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Search, fake news and politics - an international study. How are people using search, social media and other forms of media to get information about politics, politicians and political issues?

Search, fake news and politics - an international study

Are we right to be worried about the impact search algorithms have on shaping political opinions or about inaccurate, false and politically biased information that distorts public opinion? A study, conducted jointly by researchers from the Oxford Internet Institute (University of Oxford) and the Quello Center (Michigan State University) questioned 14,000 internet users from France, Germany, Italy, Poland, Spain, the UK and the USA about how they used traditional and online media. Search performance has the potential to support or undermine democratic processes. Does search enable citizens to obtain better information about candidates and political issues or does search bias distort search results? The research set out to go beyond anecdote. The filter bubble issue is overstated. Facebook posts fake-news ads in newspapers ahead of UK vote - CNET. Facebook launched a UK newspaper campaign on Monday warning British citizens to be wary of fake news in the lead up to the General Election on June 8.

Facebook posts fake-news ads in newspapers ahead of UK vote - CNET

The social network took out ads in major papers including The Times, The Guardian and the Daily Telegraph, which list ten things its users should look out for when deciding whether to trust information they read online. The tips include checking headlines, URLs, photos and dates. Monetising misinformation: inside the fake news capital of the world. The first article about Donald Trump that Boris ever published described how, during a campaign rally in North Carolina, the candidate slapped a man in the audience for disagreeing with him.

Monetising misinformation: inside the fake news capital of the world

This never happened, of course. Boris had found the article somewhere online, and he needed to feed his website, Daily Interesting Things. So he appropriated the text, down to its last misbegotten comma. He posted the link on Facebook, seeding it within various groups devoted to American politics. To his astonishment, it was shared around 800 times. Who Stands Between Fake News and Students? Educators. Every week, Dave Stuart hands out a current news article to his world history students so they can digest and evaluate the credibility of the information and its sources.

Who Stands Between Fake News and Students? Educators

One day this fall, Stuart, now in his tenth year at Cedar Springs High School in Michigan, distributed a couple of stories about the 2016 presidential candidates. In the middle of a uniquely controversial and divisive campaign, it was perhaps inevitable that during the discussion some students would dredge up information that didn’t appear in the articles their teacher had provided.

It was quickly apparent, says Stuart, that much of it was untrue and probably gleaned from dubious sources – or peddlers of what has now been famously dubbed “fake news.” The Smell Test: Educators can counter fake news with information literacy. Here’s how. Illustration by Steve Brodner Discerning fact from fiction in news and online content has never been more challenging.

The Smell Test: Educators can counter fake news with information literacy. Here’s how.

From “pizzagate”—false reports of a child sex ring operating in a DC pizza parlor—and creepy clown attacks to retweeted election headlines touting events that never happened, fake news is rampant. Twenty-three percent of Americans say they have shared fabricated reports, knowingly or not, according to a December Pew Research Center report. How to Spot Fake News - FactCheck.org. Fake news is nothing new.

How to Spot Fake News - FactCheck.org

But bogus stories can reach more people more quickly via social media than what good old-fashioned viral emails could accomplish in years past. Concern about the phenomenon led Facebook and Google to announce that they’ll crack down on fake news sites, restricting their ability to garner ad revenue. Perhaps that could dissipate the amount of malarkey online, though news consumers themselves are the best defense against the spread of misinformation. Not all of the misinformation being passed along online is complete fiction, though some of it is. Snopes.com has been exposing false viral claims since the mid 1990s, whether that’s fabricated messages, distortions containing bits of truth and everything in between. A lot of these viral claims aren’t “news” at all, but fiction, satire and efforts to fool readers into thinking they’re for real.

In 2008, we tried to get readers to rid their inboxes of this kind of garbage. How to Spot Fake News (and Teach Kids to Be Media Savvy) How Photos Fuel the Spread of Fake News. During a campaign stop in South Carolina last winter, Hillary Clinton stumbled as she climbed the steps of an antebellum mansion in Charleston.

How Photos Fuel the Spread of Fake News

Aides helped her regain her balance in a vulnerable but nondescript moment captured by Getty photographer Mark Makela. He didn’t think much of it until August, when the alt-right news site Breitbart touted it as evidence of Clinton’s failing health. “It was really bizarre and dispiriting to see,” he says. “We’re always attuned to photographic manipulation, but what was more sinister in this situation was the misappropriation of a photo.” Fake News Or Real? How To Self-Check The News And Get The Facts : All Tech Considered. Guido Rosa/Getty Images/Ikon Images Fake news stories can have real-life consequences.

