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SPECULATIVE REALISM

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GRAHAM HARMAN

LEVI BRYANT. BRUNO LATOUR. Quentin Meillassoux. Quentin Meillassoux (French: [mɛjasu]; born 1967) is a French philosopher.

Quentin Meillassoux

He teaches at the École Normale Supérieure, but he will be moving in Fall 2012 to a new position at the Université de Paris 1 Panthéon Sorbonne. He is the son of the anthropologist Claude Meillassoux. Meillassoux is a former student of the philosophers Bernard Bourgeois and Alain Badiou, who has written that Meillassoux's first book Après la finitude (2006)[2] introduces an entirely new option into modern philosophy, different from Kant's three alternatives of criticism, scepticism, and dogmatism.[3] The book was translated into English by philosopher Ray Brassier.

Meillassoux is associated with the Speculative Realism movement. Meillassoux tries to show that the agnostic scepticism of those who doubt the reality of cause and effect must be transformed into a radical certainty that there is no such thing as causal necessity at all. Bibliography[edit] Books Articles. Ian Bogost.

TIMOTHY MORTON

Ray Brassier. Ray Brassier (born 1965) is a member of the philosophy faculty at the American University of Beirut, Lebanon, known for his work in philosophical realism.

Ray Brassier

He was formerly Research Fellow at the Centre for Research in Modern European Philosophy at Middlesex University, London, England. He is the author of Nihil Unbound: Enlightenment and Extinction and the translator of Alain Badiou's Saint Paul: The Foundation of Universalism and Theoretical Writings and Quentin Meillassoux's After Finitude: An Essay on the Necessity of Contingency. He is currently working on a book tentatively entitled That Which is Not.[3] He first attained prominence as a leading authority on the works of François Laruelle. Brassier is of mixed French-Scottish ancestry, and his family name is pronounced in the French manner. Work[edit] Brassier's work has often been associated with contemporary philosophies of nihilism and pessimism.

Iain Hamilton Grant. Iain Hamilton Grant is a senior lecturer at the University of the West of England in Bristol, United Kingdom.

Iain Hamilton Grant

His research interests include European philosophy, especially philosophical Idealism, contemporary philosophy, the history and philosophy of science, the philosophy of technology, the philosophy of the body, and the history and problems associated with the autonomization of the human and socio-cultural sciences with respect to the physical. He is often associated with the recent philosophical current known as Speculative Realism.[1] Grant was initially known as a translator of the prominent French philosophers Jean Baudrillard and Jean-François Lyotard. His reputation as an independent philosopher comes primarily from his book Philosophies of Nature After Schelling (2006). In this book, Grant heavily criticizes the repeated attempts of philosophers to "reverse Platonism," and argues that they should try to reverse Immanuel Kant instead.

Slavoj Žižek

CRITICAL REALISM ROY BHASKAR. NICK LAND. PETER WOLFENDALE. NEW MATERIALISM. Media Studies. Reza Negarestani. Ant_dff. Science, technology and society. Miguel Beistegui. Contact Room S 2.56, Department of Philosophy, The University of Warwick, Coventry CV4 7AL Curriculum Vitae Research Profile.

Miguel Beistegui

Phenomenon. A phenomenon (Greek: φαινόμενoν, phainomenon, from the verb φαίνειν, phainein, "to show, shine, appear, to be manifest (or manifest itself)"),[1] plural phenomena, is any observable occurrence.[2] Phenomena are often, but not always, understood as 'appearances' or 'experiences'.

Phenomenon

These are themselves sometimes understood as involving qualia. The term came into its modern philosophical usage through Immanuel Kant, who contrasted it with the noumenon. In contrast to a phenomenon, a noumenon is not directly accessible to observation. Kant was heavily influenced by Leibniz in this part of his philosophy, in which phenomenon and noumenon serve as interrelated technical terms.

Experience. Experience comprises knowledge of or skill of some thing or some event gained through involvement in or exposure to that thing or event.[1] The history of the word experience aligns it closely with the concept of experiment.

Experience

For example, the word experience could be used in a statement like: "I have experience in fishing". The concept of experience generally refers to know-how or procedural knowledge, rather than propositional knowledge: on-the-job training rather than book-learning. Philosophers dub knowledge based on experience "empirical knowledge" or "a posteriori knowledge". Qualia. In philosophy, qualia (/ˈkwɑːliə/ or /ˈkweɪliə/; singular form: quale) are what some consider to be individual instances of subjective, conscious experience.

Qualia

The term "qualia" derives from the Latin neuter plural form (qualia) of the Latin adjective quālis (Latin pronunciation: [ˈkʷaːlɪs]) meaning "of what sort" or "of what kind"). Examples of qualia include the pain of a headache, the taste of wine, or the perceived redness of an evening sky. As qualitative characters of sensation, qualia stand in contrast to "propositional attitudes".[1] Daniel Dennett (b. 1942), American philosopher and cognitive scientist, regards qualia as "an unfamiliar term for something that could not be more familiar to each of us: the ways things seem to us".[2] Erwin Schrödinger (1887–1961), the famous physicist, had this counter-materialist take:

Eliminative materialism. Eliminativists argue that modern belief in the existence of mental phenomena is analogous to the ancient belief in obsolete theories such as the geocentric model of the universe.

Eliminative materialism

Eliminativism stands in opposition to reductive materialism, which argues that a mental state is well defined, and that further research will result in a more detailed, but not different understanding.[3] An intermediate position is revisionary materialism, which will often argue that the mental state in question will prove to be somewhat reducible to physical phenomena - with some changes to the common sense concept. Eliminativism about a class of entities is the view that that class of entities does not exist.[4] For example, all forms of materialism are eliminativist about the soul; modern chemists are eliminativist about phlogiston; and modern physicists are eliminativist about the existence of luminiferous aether.

Overview[edit] Philosophers who argue against eliminativism may take several approaches.

PUBLICATIONS

ONTOLOGICAL ENERGY EVENT. Utopia. Etymology[edit] Varieties[edit] Ecology[edit] Ecological utopian society describes new ways in which society should relate to nature.

Utopia

They react to a perceived widening gap between the modern Western way of living that, allegedly, destroys nature[3] and a more traditional way of living before industrialization, that is regarded by the ecologists to be more in harmony with nature. According to the Dutch philosopher Marius de Geus, ecological utopias could be sources of inspiration for green political movements.[4] In the novelette Rumfuddle (1973), Jack Vance presents a novel twist on the ecological utopia. Economics[edit] Politics and history[edit]

Dystopia.