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This article discusses those who apply Deconstruction , a method developed by French philosopher Jacques Derrida , to religion . Those who take a deconstructive approach to religion identify closely with the work of Derrida, especially his work later in life. According to Slavoj Žižek , in the mid-to-late 1980s Derrida's work shifted from constituting a radical negative theology to being a form of Kantian idealism . [ 1 ] Similarly, theologian John D.
Richard McKay Rorty (October 4, 1931 – June 8, 2007) was an American philosopher . Educated at the University of Chicago and then Yale University , he had strong interests and training in both the history of philosophy, as well as contemporary analytic philosophy, the latter comprising the main focus of his work at Princeton University in the 1960s. He subsequently came to reject the tradition of philosophy according to which knowledge concerns correctly representing a world whose existence remains wholly independent of those representations. His best known books [ 1 ] are Philosophy and the Mirror of Nature (1979) and Contingency, Irony, and Solidarity (1989).
Transcendental idealism is a doctrine founded by German philosopher Immanuel Kant in the 18th century. Kant's doctrine maintains that human experience of things is similar to the way they appear to us — implying a fundamentally subject-based component, rather than being an activity that directly (and therefore without any obvious causal link) comprehends the things as they are in and of themselves . [ edit ] Background Despite influencing the course of subsequent German philosophy dramatically, exactly how to interpret this concept was a subject of some debate among 20th century philosophers. Kant first describes it in his Critique of Pure Reason , and distinguished his view from contemporary views of realism and idealism , but philosophers do not agree how sharply Kant differs from each of these positions.
If there’s one thing Friedrich Nietzsche did well, it’s obliterate feel-good beliefs people have about themselves. He has been criticized for being a misanthrope, a subvert, a cynic and a pessimist, but I think these assessments are off the mark. I believe he only wanted human beings to be more honest with themselves. He did have a remarkable gift for aphorism — he once declared, “It is my ambition to say in ten sentences what others say in a whole book.”