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* 'Supervisor' is a shorthand for 'research degree supervisor', 'advisor' or 'tutor', and applies to varying extents for all research degrees: PhD, DPhil. MPhil, Prof Doc and even undergraduate and masters' projects. In some countries, notably the USA, a 'supervisor' is known as an 'advisor'.

▶️ Supervisor

Supervisor. A supervisor, foreman, foreperson, boss, overseer, cell coach, facilitator, or area coordinator is a manager in a position of trust in business.[1] The US Bureau of Census has four hundred titles under the supervisor classification. An employee is a supervisor if he has the power and authority to do the following actions (according to the Ontario Ministry of Labour): Give instructions and/or orders to subordinates.Be held responsible for the work and actions of other employees. If an employee cannot do the above, legally he or she is probably not a supervisor, but in some other category, such as lead hand.

A supervisor is first and foremost an overseer whose main responsibility is to ensure that a group of subordinates get out the assigned amount of production, when they are supposed to do it and within acceptable levels of quality, costs and safety. A supervisor is responsible for the productivity and actions of a small group of employees. Responsibilities[edit] Tasks[edit] Training[edit] Principal investigator. A principal investigator (PI) is the lead scientist or engineer for a particular well-defined science (or other research) project, such as a laboratory study or clinical trial. It is often used as a synonym for "head of the laboratory" or "research group leader", not just for a particular study. In the context of USA federal funding from agencies such as the NIH or the NSF, the PI is the person who takes direct responsibility for completion of a funded project, directing the research and reporting directly to the funding agency.[1] For small projects (which might involve 1-5 people) the PI is typically the person who conceived of the investigation, but for larger projects the PI may be selected by a team to obtain the best strategic advantage for the project.

There were 20,458 PIs on NIH R01 grants in US biomedical research in 2000. In 2013, this number has grown to 21,511. Certification for principal investigator[edit] References[edit] Additional Reading[edit] {su} Distance. {pdp} Time. PhD Study - You and Your Supervisor. Extract from: Your PhD Companion. (How To Books) by Stephen Marshall & Nick Green The dream supervisor has the following attributes: the wisdom of Solomon; a positively delphic prescience in their pronouncements of what will matter; the communicative skills of Martin Luther King; the analytical clarity of Ada Lovelace; the patience of a saint; a pastoral touch that would make Florence Nightingale weep with envy; a breadth and depth of knowledge that could only come from omniscience; creative gifts that combine the brilliance of Leonardo da Vinci, Isaac Newton, Michelangelo and Mozart with the inspiring iconoclasm of Pablo Picasso, Einstein and the Beatles; and to cap it all, an empathic sense that must have been stolen from Mahatma Ghandi.

Of course the dream supervisor does not exist, but you might well find someone who thinks they are that person, and they may well become your supervisor. Most important from your point of view, they want to see you succeed. Postgraduate Supervisor | Exams. Choosing an appropriate postgraduate supervisor is probably the most important step for any new postgraduate student. No matter how smart or skilled a student is, it is unlikely that they will be highly successful during their postgraduate studies if their supervisor doesn't do a good job.

To help YOU as a new or prospective postgraduate student succeed in your studies, here we've answered some of the questions that may help you understand how to get the most from your supervisor. Search for PhD Courses How and when should I first start communicating with my PhD supervisor? Communication between you and your supervisor is the most important factor in your relationship. It is essential that the two of you can communicate well and be both friendly and critical towards each other, in order to build a good relationship and become a successful team. What does it mean to be a good fit with my PhD supervisor? What types of postgraduate supervisors exist? What should my PhD supervisor do for me? 6 Things to Look for in Your Ideal PhD Supervisor. 10 truths a PhD supervisor will never tell you | Features. There are some important dos and don’ts to bear in mind when choosing someone to oversee your doctoral thesis, advises Tara Brabazon Source: Katie Edwards My father used to tell a joke, over and over again.

It was a classic outback Australian, Slim Dusty joke that – like the best dad jokes – I can’t remember. But I do recall the punchline. “Who called the cook a bastard?” To which the answer was, “Who called the bastard a cook?” This riposte often comes to mind during discussions about doctoral supervision and candidature management. To my mind, I never received any satisfactory, effective or useful supervision for my doctorate, research master’s or two coursework master’s that contained sizeable dissertation components.

They do not read your writingThey never attend supervisory meetingsThey are selfish, career-obsessed bastards I am now an experienced supervisor and examiner, but I still remember my own disappointments. As a prospective PhD student, you are precious. Click to rate. The Different Types of PhD Supervisor – How to Choose Your Yoda. Now that you know how to find a supervisor for your project, you might be wondering about how to choose a good PhD supervisor. You’ll be spending a lot of time with them during your PhD, so it pays to understand what to look out for in terms of personality traits, expertise and experience. #1 Substantial research expertise The ideal PhD supervisor will be an expert in their academic field, with a wealth of publications, articles, chapters and books.

