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Thinking and Choosing

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Future - We’ve got human intelligence all wrong. Upcoming event The World-Changing Ideas Summit This story is part of a series inspired by the subjects and speakers appearing at BBC Future’s World-Changing Ideas Summit in Sydney on 15 November.

Future - We’ve got human intelligence all wrong

The Politics of Hate - Deep Inside the Red Brain. The Politics of Hate – Deep Inside the Red Brain Is there something politicians know that the vast majority of the US voters don’t?

The Politics of Hate - Deep Inside the Red Brain

Some of them are proof that all they need to know is how their voters think. You don’t really believe many of them talk the way they do because they’re stupid, do you? It may at times appear that way, but they are speaking to voter profiles. First they outline their demographic and then angle the pitch. Then I read an article, “Red Brain, Blue Brain” about a joint study done by Dr. With data in hand, Dr. According to psychologist Mike Dodd, University of Nebraska, Lincoln, “The two parties simply see the world differently.”

The Yale study however focused on racial bias in jury awards for discrimination cases. In Palm Springs, CA at the Society for Personality and Social Psychology conference they showcased several more studies about the nature of political beliefs — yielding many provocative results. System 2 reasoning (and a word about mindwandering) Most psychologists who study human reasoning have converged on some or other version of dual-systems theory.

System 2 reasoning (and a word about mindwandering)

System 1 is a set of systems that are supposed to be fast, inflexible, and unconscious in their operations, issuing in the initial intuitions many of us have when presented with a novel reasoning problem. System 2, in contrast, is supposed to be slow, flexible, and conscious. It is the system that is employed when one pauses to reflect, and then reasons one’s way laboriously to an answer. You're not irrational, you're just quantum probabilistic: Researchers explain human decision-making with physics theory. The next time someone accuses you of making an irrational decision, just explain that you're obeying the laws of quantum physics.

You're not irrational, you're just quantum probabilistic: Researchers explain human decision-making with physics theory

A new trend taking shape in psychological science not only uses quantum physics to explain humans' (sometimes) paradoxical thinking, but may also help researchers resolve certain contradictions among the results of previous psychological studies. According to Zheng Joyce Wang and others who try to model our decision-making processes mathematically, the equations and axioms that most closely match human behavior may be ones that are rooted in quantum physics. "We have accumulated so many paradoxical findings in the field of cognition, and especially in decision-making," said Wang, who is an associate professor of communication and director of the Communication and Psychophysiology Lab at The Ohio State University.

Learning: The Mental State You Won't Believe Can Aid Understanding - PsyBlog. Caitlyn Jenner and Our Cognitive Dissonance - Issue 28: 2050. Somewhere in the middle of the night in a Central African rainforest, a chimpanzee gives birth.

Caitlyn Jenner and Our Cognitive Dissonance - Issue 28: 2050

Study Can't Confirm Results Of Many Psychology Experiments. Why do we intuitively believe we have free will? It is perhaps the most famous experiment in neuroscience.

Why do we intuitively believe we have free will?

In 1983, Benjamin Libet sparked controversy with his demonstration that our sense of free will may be an illusion, a controversy that has only increased ever since. Libet’s experiment has three vital components: a choice, a measure of brain activity and a clock. The choice is to move either your left or right arm. How Thinking Works: 10 Brilliant Cognitive Psychology Studies Everyone Should Know.

How experts think, the power of framing, the miracle of attention, the weird world of cognitive biases and more… Fifty years ago there was a revolution in psychology which changed the way we think about the mind.

How Thinking Works: 10 Brilliant Cognitive Psychology Studies Everyone Should Know

The ‘cognitive revolution’ inspired psychologists to start thinking of the mind as a kind of organic computer, rather than as an impenetrable black box which would never be understood. This metaphor has motivated psychologists to investigate the software central to our everyday functioning, opening the way to insights into how we think, reason, learn, remember and produce language. Here are 10 classic cognitive psychology studies that have helped reveal how thinking works. INFOGRAPHIC: How Broadcasting Happiness Fuels Success. The Cheerleader Effect: Why People Appear Better-Looking in Groups. In the study, people’s faces were shown to participants either alone or in group photos.

