Literature. Sects. Mahavira. Mahavira (540 BCE–468 BCE), also known as Vardhamana, was the twenty-fourth and last tirthankara of Jainism.
He was born into a royal family in what is now Bihar, India. At the time of his birth, the whole town marked prosperity in term of agriculture, health, wealth and wisdom. It is for this reason that he was named as Vardhman (Hindi : Vridhi) by his parents. At the age of 30 he left his home in pursuit of spiritual awakening (Diksha). For the next 12 and a half years he practiced intense meditation and severe penance, after which he achieved Kevala Jnana or enlightenment.
Mahavira attained nirvana after his physical death at the age of 72. Early life Queen Trisala and the Newborn Mahavira According to Śvētāmbara traditions, the embryo of Mahavira was transferred from a Brahmin woman, Devananda, to a Kshatriya woman, Trisala. As a son of the king, Mahavira had all luxuries of life at his command. Jain traditions are not unanimous about his marital state. Teachings Jainism. Jainism (/ˈdʒeɪnɪzəm/ or /ˈdʒaɪnɪzəm/), traditionally known as Jin Sashana or Jain dharma (Sanskrit: जैन धर्म), is an Indian religion that prescribes a path of nonviolence (ahimsa) towards all living beings.
Practitioners believe that nonviolence and self-control are the means by which they can obtain liberation. The three main principles of Jainism are non-violence (ahimsa), non-absolutism (anekantavada) and non-possessiveness (aparigraha). Followers of Jainism take 5 major vows: non-violence, non-lying, non-stealing, chastity, and non-attachment. Asceticism is thus a major focus of the Jain faith. Jainism is derived from the word Jina (conqueror) referring to a human being who has conquered inner enemies like attachment, desire, anger, pride, greed, etc. and possesses infinite knowledge (Kevala Jnana). Doctrine Non-violence (ahimsa) The hand with a wheel on the palm symbolizes Ahimsa (nonviolence). Non-absolutism Main article: Anekantavada. Dal Sabzi for Aatman: Mahavira. Mahavira was born in Kundapura near Vaishali.
He was born as a prince, in Bihar. The traditional Jaina date for Mahavira's birth is 599 BC. Lord Mahavir was the twenty-fourth and the last Tirthankara of the Jain religion. He was a reformer. He propagated Jainism, as taught by his predecessors. Mahavira was conceived in the womb of Devananda, who had fourteen prophetic dreams. Lord Mahavira and His Philosophy. "Thou who hath large eyes and feet red and tender as is a lotus, who possesseth the ultimate knowledge as his intuitive vision, who redeemeth all from the bonds of attachment, temptations and hatred by his detached yet alluring words, O Ye, Lord Mahavira, I bow to thee in reverence and worship so as to be able to achieve the good and the virtuous," said the first century Jain monk Kundakundacharya, one of the earliest known teachers and annotators of the Jain dogma.
The statement reveals three aspects of Lord Mahavira : his form; width of intuitive vision; and, power to redeem from the cycle of life and death. The Mutual Obligation to Protect Life (Parasparopagraha Jeevanam) Born in an era of social disparity, killing and violence inflicted in the name of rituals and sacrifice and for vengeance and hatred, Lord Mahavira emerged as a reformist, thinker, law-giver and guide. Jina Parshvanatha. Idol of Pārśva Pārśva or Pārśvanātha (c. 877–777 BCE) was the twenty-third Tirthankara of Jainism. He is the earliest Jain leader for whom there is reasonable evidence of having been a historical figure. Life When he was a prince he saved a serpent that had been trapped in a log in an ascetic’s fire.
Jain World. The Main schism of the Jain Church was the one between the Svetambaras and the Digambaras.
The Svetambaras believe that even before this schism, there had been seven other schisms. These schisms had started when certain important leaders of the Church had disagreed with the views of the Main Church on some points of philosophy or ritual. These leaders had then taken away their followers and established what one might call separate sects. However, these schisms had little permanent effects, for the newly formed sects had either disappeared or had joined the main Church again on the death of their leaders.
The seven schisms have been all described together in Avashyaka Niryukti, VIII, 56-100. Jainism, Jain Religion - colleges - temples - festival jainism. Indira Gandhi National Centre for the Arts - Slide Show of Digital Images.