Can J Infect Dis Med Microbiol. 2012 Spring; 23(1): 28â€“30. Detection of Clostridium difficile in retail ground meat products i. Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics 30/03/11 Increasing health burden associated with Clostridium difficile diarrhoea in pati. J Antimicrob Chemother 2012; 67: 742–748 Time interval of increased risk for Clostridium difficile infection after exposure to a. Toxins 2010, 2(7), 1848-1880; The Enterotoxicity of Clostridium difficile Toxins. The Journal of hospital infection - 2010, vol. 75, no4, pp. 287-291 - Infection due to C. difficile ribotype 078: first report o. Titre du document / Document title Auteur(s) / Author(s) Affiliation(s) du ou des auteurs / Author(s) Affiliation(s) (1) Department of Clinical Microbiology, Beaumont Hospital, Dublin, IRLANDE(2) Health Protection Surveillance Centre, Dublin, IRLANDE(3) Department of Microbiology, Leeds Teaching Hospitals & University of Leeds, Leeds General Infirmary, Leeds, ROYAUME-UNI Résumé / Abstract Clostridium difficile is an important healthcare-associated pathogen.
Revue / Journal Title Source / Source 2010, vol. 75, no4, pp. 287-291 [5 page(s) (article)] (16 ref.) Langue / Language Anglais Editeur / Publisher Elsevier, Kidlington, ROYAUME-UNI (1980) (Revue) Mots-clés anglais / English Keywords Intestinal disease Digestive diseases Bacteria Clostridiales Clostridiaceae Europe Public health Infection Clostridium difficile Epidemic Ireland Ribotype Diarrhea Mots-clés français / French Keywords Pathologie de l'intestin Pathologie de l'appareil digestif Bactérie Clostridiales Clostridiaceae Europe Santé publique Infection Epidémie. FOOD TECHNOLOGY - 2012 - Clostridium difficile: An emerging food safety risk. CDC EID – OCT 2012 – Attributing Cause of Death for Patients with Clostridium difficile Infection. Skip directly to local search Skip directly to A to Z list Skip directly to navigation Skip directly to site content Skip directly to page options CDC Home CDC 24/7: Saving Lives.
Figure Figure. . In 2004 in Quebec, Canada, a mandatory CDI surveillance program was implemented. Variation among reviewers suggested that categorizations reported to surveillance were inaccurate. Rodica Gilca References Figure Figure. . Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control 2013, 2:21 Epidemiology of Clostridium difficile infection in Asia. J Infect Dis. (2013) Overlapping Roles for Toxins in Clostridium difficile Infection. Veterinary World - 2013 - Detection of toxigenic Clostridium difficile in powdered infant and follow-up formulae in Egypt. Cienc. Rural vol.43 no.1 Santa Maria Jan. 2013 Epub Nov 22, 2012 Clostridium difficile infection: main features and occurrence i.
Clostridium difficile infection: main features and occurrence in domestic species in Brazil Infecção por Clostridium difficile: principais características e ocorrência em animais domésticos no Brasil Rodrigo Otávio Silveira SilvaI; Roberto Maurício de Carvalho GuedesI; Francisco Carlos Faria LobatoI, 1 IEscola de Veterinária, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (UFMG), 30123-970, Belo Horizonte, MG, Brasil. E-mail: email@example.com Clostridium difficile is an emerging enteropathogen of humans and domestic animals. The bacterium was recently confirmed to be present in foals and dogs in Brazil, with some recent studies suggesting that C. difficile is one of the most important causes of piglet diarrhea in the country.
Key words: enteritis, zoonosis, clostridiosis, nosocomial, piglets, foals, dogs. Clostridium difficile é considerado um enteropatógeno emergente que acomete humanos e animais domésticos. Background and Pathogenesis The disease in piglets The disease in dogs Diagnostics. BIOMED - 2012 - Outcome of ICU patients with Clostridium difficile infection. CDC 07/02/15 Ongoing Inquiry into Melioidosis Illness at Tulane National Research Center. Media Statement For Immediate Release: Saturday, February 7, 2015Contact: Media Relations,(404) 639-3286 The Department of Health and Human Services’ Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, along with the U. S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) and the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), continues to work with Tulane University and state and local officials to assess and respond to the bacterial illness of two non-human primates at the Tulane National Primate Research Center in late November. At this time, there is no known public health threat.
