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Bohumil Böhm, Vladimir Böhm The advanced Mayan culture had been developing thanks to a complex synthesis of different culture streams rising from the home agricultural base, which had been influenced by cultural values coming from regions lying out of the territory of Mayan settlement. Its forming falls to so called early phase of the initial period placed between 1500 – 800 bc. The results of Mayan observations and calculations of astronomical phenomena are concentrated in the Dresden Codex.
Article Index. About the Mayas Mayan Calendar The Mayan year, beginning always on July 26, called a tun consisting of 360 days (called kin ) and 5 or 6 epagomenals called Vayeb , weeks, called Uinals , are 13 kin long and numbered perpetually over a span of 20 days, named as follows: Imix, Ik, Akbal, Kan, Chicchan, Cimi, Manik, Lamat, Muluc, Oc, Chuen, Eb, Ben, Ix, Men, Cib, Caban, Edznab, Cauac, Ahau. The months, which are 20 days long, but numbered from 0 to 19 are as follows: Pop, Yax, Vo, Zac, Zip, Ceh, Zotz, Mac, Xec, Kankin, Xul, Muan, Yaxkin, Pax, Mol, Kayab, Ch'en, Cumku. . . and the Vayeb intercalaries.
Time is reckoned in units of 20. Thus 20 tun make a katun, 20 katun make a baktun, 20 baktun make a pictun, 20 pictun make a calabtun, 20 calabtun make a kinchiltun, and 20 kinchiltun make an Alautun, which latter amounts to 163,040,000 years. Xul Sumerian for "evil. " Jose Arguelles Tirukkanda Panchanga See also PANCHANGA Calendar See also ANNUS MAGNUS. Sacred Geometry and the Mayan Calendar. By Ian Xel Lungold I have been studying the Mayan calendar since 1996.
It became evident very quickly that the Mayan calendar is a portal to intuition. The ancient Mayan civilization is revered for the way that its members lived in balance with nature and the cosmos. From all the evidence left by the Maya-their architecture, their land forming, i.e. irrigation works and massive landscaping and their surviving books-we can see that they danced in their intuition for more than three thousand years. How we can best utilize the clues that the Maya left for our consciousness at this time is the subject of this article, and of my many presentations around the world. So what is it that the Maya left us? The pattern displayed by the Mayan calendar is built upon a particular ratio, 13 : 20.