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Changement. Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre. Le changement désigne le passage d'un état à un autre. L'on parlera, selon la nature, la durée et l'intensité de ce passage, d'évolution, de révolution, de transformation, de métamorphose, de modification, de mutation (ie transformation profonde et durable)... Il s'exerce dans des domaines très divers et à des niveaux très divers. Il faut distinguer le changement endogène dû à des causes internes (par exemple; les révolutions politiques), et le changement exogène dû à des causes externes (par exemple, la révolution du téléphone mobile). Le changement suscite chez les humains les réactions les plus diverses, allant de l'espoir le plus fou (thème de l'Apocalypse) jusqu'à la crainte, voire la phobie[réf. souhaitée]. À moins qu'il n'engendre qu'une réaction désabusée comme le montre le roman Il Gattopardo de Giuseppe Tomasi di Lampedusa.

Les causes théoriques du changement par auteurs[modifier | modifier le code] Remarques: How to Instantly Tell If Someone is About to Make a Good Decision (Or Not) Study finds intriguing link between decision-making and this subtle signal. People’s decisions — good or bad — can be predicted by how big their pupils are moments before they even make the decision, a new study finds. The research, published in the journal PLOS Computational Biology, examined the size of people’s pupils (the central dark section of the eye) before they were given a decision-making task (Murphy et al., 2014). Twenty-six participants looked at a cloud of dots and had to decide in which direction they were moving. This was designed to mimic the types of perceptual decisions we make in everyday life. They found that the larger the pupil was before the task, the worse the person subsequently performed. This is because pupil size is a measure of a person’s arousal: the more aroused they are feeling, the wider their pupils are and the worse they perform on the test.

Dr. You may well ask whether we can actually notice these kinds of subtle changes in other people’s pupil size. Mental Models: The Importance of Multidisciplinary Thinking. What to Do When You Have Too Many Ideas (And Not Enough Time) What do you do when you have too many ideas and not enough time? Or similarly, what about when you have too many tasks and not enough energy? As an entrepreneur, I feel like I've been battling this issue for awhile. There is always another opportunity to chase or a new product idea that sounds exciting. For a long time, I felt guilty about ignoring good ideas that came my way and so I kept adding more to my to-do list.

However, during a recent conversation with Travis Dommert, I learned about a new strategy for dealing with the issue of having too many ideas and projects. It all comes down to treating your life like a rose bush. Let me explain what Travis taught me… Before we talk about how to get started, I wanted to let you know I researched and compiled science-backed ways to stick to good habits and stop procrastinating. Ideas are Like Rose Buds As a rose bush grows it creates more buds than it can sustain.

You see, a rose bush isn’t like a tree. We All Need to Cut Good Branches Read Next. Jeff Weiner On How To Focus And Get The Right Things Done. Source: PicJumbo. If you want to be successful in life and work, you have to learn how to lead. But before you can lead others, you have to lead by example. You have to learn how to lead yourself. Jeff Weiner, founder of LinkedIn, has a powerful mechanism for leadership: he has FOCUS (a.k.a. But Weiner’s philosophy isn’t only applicable to running a successful social networking company; it’s applicable to behaviour change as well.

Let’s discuss how. F: Fewer Things Done Better “When [Weiner] took the reins of [LinkedIn] he could easily have adopted the standard operating procedure of most Silicon Valley start-ups and tried to pursue everything”, writes Greg McKeown in Essentialism: The Disciplined Pursuit of Less. Learning new behaviours and Tiny Habits is exciting – especially when you’re new to it. Instead of stopping and starting new habits as and when you feel motivated, focus on ONE and “show up” consistently.

I recommend Coach.me. Do ONE habit well then move onto your next. Ruth Chang: How to make hard choices. Pourquoi les gens ne choisissent pas le contenu qu'ils consomment ? L'illusion du choix ! Les gens croient que c’est purement leurs choix, quand ils déterminent ce qu’il faut faire, où aller, quel type d’information consommer… Est-ce le cas ? Pas vraiment. Cela a commencé depuis longtemps et continue à ce jour, la majorité des actions des gens se fait sous l’influence de leurs groupes de référence.

