Chinese Compass History: Invention, Dynasty and Navigation. Used in Ancient China as early as the Qin dynasty (221 BCE – 207 BCE) or before, Chinese compasses were invented for more than just helping people find their way when traveling.
Compasses were originally developed for aligning buildings with directions (north, south, east or west), and as a tool used in fortune telling. Original Chinese Compass Design The Ancient Chinese compass was made from iron oxide, a mineral ore. Iron oxide is also known as lodestone and magneta. Compass: College Museum of Ancient Inventions. Compass, China, 220 BCE by Susan Silverman AC Earliest records show a spoon shaped compass made of lodestone or magnetite ore, referred to as a "South-pointer" dating back to sometime during the Han Dynasty (2nd century BCE to 2nd century CE).
Compass - Top 10 greatest inventions of ancient China. Gunpowder - China's Age of Invention. Posted 02.29.00 NOVA Printing, paper money, porcelain, tea, restaurants, gunpowder, the compass—the number of things that Chinese of the Song Dynasty (A.D. 960-1280) gave to the world is mind-boggling.
This vibrant period in Chinese history was marked by economic prosperity and remarkable technological innovation. In this interview, China expert Robin D. S. Yates, Professor of History and East Asian Studies at McGill University, describes this exceptional era and how it influenced the course of world history. This detail of a Song Dynasty painting called An Elegant Party shows a small banquet hosted by the emperor for scholar-officials. A cosmopolitan culture NOVA: Let's begin by providing a worldwide context for the Song Dynasty. Robin Yates: Well, there's a debate as to whether Marco Polo ever did, in fact, visit China. The Chinese had a very cultured and civilized society. But one wonders whether Polo had actually visited, because of the things that he doesn't write about at all.
Yes. Gunpowder - gifts.pdf. Gunpowder in Ancient China - Ancient China for Kids! Gunpowder - Top 10 greatest inventions of ancient China. Ancient Chinese Seismometer Used Dragons and Toads - KIDS DISCOVER. Seismograph : China Resurrects World's Earliest Seismograph. Chinese seismologists and archeologists have announced that they have created a replica of Didong Yi, the world's first seismograph.
The announcement in Zhengzhou, capital of central China's Henan Province, also home to the seismograph's original inventor Zhang Heng (78-139 AD), came almost two months after the device passed relevant appraisal and examination by a scientific committee in April. Chinese Seismograph - China Facts for Kids!! Seismograph. Seismograph. Zhang Heng Seismograph In the Exhibition Hall of the Museum of Chinese History in Beijing, there is a restored model of the first seismograph.
The inventor was Zhang Heng, a famous scientist in the Eastern Han Dynasty (25-220 AD). Zhang Heng (78-140 AD) was from Nanyang of Henan Province. He studied diligently, and was especially fond of astronomy, calendar and mathematics. Seismograph Revisiting the Ancient Chinese. The Exhibition Hall of the Museum of Chinese History in Beijing is home to a restored model of the first seismograph—Houfeng Didong Yi—an instrument for testing wind and earth movements.
The inventor was Zhang Heng (78-140 AD), a famous scientist from the Eastern Han Dynasty (25-220 AD). Though the original has long been lost, a history of over two thousand years ensures its memory.. Scholars have been endlessly trying to restore the seismograph’s real identity, as the restoration of the seismograph not only maintains the seismic-measuring apparatus, but also shows the progress of our ancestors in search of the great spirit of science by “Seeking Truth and Evading Emptiness”. Zhang Heng’s Didong Yi. China Silk: Products, Cloth, Brocade, Crape, Buying Tips. "A silkworm spins all its silk till its death and a candle won't stop its tears until it is fully burnt.
" This Tang poem accurately describes the property of the silkworm. Despite technological development, a silkworm can only produce a certain amount of silk---1000 meters (3280feet) in its lifespan of 28 days. The rarity of the raw material is the deciding factor of both the value and the mystery of silk.
HistoryLegend has it that in ancient times, Lei Zu, the wife of Huang Di , taught people how to raise silkworms and how to extract the silk. The Warring States Period, the beginning of feudalist society in Chinese history, witnessed a prosperous time. Chinese Silk. Several thousand years ago, when the silk trade first reached Europe via theSilk Road, it brought with it not only gorgeous silk apparel and decorative items, but also the ancient and resplendent culture of the Far East.
