Gold! Gold is found in rocks and in the ground. People came to look for gold in Australia.
JCF Johnson, A Game of Euchre , col. wood engraving, Australasian Sketcher Supplement [Melbourne], 25 December, 1876.
The transportation of convicts to Australia was phased out between 1840 and 1868. By 1860, the continent of Australia had been divided into FIVE separate colonies (not officially states yet, mate but seperation away from New South Wales), each not seeing eye-to-eye and exhibiting more loyalty to London to each other. A major force within the colonies was the “squatocracy” – the rich officers and settlers a.k.a. opportunists who had followed the explorers into fertile hinterlands.
Sailing to California at the beginning of the Gold Rush
In fact they only got worse. A powerfully disruptive hysteria seemed to grip the State along with the rest of the country.
Gold was first discovered in South Australia and the Commonwealth of Australia in 1846 at the Victoria mine near Castambul , City of Adelaide. The 12 ounce nugget was dug up by J. Richards.