Depressed People Cannot Imagine This Special Thing. Around one in ten people will suffer from major depression at some point in their lives.
People who are depressed can’t imagine what it’s like to not be depressed. It is as though they have forgotten what it is like to be happy. However, non-depressed people can imagine what it is like to be depressed — they seem to recall the state more clearly. Ms Constance Imbault, the study’s first author, said: Depression Isn't A Choice, It's A Kind Of Brain Damage. After years of debate, researchers finally determined that persistent depression causes brain damage, and not the other way around.
Neurologists previously had hypothesized that brain damage was a predisposing factor for chronic depression, but a new study published in Molecular Psychiatry sheds a different light. The study, which consisted of 9,000 individual samples, collected from the ENIGMA group, succeeded in definitively proving a causal relationship between persistent depression and brain damage. Magentic resonance images (MRIs) showed evidence of hippocampus shrinkage in 1,728 patients diagnosed with chronic depression compared to the 7,199 healthy individuals partaking in the study. Specifically, the study found that those patients diagnosed with major depressive disorder, “showed robust reductions in hippocampal volume (1.24%) in MDD patients compared with healthy controls.” You can read the full study here.
What is the hippocampus? Inside the hippocampus resides the amygdala. Quality of Life in Depression Scale. It is a 34 item self rated questionnaire which consists of dichotomous response questions, with the response being either True/Not True or Yes/No. It is scored binomially (0-1) and high scores on the QLDS indicated a lower quality of life. Development The QLDS was developed by Galen Research in 1992 and was funded by Lilly Industries. It was developed in the United Kingdom.
The items in the QLDS were derived from statements made in qualitative interviews by 30 depressed or recently recovered patients. Further interviews were held with patients in order to assess whether the proposed scale had face and content validity. International Use Since its development, the QLDS has been adapted and validated in 12 languages other than UK English, including Norwegian and Spanish. This has allowed the QLDS to be used in research and clinical studies worldwide.
Major Depression Inventory. The Major Depression Inventory (MDI) is a self-report mood questionnaire developed by the World Health Organisation.
The instrument was constructed by a team led by Professor Per Bech, a psychiatrist based at Frederiksborg General Hospital in Denmark. The MDI differs from many other self-report inventories, such as the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), because it is able to generate an ICD-10 or DSM-IV diagnosis of clinical depression in addition to an estimate of symptom severity. Unlike many other similar instruments, the MDI is available free of charge and can be downloaded from the internet with a full manual and scoring instructions. This makes it an attractive option in epidemiological population surveys. It has also been translated into seven languages. List of diagnostic classification and rating scales used in psychiatry. List of diagnostic classification and rating scales used in psychiatry From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Jump to: navigation, search The following diagnostic systems and rating scales are used in psychiatry and clinical psychology.
Contents [hide] Beck Hopelessness Scale. The Beck Hopelessness Scale (BHS) is a 20-item self-report inventory developed by Dr.
Aaron T. Beck that was designed to measure three major aspects of hopelessness: feelings about the future, loss of motivation, and expectations. The test is designed for adults, age 17-80. It measures the extent of the respondent's negative attitudes, or pessimism, about the future. It may be used as an indicator of suicidal risk in depressed people who have made suicide attempts. The test is multiple choice. Validity The BHS moderately correlates with the Beck Depression Inventory, although research shows that the BDI is better suited for predicting suicidal ideation behavior. The internal reliability coefficients are reasonably high (Pearson r= .82 to .93 in seven norm groups), but the BHS test-retest reliability coefficients are modest (.69 after one week and .66 after six weeks). Beck Anxiety Inventory. The Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI), created by Dr.
Aaron T. Beck and other colleagues, is a 21-question multiple-choice self-report inventory that is used for measuring the severity of anxiety in children and adults. The questions used in this measure ask about common symptoms of anxiety that the subject has had during the past week (including the day you take it) (such as numbness and tingling, sweating not due to heat, and fear of the worst happening). Child Who Just Lost Balloon Begins Lifelong Battle With Depression. SAN DIEGO—Shortly after losing grip of a helium-filled balloon and watching it float into the air above the San Diego Zoo Tuesday, local child Caleb Tremont, 3, reportedly began a battle with chronic depression that will last for the rest of his life.
Before Tremont even realized what was happening, sources confirmed the balloon’s ribbon slipped from his hand, drifting up and out of reach and etching into his memory an image that years later will come to represent the overwhelming despair at the core of his life-defining mental illness. “No, the balloon,” said Tremont, who as an adult will work with his physician and several psychiatrists to find a suitable combination of anxiolytic and psychotropic medicines to quell the disease’s debilitating symptoms, ultimately turning into an over-medicated and unresponsive husk. “It’s flying away.” “Come back,” added the toddler who will never feel entirely happy or normal again. “I told you to hang on to it, buddy!” Stress and Depression. Stress and depression have quite the cause and effect relationship.
See how they continually fuel each other and what you can do to break the cycle. Transcript: Stress and depression have quite the relationship. That's because stress increases levels of the hormone... Stress and depression have quite the relationship. That's because stress increases levels of the hormone CORTISOL, and REDUCES levels of the mood-enhancing neurotransmitters serotonin and dopamine.