The investigation was initiated when two primates at the Tulane Center were diagnosed with Melioidosis, a bacterial illness, Burkholderia pseudomallei, of animals and humans more commonly diagnosed in tropical areas of the world. The ongoing federal assistance includes epidemiologic consultation, worker safety review, water and soil sampling, animal testing, and laboratory analysis.
Pediatric Infectious Disease Available online 27 January 2015 A new threat to children: Melioidosis. Clinical Microbiology and Infection Volume 20, Issue 11, November 2014, Role of Burkholderia pseudomallei biofilm formation and lipopolysaccharide in relapse of melioidosis. CDC EID - NOV 2014 - Burkholderia pseudomallei in Water Supplies, Southern Thailand. Suggested citation for this article To the Editor: Melioidosis is an infectious disease caused by the environmental gram-negative bacillus Burkholderia pseudomallei, which is present in northern Australia and across much of Asia (1,2). In Thailand, melioidosis is highly endemic to the northeast, where most infected persons are agricultural farmers with repeated environmental exposure (3). Melioidosis is infrequently reported from southern Thailand, although a cluster of 6 cases occurred in Phangnga Province after the December 2004 tsunami (4). Given the infrequency of reported cases, a cluster of 11 persons with melioidosis on Koh Phangan (an island in the Gulf of Thailand) during January–March 2012 (5) led to an investigation.
In March 2012, we randomly collected water from accessible water supplies in local residences and hotels from all 14 villages on Koh Phangan. Public tap water contaminated with B. pseudomallei has been reported previously in northeastern Thailand (6). References. CDC EID - JULY 2014 - New Insights from the 7th World Melioidosis Congress 2013.
Author affiliations: Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado, USA (H.P. Schweizer); Faculty of Tropical Medicine, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand (D. Limmathurotsakul); University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK (S.J. Peacock) Suggested citation for this article Burkholderia pseudomallei and the disease that it causes, melioidosis, have gained increasing attention over the last decade, largely because of the biothreat agenda. WMC2013 delegates highlighted current challenges for the melioidosis research community. B. pseudomallei is an environmental saprophyte, and infection occurs through ingestion, inhalation, or inoculation of the organism (16); lowering the exposure risk should reduce disease incidence.
The mapping of human and animal melioidosis cases is also essential to the development and implementation of control measures. Improved outcome from melioidosis requires awareness, rapid diagnosis, and appropriate antimicrobial drug therapy. Acknowledgment References. BMC 28/11/14 Isolation of the highly pathogenic and zoonotic agent Burkholderia pseudomallei from a pet green Iguana in Prague, Czech Republic. The female Iguana iguana was purchased by private owners as a young animal from a pet shop in Prague in 2009. It was kept alone in a terrarium, but was also allowed to move freely outside the cage in the flat (Figure 1). The owners had a very close and tender contact to the animal, such as hand feeding and kissing. Usually the iguana was fed with special pellet formulation for iguanas, fresh green salad, vegetables and fruits, and once a month by Zophobas morio larvae purchased from different breeders. In 2011, the animal developed an abscess underneath the left eye, which was transected and treated antibiotically without microbiological investigation.
Figure 1. Isolation, identification, and molecular characterisation of B. pseudomallei For microbiological diagnosis, the pus from the abscess was submitted on a swab with Amies transport medium (D&D Laborservice, Henningsdorf, Germany) to the Vet Med Labor GmbH, Ludwigsburg, Germany. Figure 2. Figure 3. UNIVERSITY OF TASMANIA 30/10/14 Melioidosis: a review. MBIO - SEPT/OCT 2013 - Less Is More: Burkholderia pseudomallei and Chronic Melioidosis. EUROSURVEILLANCE 06/01/11 Fatal acute melioidosis in a tourist returning from Martinique Island, November 2010. We report the fatal case of acute melioidosis in a patient returning from Martinique with fever in November 2010. Gram-negative rods were isolated from a blood culture and Burkholderia pseudomallei identified within 24 hours after first medical contact. The patient died two days after admission to hospital despite intravenous therapy with high doses of imipenem/cilastatin and intensive care.