En sociologie, ce phénomène est appelé « socialisation secondaire ». Le lieu n’a pas d’importance, que ce soit à la maternelle, à l’école, au collège ou au travail, nous sommes fortement influencés par l’environnement, qui détermine une grande partie de ce que nous faisons… 3 niveaux d’illusion Rien n’a changé à ce jour où nous vivons dans une ère du numérique, omnicanal et autres choses cool. Nous sommes encore mis en cage par des groupes sociaux. Partage. Dans le monde où tant de gens créent énormément de contenus pauvres, trouver quelque chose de précieux est perturbateur. Donc nous avons un nombre grandissant de… d’influenceurs sociaux !

Les réactions sociales = SEO. Oui. What Are Your Values? - Decision-Making Skills from MindTools.com. Deciding What's Most Important in Life Find out how to identify your values, in this short video. How would you define your values? Before you answer this question, you need to know what, in general, values are. Your values are the things that you believe are important in the way you live and work.

They (should) determine your priorities, and, deep down, they're probably the measures you use to tell if your life is turning out the way you want it to. When the things that you do and the way you behave match your values, life is usually good – you're satisfied and content. But when these don't align with your personal values, that's when things feel... wrong. This is why making a conscious effort to identify your values is so important. How Values Help You Values exist, whether you recognize them or not. If you value family, but you have to work 70-hour weeks in your job, will you feel internal stress and conflict? In these types of situations, understanding your values can really help. Tip: The Empty Container. Psycho Actif, le blog de Christophe André.

The Power of Delay. ‘The greatest remedy for anger is delay.’ ~Thomas Paine By Leo Babauta I once had a boss who had a favorite strategy for dealing with donations-seekers, demanding colleagues, and basically anyone who wanted anything from him he was reluctant to give. Delay. For example, lots of people would come to our office seeking handouts, and he didn’t believe handouts were helpful. So he would tell me, “Just delay.” And I would have to do it for him, asking people to come back tomorrow, or try next week, and so on.

I’ve found this strategy works really well with habits you’re try to break. An example: I tend to go back for seconds when I’m really hungry and especially if the food is really tasty. Another example: I often have the urge to go check email or one of my favorite online sites. And another: Sometimes I see something cool online that I really want to buy. You can delay playing a video game or watching YouTube, by telling yourself that you can do it in an hour from now. 40 Years of Stanford Research Found That People With This One Quality Are More Likely to Succeed. In the 1960s, a Stanford professor named Walter Mischel began conducting a series of important psychological studies. During his experiments, Mischel and his team tested hundreds of children — most of them around the ages of 4 and 5 years old — and revealed what is now believed to be one of the most important characteristics for success in health, work, and life.

Let’s talk about what happened and, more importantly, how you can use it. Free Bonus: Want to become better at delaying gratification? I’ve created 3 great resources for you- my guide to getting started in just 2 minutes and my workbook for making any habit 1% better. Plus, an adorable video of some kid participating in the marshmallow experiment. Hey, its good for a laugh. The Marshmallow Experiment The experiment began by bringing each child into a private room, sitting them down in a chair, and placing a marshmallow on the table in front of them.

At this point, the researcher offered a deal to the child. But… Read Next. 40 Years of Stanford Research Found That People With This One Quality Are More Likely to Succeed. A Brief Guide to Overcoming Instant Gratification. By Leo Babauta It’s no secret that we live in the Age of Instant gratification. That’s not news. But Paul Roberts has written an excellent essay at The American Scholar looking at the breadth of this phenomena on our society — it’s a must read. A sample quote from Roberts’ essay: ‘The notion of future consequences, so essential to our development as functional citizens, as adults, is relegated to the background, inviting us to remain in a state of permanent childhood.’ And while he concludes that we need to change as a society, not just individuals, I’d like to show a path for individual change that might highlight a larger path for us as a whole.

