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Beck Hopelessness Scale. The Beck Hopelessness Scale (BHS) is a 20-item self-report inventory developed by Dr. Aaron T. Beck that was designed to measure three major aspects of hopelessness: feelings about the future, loss of motivation, and expectations.[1] The test is designed for adults, age 17-80. It measures the extent of the respondent's negative attitudes, or pessimism, about the future. It may be used as an indicator of suicidal risk in depressed people who have made suicide attempts. Validity[edit] The BHS moderately correlates with the Beck Depression Inventory, although research shows that the BDI is better suited for predicting suicidal ideation behavior.[3] The internal reliability coefficients are reasonably high (Pearson r= .82 to .93 in seven norm groups), but the BHS test-retest reliability coefficients are modest (.69 after one week and .66 after six weeks).[1] DMCA Notice[edit] Questionnaire[edit] See also[edit] References[edit]

Take Light, Not Drugs - Issue 11: Light. For Ryan Sherman*, a 34-year-old lawyer, something changed eight years ago when he moved from Texas to Europe and then to Boston and New York City: The shorter winter days of the more northern latitudes were like a dead weight on his emotions. “I’d get these depressions,” he says. His sleep schedule changed, too, with his bedtime slipping progressively later and early morning wakeups becoming increasingly difficult.

He tried medication to improve his mood—“a Xanax type of thing”—but it didn’t make him feel better. Then, while searching online, he discovered the Center for Light Treatment and Biological Rhythms at Columbia University Medical Center, in Manhattan. After undergoing a psychiatric consultation and filling out a questionnaire, he was prescribed a light box. Between October and March, he wakes up at 6:15 a.m. and, so as not to disturb his partner, immediately heads to his living room, where he spends 30 minutes basking in the box’s glow. References 1. 2. 3. 4. 5 Reasons It's So Hard to Combat Anxiety and Depression and What You Can Do. April 2, 2014 | Like this article? Join our email list: Stay up to date with the latest headlines via email. Have you ever had a friend or family member tell you to “just get over it” when you felt sad or worried?

The reason it is such a struggle to combat negative emotions is that they are there for a reason—to warn us of danger and gear up our minds and bodies for escape or self-protection or to help us withdraw and conserve energy when we face a loss. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. What You Can Do If suppression doesn’t work, what can you do with sad, angry or anxious feelings? 1. The feelings will be there anyway, so why not take a look at them? Breakthroughs could lead to 'powerful treatment for depression' With approximately 1 in 10 American adults reporting some form of depression, finding new ways to treat the disorder has been a major focus for researchers.

Now, investigators from the University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center say they have made important breakthroughs in this field. The researchers, including Dr. Jeffrey Zigman, associate professor of internal medicine and psychiatry at UT Southwestern, say they have uncovered an important mechanism by which ghrelin - a natural antidepressant hormone - works inside the brain. In addition, the team has uncovered a neuroprotective drug that they say has the potential to be a powerful treatment for depression.

To reach their findings, recently published in the journal Molecular Psychiatry, the researchers began by analyzing ghrelin in mice models. In a 2008 study led by Dr. The research team says their findings could lead to a powerful new antidepressant. Dr. Written by Honor Whiteman. Blackness ever blackening: my lifetime of depression | Mosaic. I was such a moody child. That’s what my parents said. “She’s such a moody child.” “Why are you such a moody child?” I don’t remember ever being called a happy-go-lucky or sunny-natured child, or feeling like one, although I certainly experienced varieties of happiness sometimes. I have a clear memory of somersaulting out of bed one morning when I was six or seven for the pleasure of getting up and going to school.

Yet I’m suspicious of that moment as having more to do with me trying to manipulate the family mood than a genuine expression of joie de vivre. My most pervasive memory of young childhood, however, is of being in ‘a mood’, which really consisted of just the one mood in several shades of monochrome: a spectrum that ranged from a comforting solitary dreaminess inside a softly enclosing gentle shadow at one end to, at the far side of the continuum, the grimmest darkness in a hard-frozen, fractured icescape.