Clinicians seeing travellers returning from the subtropics or tropics with severe pneumonia or septicaemia should consider the possibility of acute melioidosis. Case report A healthy man in his 30s living in Switzerland visited the east coast of Martinique 10 days in November 2010. He suffered from a few episodes of mild watery diarrhoea for some days during this period and became febrile on the last day of his stay, with chills, headache, abdominal cramps and lower back pain, without articular or neurological complaints. References. UNIVERSITY OF PITTSBURGH - DEC 2013 - Burkholderia mallei Glanders and Burkholderia pseudomallei Melioidosis. Unless otherwise noted, all information presented in this article is derived from the following sources: Textbook of Military Medicine: Medical Aspects of Chemical and Biological Warfare.
Chapters 6-7. Washington, DC: Office of the Surgeon General at TMM Publications; 2007. Available at: Currie B. Burkholderia pseudomallei and Burkholderia mallei: Melioidosis and glanders. Glanders Glanders, which was described by both Hippocrates and Aristotle, is largely a disease of historical significance, but the disease does remain endemic in the Middle East, Asia, Africa, and South America. Glanders as a Biological Weapon B. mallei was one of the first agents to be used for biowarfare in the modern era. Of note, the B. mallei cannot persist in the environment outside its host (unlike B. pseudomallei-the agent of melioidosis). Transmission Infection Control Measures Signs and Symptoms Diagnosis and Countermeasures. EMERGING MICROBES & INFECTIONS - OCT 2014 - Burkholderia pseudomallei in soil samples from an oceanarium in Hong Kong detected using a sensitive PCR assay. HOSPITAL SULTANAH BAHIYAH (Malaysia) - 2014 - ANTIMICROBIAL SUSCEPTIBILITY PATTERNS OF BURKHOLDERIA PSEUDOMALLEI AMONG MELIOIDOSIS CASES IN KEDAH, MALAYSIA.
WIKIPEDIA - Melioidosis. B. pseudomallei was previously classed as part of the Pseudomonas genus and until 1992, it was known as Pseudomonas pseudomallei. It is phylogenetically related closely to Burkholderia mallei which causes glanders, an infection primarily of horses, donkeys, and mules. The name melioidosis is derived from the Greek melis (μηλις) meaning "a distemper of asses" with the suffixes -oid meaning "similar to" and -osis meaning "a condition", that is, a condition similar to glanders. Signs and symptoms Acute melioidosis In the subgroup of patients where an inoculating event was noted, the mean incubation period of acute melioidosis was 9 days (range 1–21 days). Patients with latent melioidosis may be symptom-free for decades; the longest period between presumed exposure and clinical presentation is 62 years. The potential for prolonged incubation was recognized in US servicemen involved in the Vietnam War, and was referred to as the "Vietnam time-bomb".
Diagnosis JORF 29/04/12 Arrêté du 26 avril 2012 fixant la liste des micro-organismes et toxines prévue à l'article L. 5139-1 du code de la santé publique. CDC EID - FEV 2014 - Melioidosis Caused by Burkholderia pseudomallei in Drinking Water, Thailand, 2012. Direk Limmathurotsakul ( , Gumphol Wongsuvan, David Aanensen, Sujittra Ngamwilai, Natnaree Saiprom, Patpong Rongkard, Janjira Thaipadungpanit, Manas Kanoksil, Narisara Chantratita, Nicholas P.J.
Day, and Sharon J. Peacock Author affiliations: Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand (D. Limmathurotsakul, G. Suggested citation for this article Abstract We identified 10 patients in Thailand with culture-confirmed melioidosis who had Burkholderia pseudomallei isolated from their drinking water. Burkholderia pseudomallei is a Tier 1 select agent and the cause of naturally acquired melioidosis in Southeast Asia, northern Australia, the Indian subcontinent, and areas of South America (1). Our previous study in Ubon Ratchathani Province in northeastern Thailand investigated the activities of daily living associated with acquisition of melioidosis (5). Acknowledgments References Figures Tables. Future Microbiol. 2012 Dec;7(12):1389-99. Mechanisms of antibiotic resistance in Burkholderia pseudomallei: implications for treatment of melioidosis. Eurosurveillance - 2004 Vol 9 issue 12 - RECOMMANDATIONS BICHAT* SUR LA PRISE EN CHARGE CLINIQUE DES PATIENTS PRÉSENTANT UNE MORVE OU UNE MÉLIOÏDOSE LIÉE OU NON À UN ACTE DE BIOTERRORISME Task-force sur les menaces biologiques et chimiques, Direction de l.
