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Fake News. The Long and Brutal History of Fake News. The fake news hit Trent, Italy, on Easter Sunday, 1475. A 2 ½-year-old child named Simonino had gone missing, and a Franciscan preacher, Bernardino da Feltre, gave a series of sermons claiming that the Jewish community had murdered the child, drained his blood and drunk it to celebrate Passover. The rumors spread fast. Before long da Feltre was claiming that the boy’s body had been found in the basement of a Jewish house. In response, the Prince-Bishop of Trent Johannes IV Hinderbach immediately ordered the city’s entire Jewish community arrested and tortured. Fifteen of them were found guilty and burned at the stake.

Recognizing a false story, the papacy intervened and attempted to stop both the story and the murders. Story Continued Below Over the past few months, “fake news” has been on the loose once again. But amid all the media handwringing about fake news and how to deal with it, one fact seems to have gotten lost: Fake news is not a new phenomenon. Facebook admits it promoted fake Vegas massacre stories. After Las Vegas shooting, Facebook and Google get the news wrong again. Face2Face: Real-time Face Capture and Reenactment of RGB Videos (CVPR 2016 Oral)

Future of Fake News. How information overload helps spread fake news - CSMonitor.com. —A lie can travel halfway around the world, goes the well-known Mark Twain quote, before the truth can get its boots on. Twain himself might have appreciated this quotation's self-reflexivity: There's no record of him ever having said or written it. Today, with half of Americans now turning to social media for news, many of us are getting misinformation – for instance, that NASA has contacted intelligent extraterrestrials, that a “breatharian” couple can survive on a “food-free lifestyle” – mixed in with the legitimate news articles in our feeds. And, as the news cycle accelerates, it's becoming harder to tell the difference. A new study reveals the mathematics underlying this phenomenon, modeling how information overload can erode an individual's ability to distinguish high-quality information from its opposite, causing falsehoods to propagate. But with a little effort, readers and social media platforms can cut the information surplus, perhaps sharpening our powers of discernment.

Search, fake news and politics - an international study. How are people using search, social media and other forms of media to get information about politics, politicians and political issues? Are we right to be worried about the impact search algorithms have on shaping political opinions or about inaccurate, false and politically biased information that distorts public opinion?

A study, conducted jointly by researchers from the Oxford Internet Institute (University of Oxford) and the Quello Center (Michigan State University) questioned 14,000 internet users from France, Germany, Italy, Poland, Spain, the UK and the USA about how they used traditional and online media. Search performance has the potential to support or undermine democratic processes. Does search enable citizens to obtain better information about candidates and political issues or does search bias distort search results? The research set out to go beyond anecdote. The research report is rich with data but here are a few interesting findings: The filter bubble issue is overstated. Facebook posts fake-news ads in newspapers ahead of UK vote - CNET. Facebook launched a UK newspaper campaign on Monday warning British citizens to be wary of fake news in the lead up to the General Election on June 8. The social network took out ads in major papers including The Times, The Guardian and the Daily Telegraph, which list ten things its users should look out for when deciding whether to trust information they read online.

The tips include checking headlines, URLs, photos and dates. The spread of fake news has been a problem online for years, but blew up during the US presidential election last year. Facebook resorting to physical media to warn people about fake news is an indication of how widespread the problem has become and the perceived potential for it to impact the outcome of elections. "People want to see accurate information on Facebook and so do we," Simon Milner, Facebook's director of policy for the UK in a statement. 'We can't solve this problem alone," said Milner.

Monetising misinformation: inside the fake news capital of the world | WIRED UK. The first article about Donald Trump that Boris ever published described how, during a campaign rally in North Carolina, the candidate slapped a man in the audience for disagreeing with him. This never happened, of course. Boris had found the article somewhere online, and he needed to feed his website, Daily Interesting Things. So he appropriated the text, down to its last misbegotten comma. He posted the link on Facebook, seeding it within various groups devoted to American politics.

