First Email. IMAGES. Classic 90's - The Kids Guide to the Internet. History Of Computers From The Beginning (Pictures) Do you know the history of computer ? You use computer daily but do you know what was the first computer ever made ? The original IBM 5150, the personal computer that helped launch an industry, made its debut at a press conference at the Waldorf Astoria Hotel in New York on August 12, 1981. Photo by IBM A marketing photo of the IBM 5150 illustrated how the company wanted to push the new personal computer into the workplace. Photo by IBM Don Estridge, later called "the father of the PC," led the team at IBM that developed the 5150, the personal computer that sparked the PC revolution.
Photo by IBM An advertisement for the IBM 5150 noted: "IBM believes that the age of the personal computer has arrived. " Photo by Computer History Museum IBM sped up development of the 5150 personal computer, worried about the encroachment of the popular Apple II into homes and businesses. Photo by Computer History Museum Photo by Microsoft. How the Queen of England Beat Everyone to the Internet | Enterprise. Queen Elizabeth II, on the internet, in 1976. Photo: Peter Kirstein Peter Kirstein is the man who put the Queen of England on the internet. In 1976. That’s Her Majesty in the photo above, and if the year isn’t immediately obvious from the computer terminal she’s typing on — or from her attire — you can find it on the wall, just to her left, printed on one of the signs trumpeting the arrival of the ARPANET. The date was March 26, 1976, and the ARPANET — the computer network that eventually morphed into the internet — had just come to the Royal Signals and Radar Establishment, a telecommunications research center in Malvern, England.
It was Peter Kirstein who set up her mail account, choosing the username “HME2.” Kirstein’s role in the first royal e-mail was only appropriate. This past April, in recognition of his dogged pursuit of internetworking in Great Britain — if not his deft choice of royal usernames — Kirstein was inducted into the Internet Society’s (ISOC) Internet Hall of Fame. Reaction to the DEC Spam of 1978. Possibly the first spam ever was a message from a DEC marketing rep to every Arpanet address on the west coast, or at least the attempt at that. Below is the spam itself. After it you will find a sampling of some of the reaction it generated -- not unlike the reaction to spam today. Look for the celebrity spam-defender! (Of course that was decades ago.)
Einar Stefferud, who was one of the recipients of the spam, provides this note of explanation: It was sent from SNDMSG which had limited space for To and CC and Subject fields. The sender is identified as Gary Thuerk, an aggressive DEC marketer who thought Arpanet users would find it cool that DEC had integrated Arpanet protocol support directly into the new DEC-20 and TOPS-20 OS. DEC was mostly an east coast company, and he had lots of contacts on the east coast to push the new Dec-20 to customers there.
The engineer, Carl Gartley, was an early employee at DEC who had been called in to help with promoting the new Decsystem-20. Regards, Welcome to PizzaNet! RFC 675 - Specification of Internet Transmission Control Program. [Docs] [txt|pdf] Network Working Group Vinton Cerf Request for Comments: 675 Yogen Dalal NIC: 2 Carl Sunshine INWG: 72 December 1974 December 1974 Version This document describes the functions to be performed by the internetwork Transmission Control Program [TCP] and its interface to programs or users that require its services. Several basic assumptions are made about process to process communication and these are listed here without further justification.
The interested reader is referred to [CEKA74, TOML74, BELS74, DALA74, SUNS74] for further discussion. The authors would like to acknowledge the contributions of R. Tomlinson (three way handshake and Initial Sequence Number Selection), D. Belsnes, J. RFC 675 Specification of Internet TCP December 1974 A pair of sockets form a CONNECTION which can be used to carry data in either direction [i.e. full duplex]. 2. 2.1 The TCP as a POST OFFICE RFC 675 Specification of Internet TCP December 1974 2.2 Sockets and Addressing 2.3.1 A Note on Style. Internet - from the 1990's point of view.
First video game. There are numerous debates over which game should be considered the first video game, with the answer depending largely on how video games are defined. The evolution of video games represents a tangled web of several different industries, including scientific, computer, arcade, and consumer electronics. The "video" in "video game" traditionally refers to a raster display device. With the popular catch phrase use of the term "video game", the term later came to imply all display types, formats, and platforms.
Historians have also sought to bypass the issue by instead using the more specific "digital games" descriptive. This term leaves out the earlier analog-based computer games. History The history of video games is filled with events and earlier technology that paved the way for the advent of video games. It also includes games that represent direct steps in the evolution of computerized gaming, and lastly the development and release of video games themselves.
