More obese people in the world than underweight, says study. Image copyright Thinkstock There are now more adults in the world classified as obese than underweight, a major study has suggested. The research, led by scientists from Imperial College London and published in The Lancet, compared body mass index (BMI) among almost 20 million adult men and women from 1975 to 2014. It found obesity in men has tripled and more than doubled in women. Lead author Prof Majid Ezzat said it was an "epidemic of severe obesity" and urged governments to act. The study, which pooled data from adults in 186 countries, found that the number of obese people worldwide had risen from 105 million in 1975 to 641 million in 2014.
Meanwhile the number of underweight people had risen from 330 million to 462 million over the same period. Global obesity rates among men went up from 3.2% in 1975 to 10.8%, while among women they rose from 6.4 % in 1975 to 14.9%. This equates to 266 million obese men and 375 million obese women in the world in 2014, the study said. Deadly diabetes in 'unrelenting march' Image copyright Thinkstock The world is facing an "unrelenting march" of diabetes which now affects nearly one in 11 adults, the World Health Organization (WHO) says. In a major report it warned cases had nearly quadrupled to 422 million in 2014 from 108 million in 1980. High blood sugar levels are a major killer - linked to 3.7 million deaths around the world each year, it says. And officials said the numbers would continue to increase unless "drastic action" was taken.
The report lumps both type 1 and type 2 diabetes together, but the surge in cases is predominantly down to type 2 - the form closely linked to poor lifestyle. As the world's waistlines have ballooned - with one-in-three people now overweight, so too has the number of diabetes cases. 8.5% of adults worldwide has diabetes 1.5 million people died as a result of diabetes in 2012 2.2 million additional deaths were caused by higher-than-optimal blood glucose 43% of these 3.7m people died before they were 70 years old Action. Weekend Wellness: Ankylosing spondylitis symptom changes har [...] Posted by lizatorborg (@lizatorborg) · Sat, Feb 14 at 1:00pm EDT Weekend Wellness: Ankylosing spondylitis symptom changes hard to predict DEAR MAYO CLINIC: I’ve had ankylosing spondylitis for years, and could usually get relief by just taking over-the-counter pain medicine.
But lately the flares seem to be more frequent and painful. Is this common for the condition to worsen over time? What treatment should I try next, and is surgery ever effective for someone in my situation? ANSWER: Symptoms of ankylosing spondylitis may get worse over time in some cases. Ankylosing spondylitis is a disease that causes inflammation and leads to pain and stiffness. Ankylosing spondylitis may also cause symptoms in the places where your tendons and ligaments attach to bones. No cure currently exists for ankylosing spondylitis. Flare-ups that cause stiffness and pain in your spine are a sign of active inflammation. Along with medication, physical therapy may help ease symptoms of ankylosing spondylitis.
UPDATE 1-U.S. obesity leveling off, but at high rate -report. Obesity-Update-2014.pdf. 1 in 25 patients gets infection in hospital. About 1 in every 25 patients seeking treatment at hospitals acquired an infection there in 2011, according to a new study published Wednesday in the New England Journal of Medicine. Patients acquired some 721,800 infections at hospitals that year, according to the research. Of those infected, about 75,000 died, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention -- although the study did not investigate how often an infection actually caused or contributed to the patient's death. Pneumonia and surgical-site infections were the most common types of infection -- each accounting for about 22% of all infections -- followed by gastrointestinal infections such as Clostridium difficile, urinary tract infections and infections of the bloodstream. While highlighting the grim reality that too many people become infected when seeking medical treatment in hospitals and other health care facilities, the study also shows progress from past estimates.
Dr. 10 shocking medical mistakes. Economic Costs of Diabetes in the U.S. in 2012. Polio Eradication Suffers A Setback As Somali Outbreak Worsens. A Yemeni child receives a polio vaccine in the capital city of Sanaa. The Yemen government launched an immunization campaign last month in response to the polio outbreak in neighboring Somalia.
Mohammed Huwais/AFP/Getty Images hide caption itoggle caption Mohammed Huwais/AFP/Getty Images A Yemeni child receives a polio vaccine in the capital city of Sanaa. The Yemen government launched an immunization campaign last month in response to the polio outbreak in neighboring Somalia. Mohammed Huwais/AFP/Getty Images Somalia hadn't had a case of polio for nearly six years. Twenty new cases of polio were reported this week in Somalia by the Global Polio Eradication Initiative. Health workers are worried that the virus could gain a foothold in the Horn of Africa and jeopardize the multibillion-dollar effort to wipe out the virus worldwide.