From then on, silk was regarded as the emissary and symbol of Eastern civilization. The earliest silk article discovered to date is approximately 4700 years old, unearthed from a tomb dating from China'sLiangzhuCulture (c. 3300-2200 BC). Chinese Silk and the Silk Road. It is well known that silk is discovered in China as one of the best materials for clothing - it has a look and feeling of richness that no other materials can match.
However, very few people know when or where or how it is discovered. Actually, it could date back to the 30th Century BC when Huang Di (Yellow Emperor) came into power. There are many legends about the discovery of silk; some of them are both romantic and mysterious. Legend has it that once there lived a father with his daughter, they had a magic horse, which could not only fly in the sky but also understand human language. One day, the father went out on business and did not come back for quite some time. Unwilling to let his daughter marry a horse, he killed the innocent horse. Another less romantic but more convincing explanation is that some ancient Chinese women found this wonderful silk by chance. The business of raising silkworms and unwinding cocoons is now known as silk culture or sericulture.
Articles by Topic. Silk - Top 10 greatest inventions of ancient China. History, Silk Association of Great Britain. History of Silk. (Sogdian silk, 8th century) Sericulture or silk production has a long and colorful history unknown to most people.
Chinese Kites, the History and culture of Chinese Kites. The History of the Chinese Kite The kite is widely recognized as having originated in China. For this reason, one can safely say that the origin of the Chinese kite is synonymous with the origin of the kite, period. The first kites were what we today would call prototype kites: they were made of light wood and formed in the shape of a bird. It was of course logical enough to attempt to mimic a creature designed by nature for flight, and, indeed, the first European attempts at constructing a "flying machine" involved strapping artificial "wings" onto a human's arms, though human arms proved to lack the strength necessary to flap wings large enough to support the weight of the human body.
One place in Beijing which you are allowed to fly kites or can see people flying kites is Temple of Heaven Park. Kite History. Dr. Keith Ray surveys the history of the kite in China. The article is taken from SACU's China Eye magazine 2004. The kite is something children all over the world play with. But how, and where, was the kite invented? Ancient China: Kites. The Chinese used kites for a number of different things. With regard to military uses, the Chinese used kites for signaling devices.
By outfitting kites with bells and flutes, they would howl and sing in the wind and frighten their enemies. Bamboo pipes would sound random musical notes as the wind gathered momentum. About 200 BCE, the Chinese General Han Hsin of the Han Dynasty used a kite to measure the distance to the city he wanted to attack. With this information, he was able to dig a tunnel into the city which bypassed the city’s defenses and provided his army with a victory. There are also reports of “man lifter” kites which were able to hoist an observer aloft to spy and report on the movements of enemy troops.
There are also reports that large kites were used in wartime to carry warriors armed with bows and arrows aloft so that they could fire down on the enemy. The earliest Chinese kites tended to be flat and rectangular. Tailless kites incorporated a stabilizing bowline. The History Of Kites - From Ancient Chinese Kites To Modern Stunt Kites. Ancient Chinese To Modern Stunters The history of kites spans thousands of years. I merged a number of kite-type-specific histories to create this complete time-line. Those smaller history write-ups are elsewhere on this site, but I thought it would be interesting to merge them all together.
Now, I am not a professional historian, and the majority of this information was originally gleaned from the Web. Some sources are more reliable than others. If you have expertise in any particular area and you can point out a definite error, please contact me, and it will be fixed. Chinese Kites History. Search Related Articles Sponsor Ad. Chinese Umbrellas. Chinese Umbrellas China is believed to be the home to umbrellas, which are still widely used in the country. The earliest umbrellas are known to have existed at least two thousand years ago, first made of silk and later popularly paper. The Chinese waxed and lacquered their paper parasols because oil repels water. Chinese Umbrellas, Oil Paper Umbrellas, Silk Umbrellas, Chinese Traditions. The Chinese are thought to have created the first waterproof umbrella and it has existed for over 3,000 years.
Umbrella. As early as 3500 years ago, umbrella had emerged in China. Chinese Umbrellas -The Earliest Umbrella. Inventions - Ancient Chinese Science.