Nim (1951) History of video games. The history of video games goes as far back as the Early 1940s-1950s, when academics began designing simple games, simulations, and artificial intelligence programs as part of their computer science research. Video gaming would not reach mainstream popularity until the 1970s and 1980s, when arcade video games, gaming consoles and home computer games were introduced to the general public. Since then, video gaming has become a popular form of entertainment and a part of modern culture in most parts of the world. As of 2014, there are eight generations of video game consoles. Early history Origins of the computer game (1940-1958) Tennis for Two – Modern recreation One program that stands out in this early period — both for its atypical subject matter and its subsequent notoriety in a series of patent lawsuits — is Tennis for Two (1958), created by physicist William Higinbotham to entertain guests at the annual visitor's day held by the Brookhaven National Laboratory.
Spacewar! History of video games. History of massively multiplayer online games. The history of massively multiplayer online games spans over thirty years and hundreds of massively multiplayer online games (MMOG) titles. The origin and influence on MMO games stems from MUDs, Dungeons and Dragons and earlier social games. The first virtual worlds In 1974, Mazewar introduced the first graphic virtual world, providing a first-person perspective view of a maze in which players roamed around shooting at each other. It was also the first networked game, in which players at different computers could visually interact in a virtual space.
The initial implementation was over a serial cable, but when one of the authors began attending MIT in 1974, the game was enhanced so that it could be played across the ARPAnet, forerunner of the modern Internet. You haven't lived until you've died in MUD. -- The MUD1 Slogan. Inspired by Adventure, a group of students at MIT, in the summer of 1977 wrote a game called Zork for the PDP-10. PLATO Early commercial development History of the Internet. The history of the Internet begins with the development of electronic computers in the 1950s. Initial concepts of packet networking originated in several computer science laboratories in the United States, Great Britain, and France. The US Department of Defense awarded contracts as early as the 1960s for packet network systems, including the development of the ARPANET (which would become the first network to use the Internet Protocol.) The first message was sent over the ARPANET from computer science Professor Leonard Kleinrock's laboratory at University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) to the second network node at Stanford Research Institute (SRI).
Access to the ARPANET was expanded in 1981 when the National Science Foundation (NSF) funded the Computer Science Network (CSNET). In 1982, the Internet protocol suite (TCP/IP) was introduced as the standard networking protocol on the ARPANET. Precursors The telegraph system is the first fully digital communication system. Packet switching. Brief History of the Internet - Internet Timeline. We want your opinion: will the open Internet survive the next 10 years? Barry M. Leiner, Vinton G. Cerf, David D. Clark, Robert E. Introduction The Internet has revolutionized the computer and communications world like nothing before.
This is intended to be a brief, necessarily cursory and incomplete history. In this paper,3 several of us involved in the development and evolution of the Internet share our views of its origins and history. The Internet today is a widespread information infrastructure, the initial prototype of what is often called the National (or Global or Galactic) Information Infrastructure. Origins of the Internet The first recorded description of the social interactions that could be enabled through networking was a series of memos written by J.C.R. Leonard Kleinrock at MIT published the first paper on packet switching theory in July 1961 and the first book on the subject in 1964. The Initial Internetting Concepts The original ARPANET grew into the Internet. Hobbes' Internet Timeline - the definitive ARPAnet & Internet history. 1950s | 1960s | 1970s | 1980s | 1990s | 2000s | 2010s | Growth | FAQ | Sources by Robert H'obbes' Zakon with support from Zakon Group LLC and OpenConf Interested in having Hobbes speak on the history of Internet technology and innovation at your event?
Email hobbes –at– zakon.org Hobbes' Internet Timeline Copyright (c)1993-2016 by Robert H Zakon. 1950s USSR launches Sputnik, first artificial earth satellite. 1960s Leonard Kleinrock, MIT: "Information Flow in Large Communication Nets" (May 31) First paper on packet-switching (PS) theory J.C.R. Paul Baran, RAND: "On Distributed Communications Networks" Packet-switching networks; no single outage point ARPA sponsors study on "cooperative network of time-sharing computers" TX-2 at MIT Lincoln Lab and AN/FSQ-32 at System Development Corporation (Santa Monica, CA) are directly linked (without packet switches) via a dedicated 1200bps phone line; Digital Equipment Corporation (DEC) computer at ARPA later added to form "The Experimental Network" 1970s. Internet Timeline. ARPA (Advanced Research Projects Agency) goes online in December, connecting four major U.S. universities. Designed for research, education, and government organizations, it provides a communications network linking the country in the event that a military attack destroys conventional communications systems.
Electronic mail is introduced by Ray Tomlinson, a Cambridge, Mass., computer scientist. He uses the @ to distinguish between the sender's name and network name in the email address. Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) is designed and in 1983 it becomes the standard for communicating between computers over the Internet. One of these protocols, FTP (File Transfer Protocol), allows users to log onto a remote computer, list the files on that computer, and download files from that computer. Presidential candidate Jimmy Carter and running mate Walter Mondale use email to plan campaign events.
