Hemopericardium - Wikipedia. Hemopericardium refers to blood in the pericardial sac of the heart. It is clinically similar to a pericardial effusion, and, depending on the volume and rapidity with which it develops, may cause cardiac tamponade. The condition can be caused by full-thickness necrosis (death) of the myocardium (heart muscle) after myocardial infarction, chest trauma, and by over-prescription of anticoagulants. Other causes include ruptured aneurysm of sinus of Valsalva and other aneurysms of the aortic arch. Hemopericardium can be diagnosed with a chest X-ray or a chest ultrasound, and is most commonly treated with pericardiocentesis. While hemopericardium itself is not deadly, it can lead to cardiac tamponade, a condition that is fatal if left untreated. Mechanism There have also been cases reported in which hemopericardium was noted as an initial manifestation of essential thrombocythemia. Symptoms Diagnosis Cause and prevention Treatment and prognosis
Non-Hodgkin lymphoma - Wikipedia. Non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) is a group of blood cancers that includes all types of lymphoma except Hodgkin's lymphomas. Symptoms include enlarged lymph nodes, fever, night sweats, weight loss, and feeling tired. Other symptoms may include bone pain, chest pain, or itchiness. Some forms are slow growing while others are fast growing. Lymphomas are types of cancer that develops from lymphocytes, a type of white blood cell. Risk factors include poor immune function, autoimmune diseases, Helicobacter pylori infection, hepatitis C, obesity, and Epstein-Barr virus infection. The World Health Organization (WHO) classifies lymphomas into five major groups, including one for Hodgkin's lymphoma. Within the four groups for NHL there are over 60 specific types of lymphoma. Diagnosis is by examination of a bone marrow or lymph node biopsy.
Medical imaging is done to help with cancer staging. Signs and symptoms Causes HIV/AIDS Treatment Epidemiology Anaphylaxis. Anaphylaxis is a severe and potentially life-threatening reaction to a trigger such as an allergy. It's also known as anaphylactic shock. This page covers: Symptoms What to do Triggers Prevention Symptoms of anaphylaxis Anaphylaxis usually develops suddenly and gets worse very quickly. The symptoms include: feeling lightheaded or faint breathing difficulties – such as fast, shallow breathing wheezing a fast heartbeat clammy skin confusion and anxiety collapsing or losing consciousness There may also be other allergy symptoms, including an itchy, raised rash (hives), feeling or being sick, swelling (angioedema), or stomach pain. What to do if someone has anaphylaxis Anaphylaxis is a medical emergency. If someone has symptoms of anaphylaxis, you should: If you're having an anaphylactic reaction, you can follow these steps yourself if you feel able to.
Read about how to treat anaphylaxis for more advice about using auto-injectors and correct positioning. Triggers of anaphylaxis. Lazarus syndrome - Wikipedia. Lazarus syndrome, also known as autoresuscitation after failed cardiopulmonary resuscitation, is the spontaneous return of circulation after failed attempts at resuscitation. Its occurrence has been noted in medical literature at least 38 times since 1982. It takes its name from Lazarus who, in the New Testament of The Bible, was raised from the dead by Jesus. Occurrences of the syndrome are extremely rare and the causes are not well understood.
One hypothesis for the phenomenon is that a chief factor (though not the only one) is the buildup of pressure in the chest as a result of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). The relaxation of pressure after resuscitation efforts have ended is thought to allow the heart to expand, triggering the heart's electrical impulses and restarting the heartbeat. Other possible factors are hyperkalemia or high doses of epinephrine. Cases Implications See also References Alpha-1 Antitrypsin Deficiency. A1AT Deficiency Information. A1AT is a protein made by cells in the liver. It passes out from the liver into the bloodstream and can travel to the lungs. Its main function is to protect the lungs from damage caused by other types of proteins called enzymes.
Enzymes are essential for the normal working and development of the body. In the lungs, certain enzymes called proteases help to fight infection, by removing germs (bacteria) and may also be released to try to protect the lungs from tobacco smoke. However, the activity of these protease enzymes needs to be balanced. A1AT deficiency is an inherited genetic condition. In the centre (nucleus) of most cells in the body there are 46 chromosomes arranged in 23 pairs. Someone with A1AT deficiency has a fault in a gene on chromosome number 14. Emphysema is one of the lung conditions that comes under the general term chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). There are many variations of the A1AT faulty gene. Lung symptoms These are the most common.
Liver symptoms. Sciatica. Introduction Sciatica is the name given to any sort of pain that is caused by irritation or compression of the sciatic nerve. The sciatic nerve is the longest nerve in your body. It runs from the back of your pelvis, through your buttocks, and all the way down both legs, ending at your feet. Signs and symptoms When the sciatic nerve is compressed or irritated, it can cause pain, numbness and a tingling sensation that radiates from your lower back and travels down one of your legs to your foot and toes.
