Non-Hodgkin lymphoma - Wikipedia. Non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) is a group of blood cancers that includes all types of lymphoma except Hodgkin's lymphomas. Symptoms include enlarged lymph nodes, fever, night sweats, weight loss, and feeling tired.
Other symptoms may include bone pain, chest pain, or itchiness. Some forms are slow growing while others are fast growing. Lymphomas are types of cancer that develops from lymphocytes, a type of white blood cell. Risk factors include poor immune function, autoimmune diseases, Helicobacter pylori infection, hepatitis C, obesity, and Epstein-Barr virus infection. The World Health Organization (WHO) classifies lymphomas into five major groups, including one for Hodgkin's lymphoma. Within the four groups for NHL there are over 60 specific types of lymphoma. Diagnosis is by examination of a bone marrow or lymph node biopsy.
Medical imaging is done to help with cancer staging. Anaphylaxis. Anaphylaxis is a severe and potentially life-threatening reaction to a trigger such as an allergy.
It's also known as anaphylactic shock. This page covers: Symptoms What to do. Lazarus syndrome - Wikipedia. Lazarus syndrome, also known as autoresuscitation after failed cardiopulmonary resuscitation, is the spontaneous return of circulation after failed attempts at resuscitation. Its occurrence has been noted in medical literature at least 38 times since 1982. It takes its name from Lazarus who, in the New Testament of The Bible, was raised from the dead by Jesus. Occurrences of the syndrome are extremely rare and the causes are not well understood.
One hypothesis for the phenomenon is that a chief factor (though not the only one) is the buildup of pressure in the chest as a result of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). The relaxation of pressure after resuscitation efforts have ended is thought to allow the heart to expand, triggering the heart's electrical impulses and restarting the heartbeat. Other possible factors are hyperkalemia or high doses of epinephrine. Alpha-1 Antitrypsin Deficiency. A1AT Deficiency Information. A1AT is a protein made by cells in the liver.
It passes out from the liver into the bloodstream and can travel to the lungs. Its main function is to protect the lungs from damage caused by other types of proteins called enzymes. Enzymes are essential for the normal working and development of the body. In the lungs, certain enzymes called proteases help to fight infection, by removing germs (bacteria) and may also be released to try to protect the lungs from tobacco smoke. However, the activity of these protease enzymes needs to be balanced. Sciatica. Introduction Sciatica is the name given to any sort of pain that is caused by irritation or compression of the sciatic nerve.
The sciatic nerve is the longest nerve in your body. It runs from the back of your pelvis, through your buttocks, and all the way down both legs, ending at your feet. Signs and symptoms When the sciatic nerve is compressed or irritated, it can cause pain, numbness and a tingling sensation that radiates from your lower back and travels down one of your legs to your foot and toes. Leukemia: Symptoms, Survival Rate, and Diagnosis. Uremia-Kidney Cares Community. Glandular fever. Introduction Glandular fever is a type of viral infection that mostly affects young adults.
Rheumatoid arthritis. Introduction Rheumatoid arthritis is a long-term condition that causes pain, swelling and stiffness in the joints.
The hands, feet and wrists are commonly affected, but it can also cause problems in other parts of the body. There may be periods where your symptoms become worse, known as a flare-up or flare. A flare can be difficult to predict, but with treatment it is possible to decrease the number of flares and minimise or prevent long-term damage to the joints. Read more about the symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis and living with rheumatoid arthritis. Lupus. Lupus is a complex and poorly understood condition that affects many parts of the body and causes symptoms ranging from mild to life-threatening.
Some common symptoms of lupus include: fatigue skin rash joint pain and swelling. Ludwig's angina. Ludwig's angina, otherwise known as angina ludovici, is a serious, potentially life-threatening cellulitis, or connective tissue infection, of the floor of the mouth, usually occurring in adults with concomitant dental infections and if left untreated, may obstruct the airways, necessitating tracheotomy.
It is named after the German physician Wilhelm Friedrich von Ludwig who first described this condition in 1836. Other names include "angina Maligna" and "Morbus Strangularis". Ludwig's angina should not be confused with angina pectoris, which is also otherwise commonly known as "angina". The word "angina" comes from the Greek word ankhon, meaning "strangling", so in this case, Ludwig's angina refers to the feeling of strangling, not the feeling of chest pain, though there may be chest pain in Ludwig's angina if the infection spreads into the retrosternal space.
About Zika Virus Disease. Hepatitis. Hepatitis is the term used to describe inflammation of the liver.
