Japan etiological myth. Etiology (alternatively aetiology, aitiology /iːtiˈɒlədʒi/) is the study of causation, or origination. The word is derived from the Greek αἰτιολογία, aitiologia, "giving a reason for" (αἰτία, aitia, "cause"; and -λογία, -logia). The word is most commonly used in medical and philosophical theories, where it is used to refer to the study of why things occur, or even the reasons behind the way that things act, and is used in philosophy, physics, psychology, government, geography, spatial analysis, medicine, theology, and biology in reference to the causes of various phenomena.
An etiological myth is a myth intended to explain a name or create a mythic history for a place or family. Mythology An etiological myth, or origin myth, is a myth intended to explain the origins of cult practices, natural phenomena, proper names and the like. Medicine In medicine, etiology refers to the many factors coming together to cause an illness. See also References External links Global network. History of Sumitomo Corp. Sumitomo Corporation was originally founded as Osaka Hokko Kaisha Ltd. (renamed later to Sumitomo Building and Real Estate Co., Ltd.) by Sumitomo and other companies in 1919. When the Pacific War ended, Shunnosuke Furuta, then the Director General of Sumitomo, foresaw the inevitability of the occupying forces' order for the dissolution of zaibatsu (financial giants), and in this time of crisis, declared the company's policy as 1) retain human resources and give as much work as possible to each employee; 2) provide sufficient support to repatriates and their families; and 3) maintain Sumitomo's businesses as much as possible even after the dissolution rather than ending them, so that they can become instrumental to rebuilding the prosperity of the race and the nation.
As part of this policy, he made the decision to advance into the trading business. The greatest issue during the early period was to solidify the company's management foundation. Governance system. Business spirit. Kaiukemai system. Folk etymology. Folk etymology is change in a word or phrase over time resulting from the replacement of an unfamiliar form by a more familiar one. Unanalyzable borrowings from foreign languages, like asparagus, or old compounds such as samblind which have lost their iconic motivation (since one or more of the morphemes making them up, like sam-, which meant "semi-", has become obscure) are reanalyzed in a more or less semantically plausible way, yielding, in these examples, sparrow grass and sandblind. The term folk etymology, a loan translation from the 19th-century academic German Volksetymologie, is a technical one in philology and historical linguistics, referring to the change of form in the word itself, not to any actual explicit popular analysis. As a productive force Erroneous etymologies can exist for many reasons.
Some are reasonable interpretations of the evidence that happen to be false. Examples of words modified by folk etymology Further examples Mayanist research (Förstemann) Ernst Förstemann portrait, oil on canvas by Julius Scholtz Ernst Wilhelm Förstemann (18 September 1822 – 4 November 1906) was a German historian, mathematician, Dr. of linguistic and librarian, director of the Saxon State Library (German: Sächsische Landesbibliothek) in Dresden. He is known as a founder of onomastics and folk etymology studies in Germany, and also for his seminal contributions made in the early years of Mayanist research, towards the decipherment and understanding of calendrical elements in the pre-Columbian Maya script. Biography He was born in Danzig.
In 1865 he became chief librarian at the Royal Library (now the Saxon State Library) in Dresden, which contained the Dresden Codex. He prepared an edition of the Maya manuscript as well as several treatises on it. His services in behalf of the reorganization of the library were most important. Works (selected) Altdeutsches Namenbuch, 2 vols., 1856/59. Notes References Decipherment. Decipherment is the analysis of documents written in ancient languages, where the language is unknown, or knowledge of the language has been lost.
It is closely related to cryptanalysis — the difference being that the original document was deliberately written to be difficult to interpret. The term has also been used to describe the analysis of the genetic code information encoded in DNA - see the Human Genome Project article for more on this. Some people have also used the word metaphorically to mean something like 'understanding'. Examples of successful script decipherment: Famous documents that have been the subject of decipherments, successful or failed: Famous decipherers: See also External links Ballgame. Mesoamerica. Mesoamerica and its cultural areas Mesoamerica is a region and cultural area in the Americas, extending approximately from central Mexico to Belize, Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, and northern Costa Rica, within which a number of pre-Columbian societies flourished before the Spanish colonization of the Americas in the 15th and 16th centuries. It is one of six areas in the world where ancient civilization arose independently, and the second in the Americas after Norte Chico (Caral-Supe) in present-day northern coastal Peru.
Among the earliest complex civilizations was the Olmec culture, which inhabited the Gulf coast of Mexico and extended inland and southwards across the Isthmus of Tehuantepec. Frequent contact and cultural interchange between the early Olmec and other cultures in Chiapas, Guatemala and Oaxaca laid the basis for the Mesoamerican cultural area. The distinct Mesoamerican cultural tradition ended with the Spanish conquest in the 16th century.