The Cheerleader Effect: Why People Appear Better-Looking in Groups

The so-called ‘cheerleader effect’ is the phenomenon that people seem more attractive when they are in a group than when they are alone. At least, so urban legend has it. But now the cheerleader effect has scientific backing from a study published recently in Psychological Science (Walker & Vul, 2013). In fact, the study finds that both men and women are perceived as more attractive when they are in a group than when alone. The effect is the result of the way we look at groups and what people, on average, deem an attractive face.

How Do We Hold a Child’s Mind Accountable? One-Minute Personality Test: How Open To Experience Are You? The Creativity Secret That Most People Don't Know. Creativity study reveals an unexpected tip.

The Creativity Secret That Most People Don't Know

The more you consciously think, the less creative you are, a new study finds. The researchers had people playing ‘Pictionary’, a game where you have to try and draw a word. ProjectImplicit. Anger Management Failures. Why This Beautiful Human Behaviour is Highly Infectious. The wonderful human behaviour that elevates all our morals.

Why This Beautiful Human Behaviour is Highly Infectious

Acts of kindness can spread surprisingly easily between people — just by observing someone else being generous. They activate parts of the brain involved in motivating action and of social engagement, a new study finds. In turn we are also more likely to ‘pay it forward’. Scientists call this the ‘moral elevation’ effect. The first evidence from the lab of this effect was found in 2010. Researchers at the University of California, San Diego and Harvard demonstrated moral elevation by having people playing a simple ‘giving’ game in the lab. Theconversation. “One doesn’t expect Dr Frankenstein to show up in a wool sweater,” wrote political commentator Charles Krauthammer, ominously, in the March 1997 issue of Time magazine.

He was referring to British scientist Dr Ian Wilmut, who eight months earlier had successfully created Dolly, the world’s most famous sheep, by cloning her from another adult sheep’s cell. Less zen, but more efficient: How the digital age is really affecting our brains. A comprehensive Microsoft study is offering insights into how living in the digital age is affecting our ability to sustain attention, and how our brains are adapting to the constant flow of new stimuli. Although the results confirmed the suspicions that the information overflow is affecting our ability to focus on one task for long periods of time, the news isn't all bad, as it seems we're also training our brains to multitask more effectively. From zen to multi-tabbing. How Your Brain Decides Without You - Issue 19: Illusions. Princeton’s Palmer Field, 1951. An autumn classic matching the unbeaten Tigers, with star tailback Dick Kazmaier—a gifted passer, runner, and punter who would capture a record number of votes to win the Heisman Trophy—against rival Dartmouth.

Princeton prevailed over Big Green in the penalty-plagued game, but not without cost: Nearly a dozen players were injured, and Kazmaier himself sustained a broken nose and a concussion (yet still played a “token part”). It was a “rough game,” The New York Times described, somewhat mildly, “that led to some recrimination from both camps.” Each said the other played dirty. Man Thinking About Just Packing Up And Making Exact Same Mistakes Someplace Far Away.

TEMPLE TERRACE, FL—Feeling the need to get out of his suburban hometown and make a fresh start for himself, local man Gregory Forlano told reporters Tuesday he is seriously considering throwing all his belongings in the back of his car and making the exact same mistakes someplace far away. The 36-year-old Florida native said that after years feeling dissatisfied with his stale social life, his tedious dead-end job, and the monotony of his daily routine, he is on the verge of severing all ties to his current life in the Tampa area and lapsing into an equally unfulfilling existence for himself in a brand-new city. “I don’t know where I’m going to fritter away the next stage of my life just like I’ve wasted the previous two decades, but I know it can’t be here,” he continued. 10 Most Brilliant Social Experiments. TED Radio Hour: Barry Schwartz: Does Having Options Make Us Happier?

