Collaboration is working with each other to do a task. [ 1 ] It is a recursive [ 2 ] process where two or more people or organizations work together to realize shared goals, (this is more than the intersection of common goals seen in co-operative ventures, but a deep, collective, determination to reach an identical objective [ by whom? ] [ original research? ] ) — for example, an intriguing [ improper synthesis?
A partnership is an arrangement where parties agree to cooperate to advance their mutual interests. [ 1 ] Since humans are social beings , partnerships between individuals, businesses , interest -based organizations , schools , governments , and varied combinations thereof, have always been and remain commonplace. In the most frequently associated instance of the term, a partnership is formed between one or more businesses in which partners (owners) co-labor to achieve and share profits and losses (see business partners ). Partnerships exist within, and across, sectors. Non-profit , religious , and political organizations may partner together to increase the likelihood of each achieving their mission and to amplify their reach. In what is usually called an alliance , governments may partner to achieve their national interests, sometimes against allied governments who hold contrary interests, such as occurred during World War II and the Cold War .
Peace is a state of harmony characterized by the lack of violent, conflict behaviours and the freedom from fear of violence. Commonly understood as the absence of hostility , peace also suggests the existence of healthy or newly healed interpersonal or international relationships , prosperity in matters of social or economic welfare, the establishment of equality, and a working political order that serves the true interests of all. In international relations, peacetime is not only the absence of war or violent conflict, but also the presence of positive and respectful cultural and economic relationships. [ edit ] Etymology From the Latin pax , meaning "freedom from civil disorder," the English word came into use in various personal greetings from c.1300 as a translation of the Hebrew shalom .
School children sitting in the shade of an orchard in Bamozai, near Gardez, Paktya Province, Afghanistan . Students in Kagugu Primary School of Rwanda . Education in its general sense is a form of learning in which knowledge , skills , and habits of a group of people are transferred from one generation to the next through teaching, training, research, or simply through autodidacticism . [ 1 ] Generally, it occurs through any experience that has a formative effect on the way one thinks, feels, or acts. [ edit ] Etymology
The brain is the center of the nervous system in all vertebrate and most invertebrate animals—only a few invertebrates such as sponges , jellyfish , adult sea squirts and starfish do not have one, even if diffuse neural tissue is present. It is located in the head, usually close to the primary sensory organs for such senses as vision, hearing, balance, taste, and smell. The brain of a vertebrate is the most complex organ of its body.
Abstraction is a process by which concepts are derived from the usage and classification of literal ("real" or "concrete") concepts, first principles , or other methods. "An abstraction" is the product of this process – a concept that acts as a super-categorical noun for all subordinate concepts, and connects any related concepts as a group, field, or category . [ 1 ] Abstractions may be formed by reducing the information content of a concept or an observable phenomenon , typically to retain only information which is relevant for a particular purpose.
A schematic representation of a closed system and its boundary A system is a set of interacting or interdependent components forming an integrated whole [ citation needed ] or a set of elements (often called 'components' ) and relationships which are different from relationships of the set or its elements to other elements or sets. [ citation needed ] Fields that study the general properties of systems include Systems science , systems theory , cybernetics , dynamical systems , thermodynamics , and complex systems . They investigate the abstract properties of systems' matter and organization, looking for concepts and principles that are independent of domain, substance, type, or temporal scale. [ citation needed ]
Understanding (also called intellection ) is a psychological process related to an abstract or physical object, such as a person , situation, or message whereby one is able to think about it and use concepts to deal adequately with that object. Understanding is a relation between the knower and an object of understanding. Understanding implies abilities and dispositions with respect to an object of knowledge sufficient to support intelligent behavior. [ 1 ]
Frederic Vester (November 23, 1925 – November 2, 2003) was a German biochemist , and an expert in the field of ecology . [ edit ] Biography Vester was born in Saarbrücken , and studied chemistry at the universities of Mainz , Paris and Hamburg . From 1955 to 1957 he was postdoctoral fellow at Yale University and Cambridge . From 1957 to 1966 he worked at Saarland University , Saarbrücken , and from 1969 he worked in Munich , first at the Max Planck Institute . In 1970 he founded the private Munich-based Frederic Vester Studiengruppe für Biologie und Umwelt GmbH ("Frederic Vester Study Group for Biology and Environment, Ltd.), renamed Frederic Vester GmbH ("Frederic Vester, Ltd.") after his death.
Health is the level of functional or metabolic efficiency of a living being.
Définition, traduction, prononciation, anagramme et synonyme sur le dictionnaire libre Wiktionnaire. [ modifier ] Français Étymologie Étymologie manquante ou incomplète . Si vous la connaissez, vous pouvez l’ajouter en cliquant ici . Nom commun
Red is the colour of blood , rubies , and strawberries . [ 5 ] Next to orange at the end of the visible spectrum of light, red is commonly associated with danger, sacrifice, passion, fire, beauty, blood, anger, socialism and communism , and in China and many other cultures, with happiness. [ 6 ] [ edit ] Etymology and definitions The word red comes from the Old English rēd . [ 7 ] The word can be further traced to the Proto-Germanic rauthaz and the Proto-Indo European root reudh- . In Sanskrit , the word rudhira means red or blood.
In computability theory and computational complexity theory , a reduction is an algorithm for transforming one problem into another problem. A reduction from one problem to another may be used to show that the second problem is as difficult as the first. The mathematical structure generated on a set of problems by the reductions of a particular type generally forms a preorder , whose equivalence classes may be used to define degrees of unsolvability and complexity classes . Intuitively, problem A is reducible to problem B if an algorithm for solving problem B efficiently (if it existed) could also be used as a subroutine to solve problem A efficiently.
Inheritance is the practice of passing on property , titles , debts , rights and obligations upon the death of an individual . It represents also to pass a characteristic, genetically. It has long played an important role in human societies. The rules of inheritance differ between societies and have changed over time. [ edit ] Terminology