Fake News Or Real? How To Self-Check The News And Get The Facts : All Tech Considered

On Sunday, police said a man with a rifle who claimed to be "self-investigating" a baseless online conspiracy theory entered a Washington, D.C., pizzeria and fired the weapon inside the restaurant. So, yes, fake news is a big problem. These stories have gotten a lot of attention, with headlines claiming Pope Francis endorsed Donald Trump in November's election and sites like American News sharing misleading stories or taking quotes out of context. And when sites like DC Gazette share stories about people who allegedly investigated the Clinton family being found dead, the stories go viral and some people believe them. Don’t Believe Everything You Hear or Read. Mars Peopled by One Vast Thinking Vegetable!

Don’t Believe Everything You Hear or Read

Salt Lake Tribune, October 13, 1912 In the most recent “Right to the Source” column in NSTA’s magazine The Science Teacher, Michael Apfeldorf discusses reactions in the early 20th century to reports of life on Mars. He explains that as early as 1894, scientists noted that conditions on Mars would not support life, but wild theories persisted in popular media. That reminded us of the Library’s many April Fools’ Day posts featuring primary sources that should not be taken at face value.

Looking for other ways to help students analyze sources and evaluate information? Battling Fake News in the Classroom. In this post-election period, there has been a lot of discussion about fake news, particularly about how it is spread and shared online, and whether it influenced the recent presidential election.

Battling Fake News in the Classroom

On November 22, Stanford University released an influential study showing that middle and high school students—and even some in college—have trouble distinguishing which online resources are credible. The inescapable fact is that young people need to be prepared for the Wild West of information that they live in and will grow up in. It is also imperative that we, as educators, prepare young people for the important job of responsible and informed citizenship. Media Literacy and “Crap Detection” Teaching media literacy is not new, but with the explosion of social media and the lightning speeds at which information is shared, critical evaluation skills have never been more important.

The Role of Educators. The Fact Checker’s guide for detecting fake news. ‘Who shared it?’ How Americans decide what news to trust on social media. Published This research was conducted by the Media Insight Project — an initiative of the American Press Institute and the Associated Press-NORC Center for Public Affairs Research Introduction When Americans encounter news on social media, how much they trust the content is determined less by who creates the news than by who shares it, according to a new experimental study from the Media Insight Project, a collaboration between the American Press Institute and The Associated Press-NORC Center for Public Affairs Research.

Whether readers trust the sharer, indeed, matters more than who produces the article —or even whether the article is produced by a real news organization or a fictional one, the study finds. We Tracked Down A Fake-News Creator In The Suburbs. Here's What We Learned : All Tech Considered. "The whole idea from the start was to build a site that could kind of infiltrate the echo chambers of the alt-right.

" Fanatic Studio/Getty Images hide caption toggle caption Fanatic Studio/Getty Images "The whole idea from the start was to build a site that could kind of infiltrate the echo chambers of the alt-right. " How to outsmart fake news in your Facebook feed. It doesn't have to be this way. Fake news is actually really easy to spot -- if you know how. Consider this your New Media Literacy Guide. 1. Does the story come from a strange URL? Zimdars says sites with strange suffixes like ".co" or ".su," or that are hosted by third party platforms like WordPress should raise a red flag. Fake News Is Here: Help Students Detect It. We highly recommend that teachers explore the New York Times Learning Network article (1/19/17) sharing many lesson ideas and resources (including this post): Evaluating Sources in a ‘Post-Truth’ World: Ideas for Teaching and Learning About Fake News. By Frank W.

Baker. The Honest Truth about Fake News … and How Not to Fall for It (with Lesson Plan) Did you hear that Pope Francis endorsed Donald Trump for president? Lesson Plan: How to Spot Fake News. The problem of fake news came to a dizzying head in 2016 when a man fired a shot in a family pizzeria as he “self-investigated” a false report of a child abuse ring led by top democrats. Untitled. Schoolwork “The teacher said we can’t use the internet.”

