Various theories of psycho-babble:Short on Empirical Evidence
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The g factor (short for "general factor") is a construct developed in psychometric investigations of cognitive abilities .
An intelligence quotient, or IQ, is a score derived from one of several standardized tests designed to assess intelligence . The abbreviation "IQ" comes from the German term Intelligenz-Quotient , originally coined by psychologist William Stern .
Malcolm T. Gladwell , CM (born September 3, 1963) is a British-Canadian journalist, bestselling author, and speaker. [ 1 ] He has been a staff writer for The New Yorker since 1996.
The triarchic theory of intelligence was formulated by Robert J. Sternberg , a prominent figure in the research of human intelligence . The theory by itself was groundbreaking in that it was among the first to go against the psychometric approach to intelligence and take a more cognitive approach .
Latent inhibition is a technical term used in classical conditioning to refer to the observation that a familiar stimulus takes longer to acquire meaning (as a signal or conditioned stimulus) than a new stimulus. [ 1 ] The term "latent inhibition" dates back to Lubow and Moore (1959).
The theory of multiple intelligences was proposed by Howard Gardner in his 1983 book Frames of Mind: The Theory of Multiple Intelligences as a model of intelligence that differentiates intelligence into specific (primarily sensory) "modalities", rather than seeing it as dominated by a single general ability. Gardner argues that there is a wide range of cognitive abilities , and that there are only very weak correlations among them. For example, the theory postulates that a child who learns to multiply easily is not necessarily more intelligent than a child who has more difficulty on this task.