Psychopath vs. Empath: the War Between Truth and Deception. Facing Disturbing Truths About Pedophilia Could Help Us Keep Kids Safer. An Incomplete Loop: A Review of Nir Eyal's Hooked. Personality Test Site. Personality Test - Keirsey Temperament Website. The Psychology of Color in Marketing. Things that shouldn't still exist. Obedience - Marry a Stranger. What a Shaman Sees in A Mental Hospital.

Here’s The Real Secret to Detecting Lies (And It’s Not Body Language) Until now studies have found that people do no better than chance at detecting lies. Despite all the advice about lie detection going around, study after study has found that it is very difficult to spot when someone is lying. The 12 cognitive biases that prevent you from being rational. Faculty.virginia.edu/haidtlab/jost.glaser.political-conservatism-as-motivated-social-cog.pdf. Scientists Discover the Fascinating Psychological Reason Why Conservatives Are…Conservative. Scientists are using eye-tracking devices to detect automatic response differences between liberals and conservatives. Photo Credit: University of Nebraska-Lincoln. Free will could be the result of 'background noise' in the brain, study suggests - Science - News. Looking for the best strategy? Ask a chimp. Are you a psychopath? Is Free Thinking A Mental Illness? Intuition and analytical skills matter most in a crisis.

Another Partisan Divide: Mitt Romney's Looks : It's All Politics. Being Suicidal: What it feels like to want to kill yourself. Timothy Leary's MIND MIRROR Computer Game. Want to Make Hunter-Gatherers Irrational? Expose Them to Free Markets. Sarcasm Detectors: Empathetic Kids Are Better at It. Motivated reasoning: Fuel for controversies, conspiracy theories and science denialism alike. A Triple Bill of Deception. Knowing How to Change Your Mind: A Three Minute Guide to Bayesian Reasoning. The Brain on Trial - David Eagleman.

Milgram experiment. Paul Ekman: Outsmart Evolution and Master Your Emotions. It's Heartbreaking To See How People React To The First Half Of His Test Compared To The Second. Impactful Distraction. Q&A With 'Tampa' Author Alissa Nutting. The Mind of a Killer: Eric Harris, Seung Hui Cho, Gill, and Breivik. Why good deeds don’t go unpunished. Today's Big Idea. Would You Kill Baby Hitler (And Other Psychopathic Musings)? Psychopaths: Born evil or with a diseased brain? Stephen Farrow 'the psychopath'

Psychopathic criminals have empathy switch. Inside the Mind of a Sociopath. How to spot a sociopath - 10 red flags that could save you from being swept under the influence of a charismatic nut job. Embarrassment. Mindscapes: First interview with a dead man - health - 23 May 2013. The Brain as Filter: On Removing the Stuffing from the Keyhole. Less is more for smart perception. People Getting Dumber? Human Intelligence Has Declined Since Victorian Era, Research Suggests. The Psychology of Authority.

Pedophiles identified accurately with implicit association tasks. Researchers suggest conformity pressure and desire to keep-up is pushing unsustainable population growth. Ego Depletion. NASA Faked the Moon Landing—Therefore, (Climate) Science Is a Hoax. New Research: The Psychology of Conspiracy Theorists and Climate Change Deniers. Strong personalities are weak when faced with change. Eight trends that will govern us. How we Choose Fragrance and Spring Perfume Moods. The Nation's Oldest College Science Publication – Cultural Cognition and Scientific Consensus.

Double bind. 'What You're Doing Is Weird And Wrong,' Small Voice In Back Of Kim Jong-Un's Head Reports. Rats do tasks while connected brain-to-brain. Rat 'Mind Melds' May Point Way To Long-Distance Brain-To-Brain Communication. Chemosignals Communicate Human Emotions. A retrospective editing of consciousness. 12 Scientific Reasons Human Beings Are Wildly Irrational.

Maps provide "most detailed look ever" at how the brain organizes visual information. Your brain has at least four different senses of location. The Opposite of Thinking - David Rothkopf. Nazis weren't just following orders but 'took pride' in atrocities. The Science of Lucid Dreaming. How the negative trumps the positive in politics. More easily influenced when we follow our heart.