This is a personal guide to overcoming the instant gratification to which we’ve all grown accustomed. Why? Yes, life is meant to be enjoyed, but perhaps not wasted. The first way is Instant Gratification: pleasurable food, the riches of the Internet, video games, TV, drink, online shopping … anything we want, anytime we want it. Watch the urges. How to Use the Power of Surprise to Wow Your Clients. This is a guest post by my friend, Brad Johnson, a member of my Inner Circle Mastermind Group. Brad is vice president of marketing for Advisors Excel, works by referral only, and mentors a small group of the country’s most elite financial advisors. His thoughts on growing a successful financial advisory business have been featured in the Wall Street Journal, Investment News, and Financial Planning, among other industry publications.

You can find him online at BradJ.net, as well as Twitter, Facebook, and LinkedIn. If people know you’re thinking about their lives, they’re more likely to want to do business. Here’s a quick story of how I personally created a wow experience that might set the stage for how to pull this off in your practice. Courtesy of iStock/Lepro Recently, I took a trip to Nashville, Tennessee, to meet with Michael’s Inner Circle Mastermind Group.

Sock It to ’em For any of you who missed this recent men’s fashion trend, here’s a little more info. Pictures of their new socks! Réponse combat-fuite. Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre. Chez les animaux, plusieurs espèces préfèrent combattre plutôt que de fuir. Un exemple ci-contre avec des coqs. D'autres, cependant, préfèrent fuir par peur ou pour éviter tout conflit. La réponse combat-fuite a été décrite pour la première fois par le psychologue américain Walter Bradford Cannon[1]. Physiologie[modifier | modifier le code] Les catécholamines facilitent les réactions physiques immédiates associées à une préparation pour une action musculaire violente. Psychologie de la réponse au stress[modifier | modifier le code] Un exemple typique de la réponse au stress, dans la zoologie, est le zèbre, qui maintient calmement une homéostasie.

Bien que Cannon, ayant originellement proposé la réponse combat-fuite, ait mis en avant ces évidences considérables chez de nombreux animaux, sa théorie paraissait trop simpliste. La menace d'autres animaux ne résulte pas directement à une réponse combat-fuite. Références[modifier | modifier le code] L'échelle des comportements : Comment analyser le comportement de ceux qui vous entoure. Tend and befriend. Tend-and-befriend is a behavior exhibited by some animals, including humans, in response to threat. It refers to protection of offspring (tending) and seeking out the social group for mutual defense (befriending).

Tend-and-befriend is theorized as having evolved as the typical female response to stress, just as the primary male response was fight-or-flight. The tend-and-befriend theoretical model was originally developed by Dr. Shelley E. Versus fight-or-flight[edit] The fight-or-flight response has been the dominant model of human (and nonhuman animal) responses to stress. Females and fight-or-flight[edit] Due to higher parental investment in most female mammals, females from these species face the challenge of responding to stressors while protecting offspring.[1] Attacking or fleeing from a predator or threat may interfere with females' ability to protect their offspring. Biological bases[edit] According to the Polyvagal Theory developed by Dr. Tending under stress[edit] See also[edit] Stress chez l'humain. Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre.

Le stress qualifie à la fois une situation contraignante et les processus physiologiques mis en place par l'organisme pour s'y adapter. Chez l'homme adulte, le stress peut avoir des origines physiques, pathogéniques (ayant une maladie génétique, infectieuse ou parasitaire comme origine par exemple), socio-psychiques, médiées par divers processus hormonaux (hormones de stress[1]), chimiques et biochimiques de l'organisme. Ses conséquences diffèrent selon l'individu ou le groupe (capacités d'adaptation et de résilience) et selon que le stress soit temporaire ou chronique, ainsi que selon le sexe[2] À court terme, un stress modéré n'est pas nécessairement mauvais, sinon indispensable, mais ses effets à long terme peuvent engendrer de graves problèmes de santé.

Le stress fait partie des troubles psychosociaux. Définition[modifier | modifier le code] Ambiguïtés[modifier | modifier le code] Concept[modifier | modifier le code] 1. 1. 1.