The San Rafael Public Library has a vast collection of books on every topic for your information needs, but don’t forget to check out our online homework resources to find vetted information from reputable publishers. Our e-resources combine reliability with the convenience of researching from home or wherever you have internet access. “The teacher said we can use the internet, but not Wikipedia.” This Is How You Can Stop Fake News From Spreading On Facebook - BuzzFeed News. 69 Viral Images From 2016 That Were Totally Fake. Now you can fact-check Trump’s tweets — in the tweets themselves.

This article has been updated to include a link to a Firefox version of the extension and to include tweets sent from the POTUS account. On Friday morning, President-elect Donald Trump took a new tack in his war on the Russia hacking issue. As our Dave Weigel noted, this isn't really accurate. There was nothing illegal at play, and Donna Brazile wasn't the head of the Democratic National Committee at the time that she leaked town hall questions to the Hillary Clinton campaign. Weigel wrote a whole post about the issue — but people who just click through to the link see only Trump's claim, and none of the context.

Unless, of course, they've installed our extension for Google Chrome -- or, now: Firefox. The True Story Behind The Biggest Fake News Hit Of The Election - BuzzFeed News. There’s a new tool to visualize how fake news is spread on Twitter — Quartz. It is nighttime and my young son is asleep; I am awake and trying to help him. If he were a little older I might be gluing something onto a science project or baking cupcakes for a school event. Instead, I am drawing my finger over lines of imaginary fruit on an iPad, trying to rack up points so he can better enjoy a game called Fruit Pop, a matching game similar to the wildly popular Candy Crush. Forbes Welcome. How Photos Fuel the Spread of Fake News. American Libraries Magazine. Librarians—whether public, school, academic, or special—all seek to ensure that patrons who ask for help get accurate information. Given the care that librarians bring to this task, the recent explosion in unverified, unsourced, and sometimes completely untrue news has been discouraging, to say the least.

How to Spot and Debunk Fake News. 9 Ways to Spot Bogus Data. Fake News Archives. The trouble with truth. The US Election, a Need for Curation, and the Power of Story. Google is restricting AdSense ads on fake-news sites. Fake News On Facebook: New Browser Plugin Highlights False Stories. With all the current talk about whether Facebook and Google should be policing fake news on their platforms, it pays to take a few precautions of your own. Log In. Even Facebook employees think Mark Zuckerberg is wrong about News Feed. Even Mark Zuckerberg's own employees think their CEO is wrong about News Feed.

Log In. Some employees are worried about the spread of racist and so-called alt-right memes across the network, according to interviews with 10 current and former Facebook employees. Zuckerberg says Facebook didn't influence the election. What We Can Learn from Fake News. Can You Tell Fake News From Real? Study Finds Students Have 'Dismaying' Inability. Word of the Year 2016 is… post-truth. Most students can’t tell fake news from real news, study shows. Our top ten "fake news'' stories of the 2016 Election. This Analysis Shows How Fake Election News Stories Outperformed Real News On Facebook - BuzzFeed News.

Tips for telling truth from fiction in this fake news mess we've found ourselves in. In the war on fake news, school librarians have a huge role to play - The Verge. Study: most students can't spot fake news. Understanding Health Research · Home. 12 Reasons Why You Should Research a Facebook Rumour Before Passing It On. 'The end of Trump': how Facebook deepens millennials' confirmation bias. The CRAAP Test: An Easy & Fun Way to Evalua... Six Easy Ways To Tell If That Viral Story Is A Hoax. Field Guide to Fake News Sites and Hoax Purveyors. 6 Quick Ways to Spot Fake News. False, Misleading, Clickbait-y, and Satirical “News” Sources.

How Teens In The Balkans Are Duping Trump Supporters With Fake News - BuzzFeed News. Google and Facebook ban fake news sites from their advertising networks. Bernie Sanders Could Replace President Trump With Little-Known Loophole. How to spot a fake Facebook page during a breaking news situation. 6 Best Fact Checking Websites That Help You Distinguish Between Truth and Rumors. ‘No Harm Done?’ Think Again! – 4 Reasons Why Participating In Bogus Facebook Giveaways is NOT Harmless – Hoax-Slayer 2G. FAKE-NEWS: “Queen Elizabeth Set to Retire in Feb, 2017 and Pass Crown to Prince William” – Hoax-Slayer 2G. Facebook has repeatedly trended fake news since firing its human editors. ‘Infosmog’ and the challenge of misinformation - Demos. TechCrunch. After Trump's win, even some in Silicon Valley wonder: Has Facebook grown too influential? Facebook admits it must do more to stop the spread of misinformation on its platform.