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History of Science

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The Bomb. Space. Computer. Physics. Economics. Unity, Human Rights, and Fighting Poverty. Some Modern Triumphs and Tragic Failures. Early Humanity. History of crawling out of the muck. Miscellaneous Great Minds. How Border Drones Were Born During the Vietnam War. What is Concrete? 8 Things That Happened In History Way More Often Than Everybody Thinks. How A Tea Party Turned Into A Scientific Legend. This Lost Map Changed How We Saw the World. Rosenhan experiment. Rosenhan's study was done in two parts.

Rosenhan experiment

The first part involved the use of healthy associates or "pseudopatients" (three women and five men, including Rosenhan himself) who briefly feigned auditory hallucinations in an attempt to gain admission to 12 different psychiatric hospitals in five different states in various locations in the United States. All were admitted and diagnosed with psychiatric disorders.

After admission, the pseudopatients acted normally and told staff that they felt fine and had no longer experienced any additional hallucinations. All were forced to admit to having a mental illness and agree to take antipsychotic drugs as a condition of their release. Cases and Codes. Cases citing this case: Supreme CourtCases citing this case: Circuit Courts DIAMOND v.

Cases and Codes

CHAKRABARTY, 447 U.S. 303 (1980) DIAMOND, COMMISSIONER OF PATENTS AND TRADEMARKS v. CHAKRABARTY. CERTIORARI TO THE UNITED STATES COURT OF CUSTOMS AND PATENT APPEALS. The Atomic Energy Commission Once Put A "Nuclear Heart" In A Cow. This Paper About Tongues and Genetics Fooled the Whole World. The "Harvard Sentences" Secretly Shaped the Development of Audio Tech. The Time Activists Tried to Destroy GPS With an Axe in the 90s  POPULAR ELECTRONICS: Consumer Electronics and Experimenter magazine. Howard Florey. Howard Florey, Baron Florey of Adelaide OM FRS FRCP[1] (24 September 1898 – 21 February 1968) was an Australian pharmacologist and pathologist who shared the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1945 with Sir Ernst Boris Chain and Sir Alexander Fleming for his role in the making of penicillin.

Howard Florey

Although Fleming received most of the credit for the discovery of penicillin, it was really Florey who carried out the first ever clinical trials in 1941 of penicillin at the Radcliffe Infirmary in Oxford on the first patient, a Postmaster from Wolvercote near Oxford. The patient started to recover but unfortunately subsequently died because Florey had not made enough penicillin. Florey's discoveries are estimated to have saved over 82 million lives.[3] Florey is regarded by the Australian scientific and medical community as one of its greatest scientists.

Biography[edit] This page is an archive, the contents of which provide a snapshot in time--describing potential societal concerns arising from increased knowledge of our personal DNA as described and studied during the HGP (1990-2003).

The content of this page is as it was at the close of the project with the exception of minor repairs such as the removal of broken links. The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and the National Institutes of Health (NIH) devoted 3% to 5% of their annual Human Genome Project (HGP) budgets toward studying the ethical, legal, and social issues (ELSI) surrounding availability of genetic information. The World's First Nuclear Reactor. World Heritage Site. A UNESCO World Heritage Site is a place (such as a forest, mountain, lake, island, desert, monument, building, complex, or city) that is listed by UNESCO as of special cultural or physical significance.[1] The list is maintained by the international World Heritage Programme administered by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, composed of 21 states' parties[2] which are elected by their General Assembly.[3] The programme catalogues, names, and conserves sites of outstanding cultural or natural importance to the common heritage of humanity.

World Heritage Site

Under certain conditions, listed sites can obtain funds from the World Heritage Fund. 10 Inventions That Changed the World in Ways We Didn't Expect. This is very true.

10 Inventions That Changed the World in Ways We Didn't Expect

Sadly true, actually. But that doesn't diminish his valuable contribution to agriculture, and by extension, humanity. Nope. It doesn't. This guy did a lot of good in the world. And ammonium nitrate went on to become a vital component in high explosives. To quote Tvtropes: "Haber is a primary reason the 20th and 21st centuries have so many people and so many interesting ways to kill them. " Germany would probably have been forced into defeat in WWI two years earlier if it hadn't been for Haber. How High Can We Build? Why Our Brains Love Junk Food. I Heart Chaos & The year 2000 as envisioned in the year 1910.

In 1910, French artist Villemard produced a series of illustrations depicting what life might be like in the year 2000.

I Heart Chaos & The year 2000 as envisioned in the year 1910

Yeah, he pretty much nailed it. See more here on Flickr Via. The Rainmakers: How Human Beings Control the Weather. The 5 Greatest Scientific Blunders. Even geniuses make mistakes, and sometimes those mistakes turn out to be genius in their own right, helping to illuminate some underlying mystery or impacting the way an entire field thinks.

The 5 Greatest Scientific Blunders

In celebration of happy accidents and enlightening errors, astrophysicist Mario Livio of the Space Telescope Science Institute in Baltimore, Md., tells the stories of five great scientific mistakes in his new book "Brilliant Blunders" (Simon & Schuster, May 14, 2013). These stories serve to show how even the smartest among us can err, and that in fact to achieve a big breakthrough, big risks are necessary, which sometimes also involve big failures. Below are Livio's choices for the most brilliant scientific blunders. [ Oops! 5 Retracted Science Studies ] Darwin's notion of heredity Charles Darwin achieved an amazing feat when he came up with his theory of natural selection in 1859. "Darwin was an incredible genius ," Livio told LiveScience.

Kelvin's Earth age estimate. Weird Pregnancy Tests. The Great Library at Alexandria was destroyed by budget cuts, not fire. That's fair; I don't know if libraries influenced the innovations in your example, whether directly through scholastic research or indirectly by influencing the development of the minds of the innovators.

The Great Library at Alexandria was destroyed by budget cuts, not fire

It does seem unlikely, doesn't it, given the popular impression of what the medieval period was like? I recall reading a book about technological innovation in the medieval period long ago, but I'm sad to say I can't remember anything that might help us here. I wouldn't argue that libraries are singularly required for research, education or innovation, just that they are uniquely helpful (but even there I'd grant that there are exceptions—there are always exceptions). The year 2000 as envisioned in the year 1910.