It's usually the result of a viral infection or liver damage caused by drinking alcohol. There are several different types of hepatitis, most of which are outlined below. Some types will pass without any serious problems, while others can be long-lasting (chronic) and cause scarring of the liver (cirrhosis), loss of liver function and, in some cases, liver cancer. This page covers: Symptoms of hepatitis Hepatitis A. Legionnaires' disease. Legionnaires’ disease is a serious lung infection caused by Legionella bacteria. Initial symptoms usually include flu-like symptoms, such as: mild headaches muscle pain high temperature (fever), usually 38C (100.4F) or above chills tiredness changes to your mental state, such as confusion Once bacteria begin to infect your lungs, you may also experience symptoms of pneumonia, such as: a persistent cough – which is usually dry at first, but as the infection develops you may start coughing up phlegm or, rarely, blood shortness of breath chest pains See your GP as soon as possible if you develop the symptoms above.
Meningococcal Meningitis - Meningitis Research Foundation. Meningococcal infection is the most common cause of bacterial meningitis in the UK and Ireland1. Meningococcal bacteria (Neisseria meningitidis) can cause meningitis or septicaemia, or a combination of these diseases. There are several strains or 'groups' of meningococcal bacteria such as A,B,C,W, X and Y. In the past 50 years, most meningococcal disease in the UK and Ireland2 has been due to group B (MenB) and group C (MenC), although the MenC vaccine introduced in 1999 has now successfully reduced cases to just a handful each year.
Currently MenB accounts for the vast majority of meningococcal disease although we have recently seen an alarming rise in a particularly deadly strain of group W disease. Meningococcal disease affects around 2,000 people in the UK and Ireland every year and about 1500 cases are laboratory-confirmed. Alpha-1 Foundation. The Liver in Alpha-1 Antitrypsin Deficiency Know the signs and symptoms of Alpha-1 liver disease. Alpha-1 Antitrypsin Deficiency (Alpha-1) can cause liver problems in infants, children or adults – as well as the better-known adult lung disease. In people with Alpha-1 (Alphas), large amounts of abnormal alpha-1 antitrypsin protein (AAT) are made in the liver; nearly 85 percent of this protein gets stuck in the liver.
If the liver cannot break down the abnormal protein, the liver gradually gets damaged and scarred. Currently, there is no way to prevent the abnormal AAT from getting stuck in the liver. Vitiligo. Introduction Vitiligo is a long-term condition that causes pale, white patches to develop on the skin due to the lack of a chemical called melanin. Vitiligo can affect any area of your skin, but most commonly occurs on skin exposed to the sun, such as your face, neck and hands. The condition varies from person to person. Some people only get a few small, white patches, but others get bigger white patches that join up across large areas of their skin. Dystrophic epidermolysis bullosa. Epidermolysis bullosa is a group of genetic conditions that cause the skin to be very fragile and to blister easily. Developmental co-ordination disorder in children. Introduction Developmental co-ordination disorder (DCD), also known as dyspraxia, is a condition affecting physical co-ordination that causes a child to perform less well than expected for his or her age in daily activities and appear to move clumsily.
MRSA infection. Deep vein thrombosis. Gum Disease (Gingivitis): Causes, Risk Factors ... - Healthline. Osteopetrosis. Osteoporosis. Introduction Osteoporosis is a condition that weakens bones, making them fragile and more likely to break. It's a fairly common condition that affects around three million people in the UK. Toxoplasmosis. Toxoplasmosis is an infection caused by a parasite called Toxoplasma gondii (T. gondii).
Electromagnetic hypersensitivity. Scoliosis. Scoliosis is the abnormal twisting and curvature of the spine. Most people with scoliosis notice a change in the appearance of their shoulders, chest or hips. Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. Myasthenia gravis. Churg-Strauss syndrome Symptoms. Amyloidosis. Congenital heart disease. Alien hand syndrome. Sickle cell anaemia. Cancer. Norovirus. Hypoglycemia - Symptoms, Causes and Treatment. Wegener's Granulomatosis; Klinger's Syndrome Information. What Is Hemophilia? What Is Vasculitis? Jaundice. Gilbert's syndrome. Idiopathic Thrombocytopenic Purpura. Coeliac disease. Irritable bowel syndrome.
Pneumonia. Hernia. Parkinson's disease. Pulmonary Oedema. What is Alzheimer's disease? What is dementia? Ebola virus. Asthma. Autoimmune Diseases: MedlinePlus. Multiple Sclerosis. Pneumothorax.