The last time polio struck Somalia, the virus spread across the Horn of Africa into Yemen and eventually over into Southeast Asia. Courtesy of Google, ORION-ME. What Is the Relationship Between Health and Economic Development? Non-communicable disease epidemic a global problem. By Dr Ananya Mandal, MD Later this month the United Nations will convene a high-level meeting on non-communicable diseases.
The world's global health news has been so dominated by infectious culprits - HIV/AIDS, malaria, tuberculosis, influenza - that it's easy to forget just how big a toll conditions like diabetes, cancer and heart and lung disease take say experts. Roughly two out of every three deaths on the planet is now caused by non-communicable disease, and the U.N. estimates that by 2030, 52 million people will die annually from these diseases. That's five times as many deaths as the estimated death toll for infectious disease.
Not all non-communicable diseases are linked to lifestyle choices, but many are exacerbated by poor diet, smoking, alcohol use, or environmental conditions. Obesity is a major risk factor for diabetes, heart disease and some types of cancers, creating a stereotype of these conditions as a rich country problem. Women are uniquely affected by NCDs. Top 10 Global Health Issues to Watch in 2014. Home // Features // Top 10 Global Health Issues to Watch in 2014 The past year has given us plenty of global health successes to celebrate. Worldwide, our lifespans are expanding. HIV medications are more widely available than ever. And many countries are meeting their Millennium Development Goals. But we also have a lot of challenges ahead. Last January, we looked into our crystal ball to focus on 10 key issues that would affect global health and health workers in 2013.
Those same issues will be just as prominent in 2014, and we’ll continue to track them closely. 10. Check out: Serious Games Can Lead Young Players to the Health Workforce 9. 8. Check out: Women on the Front Lines of Care: Seven Ways to Show We Care 7. Check out: World Food Day: Healthy People Need Healthy Food Systems 6. 5. 4. 3. Check out: Can We Put Aside Our Differences for Universal Health Coverage? 2. Check out: As Occupation Ends in Mali, Health Sector to Begin Slow Recovery 1. All Features. CDC Works For You 24/7 Blog – CDC Looks Ahead: 13 Public Health Issues in 2013. As America’s health protection agency, CDC works around-the-clock to save lives and protect people from health threats, whether they start at home or abroad, are chronic or acute, are curable or preventable, or are the result of human error or deliberate attack.
Here’s a look at 13 public health issues CDC is working on for you in 2013: 1. Healthcare-Associated Infections: Protecting Patients, Saving Lives More than 1 million Americans get a healthcare-associated infection during the course of their medical care, which accounts for billions of dollars in excess healthcare costs. CDC is working toward the elimination of healthcare-associated infections across all settings. 2.
In the fight against HIV, stigma and complacency are among our most insidious opponents. 3. Released on the first Tuesday of every month, CDC Vital Signs presents recent data and calls to action for important public health issues. 4. 5. Nearly 800,000 people die in the U. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. Top 10 child health concerns: Exercise, obesity & smoking lead list | National Poll on Children’s Health. In this year’s sixth annual survey of top health concerns conducted by the C.S. Mott Children’s Hospital National Poll on Children’s Health, adults rate ‘not enough exercise’ as the leading health concern for children in their communities.
Childhood obesity and smoking and tobacco use were the second and third most commonly identified child health problems by adults across the United States. As in past years, many of the top 10 health concerns relate to health behaviors for children and teens: exercise, childhood obesity, smoking and tobacco use, drug and alcohol abuse, teen pregnancy and bullying. Top health concerns this year also include stress, internet safety and child abuse and neglect.
‘Not enough exercise’ is new to the top of the list of biggest child health problems, as measured in the Poll. Hispanic adults differed from blacks and whites in their comparatively high level of concern about childhood obesity, drug abuse, bullying, stress and teen pregnancy. Data Source C.S. Warning over antibiotics resistance. A global network needs to be created to fund global antibiotic discovery to combat the threat of antimicrobial resistance, a Conservative MP has warned. Julian Sturdy said inaction was "simply not an option" as antibiotic resistance was already changing clinical practices in the UK. The MP for York Outer branded the misuse of antibiotics as "the greatest threat potentially to mankind that we've seen". Bringing a Westminster Hall debate on antibiotic resistance, he said: "There's never been any doubt about the link between the misuse of antibiotics and the resistance to them, but despite this antibiotics have been misused, and as a consequence we now face the prospect of losing modern medicine as we know it.