I can explain it up to an extent now. I didn’t grow out of it. “Gaiety. Breakthroughs could lead to 'powerful treatment for depression' Deep Brain Stimulation shows promise as treatment for depression. Scientists have used Deep Brain Stimulation to successfully treat patients suffering from severe depression (Photo: Shutterstock) Deep Brain Stimulation, in which a pacemaker-like device activates select regions of the brain via implanted electrodes, has been used to help people suffering from a variety of neurological problems. Just in the past few years, studies have explored its use for treating anorexia, Alzheimer’s, and memory disorders.

Now, perhaps not surprisingly, scientists from Germany’s Bonn University Hospital have found that it also appears to do wonders for acute depression. It’s not the first time that the technique has been tried on depression, although in previous studies, the nucleus accumbens region of the brain was targeted. This time around, a bundle of nerve fibers running from the limbic system to the prefrontal cortex was selected – a region known as the medial forebrain bundle.

A paper on the Bonn research, which was led by Prof. Source: Bonn University. The Science of Positive Manifestation. Michelle Walling, CHLC, In5D GuestWaking Times Are you the type of person that starts the day with a smile? Have you always wanted to be like that person who always seems to be in a good mood? Knowing how the brain works biologically can help you understand why it is so hard to change feelings of depression, sadness, or anything other than joy. Lost in translation Many people have been struggling with positivity their whole lives. As negative emotions arise, they know that these emotions must be transmitted to joy in order to raise their vibration, but sometimes the struggle seems almost impossible. The law of attraction states that what you think you will create. The heart and the brain send signals to each other all of the time. Your heart generates neuropeptides which are small protein-like molecules (peptides) used by neurons to communicate with each other.

The brain cells have receptors that are created to assimilate the food (neuropeptides) they receive. Meditate. This Is Scientific Proof That Happiness Is A Choice. One theory in psychology research suggests that we all have a happiness "set-point" that largely determines our overall well-being. We oscillate around this set point, becoming happier when something positive happens or the opposite, afterwards returning to equilibrium. But this set-point, to a certain extent, can be reset. Although our general mood levels and well-being are partially determined by factors like genetics and upbringing, roughly 40 percent of our happiness is within our control, according to some experts, and a large body of research in the field of positive psychology has shown that happiness is a choice that anyone can make. As psychologist William James put it, “The greatest discovery of any generation is that a human can alter his life by altering his attitude.

" Here are eight ways you can take control of your own happiness. Simply try. A little effort can go a long way in increasing happiness. Make happiness your number-one goal. Linger on those little, positive moments. What Is Depression? Let This Animation With A Dog Shed Light On It. Does Depression Go Away on Its Own? | Devil in the Data. Emil Kraepelin (1856-1926), who coined the term "manic depressive," found that in contrast to patients suffering from dementia praecox (schizophrenia), those suffering manic depression had a relatively good prognosis, with 60% to 70% of patients suffering only one attack and attacks lasting, on average, seven months. Modern drug trials for antidepressants seldom take into account the fact that people with depression often get better on their own.

The typical randomized controlled trial (RCT) has a placebo arm and a treatment arm, but no non-placebo/non-treatment arm (otherwise known as a wait-list arm). It's commonly assumed that people who get better on placebo, in drug trials, are experiencing the placebo effect when in reality a certain number of people just get better on their own even without placebo. Hence, the placebo effect is almost certainly overstated. But do people really get better on their own? Electroshock tames serious depression. Depression is debilitating.

(Photo: Colourbox) Since 2008, Psychiatrist Axel Nordenskjøld of Ørebro University has studied patients who have undergone electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) at eight Swedish hospitals. “This research shows that a repeated series of ECT has a remarkably beneficial effect. On average 80 percent of the patients who participated in the study benefited and got better.” “This is particularly the case for patients with severe depression. Half the risk of relapse ECT, commonly called electroshock, is considered an effective short-term treatment for severe depression, with moderate side effects. “Although a simple series of ECT proved to be effective against the symptoms of severe depression, the risk of relapse and recurrence was large. “But the risk of relapse decreased significantly if the patient received on-going ECT every other week, and especially when the treatment was combined with lithium medication,” says Nordenskjøld.

Few side-effects A new life after ECT. Fish oil supplements: Can they treat depression? Four-question test ID's women with depression | Body & Brain. A surprisingly simple decision-making tool shows promise as a way for physicians to identify people with depression. An answer to the first of four questions was all that researchers usually needed to identify women who weren’t depressed, say psychologist Mirjam Jenny of the Max Planck Institute for Human Development in Berlin and her colleagues.