To his astonishment, it was shared around 800 times. That month – February 2016 – Boris made more than $150 (£120) from the Google Ads on his website. Subscribe to WIRED Veles has the feel of a small community clamming up out of a suspicion that it's being talked about for all the wrong reasons. Channel 4, from a survey of 1,684 UK-based adults Within Veles itself, the young entrepreneurs behind these websites became subjects of tantalising intrigue.

Martin Gee Guy Martin Real/Fake? Boris developed a routine. Who Stands Between Fake News and Students? Educators. Every week, Dave Stuart hands out a current news article to his world history students so they can digest and evaluate the credibility of the information and its sources. One day this fall, Stuart, now in his tenth year at Cedar Springs High School in Michigan, distributed a couple of stories about the 2016 presidential candidates. In the middle of a uniquely controversial and divisive campaign, it was perhaps inevitable that during the discussion some students would dredge up information that didn’t appear in the articles their teacher had provided. It was quickly apparent, says Stuart, that much of it was untrue and probably gleaned from dubious sources – or peddlers of what has now been famously dubbed “fake news.”

Source: Buzzfeed News The conversation in Dave Stuart’s class, however, was focused more on larger questions of how students as news consumers reach conclusions and how they can and should use evidence to support these conclusions. When Information Becomes Polluted. The Smell Test: Educators can counter fake news with information literacy. Here’s how. Illustration by Steve Brodner Discerning fact from fiction in news and online content has never been more challenging.

From “pizzagate”—false reports of a child sex ring operating in a DC pizza parlor—and creepy clown attacks to retweeted election headlines touting events that never happened, fake news is rampant. Twenty-three percent of Americans say they have shared fabricated reports, knowingly or not, according to a December Pew Research Center report. Librarians have an opportunity to take leadership in the current crisis. As proven authorities on information literacy, library professionals can help students analyze news authenticity. It’s time to step up to the plate. That requires expertise—and perseverance. “Our ‘digital natives’ may be able to flit between Facebook and Twitter while simultaneously uploading a selfie to Instagram and texting a friend,” state the researchers from the Stanford History Education Group.

Lessons to combat fake news Frank W. Librarians on the front lines. How to Spot Fake News - FactCheck.org. Fake news is nothing new. But bogus stories can reach more people more quickly via social media than what good old-fashioned viral emails could accomplish in years past. Concern about the phenomenon led Facebook and Google to announce that they’ll crack down on fake news sites, restricting their ability to garner ad revenue. Perhaps that could dissipate the amount of malarkey online, though news consumers themselves are the best defense against the spread of misinformation. Not all of the misinformation being passed along online is complete fiction, though some of it is. Snopes.com has been exposing false viral claims since the mid 1990s, whether that’s fabricated messages, distortions containing bits of truth and everything in between. Founder David Mikkelson warned in a Nov. 17 article not to lump everything into the “fake news” category.

A lot of these viral claims aren’t “news” at all, but fiction, satire and efforts to fool readers into thinking they’re for real. Check the author. How to Spot Fake News (and Teach Kids to Be Media Savvy) How Photos Fuel the Spread of Fake News. During a campaign stop in South Carolina last winter, Hillary Clinton stumbled as she climbed the steps of an antebellum mansion in Charleston.

Aides helped her regain her balance in a vulnerable but nondescript moment captured by Getty photographer Mark Makela. He didn’t think much of it until August, when the alt-right news site Breitbart touted it as evidence of Clinton’s failing health. “It was really bizarre and dispiriting to see,” he says. “We’re always attuned to photographic manipulation, but what was more sinister in this situation was the misappropriation of a photo.” Misappropriation and misrepresentation of images helped drive the growth of fake news.

A photograph of tour buses lined up in Austin became proof that Democrats were bringing protestors to Trump rallies. Such stories rely on images to sell bogus narratives. This rise has been driven both by the preponderance of images available online, and the ease with which they can be manipulated. Go Back to Top. Fake News Or Real? How To Self-Check The News And Get The Facts : All Tech Considered. Guido Rosa/Getty Images/Ikon Images Fake news stories can have real-life consequences. On Sunday, police said a man with a rifle who claimed to be "self-investigating" a baseless online conspiracy theory entered a Washington, D.C., pizzeria and fired the weapon inside the restaurant.