Which when you take a moment to think about, and think about the consequences they are quite frankly horrifying. " He said: "To some this scenario may still seem too far in the future to warrant any immediate action, but for me, the clock started ticking on this issue a long time ago. " Federal food allergy guidelines issued to schools - Health. Allergies By Mike Stobbe The Associated Press Oct. 30, 2013 at 1:33 PM ET ATLANTA — The federal government is issuing its first guidelines to schools on how to protect children with food allergies. The voluntary guidelines call on schools to take such steps as restricting nuts, shellfish or other foods that can cause allergic reactions, and make sure emergency allergy medicine — like EpiPens — are available. About 15 states — and numerous individual schools or school districts — already have policies of their own.
Food allergies are a growing concern. Many food allergies are mild and something children grow out of. The guidelines released Wednesday were required by a 2011 federal law. Peanuts, tree nuts, milk and shellfish are among the food that most often most trigger reactions. The new advice call for schools to do such things as: Carolyn Duff, president of the National Association of School Nurses, which worked on the guidelines, said many schools may not have policies on food allergies. Obesity Rate for Young Children Plummets 43% in a Decade. U.S. Aims to Curb Peril of Antibiotic Resistance - NYTimes.com. Diabetes continues to spread around the world. On World Diabetes Day, news about the disease's global impact is dire. An estimated 382 million people worldwide have diabetes, according to a new report from the International Diabetes Federation.
The IDF expects that number to rise to 592 million by 2035, when one in every 10 people will have the disease. "Diabetes in all its forms imposes unacceptably high human, social and economic costs on countries at all income levels," the report authors begin in the executive summary. They go on to say that this latest edition of the Diabetes Atlas "carries a bitter but unavoidable message: despite the array of tools at our disposal to tackle the disease... the battle to protect people from diabetes and its disabling, life-threatening complications is being lost.
" "The thing that strikes me is that we keep saying the same thing again," she said. There are three types of diabetes: Type 1, Type 2 and gestational diabetes. Cells offer hope for Type 1 diabetics. A new simple blood test shows promise for improving diagnosis and clinical management of pre-eclamp - Global Hospital & Healthcare Management. An editorial published this week in the Lancet online1 highlights the shocking fact that many maternal deaths in the UK are associated with substandard care and are potentially preventable.
According to the latest report of Confidential Enquires into Maternal Deaths in the UK (the CMACE report2), the most common reason for maternal death resulting from substandard care was a failure to diagnose or appropriately manage pre-eclampsia. Pre-eclampsia is a multisystem disorder that affects about 2-8% of all pregnancies1. Due to the non-specificity of signs and symptoms, it remains a serious clinical challenge that presents significant risks to both mother and child. There is no other pregnancy complication that is both so common and dangerous for mother and child alike, since it can lead to maternal death, stillbirth and preterm delivery. Professor Andrew Shennan from Kings College London, co-author of the Lancet editorial, agrees that better diagnostic tests should be used. Cancer rates skyrocketing. The global rates of cancer are skyrocketing, according to a study by the International Agency for Research on Cancer published in early February.
Cancer rates are projected to increase by 50 percent to 15 million new cases in the year 2020, according to the World Cancer Report, a global examination of the disease to date. The predicted sharp increase in new cases will “mainly be due to steadily aging populations in both developed and developing countries and also to current trends in smoking prevalence and the growing adoption of unhealthy lifestyles,” the report states. Dr. Paul Kleihues, director of the International Agency for Research on Cancer and co-editor of the World Cancer Report said, “We can make a difference by taking action today. We have the opportunity to stem this increase. Examples of areas where action can make a difference include: • A reduction of tobacco consumption. . • Frequent consumption of fruit and vegetables, and physical activity can make a difference. • Delay.
Landmark US Hispanic study may give longevity clue - World. CHICAGO (AP) The U.S. government's largest-ever study of Hispanics' health may help answer why they live longer than other Americans but the first results suggest that for some, the trend might be in jeopardy. Overall, high rates of high blood pressure, obesity, diabetes and pre-diabetes were found, especially among older adults. But even more troubling signs were seen among younger Hispanic adults. They were the least likely to have diabetes under control, and the least likely to eat recommended amounts of fruits and vegetables.
Hispanics from Puerto Rico were among the least healthy, while those from South America, who tend to be more recent arrivals, were among the healthiest. The landmark study is the most comprehensive effort to document the health of U.S. The National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute released initial results Monday, revealing a diverse group whose health habits depend partly on their age and country of origin. "We've never had a study of this magnitude," said Dr. US FDA proposes major update to food labels in bid to combat obesity | Lifestyle. Obesity rates fall for young children, rise for older adults | Health Care.