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Minimalist program. In linguistics, the minimalist program (MP) is a major line of inquiry that has been developing inside generative grammar since the early 1990s, starting with a 1993 paper by Noam Chomsky.[1] Chomsky presents MP as a program, not as a theory, following Imre Lakatos's distinction.[2] The MP seeks to be a mode of inquiry characterized by the flexibility of the multiple directions that its minimalism enables.

Ultimately, the MP provides a conceptual framework used to guide the development of grammatical theory. For Chomsky, there are minimalist questions, but the answers can be framed in any theory. Of all these questions, the one that plays the most crucial role is this: why language has the properties it has.[3] The MP lays out a very specific view of the basis of syntactic grammar that, when compared to other formalisms, is often taken to look very much like a theory. Theoretical goals[edit] Perfection[edit] Economy[edit] Technical innovations[edit] Bare phrase structure[edit] Phases[edit] Walter Scott. Sir Walter Scott, 1st Baronet, FRSE (15 August 1771 – 21 September 1832) was a Scottish historical novelist, playwright, and poet.

Although primarily remembered for his extensive literary works and his political engagement, Scott was an advocate, judge and legal administrator by profession, and throughout his career combined his writing and editing work with his daily occupation as Clerk of Session and Sheriff-Depute of Selkirkshire. Biography[edit] Early days[edit] Scott's meeting with Blacklock and Burns[edit] After completing his studies in law, he became a lawyer in Edinburgh.

As a lawyer's clerk he made his first visit to the Scottish Highlands directing an eviction. He was admitted to the Faculty of Advocates in 1792. Start of literary career[edit] A copy of Scott's Minstrelsy in the National Museum of Scotland As a boy, youth and young man, Scott was fascinated by the oral traditions of the Scottish Borders. As a result of his early polio infection, Scott had a pronounced limp. English Literature by William J. Long. Free APA & MLA Citation Generator. It's always important to cite the information you find and use in your work. If you don't, you could easily be charged with plagiarism. That's why learning how to construct a bibliography (also referred to as a reference page or works cited page) is critical to your academic success. The following highlights three common citation styles, how to use Microsoft Word's citation features and some tips and helpful links.

The Modern Language Association (MLA) is a popular style used for citing sources in the liberal arts and humanities. Examples of Reference Page Basic Book Format: Author Last Name, Author First Name. Article in a Scholarly Journal: Author Last Name, Author First Name. Page on a Website: Author Last Name, Author First Name. Used mainly in the social sciences, the American Psychological Association (APA) style puts an emphasis on the date of a work.

Author Last Name, Author First Name (Year of Publication). Author Last Name, Author First Name (Year of Publication). Chicago Tips. Sir Walter Scott. Sir Walter Scott (1771-1832), Scottish writer and poet and one of the greatest historical novelists. Scott was born on August 15, 1771, in Edinburgh as the son of a solicitor Walter Scott and Anne, a daughter of professor of medicine. An early illness left him lame in the right leg, but he grew up to be a man over six feet and great physical endurance. Scott's interest in the old Border tales and ballads had early been awakened, and he devoted much of his leisure to the exploration of the Border country. He attended Edinburgh High School and studied at Edinburgh University arts and law. Scott was apprenticed to his father in 1786 and in 1792 he was called to the bar. In 1799 he was appointed sheriff depute of the county of Selkirk.

In 1802-03 Scott's first major work, Minstrelsy Of The Scottish Border appeared. In 1806 Scott became clerk to the Court of Session in Edinburgh. In the 1810s Scott published several novels. In 1820 Scott was created a baronet. The Literature Network: Online classic literature, poems, and quotes. Essays & Summaries. Norton Anthology of American Literature, 7th Edition. 7-12 Student Interactives - Language Arts. The Five Paragraph Essay. Writing assignment series The five paragraph essay measures a student's basic writing skills,and is often a timed exercise. Use this Guide to help you practice and succeed at this form of writing. Getting started means getting organized: Analyze the assignment; determine what is required. With a highlighter, note important words that define the topic.

Then organize your plan For example, you have been given this writing prompt: You have a present that was really memorable. The objective is to write a narrative essay about this present you were given The subject is a memorable present The three main subtopics are: the reason it was given a description of it and how you felt when you got it Outline your five paragraph essay; include these elements: Introductory Paragraph General Topic Sentence: memorable present Subtopic One: the reason it was given Subtopic Two: a description of it Subtopic Three: how you felt when you got it (Transition) First Supporting Paragraph Second Supporting Paragraph.

