Dukkha - Encyclopedia of Buddhism. Dukkha (Skt. duḥkha; Pali. dukkha; T. sdug bsngal སྡུག་བསྔལ་; C. ku; J. ku; K. ko 苦) — translated as "suffering", "anxiety", "stress", "unsatisfactoriness", etc. — is one of the most important concepts in Buddhism. [lower-alpha 1] According to tradition, the Buddha has said: "I have taught one thing and one thing only, dukkha and the cessation of dukkha. " The classic formulation of these teachings on dukkha is the doctrine of the Four Noble Truths, in which the "Truth of Suffering/Dukkha" (Pali: dukkha saccã; Sanskrit: duḥkha-satya) is identified as the first of the four truths. Dukkha is commonly explained according to three different categories: The obvious physical and mental suffering associated with birth, growing old, illness and dying.The anxiety or stress of trying to hold onto things that are constantly changing.A basic unsatisfactoriness pervading all forms of existence, because all forms of life are changing, impermanent and without any inner core or substance.
Three patterns. Dukkha. Dukkha (duḥkha) is an important Buddhist concept, commonly translated as “suffering“, “pain”, “unsatisfactoriness” or “stress”. It refers to the fundamental unsatisfactoriness and painfulness of mundane life. It is the first of the Four Noble Truths and it is one of the three marks of existence. The term is also found in scriptures of Hinduism, such as the Upanishads, in discussions of moksha (spiritual liberation). Suffering Etymology and meaning Dukkha (Pali; Sanskrit duḥkha) is a term found in ancient Indian literature, meaning anything that is “uneasy, uncomfortable, unpleasant, difficult, causing pain or sadness”. It is also a concept in Indian religions about the nature of life that innately includes the “unpleasant”, “suffering”, “pain”, “sorrow”, “distress”, “grief” or “misery.”
The word is commonly explained as a derivation from Aryan terminology for an axle hole, referring to an axle hole which is not in the center and leads to a bumpy, uncomfortable ride. Buddhism Hinduism. Suffering (Wikipedia) Pain, mental, or emotional unhappiness Tragic mask on the façade of the Royal Dramatic Theatre in Stockholm, Sweden Suffering is often categorized as physical or mental. It may come in all degrees of intensity, from mild to intolerable. Factors of duration and frequency of occurrence usually compound that of intensity. Attitudes toward suffering may vary widely, in the sufferer or other people, according to how much it is regarded as avoidable or unavoidable, useful or useless, deserved or undeserved.
Suffering occurs in the lives of sentient beings in numerous manners, often dramatically. As a result, many fields of human activity are concerned with some aspects of suffering. Terminology The word suffering is sometimes used in the narrow sense of physical pain, but more often it refers to psychological pain, or more often yet it refers to pain in the broad sense, i.e. to any unpleasant feeling, emotion or sensation.
Philosophy Ancient Greek philosophy Religion Dependent origination. Buddhism.