background preloader

Microbiom

Facebook Twitter

High-fiber diet keeps gut microbes from eating colon's lining, protects against infection. It sounds like the plot of a 1950s science fiction movie: normal, helpful bacteria that begin to eat their host from within, because they don't get what they want.

High-fiber diet keeps gut microbes from eating colon's lining, protects against infection

But new research shows that's exactly what happens when microbes inside the digestive system don't get the natural fiber that they rely on for food. Starved, they begin to munch on the natural layer of mucus that lines the gut, eroding it to the point where dangerous invading bacteria can infect the colon wall. In a new paper in Cell, an international team of researchers show the impact of fiber deprivation on the guts of specially raised mice. The mice were born and raised with no gut microbes of their own, then received a transplant of 14 bacteria that normally grow in the human gut. Scientists know the full genetic signature of each one, making it possible to track their activity over time. 6 Natural Metabolism Boosters.

Can you really boost your metabolism?

6 Natural Metabolism Boosters

When most people think of what it means to have a “high metabolism,” they picture someone who’s “luckily” naturally thin. We assume these people can maintain a healthy body composition mostly due to their genetics, despite whether they try to eat a healthy diet and exercise or not. While a properly working metabolism is definitely important for preventing unwanted weight gain, boosting your metabolism is also critical for many other bodily functions related to maintaining general health. What does “metabolism” really even mean? Technically, metabolism is all of the chemical reactions that take place in a living organism every day to keep it alive. Every single system within the body, from the endocrine system to digestive system, is linked to our rate of energy production at the cellular level. Are You in Need of a Metabolism Boost? How do you know if you’re in need of a boost to your metabolism?

How Diets Can Sabotage Your Metabolism 1. 2. 3. Microbiome: Bacterial broadband. The Human Microbiome: considerations for pregnancy, birth and early mothering. Updated and edited: October 2015 This post was co-authored by Jessie Johnson-Cash and based on her presentation at the USC Midwifery Education Day.

The Human Microbiome: considerations for pregnancy, birth and early mothering

The human microbiome is rather fashionable in the world of science at the moment. The NIH Human Microbiome Project has been set up to explore correlations between the microbiome and human health and disease. To date the human microbiome as been associated with, amongst other things obesity, cancer, mental health disorders, asthma, and autism. In this post I am not going to provide a comprehensive literature review – this has already been done, and the key reviews underpinning this discussion are: Matamoros et al. (2012) ‘development of intestinal microbiota in infants and its impact on health’ and Collado et al. (2012) ‘microbial ecology and host-microbiota interactions during early life stages’. What is the human microbiome? Based on a chart by Matamoro et al. 2013. The infant gut microbiome: New studies on its origins and how it's knocked out of balance. A fecal sample analysis of 98 Swedish infants over the first year of life found a connection between the development of a child's gut microbiome and the way he or she is delivered.

The infant gut microbiome: New studies on its origins and how it's knocked out of balance

Babies born via C-section had gut bacteria that showed significantly less resemblance to their mothers compared to those that were delivered vaginally. The study, which appears May 11 in Cell Host & Microbe's special issue on "The Host-Microbiota Balance," also found nutrition to be a main driver of infant gut microbiome development--specifically the decision to breast-feed or bottle-feed. Seeding the Cesarean Born Baby. Updated July 24, 2015.

Seeding the Cesarean Born Baby

Your body is made up of many cells. They are all over your body, not simply inside. Some of these cells are a part of you, other cells are bacteria that live in your body and on your skin. Glogin?mobile=1&URI= Stress during pregnancy affects babies' brain development. Stress during the first trimester of pregnancy alters the population of microbes living in a mother's vagina.

Stress during pregnancy affects babies' brain development

Those changes are passed on to newborns during birth and are associated with differences in their gut microbiome as well as their brain development, according to a new study by University of Pennsylvania researchers. During a vaginal birth, a newborn is exposed to its mother's vaginal microbes, collectively known as the microbiota, which importantly colonizes the newborn's gut, helping its immune system mature and influencing its metabolism. Maternal stress alters offspring gut, brain through vaginal microbiome. Changes in the vaginal microbiome are associated with effects on offspring gut microbiota and on the developing brain, according to a new study published in Endocrinology, a journal of the Endocrine Society.

Maternal stress alters offspring gut, brain through vaginal microbiome

The neonate is exposed to the maternal vaginal microbiota during birth, providing the primary source for normal gut colonization, host immune maturation, and metabolism. These early interactions between the host and microbiota occur during a critical window of neurodevelopment, suggesting early life as an important period of cross talk between the developing gut and brain. "Mom's stress during pregnancy can impact her offspring's development, including the brain, through changes in the vaginal microbiome that are passed on during vaginal birth," said one of the study's authors, Tracy Bale, PhD, of the University of Pennsylvania. Kombucha Tea - History, Health Benefits & Insanity. Kombucha Tea – History and Health Benefits Kombucha is a unique, fermented tea that has been used for millennia to lower blood pressure, improve digestion, and boost the immune system.

Kombucha Tea - History, Health Benefits & Insanity

It is alkaline-forming, simple to brew, and extremely inexpensive. The infant gut microbiome: New studies on its origins and how it's knocked out of balance. Microbirth: The Importance of Seeding Your Baby's Microbiome. By Dr.

Microbirth: The Importance of Seeding Your Baby's Microbiome

Mercola Microorganisms in your gastrointestinal tract form a highly intricate, living "fabric" that plays an integral part in your health, affecting everything from body weight and nutrition, to chronic diseases of all kinds. It is very susceptible to toxins, and one in particular can wreak havoc on your microbiome. Beneficial gut bacteria are very susceptible to glyphosate, the active ingredient in Roundup. Probiotics: myth or miracle? The chances are, you think you are an individual.

Probiotics: myth or miracle?

Within a few social, economic and legal constraints, you probably see yourself as pretty autonomous. The reality, however, is that you are more of an ecosystem than an individual. There are 10 times more microbial cells in your body than human ones. Holobiont: What Obstetricians Aren’t Trained To Care About. 'Keizersnede zet immuunsysteem baby op achterstand' Autism's Gut-Brain Connection. Stress can send your stomach into a painful tailspin, causing cramps, spasms and grumbling. But trouble in the gut can also affect the brain. This two-way relationship may be an unlikely key to solving one of medicine’s most pressing — and perplexing — mysteries: autism. Babies' Gut Bacteria Are Mostly Fixed By Time Spent In The Womb. Your gut bacteria won't change much.

Credit: ponchicaBG By Nicholas Ellaby, University of Liverpool From eyes to the gap between the toes, we are covered in bacterial colonies. Between 500 and 1000 unique species live in our gut alone. We provide an ideal environment for bacteria: warmth, moisture, nutrients and protection. Once the food is mechanically reduced through chewing, bacterial communities in the gut get to work. And gut bacteria’s function is not limited to just digestion. Babies' Gut Bacteria Are Mostly Fixed By Time Spent In The Womb.