Adolf Hitler believed that securing the loyalty and obedience of children was essential if Nazism was to survive beyond the current generation. As a consequence, children in Nazi Germany were subjected to intensive propaganda through mediums of education, training and social groups. Early views. Martin Bormann: encyclopedia.ushmm. Martin Bormann (1900–1945) became the chief of staff for Rudolf Hess, Adolf Hitler's deputy, in 1933.
Virtually unknown to the German public, Bormann as a close assistant to Hitler was a powerful force behind the scenes in internal politics. Following Hess' flight to Great Britain, Bormann became head of the Party Chancellery (1941) and, officially in 1943, Secretary to the Führer. His hand could be seen in an array of domestic policies, including the murder of the Jews, the Euthanasia Program, the plunder of artwork, and the expansion of forced-labor programs. Martin Bormann. Martin Bormann was head of the Party Chancellery and private secretary of Adolf Hitler, who by the end of World War II had become second only to the Fuhrer himself in terms of real political power.
Bormann was born on June 17, 1900, in Halberstadt, Germany. The son of a former Prussian regimental sergeant-major who later became a post-office employee, Bormann dropped out of school to work on a farming estate in Mecklenburg. Adolf Eichmann. German Nazi official, a major organiser of the Holocaust Otto Adolf Eichmann[a] ( YKHE-mən, German: [ˈʔɔto ˈʔaːdɔlf ˈʔaɪçman]; 19 March 1906 – 1 June 1962) was a German-Austrian SS-Obersturmbannführer and one of the major organizers of the Holocaust, referred to as the "Final Solution to the Jewish Question" in Nazi terminology.
He was tasked by SS-Obergruppenführer Reinhard Heydrich with facilitating and managing the logistics involved in the mass deportation of Jews to ghettos and extermination camps in Nazi-occupied Eastern Europe during World War II. Joseph Goebbels. Nazi politician and Propaganda Minister Paul Joseph Goebbels (German: [ˈpaʊ̯l ˈjoːzɛf ˈɡœbl̩s] ( listen); 29 October 1897 – 1 May 1945) was a German Nazi politician and Reich Minister of Propaganda of Nazi Germany from 1933 to 1945.
He was one of Adolf Hitler's closest and most devoted associates, and was known for his skills in public speaking and his deeply virulent antisemitism, which was evident in his publicly voiced views. He advocated progressively harsher discrimination, including the extermination of the Jews in the Holocaust. Goebbels, who aspired to be an author, obtained a Doctor of Philosophy degree from the University of Heidelberg in 1921. In 1943, Goebbels began to pressure Hitler to introduce measures that would produce total war, including closing businesses not essential to the war effort, conscripting women into the labour force, and enlisting men in previously exempt occupations into the Wehrmacht. Early life Joseph Goebbels: 1933-1945. Nazi Propaganda by Joseph Goebbels This is a collection of English translations of Nazi propaganda material by Joseph Goebbels, part of a larger site on Nazi and East German propaganda. It includes many of his weekly articles for Das Reich, as well as a range of his speeches.
Some of Goebbels’s pre-1933 articles and speeches are available on the pre-1933 section of the German Propaganda Archive. The portrait was done by Wilhelm Otto Pitthan. Hermann Göring. German Nazi politician and military leader Hermann Wilhelm Göring (or Goering;[a] German: [ˈɡøːʁɪŋ] ( An early member of the Nazi Party, Göring was among those wounded in Adolf Hitler's failed Beer Hall Putsch in 1923. Reinhard Heydrich. High Nazi German official, deputy head of the SS Reinhard Tristan Eugen Heydrich (; German: [ˈʁaɪnhaʁt ˈtʁɪstan ˈɔʏɡn̩ ˈhaɪdʁɪç] (
Heinrich Himmler. Overview Heinrich Himmler (1900-1945) was the Reich Leader (Reichsführer) of the dreaded SS of the Nazi Party from 1929 until 1945. Himmler presided over a vast ideological and bureaucratic empire that defined him for many—both inside and outside the Third Reich—as the second most powerful man after Adolf Hitler in Germany during World War II. Heinrich Himmler and the Holocaust: An Architect of Terror: Heinrich Himmler. American Experience. Everyday Life: Roles, Motives, and Choices During the Holocaust. 5 collections containing 65 items. Experiencing History: Holocaust Sources in Context. Nazi Germany and the Jews 1933-1939. Women under Nazi persecution : a primary source supplement based on documents from the International Tracing Service : Jack, Joseph and Morton Mandel Center for Advanced Holocaust Studies; International Tracing Service; Wiener Library : Free Download, Bor. The Racial Yardstick: "Ethnotheism" and Official Nazi Views on Religion on JSTOR.
Education in Nazi Germany. Hitler’s Youth: How The Third Reich Used Children To Wage War - HistoryExtra. How the Hitler Youth Turned a Generation of Kids Into Nazis. The Boy Scouts’ motto was “Be Prepared.” But nothing could prepare Max Ebel, a German teenager, for what happened after Hitler banned the Boy Scouts. Life for young people in Nazi Germany - Life for young people in Nazi Germany - CCEA - GCSE History Revision - CCEA - BBC Bitesize.
The Youth of Nazi Germany on JSTOR. The History Place - Hitler Youth: Prelude to War 1933-1939. What was life like for young people in Nazi Germany? part 2. What was life like for young people in Nazi Germany? part 1. Youth resistance to the nazis slides radical read supporting slides. Propaganda and the Visual Arts in the Third Reich. Grades: 9 - 12Duration: 1 hour This lesson provides an opportunity for students to examine how art and images were used as propaganda in Nazi Germany. Analyzing a cartoon published in Germany in 1933, students will explore a primary document which illustrates how the visual arts were forced into complete submission to censorship and National Socialist “coordination.” German Propaganda Archive (Guide Page) Propaganda and Control - Terror and persuasion - WJEC - GCSE History Revision - WJEC - BBC Bitesize.
Nazi Terror Begins. After Adolf Hitler was appointed chancellor of Germany on January 30, 1933, he seized every opportunity to turn Germany into a one-party dictatorship. The Nazi Concentration Camps. German Propaganda Archive (Guide Page) Finding Aid to the German poster and broadside collection, chiefly from the Nazi party during the Second World War, circa 1930-circa 1945. Description Chiefly Nazi propaganda material, including handbills, broadsides, and illustrated broadsides as well as posters.
Many items are specifically anti-British or anti-American. A few items promoting other political parties during earlier German elections of the 1930s are present. Extent. Nik Wachsmann: Before the Holocaust: The Nazi concentration camps, 1933-39. Germany: National Socialism and World War II - EuroDocs. Writing Workshop for Holocaust Survivors. Coercion and consent in Nazi Germany. Culture in the Third Reich: Disseminating the Nazi Worldview. Music and the Holocaust. Resistance, Responses and Collaboration – The Holocaust Explained: Designed for schools.