Anthropology Warfare Project. Anthropologist Publishes Research on Warfare Paradox (8/31/2007) Some leading scientists who have studied warfare through the ages have long suggested that humans — the males of the species, at least — have little choice when it comes to slaughtering one another in great numbers.
Such warlike behavior, the scholars contend, is hardwired into the human brain. We are, in other words, born to kill our own, an evolutionary trait that sets us apart from nearly all other species on the planet. Paul "Jim" Roscoe, a University of Maine professor of anthropology and cooperating professor of Quaternary and climate studies, subscribes instead to an equally long-held theory that suggests just the opposite: humans actually have an innate aversion to killing. However, Roscoe believes that this natural aversion can be disabled when warfare is thought to be advantageous to a clan, a tribe or a nation.
"It certainly raises big questions, though," Roscoe says of his theory. The Anthropology of Warfare. War: Anthropologists and Sociologists Ask Whether Warfare and Aggression are Inherited or Learned. Public Comments on Research Ethics and the Yanomami - R. Brian Ferguson. Killer chimps fuel debate on how war began. The Evolution of Warfare Part I. Disciplinary Views Of War: Anthropology. This entry is a subentry of Disciplinary Views Of War.
Anthropology seeks the type of comparative explanations that are lacking in histories of specific wars or in the synchronic analyses of social and political science. Because of anthropology's access to the archeological and ethnographic data, it is well placed to analyze not only the causes of specific wars but also the origins of warfare itself. The definitions of warfare anthropology uses to achieve this special focus are a source of continuing debate; in part because of these problems in defining war, some anthropologists turn to the study of peace, seeing war only as socially dysfunctional. However, most definitions of war draw attention to its collective and socially sanctioned nature, allowing its distinction from the great variety of human behaviors that demonstrate aggression and violence.
Group items tagged children warfare - World Systems @ KSU. Ideas and Trends - Anthropology Enters the Age of Cannibalism. THE anthropologist Napoleon A.
Chagnon has spent decades studying patterns of conflict and revenge among Yanomami Indians, deep within the Amazon Basin. He needn't have traveled so far to pursue his research. After all, anthropologists themselves are one of the most bellicose tribes on earth. The discipline's latest outbreak of infighting -- over accusations of ''ethnographic cleansing'' made against Mr. Chagnon in an upcoming book, ''Darkness in El Dorado'' -- may be its nastiest battle yet. Disputes within anthropology have a way of becoming blood feuds. Anthropology wasn't always so fratricidal. That faith has eroded badly. Mr. ''Darkness in El Dorado,'' by a journalist, Patrick Tierney, which was excerpted last week in The New Yorker and will be published by W. How warfare shaped human evolution - life - 12 November 2008. IT'S a question at the heart of what it is to be human: why do we go to war?
The cost to human society is enormous, yet for all our intellectual development, we continue to wage war well into the 21st century. Now a new theory is emerging that challenges the prevailing view that warfare is a product of human culture and thus a relatively recent phenomenon. For the first time, anthropologists, archaeologists, primatologists, psychologists and political scientists are approaching a consensus. Not only is war as ancient as humankind, they say, but it has played an integral role in our evolution. Scientists Say Warfare Began After People Formed Villages.
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Scientists Say Warfare Began After People Formed Villages Seattle Times ^ | 9-16-2003 | Dan Vergano Posted on Wed Sep 17 02:33:47 2003 by blam Scientists say warfare began after people formed villages By Dan Vergano Gannett News Service From ancient Troy to today's Iraq, warfare forms the backdrop of human history.
Two anthropologists from the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, suggest that although people could have come into conflict before civilization, archaeological remains of burning homes, fleeing refugees and slain captives show simple raids steadily maturing into full-scale warfare as humans settled into villages and society became more stratified. Demonic Males: Apes and the Origins of Human Violence. Go to Chapter One Section • Go to Book World's Review.
Anthropologists on the Front Lines. The Pentagon’s new program to embed anthropologists with combat brigades raises many concerns A pilot program to embed anthropologists on the front lines in Iraq and Afghanistan has sparked major controversy in the anthropological community.
The program, known as the Human Terrain System (HTS) project, reflects a much larger trend in the national security establishment, with the military increasingly hungry for cultural expertise to fight counterinsurgencies and sustain long, low-intensity conflicts. Roberto J. González and David H. Price: When Anthropologists Become Counter-Insurgents. By ROBERTO J.
GONZÁLEZ And DAVID H. PRICE When anthropologists work overseas, they typically arrive with an array of equipment including notebooks, trowels, tape recorders, and cameras. A Reporter at Large: Dying in Darfur. Amina Abaker Mohammed occupies a simple mud hut with a thatched roof outside a refugee camp in northern Chad.
Nicholas D. Kristof's Columns. Damon Winter/The New York Times Nicholas D.
Kristof , a columnist for The New York Times since 2001, writes op-ed columns that appear twice a week. Mr. Frontline: the triumph of evil. It is one of the most shameful stories of the post-Cold War world. One million Tutsis were slaughtered by the Hutu majority in Rwanda while the West turned a blind eye. As the U.N.ís Genocide Conventionócreated to make sure genocide would never happen againómarks its fiftieth anniversary, FRONTLINE examines the role of the U.S. and the U.N. as they ignored the warnings and evidence of impending massacre in Rwanda. Facing the Truth with Bill Moyers. Outh Africans are on a truth-telling mission. As part of the negotiated settlement that led to the end of apartheid and the election of Nelson Mandela as president, the Truth and Reconciliation Commission was established by the South African Government to investigate the crimes committed between 1960 and 1994 during the fight against apartheid.
Hailed worldwide as a model for airing gross violations of human rights without resorting to Nuremburg-style trials, the Truth and Reconciliation Commission was seen by many in South Africa as a means of healing the wounds of history. "We needed to acknowledge that we had a horrendous past," said the TRC chairman, Desmond Tutu.
Disaster in Darfur by John Ryle. Darfur is a 150,000-square-mile expanse of desert and savannah, with five or six million inhabitants, spreading out from the fertile slopes of Jebel Marra, the mountainous zone in Sudan’s far west. Remote from the country’s political heartland on the Nile, it is linked to the Sudanese capital, Khartoum, by seven hundred miles of dirt road and a single-track railway. Anthropology of War in the News. War on the Decline Around the World (1/15/06) Yanomamö Ax Fight Interactive: a web page providing elements of The Ax Fight A series of articles on tribal warfare: Probably the single most common motive mentioned by tribal warriors when asked why they go to war, is revenge, according to a Penn State anthropologist.
"The impulse for revenge is far from being uniquely human," says Dr. Stephen Beckerman, associate professor of anthropology.