They’ll also have a background in organising and presenting at conference events. It’s also important that their expertise is up-to-date – you should look for evidence that they’re currently active in your research area, with recent publications and conference attendance. . #2 Clear about their career plans After you’ve made initial contact with a supervisor, it’s good to get an idea of where they see their own future. . #3 Previous experience as a PhD supervisor #4 Personality #5 Organisational skills. Supervisory Team’s Limitations. How to prepare for a meeting with my supervisor. Records & Reports. Body language. Body language is significant to communication and relationships.

It is relevant to management and leadership in business and also in places where it can be observed by many people. It can also be relevant to some outside of the workplace. It is commonly helpful in dating, mating, in family settings, and parenting. Although body language is non-verbal or non-spoken, it can reveal much about your feelings and meaning to others and how others reveal their feelings toward you.

Body language signals happen on both a conscious and unconscious level.[1] Understanding[edit] A study in body language. Body language signals may have a goal other than communication. Physical expression[edit] Physical expressions like waving, pointing, touching and slouching are all forms of nonverbal communication. A chess player in deep concentration . Some people use and understand body language differently. Prevalence of non-verbal communication in humans[edit] Proxemics[edit] Introduced by Edward T. See also[edit] 4 Ways to Communicate With Body Language.

Steps Method 1 of 4: Understanding Your Own Body Language 1Be natural. Even if you were to succeed in controlling your body language "by the book", you would look fake. While there are certain aspects of body language that can be improved upon to create a more effective message, you still need to act like yourself and not be robotic. Ad 2Identify your body language patterns. Make a conscious effort to think about what your body is doing in different interactions with different people.

A mirror can be useful to examine facial expressions and posture, but mainly you just want to pay attention to what your body does when you're angry, nervous, or happy. 3Determine whether your body language is in sync with your message. Method 2 of 4: Gestures 1Emphasize a point. 4Keep a check on other body language signals. Method 3 of 4: Being Aware Of Your Audience 1Recognize people. 2Use facial expressions consciously. Method 4 of 4: General Tips For Effective Communication 4Say what you mean.

Tips Ad. Meeting Planning. How to Create an Agenda, Step by Step Why agendas are so important and how to create a great one Writing the Script Create the perfect meeting agenda 10+ Tips for Starting (and Finishing) Your Meetings on Time How organizers and attendees can keep meetings on track How Long is Long Enough? Determine how much time you need for your next meeting Things to Consider When Preparing for Your Meetings General considerations for any meeting, big or small Gimme a Break! It's in the Numbers? Holding Off-Site Meetings Get out of the office and get creative Eliminating Free Time Can Be a Costly Mistake Participants need quality free time during long out-of-town meetings Mind Your Meeting Manners How to conduct yourself when meeting outside the boardroom International Etiquette Practical do's and don'ts when meeting in a foreign country Beware, Globe-Trotting Meeters!

Meeting Planning Cost-Savings Tips Put together an on-site or off-site meeting that's professional and within budget. What to do before a meeting. An agenda should be sent to participants ahead of time to help them prepare to participate. There are legal requirements for posting meeting notices. All campus committees created by rule or official act are subject to certain Wisconsin open meeting laws. For more on Wisconsin law click here--! @#$%^&*()----. For departmental and standing committee meetings you should do the following: Provide at least 24-hour advance notice of a meeting via a central bulletin board. (Newspaper announcements not required.) E-mail voting is not allowable under the current law, nor are electronic discussions.

For questions, contact John Dowling, Senior University Legal Council, Things to Do Before Formal Meetings with Your Supervisor. (Munter) Common Problems in Meetings and Some Solutions. Criticism. Criticism is the practice of judging the merits and faults of something or someone in an intelligible (or articulate) way. The judger is called "the critic".To engage in criticism is "to criticise"/"criticize".[1]One specific item of criticism is called "a criticism" or a "critique".

This article provides only general information about criticism. For subject-specific information, see the Varieties of criticism page. Criticism can be: To criticize does not necessarily imply "to find fault", but the word is often taken to mean the simple expression of an objection against prejudice, or a disapproval. Criticism is often presented as something unpleasant, but it need not be. Another meaning of criticism is the study, evaluation, and interpretation of literature, artwork, film, and social trends (see the article links below). Criticism as an evaluative or corrective exercise can occur in any area of human life. Etymology[edit] Early English meaning[edit] 20th century[edit] 21st century[edit] Leadership styles. A leadership style is a leader's style of providing direction, implementing plans, and motivating people.[1] There are many different leadership styles that can be exhibited by leaders in the political, business or other fields.

Authoritarian[edit] The authoritarian leadership style or autocratic leader keeps strict, close control over followers by keeping close regulation of policies and procedures given to followers. To keep main emphasis on the distinction of the authoritarian leader and their followers, these types of leaders make sure to only create a distinct professional relationship. Direct supervision is what they believe to be key in maintaining a successful environment and follower ship. In fear of followers being unproductive, authoritarian leaders keep close supervision and feel this is necessary in order for anything to be done. Paternalistic[edit] The way a Paternalistic leader works is by acting as a father figure by taking care of their subordinates as a parent would. Conflict management. Workplace impact[edit] No supervisors spend more than 25% of their time on conflict management, and managers spend more than 18% of their time on relational employee conflicts.

