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A friend was walking in the desert when he found the telephone to God. The setting was Burning Man, an electronic arts and music festival for which 50,000 people descend on Black Rock City, Nevada, for eight days of "radical self-expression"—dancing, socializing, meditating, and debauchery. A phone booth in the middle of the desert with a sign that said "Talk to God" was a surreal sight even at Burning Man. The idea was that you picked up the phone, and God—or someone claiming to be God—would be at the other end to ease your pain. So when God came on the line asking how he could help, my friend was ready. "How can I live more in the moment?"
Day after day in my office I see men and women who have been messing around. They lead secret lives, as they hide themselves from their marriages. They go through wrenching divorces, inflicting pain on their children and their children's children. Or they make desperate, tearful, sweaty efforts at holding on to the shreds of a life they've betrayed. They tell me they have gone through all of this for a quick thrill or a furtive moment of romance. Sometimes they tell me they don't remember making the decision that tore apart their life: "It just happened."
Whether it’s , or the more contemporary , chances are you have a traditional film you always watch around this time of year. It’s probably no surprise that in addition to their entertainment value, these films embody universal messages that have the power to help you sort out your psyche and take stock of your life. Cinematherapy is a tongue-in-cheek term used to describe the use of cinema (movies) to help people explore personal concerns and gain insights about themselves. In fact, it is a method used by many therapists, particularly those who work with marital and family issues. According to Cinematherapy.com , watching movies actually engages several forms of information processing: the logical (plot), the linguistic (dialogs), the visual-spatial (pictures, colors, symbols), the musical (sounds and music), the interpersonal (storytelling), the kinesthetic (moving), and the intra-psychic (inner guidance).
Self-defeating personality disorder (also known as masochistic personality disorder ) is a proposed personality disorder . It was discussed in an appendix of the manual's revised third edition (DSM-III-R) in 1987, but was never formally admitted into the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM). As an alternative, the diagnosis personality disorder not otherwise specified may be used instead. Some researchers and theorists continue to use its criteria. It has an official code number, 301.90 . [ 1 ] [ edit ] Diagnosis
Conscientiousness is the state of being thorough, careful, or vigilant; it implies a desire to do a task well. [ 1 ] Conscientiousness is also one trait of the five-factor model of personality , and is manifested in characteristic behaviors such as being efficient, organized, neat, and systematic. [ 2 ] It includes such elements as self-discipline , carefulness, thoroughness, self-organization , deliberation (the tendency to think carefully before acting), and need for achievement . It is an aspect of what has traditionally been called character . Conscientious individuals are generally hard working and reliable.
The Rosenberg self-esteem scale (RSES), developed by sociologist Dr. Morris Rosenberg, [ 1 ] is a self-esteem measure widely used in social-science research. The RSES is designed similar to social-survey questionnaires.
Self-esteem is a term used in psychology to reflect a person 's overall emotional evaluation of his or her own worth. It is a judgement of oneself as well as an attitude toward the self. Self-esteem encompasses beliefs (for example, "I am competent", "I am worthy") and emotions such as triumph, despair , pride and shame . [ 1 ] Smith and Mackie define it by saying "The self-concept is what we think about the self; self-esteem, is the positive or negative evaluations of the self, as in how we feel about it." [ 2 ] Self-esteem is also known as the evaluative dimension of the self that includes feelings of worthiness, prides and discouragement. [ 3 ] One's self-esteem is also closely associated with self-consciousness . [ 4 ] . The four types of behaviors of self-esteem are: disclosure, seeking acceptance, engaging in a pastime, and introspection. [ 5 ]
Psychological manipulation is a type of social influence that aims to change the perception or behavior of others through underhanded, deceptive , or even abusive tactics. [ 1 ] By advancing the interests of the manipulator, often at the other's expense, such methods could be considered exploitative , abusive, devious, and deceptive. Social influence is not necessarily negative. For example, doctors can try to persuade patients to change unhealthy habits. Social influence is generally perceived to be harmless when it respects the right of the influenced to accept or reject and is not unduly coercive.
Reinforcement occurs in operant conditioning and is defined as a strengthening of a behavior. A reinforcer is the stimulus that strengthens the behavior. The effect of reinforcement may be measured as an increase in the frequency of its expression (e.g., pulling a lever more frequently), duration (e.g., pulling a lever for longer periods of time), magnitude (e.g., pulling a lever with greater force), or decrease in latency (e.g., pulling a lever more quickly following the onset of an environmental event). Positive reinforcement is when a behavior is enhanced by a reward stimulus (e.g. dog treat) that immediately follows the behavior. For example a dog will 'lie down' or 'sit' on command because these behaviors are rewarded by a treat.