Using all four questions, this tool spotted depressed women about as well as two more-complex methods, Jenny’s team reports June 24 in the Journal of Applied Research in Memory and Cognition. If the findings hold up in other studies, physicians and other professionals with no mental-health training could use this brief technique to tag individuals who need thorough depression evaluations. “This decision tree can be used to screen for depression, but not to reach a final diagnosis,” Jenny says. Her team drew on data from 1,382 German women who completed a 21-item screening questionnaire for depression on two occasions, separated by 18 months.

Cause of depression still eludes us, says neuroscientist. We don't know what is wrong with the brains in people suffering from depression. On theory is that depression is connected to the amount of the neurotransmitter serotonin inside our brains. (Photo: Colourbox) Albert Gjedde, MD, is a neuroscientist and probes people's heads to see how their brains work. He is head of the Department of Neuroscience and Pharmacology at Copenhagen University. Gjedde is one of the people who look at the effect of antidepressant SSRI drugs. Gjedde explains we don't really know what is wrong with people suffering from depression but looking at the symptoms we get a good idea of where the fault could lie within the brain. Right now the eyes of neuroscientists are focused on the endogenous chemical in our bodies called serotonin, a neurotransmitter that regulates the intensity of our emotions, says Gjedde. Regardless of the emotion being happy or sad it would seem SSRI drugs dampens the experienced intensity of the emotion.

SSRIs mess up the cleanup. Scientist: Antidepressants cause addiction. Do antidepressant SSRI drugs cause addiction? Yes, say researchers behind a study from the Nordic Cochrane Centre but their claim is met with sharp criticism from a clinical professor. (Photo: Colourbox) Nausea, headache, fever, trembling, panic attacks and hallucinations. These are but a few of the symptoms that depression-struck patients risk facing when they discontinue their treatment with SSRI drugs, popularly -- but falsely -- dubbed “happy pills”. It sounds like substance addiction and that is exactly what it is, say scientists behind a study from the Nordic Cochrane Centre, an independent research unit monitoring health in the Nordic countries.

But SSRI drugs are not addictive, officially. Pure semantics, say the researchers from Nordic Cochrane Centre. “People get ill when they stop taking the medicine,” says Margrethe Nielsen, Ph.D.and lead author on the meta-analysis. Four years of research into SSRI pills The medicine causes addiction Side effects come with drugs. Google Searches Show The Seasonal Trends Of Mental Illness. Child Who Just Lost Balloon Begins Lifelong Battle With Depression. SAN DIEGO—Shortly after losing grip of a helium-filled balloon and watching it float into the air above the San Diego Zoo Tuesday, local child Caleb Tremont, 3, reportedly began a battle with chronic depression that will last for the rest of his life. Before Tremont even realized what was happening, sources confirmed the balloon’s ribbon slipped from his hand, drifting up and out of reach and etching into his memory an image that years later will come to represent the overwhelming despair at the core of his life-defining mental illness.

“No, the balloon,” said Tremont, who as an adult will work with his physician and several psychiatrists to find a suitable combination of anxiolytic and psychotropic medicines to quell the disease’s debilitating symptoms, ultimately turning into an over-medicated and unresponsive husk. “It’s flying away.” “Come back,” added the toddler who will never feel entirely happy or normal again. “I told you to hang on to it, buddy!” Stress and Depression. Stress and depression have quite the cause and effect relationship. See how they continually fuel each other and what you can do to break the cycle. Transcript: Stress and depression have quite the relationship. That's because stress increases levels of the hormone... Stress and depression have quite the relationship. That's because stress increases levels of the hormone CORTISOL, and REDUCES levels of the mood-enhancing neurotransmitters serotonin and dopamine. Cortisol speeds up heart rate, tenses muscles and revs up overall negativity and intensity.

More » Beck Anxiety Inventory. EmoSPARK: An "artificial intelligence console" that wants to make you happy. List of diagnostic classification and rating scales used in psychiatry. Major Depression Inventory. Mental Models: How Intelligent People Solve Unsolvable Problems.