The Catholic Church and the Renaissance" Even though there are some sharp contrasts, for the most part, the influence and prestige of the Catholic Church was declining. The humanistic thinking did accept the older church institutions that were deeply rooted in traditions and traditional ways of thinking. In the past, the Catholic Church had been an important part of the system that was based on the allegiances between lords and vassals (the feudal system).
During the Renaissance the demands of society shifted and became based on money instead of allegiances. The church had a difficult time adjusting to this new way of thinking. For example, the parish priests and monks had long served as the religious teachers of the peasants, but as the commercial class began to grow, the priests found that they knew very little about the needs of this new class of people. The Catholic Church in Decline The papal court was humiliated when, in the early 14th century, the French king forced them to Avignon. Religious Growth. Www.mapsofwar.com/images/EMPIRE17.swf. Renaissance Art - Facts & Summary. By the end of the 15th century, Rome had displaced Florence as the principal center of Renaissance art, reaching a high point under the powerful and ambitious Pope Leo X (a son of Lorenzo de’ Medici).
Three great masters–Leonardo da Vinci, Michelangelo and Raphael–dominated the period known as the High Renaissance, which lasted roughly from the early 1490s until the sack of Rome by the troops of the Holy Roman Emperor Charles V of Spain in 1527. Leonardo (1452-1519) was the ultimate “Renaissance man” for the breadth of his intellect, interest and talent and his expression of humanist and classical values. Leonardo’s best-known works, including the “Mona Lisa” (1503-05), “The Virgin of the Rocks” (1485) and the fresco “The Last Supper” (1495-98), showcase his unparalleled ability to portray light and shadow, as well as the physical relationship between figures–humans, animals and objects alike–and the landscape around them.
MrsBotelho - Unit 4- Renaissance & Reformation. CSI: Italian Renaissance. City-States of the Italian Renaissance. During the Middle Ages, much of Italy was controlled by the Holy Roman Empire. As the emperors and popes fought for control, both were weakened. Several Italian cities formed states that were independent of both the empire and the church. Venice and Florence were two centers of power and wealth that became the cradle of the Renaissance. advertisement Venice was founded in the fifth century by people fleeing from Attila the Hun. Florence, the “city of flowers,” was located in the hill country of north-central Italy. Advertisement The merchants competed with one another by building grand palaces for themselves. History of the Renaissance in Europe: A rebirth, renewal, rediscovery.
The Renaissance Beginning And Progress Of The Renaissance Edited By: R. A. Guisepi Fourteenth To Sixteenth Century Not what man knows but what man feels, concerns art. The Italian Renaissance had placed human beings once more in the center of life's stage and infused thought and art with humanistic values. The stimulating ideas current in Italy spread to other areas and combined with indigenous developments to produce a French Renaissance, an English Renaissance, and so on. The term Renaissance, literally means "rebirth" and is the period in European civilization immediately following the Middle Ages, conventionally held to have been characterized by a surge of interest in classical learning and values.
Title: Beginning And Progress Of The Renaissance The new birth of resurrection known as the "Renaissance" is usually considered to have begun in Italy in the fourteenth century, though some writers would date its origin from the reign of Frederick II, 1215-1250; and anticipated. Court in Palermo. CSI: Italian Renaissance. Web Links - The Renaissance. Renaissance. The Antiquarium - Antique Print & Map Gallery - Covens & Mortier - Florence - Copperplate Engraving. Florence. The Renaissance really gets going in the early years of 15th century in Florence. In this period, which we call the Early Renaissance, Florence is not a city in the unified country of Italy, as it is now. Instead, Italy was divided into many city-states (Florence, Milan, Venice etc.), each with their own form of government. Now, we normally think of a Republic as a government where everyone votes for representatives who will represent their interests to the government (remember the pledge of allegiance: "and to the republic for which it stands...
"). However, Florence was a Republic in the sense that there was a constitution which limited the power of the nobility (as well as laborers) and ensured that no one person or group could have complete political control (so it was far from our ideal of everyone voting, in fact a very small percentage of the population had the vote). So, why did the extraordinary rebirth of the Renaissance begin in Florence? The Italian Renaissance and Italy's Transformation Video - Lesson and Example. Renaissance -- Out of the Middle Ages. In the feudal structure of the Middle Ages, the nobles who lived in the country provided the king with protection in exchange for land.
