Philosophy

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Cartesian Dualism. René Descartes's illustration of dualism.

Cartesian Dualism

Inputs are passed on by the sensory organs to the epiphysis in the brain and from there to the immaterial spirit. In philosophy of mind, dualism is the position that mental phenomena are, in some respects, non-physical,[1] or that the mind and body are not identical.[2] Thus, it encompasses a set of views about the relationship between mind and matter, and is contrasted with other positions, such as physicalism, in the mind–body problem.[1][2] Ontological dualism makes dual commitments about the nature of existence as it relates to mind and matter, and can be divided into three different types:

Interactionalism. René Descartes's illustration of dualism.

Interactionalism

Inputs are passed on by the sensory organs to the epiphysis in the brain and from there to the immaterial spirit. In philosophy of mind, dualism is the position that mental phenomena are, in some respects, non-physical,[1] or that the mind and body are not identical.[2] Thus, it encompasses a set of views about the relationship between mind and matter, and is contrasted with other positions, such as physicalism, in the mind–body problem.[1][2] Ontological dualism makes dual commitments about the nature of existence as it relates to mind and matter, and can be divided into three different types: Substance dualism asserts that mind and matter are fundamentally distinct kinds of substances.[1]Property dualism suggests that the ontological distinction lies in the differences between properties of mind and matter (as in emergentism).[1]Predicate dualism claims the irreducibility of mental predicates to physical predicates.[1]

Interactionism (philosophy of mind) - Wikipedia, the free encycl. Examples: You are outside walking and a wild animal suddenly crosses your path.

Interactionism (philosophy of mind) - Wikipedia, the free encycl

This affects your mind resulting in your face showing fear and you step back. Conservation of energy. In physics, the law of conservation of energy states that the total energy of an isolated system cannot change—it is said to be conserved over time.

Conservation of energy

Energy can be neither created nor destroyed, but can change form, for instance chemical energy can be converted to kinetic energy in the explosion of a stick of dynamite. A consequence of the law of conservation of energy is that a perpetual motion machine of the first kind cannot exist. That is to say, no system without an external energy supply can deliver an unlimited amount of energy to its surroundings.[2] History[edit] Gottfried Leibniz. Sensory phenomenology, O'Reagan,K, 2001. J.

sensory phenomenology, O'Reagan,K, 2001

Kevin O'Regan Laboratoire de Psychologie Expérimentale, Centre National de Recherche Scientifique, Paris, France Talk given at Bressanone on 24 Jan 2001. J. Kevin O'Regan.