So, yes, fake news is a big problem. These stories have gotten a lot of attention, with headlines claiming Pope Francis endorsed Donald Trump in November's election and sites like American News sharing misleading stories or taking quotes out of context. And when sites like DC Gazette share stories about people who allegedly investigated the Clinton family being found dead, the stories go viral and some people believe them. Stopping the proliferation of fake news isn't just the responsibility of the platforms used to spread it.

The idea is that people should have a fundamental sense of media literacy. Both Mantzarlis and Zimdars agreed there are a few best practices people can use when reading articles online. Don’t Believe Everything You Hear or Read | Teaching with the Library of Congress. Mars Peopled by One Vast Thinking Vegetable! Salt Lake Tribune, October 13, 1912 In the most recent “Right to the Source” column in NSTA’s magazine The Science Teacher, Michael Apfeldorf discusses reactions in the early 20th century to reports of life on Mars. He explains that as early as 1894, scientists noted that conditions on Mars would not support life, but wild theories persisted in popular media. That reminded us of the Library’s many April Fools’ Day posts featuring primary sources that should not be taken at face value.

Looking for other ways to help students analyze sources and evaluate information? Explore these resources for ideas. Analyzing primary sources can help students become better critical thinkers who are willing to evaluate information and dig deeply to find the answers to questions. How will you use primary sources to encourage students to look for the story behind the source? Battling Fake News in the Classroom. In this post-election period, there has been a lot of discussion about fake news, particularly about how it is spread and shared online, and whether it influenced the recent presidential election.

On November 22, Stanford University released an influential study showing that middle and high school students—and even some in college—have trouble distinguishing which online resources are credible. The inescapable fact is that young people need to be prepared for the Wild West of information that they live in and will grow up in. It is also imperative that we, as educators, prepare young people for the important job of responsible and informed citizenship.

Media Literacy and “Crap Detection” Teaching media literacy is not new, but with the explosion of social media and the lightning speeds at which information is shared, critical evaluation skills have never been more important. The Role of Educators So how can educators address this emerging crisis in digital literacy? What’s Next? The Fact Checker’s guide for detecting fake news. Consider these points before sharing a news article on Facebook. It could be fake. (Monica Akhtar/The Washington Post) Consider these points before sharing a news article on Facebook. It could be fake. Anyone active on social media has probably done this at least once: shared something based on the headline without actually reading the link. Let’s face it, you’ve probably done this many times. So the first thing you can do to combat the rise of “fake news” is to actually read articles before sharing them. Determine whether the article is from a legitimate website There’s ABC News, the television network, with the Web address of abcnews.go.com.

The use of “.co” at the end of the URL is a strong clue you are looking at a fake news website. Check the ‘contact us’ page Some fake news sites don’t have any contact information, which easily demonstrates it’s phony. Examine the byline of the reporter and see whether it makes sense All of the details are signs that “Dr. Read the article closely true. ‘Who shared it?’ How Americans decide what news to trust on social media. Published 03/20/17 8:00 am This research was conducted by the Media Insight Project — an initiative of the American Press Institute and the Associated Press-NORC Center for Public Affairs Research Introduction When Americans encounter news on social media, how much they trust the content is determined less by who creates the news than by who shares it, according to a new experimental study from the Media Insight Project, a collaboration between the American Press Institute and The Associated Press-NORC Center for Public Affairs Research.

Whether readers trust the sharer, indeed, matters more than who produces the article —or even whether the article is produced by a real news organization or a fictional one, the study finds. As social platforms such as Facebook or Twitter become major thoroughfares for news, the news organization that does the original reporting still matters. The identity of the sharer even has an impact on consumers’ impressions of the news brand. Media Insight Project.