[not specific enough to verify] This has doubled since the 1980s. Reasons for this are "the growing complexity of organizations, use of teams and group decision making, and globalization. " (Lang, 2009, p. 240) Conflict management is something that companies and managers need to deal with. Conflict significantly[not specific enough to verify] affects employee morale, turnover, and litigation, which affects the prosperity of a company, either constructively or destructively. Definitions[edit] Conflict[edit] There are several causes of conflict. (Rahim, 2002, p. 207) Substantive versus affective conflict[edit] The overarching hierarchy of conflict starts with a distinction between substantive (also called performance, task, issue, or active) conflict and affective (also called relationship) conflict.

[edit] Postgraduate education. Postgraduate education (or graduate education in North America) involves learning and studying for degrees, professional or academic certificates, or other qualifications for which a first or Bachelor's degree generally is required, and it is normally considered to be part of higher education. In North America, this level is generally referred to as graduate school. The organization and structure of postgraduate education varies in different countries, as well as in different institutions within countries. This article outlines the basic types of courses and of teaching and examination methods, with some explanation of their history. In some programs in the traditional German system and the traditional Dutch system, there is no legal distinction between "undergraduate" and "postgraduate". In such programs, all education aims towards the Master's degree, whether introductory (Bachelor's level) or advanced (Master's level).

Types of postgraduate qualification[edit] Degrees[edit] Brazil[edit] Postdoctoral research. Postdoctoral research is scholarly research conducted by a person who has completed doctoral studies. It is intended to further deepen expertise in a specialist subject, including integrating a team, acquiring novel skills and methods. Postdoctoral research is often considered essential while advancing the scholarly mission of the host institution; it is expected to produce relevant publications. In some countries, postdoctoral research may lead to further formal qualifications or certification, while in other countries it does not. A 1999 study found that the 43% of the first authors of research articles published in Science were by postdoctoral fellows (PDFs).[1][2] Postdoctoral research may be funded through an appointment with a salary or an appointment with a stipend or sponsorship award. In several countries, such as the UK and the US, postdoctoral positions are an alternative to conduct research with no teaching duties.

United Kingdom[edit] United States[edit] Australia[edit] Teamwork. Group dynamics. Meredith Belbin. Active listening. Power to Change – 10 Tips to Effective & Active Listening Skills. Assertiveness. Tips On Becoming Assertive. Rate Your Lecturer. Rate My Professors. RateMyBoss. How to Write an Email to a Potential Ph.D. Advisor/Professor. PersonalityDesk. Belbin Team Roles. Nonverbal communication. What is constructive feedback. Quote of the Day. PhDs praise quality effort | General. The Sigma Xi Postdoc Survey. Anne Bruton's Blog - Dear New PhD Student – a letter from your supervisor.

(Pat Cryer) How to Work Effectively with Research Supervisors, Advisors and Tutors. (Pat Cryer) Professional Knowledge for Research Degree Supervisors/Advisors. (Pat Cryer) Professional Skills for Research Degree Supervisors/Advisors. (Pat Cryer) Professional Values for Research Degree Supervisors/Advisors. (Pat Cryer) Towards a Curriculum for Research Supervisor Training.

(Pat Cryer) Awards and Qualifications for Research Degree Supervisors/Advisors. (Pat Cryer) Common dilemmas in research degree supervision. (Pat Cryer) How to select applicants for a research degree. (Pat Cryer) Suggestions on planning for supervisors/advisors of postgraduate research degrees. (Pat Cryer) Suggestions on frequency and formality of supervisions for doctoral supervisors. (Pat Cryer) Arguments and counter-arguments for highly original postgraduate research. (Pat Cryer) Developing academic independence in research students: supervisors' responsibilities. (Pat Cryer) Supervising the production of a thesis/dissertation. (Pat Cryer) Students' personal problems: a guide for their supervisors. (Pat Cryer) Language and cultural issues in research supervision. (Pat Cryer) Handling students' grumbles, complaints: a guide for teachers and supervisors. (Pat Cryer) Who owns university research?

(Pat Cryer) Should a student's research be allowed to move outside a supervisor's expertise? (Pat Cryer) Handling suspected plagiarism and fraud in research. (Pat Cryer) The supervisor's role in preparing research students for the viva/oral exam. (Pat Cryer) Training, Development, Enhancement, for Research Supervisors/Advisors. (Pat Cryer) A portfolio on research degree supervision, 1 of 9: introduction.

(Pat Cryer) A portfolio on research degree supervision, 2 of 9: structure. (Pat Cryer) A portfolio on research degree supervision, 3 of 9: evidence. (Pat Cryer) A portfolio on research degree supervision, 4 of 9: ethics. (Pat Cryer) A portfolio on research degree supervision, 5 of 9: preface. (Pat Cryer) A portfolio on research degree supervision, 6 of 9: interrelationships. (Pat Cryer) A portfolio on research degree supervision, 7 of 9: claims. (Pat Cryer) A portfolio on research degree supervision, 8 of 9: miscellaneous sections. (Pat Cryer) A portfolio on research degree supervision, 9 of 9: production.

[SV] Malone. [SV] Cheng. [SV] Moffett.