Peasants worked the land for the nobles, for which they received protection and their own small parcels of land. These rural peasants worked from sunup to sundown, but even the nobles had few creature comforts. In feudal cities, where there was a small middle-class population, life was a little easier and individuals had the freedom to pursue whatever trade or industry they liked. In the late Middle Ages, when the threat of invasion from barbarians had lessened, people left the country for towns and cities so they could engage in more profitable pursuits.
The Plague Begins Life in the city was soon to change drastically. During the late Middle Ages and early Renaissance (1350-1450) the bubonic plague, also called the "Black Death," devastated one half of the population of Europe. The Plague's Effect on the Economy. Renaissance -- Exploration and Trade. You are the owner of a large sailing ship. You sail around the world and trade goods with other countries. A Genoese investor has agreed to pay for your next trip if you can bring back a profit and, hopefully, goods that he can sell to local merchants. If for any reason you do not return with a profit, he has the right to back out of the deal, and you'll be stuck paying for everything. Before you sail from your home port in Lisbon, Portugal, you will need to make several important decisions about how to prepare for your journey and what route to take. Note: The standard of currency in most of western Europe during the Renaissance was the gold florin.
Greece. The Renaissance Art Period - About.com Art History. We all know what the Renaissance was, correct? Michelangelo, Leonardo, Raphael and company created some fabulous paintings and sculptures that we continue to marvel over many centuries later and so on and so forth. (Hope you are nodding your head right now and thinking "Yes, yes - please get on with it! ") While these were vitally important artists, and their collective work is what usually comes to mind when one hears the word "Renaissance", as so often happens in life things aren't quite that simple. The Renaissance (a word which literally means "born anew") is a name we've given to a period in Western history during which the arts - so important in Classic cultures - were revived. The arts had quite a difficult time remaining important during the Middle Ages, given all of the territorial struggles that were occurring throughout Europe.
What were the different phases of the Renaissance? In the interest of time, let's break this topic down into four broad categories. The Renaissance: Was it a Thing? - Crash Course World History #22. Renaissance for Kids: Timeline. History >> Renaissance for Kids 1300 - 1400 Proto-Renaissance 1305 - Giotto completes his work on the Scrovegni Chapel in Padua. 1308 - Dante writes his epic poem the Divine Comedy. 1341 - The first great humanist, Petrarch, is named the poet laureate of Rome. 1400 - 1500 Early Renaissance 1419 - Architect Brunelleschi designs the dome for the Florence Cathedral. 1434 - The Medici family becomes the head of the city-state of Florence. 1450 - Johannes Gutenberg invents the printing press. 1453 - The Ottoman Empire captures the city of Constantinople, signaling an end to the Byzantine Empire. 1469 - Lorenzo de Medici becomes head of the city-state of Florence. 1485 - Henry VII becomes king of England beginning the reign of the House of Tudor. 1486 - Boticelli completes the painting The Birth of Venus. 1492 - Explorer Christopher Columbus discovers the Americas. 1495 - 1527 High Renaissance 1495 - Leonardo da Vinci paints the Last Supper. 1501 - Michelangelo begins his work on the sculpture David.
History for Kids: How did the Renaissance start? History >> Renaissance for Kids The Renaissance is generally considered to have started in Florence, Italy around the years 1350 to 1400. The start of the Renaissance also was the end of the Middle Ages. Humanism One of the big changes in the Renaissance was in the basic way people thought about things. In the Middle Ages people thought that life was supposed to be hard. However, around the 1300s, the people in Florence, Italy began to think differently about life. This new way of thinking was called Humanism. Florence, Italy At the start of the Renaissance, Italy was divided up into a number of powerful city-states. In the late 1300s, Florence had become a rich city. The Medici Family was powerful in Florence In the 1400's the Medici family came into power in Florence. Petrarch and Humanism Francesco Petrarch is often called the "Father of Humanism". Giotto di Bondone - First Renaissance Painter Giotto was a painter in Florence, Italy.
Picture of Dante painted by Giotto Dante New Ideas Spread. Quiz: Daily Life in the Renaissance. Daily Life In The Renaissance - Renaissance Quest. Life during the Renaissance (1450-1600) was interesting. The Black Death influenced the development of the Renaissance. 80% of the population died because of it. It hit during 1350 and ended in 1450. After it, people thought that they had rediscovered the culture of the Roman Empire. And that caused the Renaissance or “rebirth”. The social classes were government, citizens, and poor people.
The poor people worked on farms. Citizens were everyone who was not a farmer. The government was composed of rich citizens. Trade was important because it let goods like spices or silk move around. Renaissance, The Elizabethan World - Life in Tudor England. Odyssey Online: Greece.