We Tracked Down A Fake-News Creator In The Suburbs. Here's What We Learned : All Tech Considered. "The whole idea from the start was to build a site that could kind of infiltrate the echo chambers of the alt-right. " Fanatic Studio/Getty Images hide caption toggle caption Fanatic Studio/Getty Images "The whole idea from the start was to build a site that could kind of infiltrate the echo chambers of the alt-right. " A lot of fake and misleading news stories were shared across social media during the election. One that got a lot of traffic had this headline: "FBI Agent Suspected In Hillary Email Leaks Found Dead In Apparent Murder-Suicide. " We wondered who was behind that story and why it was written. We tried to look up who owned it and hit a wall. By day, John Jansen is head of engineering at Master-McNeil Inc., a tech company in Berkeley, Calif.

Jansen started by looking at the site's history. Jansen is kind of like an archaeologist. The "Denver Guardian" was built and designed using a pretty common platform — WordPress. Coler is a soft-spoken 40-year-old with a wife and two kids. How to outsmart fake news in your Facebook feed. Fake News Is Here: Help Students Detect It. The Honest Truth about Fake News … and How Not to Fall for It (with Lesson Plan) | The Lowdown | KQED News. Lesson Plan: How to Spot Fake News | Channel One News. Untitled.

This Is How You Can Stop Fake News From Spreading On Facebook - BuzzFeed News. 69 Viral Images From 2016 That Were Totally Fake. Now you can fact-check Trump’s tweets — in the tweets themselves. The True Story Behind The Biggest Fake News Hit Of The Election - BuzzFeed News. There’s a new tool to visualize how fake news is spread on Twitter — Quartz. Forbes Welcome. How Photos Fuel the Spread of Fake News. Fighting Fake News | American Libraries Magazine. How to Spot and Debunk Fake News. 9 Ways to Spot Bogus Data. Fake News Archives. The trouble with truth. The US Election, a Need for Curation, and the Power of Story | The Scholarly Kitchen.

Google is restricting AdSense ads on fake-news sites. Fake News On Facebook: New Browser Plugin Highlights False Stories. Log In. Even Facebook employees think Mark Zuckerberg is wrong about News Feed. Log In. Zuckerberg says Facebook didn't influence the election. What We Can Learn from Fake News | The Scholarly Kitchen. Can You Tell Fake News From Real? Study Finds Students Have 'Dismaying' Inability. Word of the Year 2016 is… post-truth. Most students can’t tell fake news from real news, study shows | TechCrunch. Our top ten "fake news'' stories of the 2016 Election. This Analysis Shows How Fake Election News Stories Outperformed Real News On Facebook - BuzzFeed News.

Tips for telling truth from fiction in this fake news mess we've found ourselves in | Editorials | Dallas News. In the war on fake news, school librarians have a huge role to play - The Verge. Study: most students can't spot fake news. Understanding Health Research · Home. 12 Reasons Why You Should Research a Facebook Rumour Before Passing It On. 'The end of Trump': how Facebook deepens millennials' confirmation bias | US news.

The CRAAP Test: An Easy & Fun Way to Evalua... Six Easy Ways To Tell If That Viral Story Is A Hoax. Field Guide to Fake News Sites and Hoax Purveyors. 6 Quick Ways to Spot Fake News. False, Misleading, Clickbait-y, and Satirical “News” Sources. How Teens In The Balkans Are Duping Trump Supporters With Fake News - BuzzFeed News. Google and Facebook ban fake news sites from their advertising networks | TechCrunch. Bernie Sanders Could Replace President Trump With Little-Known Loophole. How to spot a fake Facebook page during a breaking news situation. 6 Best Fact Checking Websites That Help You Distinguish Between Truth and Rumors.

‘No Harm Done?’ Think Again! – 4 Reasons Why Participating In Bogus Facebook Giveaways is NOT Harmless – Hoax-Slayer 2G. FAKE-NEWS: “Queen Elizabeth Set to Retire in Feb, 2017 and Pass Crown to Prince William” – Hoax-Slayer 2G. Facebook has repeatedly trended fake news since firing its human editors. ‘Infosmog’ and the challenge of misinformation - Demos. Rigged | TechCrunch. After Trump's win, even some in Silicon Valley wonder: Has Facebook grown too influential? Facebook admits it must do more to stop the spread of misinformation on its platform | TechCrunch.