VEGNEWS 18/08/15 New Pathogen Found in Meat (klebsillia) The bacteria klebsiella is now associated with foodborne illnesses. Researchers from George Washington University’s Milken Institute School of Public Health have identified a bacteria in meat called klebsiella that potentially poses significant health dangers. Although it has not been previously linked to foodborne illnesses, klebsiella leads to pneumonia, bloodstream infections, wound or surgical site infections, and meningitis.
Researchers collected 508 meat products from nine grocery stores in Flagstaff, AZ., and found that 47 percent of the sample was contaminated with the bacterial strain, mostly in its antibiotic-resistant form. When isolated and compared to the klebsiella present in patients suffering from urinary tract and other infections, the strain was nearly identical.
Dr. Clin Infect Dis. (2015) Intermingled Klebsiella pneumoniae Populations Between Retail Meats and Human Urinary Tract Infections. + Author Affiliations Correspondence: Lance B. Price, PhD, George Washington University Milken Institute School of Public Health, 950 New Hampshire Ave NW, 713-Flr 7, Washington D.C. 20052 (firstname.lastname@example.org). Abstract Background. Klebsiella pneumoniae is a common colonizer of the gastrointestinal tract of humans, companion animals, and livestock. To better understand potential contributions of foodborne K. pneumoniae to human clinical infections, we compared K. pneumoniae isolates from retail meat products and human clinical specimens to assess their similarity based on antibiotic resistance, genetic relatedness, and virulence. Methods. Results. Conclusions. Classic foodborne bacterial pathogens, such as Listeria monocytogenes, Salmonella enterica, Campylobacter species, and diarrheagenic Escherichia coli, have driven most food-safety science and policy to date .
Sequence Data Accession Numbers Meat Sample Collection and Processing Clinical K. pneumoniae Isolates Statistical Analyses. ASPC 10/11/11 KLEBSIELLA SPP. Pour partager cette page, veuillez cliquez sur le réseau sociale de votre choix. NOM : Klebsiella spp. SYNONYME OU RENVOI : Les organismes qui sont pathogènes chez l’humain englobent les suivants: K. pneumoniae ssp. pneumoniae, ozaenae et rhinoscleromatis; K. oxytoca; K. granulomatis; K. variicola; et K. singaporensis.
K. planticola, K. terrigena et K. orinthinolytica font maintenant partie du genre Raoultella. K. pnuemoniae était auparavant appelée bacille de Friedlander. K. granulomatis était auparavant appelée Calymmatobacterium granulomatis. CARACTÉRISTIQUES : Les espèces du genre Klebsiella sont des bactéries Gram négatif en forme de bâtonnet, non mobiles et généralement encapsulées, qui appartiennent à la famille des Enterobacteriaceae. Maladie respiratoire : K. pneumoniae – est une cause importante de pneumonie et d’abcès pulmonaires d’origine communautaire ou nosocomiale. Infections du système nerveux central : Infections urinaires : Maladie hépatique : Autres infections : Canada. Pesq. Vet. Bras. vol.33 no.7 Rio de Janeiro July 2013 Molecular epidemiology and extended-spectrum β-lactamases production of Klebsiella pneumoniae isolated from three dairy herds. Molecular epidemiology and extended-spectrum β-lactamases production of Klebsiella pneumoniae isolated from three dairy herds Epidemiologia molecular e produção de β- lac-tamases de espectro estendido de Klebsiella pneumoniae isoladas de três propriedades leiteiras Diego B.
NóbregaI,*; Marcos V.S. GuiduceI; Felipe F. GuimarãesI; Danilo F. RiboliII; Maria L.R.S. CunhaII; Hélio LangoniI; José C.F. IDepartamento de Higiene Veterinária e Saúde Pública, Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia, Universidade Estadual Paulista (Unesp), Distrito de Rubião Júnior s/n, Botucatu, SP 18618-970, Brazil. Index terms: Dairy cattle herds, extended-spectrum β-lactamases (ESBLs), Klebsiella pneumoniae, pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE). Termos de indexação: Beta-lactamases de espectro estendido (ESBLs), eletroforese em campo pulsátil, Klebsiella pneumoniae, propriedades leiteiras.
