Britain must dig deeper to save its archaeology - News - Archaeology. Although the recession cut the number of working archaeologists by a third, the economy is recovering, and experts now fear that there will not be enough trained archaeologists to meet the demand of developers.
As a result, they are warning that further archaeological riches may be lost to the nation for ever. "These are one-off opportunities and, once you have lost a site, you have lost it for ever – you never get that knowledge back," says Mike Heyworth, director of the Council for British Archaeology. Poor job prospects and even poorer pay is exacerbating the problem. "Many archaeologists don't make enough to pay taxes," said Doug Rocks-Macqueen, a consultant for Landward Research Ltd. "The average archaeologist only lasts about five years [after training] before they get a permanent job – which is hard to do – or leave the profession. " As a result, some universities are experiencing fewer applicants, and less government support. Locating the Harbour: Myos Hormos/Quseir al‐Qadim: a Roman and Islamic Port on the Red Sea Coast of Egypt - Blue - 2007 - International Journal of Nautical Archaeology.
Abstract Recent maritime investigations at Quseir al-Qadim, on the Red Sea coast of Egypt, have revealed the importance of this port in both the Roman and later Islamic periods.
This paper outlines the key evidence for the location of the harbours, from survey, sedimentological analysis and selective excavation. The Roman harbour, occupied between the 1st century BC and the 3rd century AD, was located in a now-silted lagoon. Over 100 sedimentological cores indicated its siltation process. Indo-Roman_Trade_Map.pdf. Berenice Troglodytica. Berenice or Berenice Troglodytica (Greek: Βερενίκη), also known as Baranis and now known as Medinet-el Haras, is an ancient seaport of Egypt on the west coast of the Red Sea.
It is situated about 825 km south of Suez and 260 km east of Aswan. It was founded or certainly converted from a village into a city, by Ptolemy II (285 BC—246 BC), who named it after his mother, Berenice I of Egypt. Troglodytica refers to the aboriginal people of the region, the "Troglodytai" or "cave dwellers". Although the name is attested by several ancient writers, the more ancient Ptolemaic inscriptions read Trogodytai (which G.W.B. Huntingford has speculated could be related to the same root as Tuareg). Myos Hormos. Dor - Late Bronze. Historical References In the thirteenth century B.C.E., Dor is apparently mentioned in an Egyptian text of the New Kingdom, as a locale on the coastal branch of the Via Maris.
Home - Amarna Project. Ugarit. Excavated ruins at Ras Shamra Ugarit (/ˌuːɡəˈriːt, ˌjuː-/; Ugaritic: 𐎜𐎂𐎗𐎚, ʼUgrt; Arabic: أوغاريت) was an ancient port city, the ruins of which are located at what is now called Ras Shamra (sometimes written "Ras Shamrah"; Arabic: رأس شمرة, literally "Cape Fennel"), a headland in northern Syria.
Ugarit had close connections to the Hittite Empire, sent tribute to Egypt at times, and maintained trade and diplomatic connections with Cyprus (then called Alashiya), documented in the archives recovered from the site and corroborated by Mycenaean and Cypriot pottery found there. The polity was at its height from ca. 1450 BC until 1200 BC. History Ras Shamra lies on the Mediterranean coast, some 11 kilometres (7 mi) north of Latakia, near modern Burj al-Qasab. Though the site is thought to have been inhabited earlier, Neolithic Ugarit was already important enough to be fortified with a wall early on, perhaps by 6000 BC. Destruction Mari, Syria. Mari (modern Tell Hariri, Syria) was an ancient Semitic city, located 11 kilometers north-west of the modern town of Abu Kamal on the western bank of the Euphrates river, some 120 km southeast of Deir ez-Zor, Syria.
It is thought to have been inhabited since the 5th millennium BC, although it flourished with a series of superimposed palaces that spanned a thousand years, from 2900 BC until 1759 BC, when it was sacked by Hammurabi. Mari pre-Amorite periods were characterized by heavy Sumerian cultural influence although linguistically not a city of Sumerian immigrants but rather a Semitic speaking nation that had the same language of Ebla (the Eblaite language). Discovery and excavation Mari was discovered in 1933, on the eastern flank of Syria, near the Iraqi border. A Bedouin tribe was digging through a mound for a gravestone that would be used for a recently deceased tribesman, when they came across a headless statue.
Mari Tablets History First Golden Age Ancient History Encyclopedia. The Bronze Age frescoes from Akrotiri on the Aegean island of Thera (modern-day Santorini) provide some of the most famous images from the ancient Greek world.
Sometime between 1650 and 1550 BCE Thera suffered a devastating earthquake which destroyed the town, and this catastrophe was soon followed by a volcanic eruption which covered the settlement of Akrotiri in metres-thick layers of pumice and volcanic ash. Hala Sultan Tekke. Hala Sultan Tekke or the Mosque of Umm Haram (Turkish: Hala Sultan Tekkesi) is a Muslim shrine on the west bank of Larnaca Salt Lake, near Larnaca, Cyprus.
Umm Haram (Turkish: Hala Sultan) was the Islamic prophet Muhammad's wet nurse and the wife of Ubada bin al-Samit.  Hala Sultan Tekke complex is composed of a mosque, mausoleum, minaret, cemetery, and living quarters for men and women. The town of Enkomi. The first occupation at Enkomi in Late Cypriot I (around 1650 BC-1550 BC) seems to have consisted of isolated buildings, built with stone foundations and mud brick upper walls upon the bedrock, surrounded by open space into which chamber tombs were dug.
Two buildings have been excavated and published, both by the Cypriot expedition (Dikaios 1969–71). Area III fortified buildings in Late Cypriot I (shown in outline) under the later LCII structures (shown in black). Kition. Map showing the ten ancient city-kingdoms of Cyprus—and the areas that they exerted influence over Kition (Ancient Greek: Κίτιον, Phoenician: kty), also known by its Latin name Citium, was a city-kingdom on the southern coast of Cyprus (in present-day Larnaca).
It was established in the 13th century BC. It had an acropolis. The "mound gate" in the city wall, was located in the vicinity northwest of the Phaneromeni Tomb. Name Lake Titicaca. Slow death of Africa's Lake Chad. One of the world's great lakes is disappearing. Lake Chad - shared by Nigeria, Chad, Cameroon, and Niger - has receded to less than 20% of its former volume. Global warming is being blamed, as well as water extraction. River archaeology - a new field of research. River archaeology - a new field of research. Locating the Harbour: Myos Hormos/Quseir al‐Qadim: a Roman and Islamic Port on the Red Sea Coast of Egypt - Blue - 2007 - International Journal of Nautical Archaeology.
Cape Gelidonya. History - Scottish Crannogs. Tunesia, Mahdia. Date: May / Sept. 1993 Area: Mahdia Type: Survey and excavation Goal: Roman Age shipwreck Project leaders: Peter Winterstein, Ulrich Müller Project partner: Tunisian Institute for Cultural Heritage (INP), Rhenish State Museum Bonn, MARE Oxford et al. Publications: Hellenkemper Salies, G.; Prittzwitz und Gaffron, H. Author: Peter Winterstein M.A. Cape Gelidonya and Uluburun. By JAMES P. DELGADO Turkey. History - Vere Gordon Childe.