The pain can range from being mild to very painful, and may be made worse by sneezing, coughing, or sitting for a long period of time. Some people with sciatica may also experience muscle weakness in the affected leg. While people with sciatica can also have general back pain, the pain associated with sciatica usually affects the buttocks and legs much more than the back. When to see your GP Read more about diagnosing sciatica. What causes sciatica? How sciatica is treated. Uremia-Kidney Cares Community. What is uremia What are the Causes of Uremia What is the Prevention of Uremia What are the Tests of Uremia What are the Symptoms of Uremia What are the Treatments of Uremia What is the Diet of Uremia What is the Prognosis of Uremia What is uremia Chronic renal failure is a clinical syndrome consisting of a variety of symptoms and metabolic disorders due to the progressive irreversible decline of the kidney functions.
Back top What are the Causes of Uremia Uremia can be caused by many factors such as chronic glomerulonephritis, chronic pyelonephritis, renal tuberculosis, renal arteriosclerosis, stones in the urinary tract, enlarged prostate, bladder cancer, lupus, and diabetes and so on. Since the kidneys are damaged by various factors, the kidney functions are severely affected. What is the Prevention of Uremia 1. 2. 3.
What are the Tests of Uremia 1. The urea nitrogen and creatinine level will increase; In the end stage, the PH value will decrease; The plasma protein can be normal or reduced; 2. 3. Glandular fever. Introduction Glandular fever is a type of viral infection that mostly affects young adults. It is also known as infectious mononucleosis, or "mono". Common symptoms include: a high temperature (fever) a severely sore throat swollen glands in the neck fatigue (extreme tiredness) While the symptoms of glandular fever can be very unpleasant, most of them should pass within two to three weeks.
Read more about the symptoms of glandular fever. When to seek medical advice You should contact your GP if you suspect that you or your child has glandular fever. While there is little your GP can do in terms of treatment, they can provide advice and support to help you control your symptoms and reduce the risk of passing the infection on to others. You should go to your local accident and emergency (A&E) department or dial 999 for an ambulance if you have glandular fever and you: These symptoms can be a sign of a complication of glandular fever that may need to be treated in hospital. Who is affected? Rheumatoid arthritis. Introduction Rheumatoid arthritis is a long-term condition that causes pain, swelling and stiffness in the joints.
The hands, feet and wrists are commonly affected, but it can also cause problems in other parts of the body. There may be periods where your symptoms become worse, known as a flare-up or flare. A flare can be difficult to predict, but with treatment it is possible to decrease the number of flares and minimise or prevent long-term damage to the joints. Read more about the symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis and living with rheumatoid arthritis.
When to seek medical advice You should see your GP if you think you have symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis, so your GP can try to identify the underlying cause. Diagnosing rheumatoid arthritis quickly is important because early treatment can help stop the condition getting worse and reduce the risk of further problems such as joint damage. Read more about diagnosing rheumatoid arthritis. What causes rheumatoid arthritis? Who is affected. Lupus. Lupus is a complex and poorly understood condition that affects many parts of the body and causes symptoms ranging from mild to life-threatening. Some common symptoms of lupus include: fatigue skin rash joint pain and swelling Autoimmune condition Lupus is an autoimmune condition, which means it is caused by problems with the immune system (the body’s natural defence against illness and infection).
In people with lupus, for reasons not clearly understood, the immune system starts to attack healthy cells, tissue and organs. Read more information about the causes of lupus. Types of lupus There are several types of lupus. Discoid lupus erythematosus drug-induced lupus systemic lupus erythematosus These are briefly outlined below. Discoid lupus erythematosus Discoid lupus erythematosus (DLE) is a mild form of lupus that only affects the skin. Red, circular, scaly marks on the skin that can thicken and scar hair loss permanent bald patches Drug-induced lupus Systemic lupus erythematosus.
Ludwig's angina. Ludwig's angina, otherwise known as angina ludovici, is a serious, potentially life-threatening cellulitis, or connective tissue infection, of the floor of the mouth, usually occurring in adults with concomitant dental infections and if left untreated, may obstruct the airways, necessitating tracheotomy. It is named after the German physician Wilhelm Friedrich von Ludwig who first described this condition in 1836. Other names include "angina Maligna" and "Morbus Strangularis". Ludwig's angina should not be confused with angina pectoris, which is also otherwise commonly known as "angina".
The word "angina" comes from the Greek word ankhon, meaning "strangling", so in this case, Ludwig's angina refers to the feeling of strangling, not the feeling of chest pain, though there may be chest pain in Ludwig's angina if the infection spreads into the retrosternal space. Causes Symptoms and signs Ludwig's angina should be treated urgently due to the airway being compromised.