Coliforms can cause chronic mastitis that is unresponsive to treatment (Hogan et al. 1989). Sample collection Farm A. JOURNAL OF ANTIMICROBIAL CHEMOTHERAPY - 2014 - Emergence of colistin resistance in Klebsiella pneumoniae from veterinary medicine. International Food Research Journal 19(4): 1757-1762 (2012) Detection of Klebsiella pneumoniae in raw vegetables using Most Probable Number-Polymerase Chain Reaction (MPN-PCR) Pesq. Vet. Bras. vol.33 no.7 Rio de Janeiro July 2013 Molecular epidemiology and extended-spectrum β-lactamases production of Klebsiella pneumoniae isolated from three dairy herds. NEWS MEDICAL 23/07/15 Retail meat harbors disease-causing Klebsiella pneumoniae, shows new study.
African Journal of Microbiology Research - JULY 2009 - identification and susceptibility of Klebsiella and Enterobacter spp. isolated from meat products. J Clin Microbiol. 1991 Feb; 29(2): 415–416. Clostridium perfringens or Klebsiella pneumoniae as the cause of a food-borne outbreak. Clinical Microbiology and Infection. 05/2013 Extended-spectrum β-lactamase producing Klebsiella spp. in chicken meat and humans: a comparison of typing methods. NAARRI INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE - MARS 2015 - Effectiveness of radiation processing in elimination of Klebsiella pneumoniae from food. Braz J Med Biol Res, ahead of print Epub July 10, 2015 Potential virulence of Klebsiella sp. isolates from enteral diets. The Indian journal of animal sciences. 01/1999; Haemolytic pattern of pathogenic and non-pathogenic Klebsiella isolated from foods and clinical cases.
POURQUOI DOCTEUR 07/10/13 Klebsiella pneumoniae multirésistante - 19 décès à Nice: portrait d'une bactérie tueuse. INVS 22/06/04 Cas groupés d’infections à Klebsiella pneumoniae résistante à toutes les béta-lactamines y compris à l’imipénème en région parisienne. MBIO 21/07/15 Mapping the Evolution of Hypervirulent Klebsiella pneumoniae. BMC 27/06/15 Prevalence of Klebsiella pneumoniae strains producing carbapenemases and increase of resistance to colistin in an Italian teaching hospital from January 2012 To December 2014.
International Journal of Infectious Diseases Volume 34, May 2015, First case of NDM-1 producing Klebsiella pneumoniae in Caribbean islands. Braz J Infect Dis vol.8 no.1 Salvador Feb. 2004 Klebsiella pneumoniae with multiple antimicrobial resistance. BioMed Research International Volume 2015 (2015), Emergence of Carbapenem-Resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae: Progressive Spread and Four-Year Period of Observation in a Cardiac Surgery Division. THE LANCET - AVRIL 2009 - The real threat of Klebsiella pneumoniae carbapenemase-producing bacteria. ASIAN SCIENTIST 02/07/15 Tracking The Evolution Of The Next Potential Superbug Read more from Asian Scientist Magazine. Braz J Infect Dis vol.15 no.6 Salvador Nov./Dec. 2011 Klebsiella ESBL bacteremia-mortality and risk factors. ASA NAPOLI via YOUTUBE 01/04/15 Seminario: la Xylella Fastidiosa.
EUROSURVEILLANCE 30/10/14 Control of carbapenemase-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae: a region-wide intervention. PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question E-011314-12 Klebsiella pneumoniae bacterium. International Journal of Rheumatology Volume 2013 (2013), The Role of Klebsiella in Crohn’s Disease with a Potential for the Use of Antimicrobial Measures. Institut Scientifique de Santé Publique (BE) - 2008 -Signalement des premiers cas de Klebsiella pneumoniae multi-résistant, productrice de carbapénémase plasmidique de type VIM-1 dans les hôpitaux aigus en Belgique.
COLORADO STATE UNIVERSITY - SPRING 2015 - Thèse en ligne : The Efficacy and Specificity of Gold Nanoparticles as Antibiotics for Klebsiella pneumoniae. MICROBE WIKI - Klebsiella pneumoniae. La Xylella fastidiosa, bactérie tueuse d'oliviers, repérée en Corse selon José Bové. Eric Andrieu sur Xylella fastidiosa. Intervention de Michel DANTIN en séance plénière à Strasbourg le 30.04.2015. Mobilisation de la CR sur Xylella fastidiosa. INSERM via YOUTUBE 22/10/07 Inserm U627 Toxines bactériennes dans la relation hôtes-path. MAAF via YOUTUBE 29/07/15 Santé des végétaux : tout comprendre sur Xylella fastidiosa. Une bactérie venue d'Amérique centrale inquiète les autorités. PUBLIC SENAT via YOUTUBE 15/05/15 Europe Hebdo - Sujet traité: Xylella fastidiosa. EFSA CHANNEL VIA YOUTUBE 20/11/15 EFSA Workshop on Xylella fastidiosa, 13 November 2015 (Part 3) Gouvernement sur Twitter : "Déplacement de @slefoll en #Corse: une vidéo pour tout comprendre de la bactérie #Xylella fastidiosa, en 2 mn.