Weaving 'Charlotte's Web' Copyright © 2011 NPR. For personal, noncommercial use only. See Terms of Use. For other uses, prior permission required. IRA FLATOW, host: This is SCIENCE FRIDAY. I'm Ira Flatow. Where is papa going with that axe? Written by E.B. Talking animals and spelling spiders may not sound like the writings of a naturalist, but in his new book, my next guest argues that it was E.B. Michael Sims' new book is called "The Story of Charlotte's Web: E.B. MICHAEL SIMS: Thank you, my pleasure. FLATOW: How did you get interested in "Charlotte's Web," to devote a whole book about it? SIMS: Well, the project really got out of hand. FLATOW: You know, when most of us think about E.B. SIMS: That's one of the things I'd always enjoyed about him a lot, was he always wrote about nature - I don't mean everything he wrote, but he constantly returned to nature throughout his life.

FLATOW: 1-800-989-8255 is our number. FLATOW: And so he did raise pigs, right? SIMS: He did raise pigs. SIMS: There was a real pig. E.B. English Pronunciation. If you can pronounce correctly every word in this poem, you will be speaking English better than 90% of the native English speakers in the world. After trying the verses, a Frenchman said he’d prefer six months of hard labour to reading six lines aloud. Dearest creature in creation, Study English pronunciation. I will teach you in my verse Sounds like corpse, corps, horse, and worse.

I will keep you, Suzy, busy, Make your head with heat grow dizzy. Tear in eye, your dress will tear. So shall I! English Pronunciation by G. Source Breaking News: Fake News Special! Learning to Write From Uncle Ben - Do Your Job Better. By Rachel Toor The Autobiography of Benjamin Franklin is perhaps the first American self-help book. It has been selling like crazy for centuries and has been one of the most downloaded free e-books on Amazon since the Kindle came out. There has long been generational fickleness about how to respond to the book. Now that the economy is in the toilet, is it the time to remind ourselves that frugality and industry are virtues we want to inculcate?

Whatever. It's an essential part of American history and was instrumental in establishing a certain definition of the "American character. " Franklin attributes much of his professional success to being able to write well. Like all good writers, Franklin started out as a reader. While indentured to his brother as an apprentice printer, Franklin took a fancy to poetry. "So," Franklin writes, "I escaped being a poet, most probably a very bad one. " There was in town, he says, another "bookish lad" named John Collins. RPO -- A Time-Line of Poetry in English.

Language Arts Pages. Language Arts This is the Language Arts Home page. From here you have access to some general resources for the different parts of language arts. In the menu above, I've added a link to the English Index page, which should list all of the pages. The link should be visible throughout the English section. Forms These are forms that I made especially for English classes. Dictionary Skills (Research) Dictionary skills, for the most part, addresses the skills needed to look up information in books that are organized alphabetically. Grammar Grammar is not just knowing what the parts of speech are, it's knowing how to use them. Composition Writing is like the stage for language arts. Reviews, Books, Planning I have reviewed some of the books that I have used.

S - Your Complete List of Homophones. Literary Terms. International Linguistics Olympiad - Sample Problems. INDEX to the Guide to Grammar and Writing. This index includes 427 references to both the Guide to Grammar and Writing and Principles of Composition. It does not, however, include references to the interactive Quizzes or to the Grammarlogs (posted responses to ASK GRAMMAR queries). The Frequently Asked Questions page and the Guide's Search Engine will also help you find help on grammatical issues, tips on composition, and advice on English usage. The Guide to Grammar and Writing is sponsored by the Capital Community College Foundation, a nonprofit 501 c-3 organization that supports scholarships, faculty development, and curriculum innovation.

If you feel we have provided something of value and wish to show your appreciation, you can assist the College and its students with a tax-deductible contribution. For more about giving to Capital, write to CCC Foundation, 950 Main Street, Hartford, CT 06103. Daily Grammar Archive - Comprehensive Archive of Grammar Lessons. This archive contains links to all of our free grammar lessons and quizzes. You can use this archive to study Daily Grammar at your own pace. Lessons 1-90 cover the eight parts of speech, which are verbs, nouns, pronouns, adjectives, adverbs, prepositions, conjunctions, and interjections. Lessons 91-300 cover the parts of the sentence, such as appositives, predicate nominatives, direct objects, prepositional phrases, clauses, and verbals. Lessons 301-440 cover the mechanics of grammar, which is also known as capitalization and punctuation.

Our lessons have been organized by lesson number and by subject. Lessons 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 - Quiz Lessons 6, 7, 8, 9, 10 - Quiz Lessons 11, 12, 13, 14, 15 - Quiz Lessons 31, 32, 33, 34, 35 - Quiz Lessons 36, 37, 38, 39, 40 - Quiz Lessons 41, 42, 43, 44, 45 - Quiz Lessons 46, 47, 48, 49, 50 - Quiz Lessons 51, 52, 53, 54, 55 - Quiz Lessons 56, 57, 58, 59, 60 - Quiz Lessons 61, 62, 63, 64, 65 - Quiz Lessons 66, 67, 68, 69, 70 - Quiz. Grammar Concepts. Harvey's Grammar.