Queen Elizabeth sends her first email. The term “weblog” is coined. Gopher. Archie, Gopher, Veronica and Jughead are three standard "finding" tools on the Internet. The Archie database is made up of the file directories from hundreds of systems. When you search this database on the basis of a file's name, Archie can tell you which directory paths on which systems hold a copy of the file you want. To use Archie, you must Telnet to an Archie server. You can do that by keying in a command such as to get to the Archie server at that address and log on by keying in archie when prompted to do so. Once you do your Archie search, you must then go get the file using FTP, the Internet File Transfer Protocol. A Gopher is a menu system that simplifies locating and using Internet resources.
Each Gopher menu at each Gopher site is unique. Gopher software makes it possible for the system administrator at any Internet site to prepare a customized menu of files, features and Internet resources. Your can access Gopher by using a Web browser. Timeline. Timeline. World Wide Web Timeline. Since its founding in 1989, the World Wide Web has touched the lives of billions of people around the world and fundamentally changed how we connect with others, the nature of our work, how we discover and share news and new ideas, how we entertain ourselves and how communities form and function. The timeline below is the beginning of an effort to capture both the major milestones and small moments that have shaped the Web since 1989. It is a living document that we will update with your contributions. To suggest an item to add to the timeline, please message us. 42% of American adults have used a computer.World’s first website and server go live at CERN, running on Tim Berners-Lee’s NeXT computer, which bears the message “This machine is a server.
DO NOT POWER DOWN!” Tim Berners-Lee develops the first Web browser WorldWideWeb.Archie, the first tool to search the internet is developed by McGill University student Alan Emtage. The term “surfing the internet” is coined and popularized. It's Peanut Butter Jelly Time!!! Badger song. Charlie the Unicorn. The Original Llama Song. Graphics Interchange Format. The Graphics Interchange Format (better known by its acronym GIF; /ˈdʒɪf/ or /ˈɡɪf/) is a bitmap image format that was introduced by CompuServe in 1987 and has since come into widespread usage on the World Wide Web due to its wide support and portability. The format supports up to 8 bits per pixel for each image, allowing a single image to reference its own palette of up to 256 different colors chosen from the 24-bit RGB color space. It also supports animations and allows a separate palette of up to 256 colors for each frame. These palette limitations make the GIF format unsuitable for reproducing color photographs and other images with continuous color, but it is well-suited for simpler images such as graphics or logos with solid areas of color.
GIF images are compressed using the Lempel-Ziv-Welch (LZW) lossless data compression technique to reduce the file size without degrading the visual quality. History Pronunciation Usage File format Palettes PBS traces the history of animated GIFs: deal with it (video) To celebrate the 25th anniversary of the Graphics Interface Format this month we put together a history of the animated GIF -- in GIF form. In honor of this stalwart of the Internet, we have decided not only to do this entire history using the retro graphic format, but we will do it in the style of the more current What Should We Call Me meme.
Even though The Atlantic Wire's Alex Abad-Santos declared that trend over weeks ago, it is part of GIF history and seems most appropriate for our chronicle. Timeline of computer viruses and worms. Morris worm. The Nigerian Prince in your inbox has been around for over 500 years. Geekosystem. Reaction to the DEC Spam of 1978. Internet Game Timeline 1969 - 1990. What Was The First Multiple Player Internet Game? 1st facebook game. Zynga. Lolcat. Lolcats - Teh Meme Wiki. The first LOLcat? The 4chan Glossary -- Everything You Need to Know in Alphabetical Order. 4chan slang essay. The History of LOLCATS. The Origin of the LOLCat Meme. First Posts and Products on the World's Most Popular Websites. Les Horribles Cernettes. The First Ever Email, the First Tweet, and 12 Other Famous Internet Firsts. The First Ever Email, the First Tweet, and 12 Other Famous Internet Firsts.
20 Super Early Homepages You Completely Forgot About. Similar image search for post: I give to you the very first reddit post - Reverse image search of Reddit.com. Reddit. Me at the zoo. Me at the zoo. First Vine Video Ever. The First Website Ever Made is Back ONline | General Discussion. The World Wide Web project. First ever internet meme. Top 10 Internet Memes and Phenomena. 7 Memes That Went Viral Before The Internet Existed. 10 classic memes that owned the Internet. Leeroy Jenkins. Internet meme. Hidden Rick Roll Video Link Collection » Bro J Simpson. Flying Spaghetti Monster. The First Text Message Was Sent 20 Years Ago Today. The first mobile phone call was placed 40 years ago today.
AT&T Labs - Innovation - Technology Timeline - First Mobile Telephone Call| AT&T Labs| AT&T. Camera phone.