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OPEN TEXTBOOKS

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Oer september16presentation final. Open Textbooks. Releases photos under a Creative Commons licence. Licences specify the terms and conditions under which things can be used. All too frequently in everyday life we come across restrictive licences that actually seem to discourage usage, disallowing copying or sharing. But a whole other family of free licences aim to encourage use and sharing, asking simply for proper recognition and reciprocal behaviour in return.

Since its inception, CERN has used the web to share multimedia material openly. To signal clearly that we wanted people to use our photos and videos we crafted a pioneering free media licence. It included clauses that satisfied the demands of being an intergovernmental organization, and ensured consistency with our founding convention as a peaceful scientific collaboration. As the web grew, multimedia material proliferated around the globe, and so did licences. So, encouraged and supported by our experiment outreach teams, we have made our first collection available under a Creative Commons licence. Online education resources gain footing in colleges via open textbooks. Recent surveys by the National Association of College Stores suggest annual student spending on course materials is decreasing with the emergence of alternatives to retail, from textbook sharing and rentals to e-books and online resources.

Click through the gallery to find find out how students are getting around paying top dollar for course materials. Students can generally rent a textbook for between 33% and 55% of the cost of a new printed text, according to the NACS. Most college bookstores offer a service through which students can rent course materials and return them at the end of the year. Amazon, Barnes & Noble and a handful of online platforms also offer the service.

Used textbooks typically cost about 75% less than retail, according to NACS. They made up about 30% of all textbook sales in college stores in the 2011-12 school year, totaling about $1.51 billion in sales, according to NACS's 2013 Industry Financial Report. Getting around expensive textbooks Textbook rentals. 5 Places to Get Digital Textbooks. An Open Web. Book:Lists/Subjects - TextbookRevolution. Free-textbooks project helps SA. AN innovative education project has enabled the government to print more than 2.4 -million free maths and science textbooks for a nominal cost. The project also allows pupils from Grade 10 to 12 to download the books free - and provides videos and presentations that they can source via the internet or on their cellphones. The textbooks are written by an army of volunteers, many of whom are PhDs , and are provided free of charge to schools.

The initiative - called Siyavula - is the brainchild of Mark Horner, 35. Horner's project is a labour of love that began in 2002 when he ran a project with graduate students at the University of Cape Town. Called the Free High School Science Textbook, it ran until early 2007 when he got a fellowship at the Shuttleworth Foundation. He then started Siyavula - which means "we are opening" in Nguni. Now it costs government only R40 to print and distribute one of these textbooks, whereas previously the Department of Basic Education had to fork out R150 a book. 350,000 Textbooks Downloaded From Apple's iBooks in Three Days - John Paczkowski. Though nascent and unproven, Apple’s new textbook initiative appears to be gaining lots of momentum — and quickly, too.

Within days of its debut, Apple’s iBooks textbook store had already racked up a significant number of downloads. Same thing with the company’s textbook authoring tool. According to Global Equities Research, which monitors Apple’s iBook sales via a proprietary tracking system it doesn’t much care to discuss, more than 350,000 textbooks were downloaded from the company’s iBooks Store within the first three days of availability (caveat: a number of these may well have been free copies of E.O. Wilson’s Life on Earth downloaded for free by folks interested in seeing an iPad textbook in action) And there were some 90,000 downloads of iBooks Author, Apple’s free textbook-creation tool, during the same time.

If those numbers are accurate, Apple’s textbook effort would seem to be off to a good start. 150 Free Textbooks: A Meta Collection. Free textbooks (aka open textbooks) written by knowledgable scholars are a relatively new phenomenon. Below, find a meta list of 200 Free Textbooks, and check back often for new additions. Also see our online collection, 1,500 Free Online Courses from Top Universities. Art History A Textbook of the History of Painting by John Charles Van Dyke, Rutgers Biology Anatomy and Physiology - Edited by various profs at OpenStaxBiology - Edited by various profs at OpenStaxBiology Pages, John W. Business and Management Business Ethics by Jose A. Chemistry Chemistry, Grades 10-12, Created by the FHSST Project (Free High School Science Texts)Chemistry Virtual Textbooks by Stephen Lower, Simon Fraser UniversityCK-12 Chemistry (Grades 9-12) by multiple authors.

Classics Computer Science & Information Systems Earth Science CK-12 Earth Science for Middle School by multiple authors.Earth Systems, an Earth Science Course (Grades 9-10). Economics & Finance Education Electrical Engineering Engineering History Languages. California Effort Wants to Make College Textbooks Free - Education. Paying for college textbooks could become more affordable for cash-strapped California students. State senator Darrell Steinberg plans to introduce two bills in the next legislative session that would eliminate pricey textbooks and bring the open-source revolution to the Golden State.

Steinberg’s first bill would create 50 open-source textbooks for all the core classes required for lower-division coursework. Students would be able to access the books for free via their computer or their mobile phones. And, if they want a printed copy, those would be available for a mere $20. Following the lead of Washington State’s Open Course Library, the second bill would create the "California Digital Open Source Library," a platform for students to access the books and for professors to customize them. Photo via (cc) Flickr user Stephen Cummings. In Washington State, the End of $200 Textbooks Is Here - Education. For college students everywhere feeling the pinch of the cost of textbooks, there's good news: the end of the $200 textbook might be on its way.

A new initiative in Washington state, the Open Course Library, represents a huge step in the right direction. The goal of the Washington State Board for Community and Technical Colleges project is to boost college completion rates by making higher education more affordable. The online library will house a collection of textbooks, readings, activities, and other educational materials for 81 of the state’s most popular general education and pre-college courses. The texts are available under an open license to other higher education institutions, as well as anyone else who wants to access them. The effort has the potential to save students millions of dollars.

The state board is currently studying whether providing students with affordable educational materials will actually boost college completion rates. Photo via (cc) Flickr user amanda_munoz. 150 Free Textbooks: A Meta Collection.