Literature. Sects. Mahavira. Mahavira (540 BCE–468 BCE), also known as Vardhamana, was the twenty-fourth and last tirthankara of Jainism.
He was born into a royal family in what is now Bihar, India. At the time of his birth, the whole town marked prosperity in term of agriculture, health, wealth and wisdom. It is for this reason that he was named as Vardhman (Hindi : Vridhi) by his parents. At the age of 30 he left his home in pursuit of spiritual awakening (Diksha). For the next 12 and a half years he practiced intense meditation and severe penance, after which he achieved Kevala Jnana or enlightenment.
Mahavira attained nirvana after his physical death at the age of 72. Early life Queen Trisala and the Newborn Mahavira According to Śvētāmbara traditions, the embryo of Mahavira was transferred from a Brahmin woman, Devananda, to a Kshatriya woman, Trisala. As a son of the king, Mahavira had all luxuries of life at his command. Jain traditions are not unanimous about his marital state. Teachings Jainism. Jainism /ˈdʒeɪnɪz(ə)m/, traditionally known as Jaina dharma, is an Indian religion that prescribes a path of non-violence towards all living beings and emphasizes spiritual independence and equality between all forms of life. Practitioners believe that non-violence and self-control are the means by which they can obtain liberation. Currently, Jainism is divided into two major sects —Digambara and Śvētāmbara. The word Jainism is derived from a Sanskrit verb Jin which means to conquer. It refers to a battle with the passions and bodily pleasures that the jaina ascetics undertake.
Those who win this battle are termed as Jina (conqueror). Dal Sabzi for Aatman: Mahavira. Mahavira was born in Kundapura near Vaishali.
He was born as a prince, in Bihar. The traditional Jaina date for Mahavira's birth is 599 BC. Lord Mahavira and His Philosophy. "Thou who hath large eyes and feet red and tender as is a lotus, who possesseth the ultimate knowledge as his intuitive vision, who redeemeth all from the bonds of attachment, temptations and hatred by his detached yet alluring words, O Ye, Lord Mahavira, I bow to thee in reverence and worship so as to be able to achieve the good and the virtuous," said the first century Jain monk Kundakundacharya, one of the earliest known teachers and annotators of the Jain dogma.
The statement reveals three aspects of Lord Mahavira : his form; width of intuitive vision; and, power to redeem from the cycle of life and death. The Mutual Obligation to Protect Life (Parasparopagraha Jeevanam) Jina Parshvanatha. Idol of Pārśva Pārśva or Pārśvanātha (c. 877–777 BCE) was the twenty-third Tirthankara of Jainism. He is the earliest Jain leader for whom there is reasonable evidence of having been a historical figure. Life When he was a prince he saved a serpent that had been trapped in a log in an ascetic’s fire.
The snake, later reborn as Dharana, the lord of the underworld kingdom of the nāgas, sheltered Pārśva from a storm sent by a demon. Keśī is believed to have been born about 166 to 250 years after the death of Pārśva. Pārśva is the most popular object of Jain devotion. Notes Jump up ^ Fisher 1997, p. 115Jump up ^ Charpentier, Jarl (1922). References Jain World. The Main schism of the Jain Church was the one between the Svetambaras and the Digambaras.
The Svetambaras believe that even before this schism, there had been seven other schisms. These schisms had started when certain important leaders of the Church had disagreed with the views of the Main Church on some points of philosophy or ritual. These leaders had then taken away their followers and established what one might call separate sects. However, these schisms had little permanent effects, for the newly formed sects had either disappeared or had joined the main Church again on the death of their leaders. The seven schisms have been all described together in Avashyaka Niryukti, VIII, 56-100. The first of these schisms, as we have already seen, happened during the life of Mahavira himself.
The second schism was started by Tissagutta in Rajagriha. Jainism, Jain Religion - colleges - temples - festival jainism. Indira Gandhi National Centre for the Arts - Slide Show of Digital Images.