Le maquillage en agro-alimentaire - archives thématiques du forum HYGIENE. La tenue en agro-alimentaire - archives thématiques du forum HYGIENE. La coiffe en cuisine - archives thématiques du forum HYGIENE. CDC EID - Volume 21, Number 7—July 2015. Au sommaire notamment: MERS-CoV in Upper Respiratory Tract and Lungs of Dromedary Camels, Saudi Arabia, 2013–2014 ; Les bijoux en agro-alimentaire - archives thématiques du forum HYGIENE.
Les gants en cuisine - Messages de la liste HYGIENE. Les lunettes et lentilles en agro-alimentaire - archives thématiques du forum HYGIENE. BLOG D ALBERT AMGAR 01/03/13 De la décontamination chimique de semelles de chaussures en entreprise alimentaire. Les lunettes et lentilles en agro-alimentaire - archives thématiques du forum HYGIENE. LISTE HYGIENE - Archives 2003 à 2011 - La décontamination des chaussures. LISTE HYGIENE - SEPT 2015 - Accès aux abonnés : Discussion au sujet de l'hygiène des chaussures en laiterie. EUROFINS 17/04/15 Réflexions sur le rôle de certains matériels utilisés en entreprise alimentaire. PLOS 24/11/14 Estimating Potential Incidence of MERS-CoV Associated with Hajj Pilgrims to Saudi Arabia, 2014.
CHAMBRES D AGRICULTURE DE BRETAGNE - MARS 2010 - Pédiluve pour visiteurs. NOTE DE SERVICE DGAL/SDSSA/N2011-8239 Date: 07 novembre 2011 Mesures de flexibilité dans la filière lait et produits laitiers. ENVA - 2013 - Thèse en ligne : LA BIOSÉCURITÉ DANS LES ÉLEVAGES BOVINS LAITIERS. FAO - 1993 - L'hygiéne dans l'industrie alimentaire - Les produits et l'application de l'hygiéne. WIKIPEDIA – Pédiluve. MINISTRY OF HEALTH SAUDI ARABIA 08/12/14 Infection prevention/control and management guidelines for patients with Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV) infection. EUROSURVEILLANCE 12/12/13 Au sommaire: Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) coronavirus seroprevalence in domestic livestock in Saudi Arabia, 2010 to 2013. International Journal of Infectious Diseases - 2014 - Community Case Clusters of Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus in Hafr Al-Batin, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia: A Descriptive Genomic study. CDC EID - Volume 20, Number 7—July 2014. Au sommaire notamment: MERS Coronavirus in Dromedary Camel Herd, Saudi Arabia.
PLOS 18/12/14 Estimation of MERS-Coronavirus Reproductive Number and Case Fatality Rate for the Spring 2014 Saudi Arabia Outbreak: Insights from Publicly Available Data. CDC EID - NOV 2013 - Au sommaire: Lack of MERS Coronavirus Neutralizing Antibodies in Humans, Eastern Province, Saudi Arabia. CDC EID - NOV 2013 - Au sommaire: Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus in Bats, Saudi Arabia. TWITTER 05/01/14 CARTOGRAPHIE 2012 à 2014 - MERS-CoV detections by the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. PLOS 18/12/14 Estimation of MERS-Coronavirus Reproductive Number and Case Fatality Rate for the Spring 2014 Saudi Arabia Outbreak: Insights from Publicly Available Data. CDC EID - - Avril 2014 - Au sommaire notamment: Human Infection with MERS Coronavirus after Exposure to Infected Camels, Saudi Arabia, 2013. Statistics - Statistics. CDC EID – NOV 2015 – Au sommaire notamment: Association of Higher MERS-CoV Virus Load with Severe Disease and Death, Saudi Arabia, 2014 ;