About Zika Virus Disease | Zika virus. Hepatitis. Hepatitis is the term used to describe inflammation of the liver. It's usually the result of a viral infection or liver damage caused by drinking alcohol. There are several different types of hepatitis, most of which are outlined below. Some types will pass without any serious problems, while others can be long-lasting (chronic) and cause scarring of the liver (cirrhosis), loss of liver function and, in some cases, liver cancer. This page covers: Symptoms of hepatitis Hepatitis A Hepatitis B Hepatitis C Hepatitis D Hepatitis E Alcoholic hepatitis Autoimmune hepatitis Symptoms of hepatitis Short-term (acute) hepatitis often has no noticeable symptoms, so you may not realise you have it.
If symptoms do develop, they can include: See your GP if you have any persistent or troublesome symptoms that you think could be caused by hepatitis. Long-term (chronic) hepatitis also may not have any obvious symptoms until the liver stops working properly (liver failure) and may only be picked up during blood tests.
Legionnaires' disease. Legionnaires’ disease is a serious lung infection caused by Legionella bacteria. Initial symptoms usually include flu-like symptoms, such as: mild headaches muscle pain high temperature (fever), usually 38C (100.4F) or above chills tiredness changes to your mental state, such as confusion Once bacteria begin to infect your lungs, you may also experience symptoms of pneumonia, such as: a persistent cough – which is usually dry at first, but as the infection develops you may start coughing up phlegm or, rarely, blood shortness of breath chest pains See your GP as soon as possible if you develop the symptoms above.
It usually takes six to seven days between getting the infection and the start of symptoms (known as the incubation period), although it can be any time from two to 19 days. As Legionnaires' disease has similar symptoms to other illnesses, your recent travel history will be relevant in making a diagnosis. How does Legionnaires’ disease spread? Increased risk Notifiable disease. Meningococcal Meningitis - Meningitis Research Foundation. Meningococcal infection is the most common cause of bacterial meningitis in the UK and Ireland1. Meningococcal bacteria (Neisseria meningitidis) can cause meningitis or septicaemia, or a combination of these diseases. There are several strains or 'groups' of meningococcal bacteria such as A,B,C,W, X and Y. In the past 50 years, most meningococcal disease in the UK and Ireland2 has been due to group B (MenB) and group C (MenC), although the MenC vaccine introduced in 1999 has now successfully reduced cases to just a handful each year.
Currently MenB accounts for the vast majority of meningococcal disease although we have recently seen an alarming rise in a particularly deadly strain of group W disease. Meningococcal disease affects around 2,000 people in the UK and Ireland every year and about 1500 cases are laboratory-confirmed. Now that there is a very effective MenC vaccine, 85% of cases are caused by MenB infection3. Meningococcal infection is an important cause of illness globally. 1. Liver Disease | Alpha-1 Foundation. The Liver in Alpha-1 Antitrypsin Deficiency Know the signs and symptoms of Alpha-1 liver disease. Alpha-1 Antitrypsin Deficiency (Alpha-1) can cause liver problems in infants, children or adults – as well as the better-known adult lung disease. In people with Alpha-1 (Alphas), large amounts of abnormal alpha-1 antitrypsin protein (AAT) are made in the liver; nearly 85 percent of this protein gets stuck in the liver. If the liver cannot break down the abnormal protein, the liver gradually gets damaged and scarred.
Currently, there is no way to prevent the abnormal AAT from getting stuck in the liver. Since not everyone with Alpha-1 gets liver disease, there must be other things that contribute to liver disease. Researchers are studying these “other things,” hoping to find new treatments. Download Liver and Alpha-1 Brochure The signs and symptoms of Alpha-1 liver disease Babies with Alpha-1 liver disease may also have diarrhea and lack of normal weight gain.
Alpha-1 is inherited Alpha-1 Kids. Vitiligo. Dystrophic epidermolysis bullosa. Developmental co-ordination disorder in children. MRSA infection. Deep vein thrombosis. Gum Disease (Gingivitis): Causes, Risk Factors ... - Healthline. Osteoporosis. Toxoplasmosis. Electromagnetic hypersensitivity. Scoliosis. Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. Myasthenia gravis. Churg-Strauss syndrome Symptoms. Amyloidosis. Congenital heart disease. Alien hand syndrome. Sickle cell anaemia. Norovirus. Hypoglycemia - Symptoms, Causes and Treatment. Wegener's Granulomatosis; Klinger's Syndrome Information. What Is Hemophilia? What Is Vasculitis? Jaundice. Gilbert's syndrome. Idiopathic Thrombocytopenic Purpura. Coeliac disease. Irritable bowel syndrome. Pneumonia. Hernia. Parkinson's disease. Pulmonary Oedema. What is Alzheimer's disease? What is dementia? Ebola virus.
Asthma. Autoimmune Diseases: MedlinePlus. Multiple Sclerosis. Pneumothorax.