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Atteintes narcissiques

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Untitled. Blessure narcissique. Retrait narcissique. Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre.

Retrait narcissique

Pour les enfants, le retrait narcissique peut être décrit comme "une forme d'omnipotence narcissique caractérisé par le détournant des figures parentales et le fantasme que les besoins essentiels peuvent être satisfaits par l'individu lui-même"[1]. Pour les adultes, dans la littérature contemporaine, le terme "retrait narcissique" est plutôt réservé à la défense de l'ego pour les personnalités pathologiques[2]. Ces narcissiques peuvent se sentir obligés de se retirer de toute relation. Psychanalyse[modifier | modifier le code] Otto Fenichel étendra son analyse aux conditions borderline en démontrant comment, dans un retrait réactif de la libido, une régression du narcissisme est une régression vers l'omnipotence narcissique primaire qui prend alors la forme de la mégalomanie[6].

Freud: le ça, le moi et le surmoi. La topique freudienne du ça, du moi et du surmoi : La révolution opérée par Freud est assez simple : la théorie psychanalytique consiste à détruire, à désintégrer le sujet humain, tel que Descartes puis Kant l’avaient définis, sujet défini comme être doté d’une faculté de représentation, à savoir la Conscience.

Freud: le ça, le moi et le surmoi

La conscience dans la philosophie classique était une et unique, d’un seul bloc, sans faille. Freud introduit justement une faille au sein même du sujet humain. Freud a élaboré deux théories de l’inconscient : La première topique se divisait en trois parties (conscient, préconscient, inconscient) mais Freud a vite compris les limites de cette conception. Il a donc crée une seconde topique (en 1923), bâtie sur le triptyque ça, surmoi, moi. Untitled. Sándor Ferenczi. Sándor Ferenczi (7 July 1873 – 22 May 1933) was a Hungarian psychoanalyst, a key theorist of the psychoanalytic school and a close associate of Sigmund Freud.

Sándor Ferenczi

Biography[edit] Born Sándor Fränkel to Baruch Fränkel and Rosa Eibenschütz, both Polish Jews, he later magyarized his surname to Ferenczi. As a result of his psychiatric work, he came to believe that his patients' accounts of sexual abuse as children were truthful, having verified those accounts through other patients in the same family. This was a major reason for his eventual disputes with Sigmund Freud. Prior to this conclusion he was notable as a psychoanalyst for working with the most difficult of patients and for developing a theory of more active intervention than is usual for psychoanalytic practice. Ferenczi has found some favour in modern times among the followers of Jacques Lacan as well as among relational psychoanalysts in the United States. Ferenczi’s main ideas[edit] Activity in psychoanalytic therapy[edit]

Untitled. Otto F. Kernberg. Otto Friedmann Kernberg (born 10 September 1928) is a psychoanalyst and professor of psychiatry at Weill Cornell Medical College.

Otto F. Kernberg

He is most widely known for his psychoanalytic theories on borderline personality organization and narcissistic pathology. In addition, his work has been central in integrating postwar ego psychology (which was primarily developed in the United States and the United Kingdom) with Kleinian and other object relations perspectives (which was developed primarily in the United Kingdom and South America). His integrative writings were central to the development of modern object relations, a theory of mind that is perhaps the theory most widely accepted among modern psychoanalysts. Biography[edit] His principal contributions have been in the fields of narcissism, object relations theory and personality disorders. Transference-focused psychotherapy[edit] TFP requires a minimum of two and a maximum of three 45 or 50-minute sessions per week. Transference focused psychotherapy. Transference focused psychotherapy (TFP) is a highly structured, twice-weekly modified psychodynamic treatment based on Otto F.

Transference focused psychotherapy

Kernberg's object relations model of borderline personality disorder.[1] It views the individual with borderline personality organization (BPO) as holding unreconciled and contradictory internalized representations of self and significant others that are affectively charged. The defense against these contradictory internalized object relations leads to disturbed relationships with others and with self. The distorted perceptions of self, others, and associated affects are the focus of treatment as they emerge in the relationship with the therapist (transference).

The treatment focuses on the integration of split off parts of self and object representations, and the consistent interpretation of these distorted perceptions is considered the mechanism of change.