More » Depressive realism. Evidence for Evidence against When asked to rate both their performance and the performance of another, non-depressed individuals demonstrated positive bias when rating themselves but no bias when rating others.
Google Searches Show The Seasonal Trends Of Mental Illness. Cause of depression still eludes us, says neuroscientist. We don't know what is wrong with the brains in people suffering from depression. On theory is that depression is connected to the amount of the neurotransmitter serotonin inside our brains. (Photo: Colourbox) Albert Gjedde, MD, is a neuroscientist and probes people's heads to see how their brains work. Four-question test ID's women with depression. A surprisingly simple decision-making tool shows promise as a way for physicians to identify people with depression.
An answer to the first of four questions was all that researchers usually needed to identify women who weren’t depressed, say psychologist Mirjam Jenny of the Max Planck Institute for Human Development in Berlin and her colleagues. Using all four questions, this tool spotted depressed women about as well as two more-complex methods, Jenny’s team reports June 24 in the Journal of Applied Research in Memory and Cognition. If the findings hold up in other studies, physicians and other professionals with no mental-health training could use this brief technique to tag individuals who need thorough depression evaluations. “This decision tree can be used to screen for depression, but not to reach a final diagnosis,” Jenny says.
Does Depression Go Away on Its Own? Emil Kraepelin (1856-1926), who coined the term "manic depressive," found that in contrast to patients suffering from dementia praecox (schizophrenia), those suffering manic depression had a relatively good prognosis, with 60% to 70% of patients suffering only one attack and attacks lasting, on average, seven months. Modern drug trials for antidepressants seldom take into account the fact that people with depression often get better on their own. The typical randomized controlled trial (RCT) has a placebo arm and a treatment arm, but no non-placebo/non-treatment arm (otherwise known as a wait-list arm). It's commonly assumed that people who get better on placebo, in drug trials, are experiencing the placebo effect when in reality a certain number of people just get better on their own even without placebo. Hence, the placebo effect is almost certainly overstated.
What Is Depression? Let This Animation With A Dog Shed Light On It. 5 Reasons It's So Hard to Combat Anxiety and Depression and What You Can Do. April 2, 2014 | Like this article? Join our email list: Stay up to date with the latest headlines via email. Have you ever had a friend or family member tell you to “just get over it” when you felt sad or worried? Blackness ever blackening: my lifetime of depression.
I was such a moody child. That’s what my parents said. “She’s such a moody child.” 8-kyle.jpg (448×666) 9-cin.jpg (632×438) A Blood Test For Depression Shows The Illness Is Not A Matter Of Will. Screening for depression might soon be as easy as a blood test. A new test that identifies particular molecules in the blood could help doctors diagnose patients with clinical depression, according to a new study published in the journal Translational Psychiatry. The blood test can also predict which therapies would be most successful for patients, and lays the groundwork for one day identifying people who are especially vulnerable to depression -- even before they’ve gone through a depressive episode. But perhaps just as important, said lead investigator Eva Redei, Ph.D., is the potential the test has for taking some of the stigma out of a depression diagnosis. When depression can be confirmed with a blood test like any other physical ailment, she said, there’s less stigma about having the disease and getting treatment.
Then, the depressed patients went through 18 weeks of cognitive behavioral therapy, a common treatment for depression. My drugged life: I’ve been on antidepressants since 10. It’s a Monday morning. I’ve just locked the door to leave for work. This Is What Teen Depression Looks Like I want you to picture a person with depression. Are you seeing the dark bedroom, filthy sweatpants, empty eyes, poor health and general lack of prosperity? Leashing the Black Dog: My Struggle With Depression. Antidepressants Affect Feelings of Love for Partner.
Taking antidepressants may affect people's feelings of love and attachment, a new study suggests. Researchers found that men's feelings of love tended to be affected more than women's by taking antidepressants called selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), which work mainly through the serotonin system. In contrast, drugs called tricyclic antidepressants, which affect the serotonin system less, seem to affect women's feelings of love more than men's, the researchers said. Leashing the Black Dog: The History of Depression. Depression Distorts People's Perception of Time, Study Finds. Are You Depressed? The Symptoms of Male Melancholy. Why Some Depressed People Hate Being Told to 'Cheer Up' A Strange Depression Symptom That Most People Don't Know. How to avoid committing suicide. Blood Test for Suicide: Changes In One Gene Predict Suicide Risk. Signs of Depression: 10 Common Symptoms You Should Know.
Can your diet make you feel depressed? I am often asked whether eating particular foods can enhance mood and treat the symptoms of depression. With very few exceptions, the answer is no. In contrast, our mood can be easily depressed by our diet. Unexpected New Aspect of Depression Identified. Experiences of Depression: A Study in Phenomenology // Reviews // Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews // University of Notre Dame. Huffingtonpost. Depression Literally Colors The Way We See The World. 10 Thinking Patterns That Can Lead to Depression. The Neuroscience of Despair. The Five Myths of Self-Compassion. Depression can lead to work disability. Spring.org. Untitled. Beck Depression Inventory.