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Metanoia (psychology) Metanoia (from the Greek μετάνοια, metanoia, "changing one's mind") has been used in psychology since at least the time of American thinker William James to describe a process of fundamental change in the human personality.[1] The term derives from the Ancient Greek words μετά (metá) (meaning "beyond" or "after") and νόος (noeō) (meaning "perception" or "understanding" or "mind"), and takes on different meanings in different contexts.

Metanoia (psychology)

In Transactional analysis, metanoia is used to describe the experience of abandoning an old scripted self or false self for a more open one: a process which may be marked by a mixture of intensity, despair, self-surrender, and an encounter with the inner void.[7] Jump up ^ Petrushka Clarkson, On Psychotherapy (1993) p. 57Jump up ^ Petrushka Clarkson, On Psychotherapy (1993) p. 57Jump up ^ R. Arp. 1001 Ideas That Changed the Way We Think (2013) p. 255Jump up ^ Petrushka Clarkson, On Psychotherapy (1993) p. 56Jump up ^ D. A. R. Ouroboros. Chaos (cosmogony) Discordianism. "Sacred Chao" redirects here.


For the German thrash metal band by that name, see Living Death. There is some division as to whether it should be regarded as a parody religion, and if so to what degree.[2] It is difficult to estimate the number of Discordians because they are not required to hold Discordianism as their only belief system,[3] and because there is an encouragement to form schisms and cabals.[4][5] Enantiodromia. Though "enantiodromia" was coined by Jung, it is implied in the writings of Heraclitus.


In fr. 126, for example, Heraclitus says "cold things warm, warm things cool, wet things dry and parched things get wet. Nigredo. For the character in Xenosaga, see Gaignun Kukai.


Nigredo is also an album by Diary of Dreams. Nigredo, or blackness, in alchemy means putrefaction or decomposition. The alchemists believed that as a first step in the pathway to the philosopher's stone all alchemical ingredients had to be cleansed and cooked extensively to a uniform black matter.[1] Jung[edit] For Carl Jung, 'the rediscovery of the principles of alchemy came to be an important part of my work as a pioneer of psychology'.[3] As a student of alchemy, he (and his followers) 'compared the "black work" of the alchemists (the nigredo) with the often highly critical involvement experienced by the ego, until it accepts the new equilibrium brought about by the creation of the self'.[4] Jungians interpreted nigredo in two main psychological senses.

Cultural references[edit] W. Dialectical monism. Dialectical Monism Principles[edit] Ideas relating to "teleological evolution" are important in some progressive interpretations of dialectical monism.

Dialectical monism

However, this element has not always been present historically, and is generally not present in contemporary dialectical monisms such as Taoism. It is important to note that teleological tendencies in dialectical monism can significantly differ from other variants of teleology if dialectical progression is linked to materialism, because such an interpretation is a naturalistic progression rather than a result of design or consciousness. Chaos (cosmogony) Demiurge. In the Platonic, Neopythagorean, Middle Platonic, and Neoplatonic schools of philosophy, the demiurge (/ˈdɛmiˌɜrdʒ/) is an artisan-like figure responsible for the fashioning and maintenance of the physical universe.


The term was subsequently adopted by the Gnostics. Pantheon (gods) A pantheon (from Greek Πάνθεον [1] - pantheon, literally "(a temple) of all gods", "of or common to all gods", from πᾶν pan- "all" + θεῖος theios, "of or for the gods", from θεός theos "god") is a set of all the gods of a particular polytheistic religion or mythology.

Pantheon (gods)

Max Weber's 1922 opus, Economy and Society, discusses the link between a pantheon of gods and the development of monotheism. Since the 16th century "pantheon" can also refer in a secular sense to the set of a society's exalted persons.[2] For example "Mick Jagger was exalted into the pantheon of rock megastars". Hermes. Hermes is a god of transitions and boundaries.


He is quick and cunning, and moved freely between the worlds of the mortal and divine, as emissary and messenger of the gods,[1] intercessor between mortals and the divine, and conductor of souls into the afterlife. He is protector and patron of travelers, herdsmen, thieves,[2] orators and wit, literature and poets, athletics and sports, invention and trade.[3] In some myths he is a trickster, and outwits other gods for his own satisfaction or the sake of humankind. His attributes and symbols include the herma, the rooster and the tortoise, purse or pouch, winged sandals, winged cap, and his main symbol is the herald's staff, the Greek kerykeion or Latin caduceus which consisted of two snakes wrapped around a winged staff.[4] Twelve Olympians. Concept[edit] Fragment of a Hellenisticrelief (1st century BC – 1st century AD) depicting the Twelve Olympians carrying their attributes in procession; from left to right, Hestia (scepter), Hermes (winged cap and staff), Aphrodite (veiled), Ares (helmet and spear), Demeter (scepter and wheat sheaf), Hephaestus (staff), Hera (scepter), Poseidon (trident), Athena (owl and helmet), Zeus (thunderbolt and staff), Artemis (bow and quiver), Apollo (lyre), from the Walters Art Museum.[2]

Twelve Olympians

Eshu. A mask representing Eshu.


Èṣù (other names include Exu, Echu, Elegua, Elegbara, Elegba, Legba, Papa Legba and Eleda) is both an orisha and one of the most well-known deities of Yorùbá religion and related New World traditions. Èṣù is a spirit of Chaos and Trickery, and plays frequently by leading mortals to temptation and possible tribulation in the hopes that the experience will lead ultimately to their maturation. In this way he is certainly a difficult teacher, but in the end is usually found to be a good one.[2] As an example of this, let us look at one of his patakis or stories of the faith.[3] Èṣù was walking down a road one day, wearing a hat that was red on one side and black on the other.

Sometime after he entered a village which the road went through, the villagers who had seen him began arguing about whether the stranger's hat was black or red. Chthonic. Some dictionaries, such as the OED, state that the first two letters should be pronounced (as /k/), /ˈkθɒnɪk/, while others, such as the AHD, record these letters as silent, /ˈθɒnɪk/. The modern pronunciation of the Greek word "χθόνιος" is [ˈxθonios],[2] although the Classical Greek pronunciation would have been [ktʰónios].

Chthonic and Olympian[edit] While terms such as "Earth deity" or Earth mother have sweeping implications in English, the words khthonie and khthonios had a more precise and technical meaning in Greek, referring primarily to the manner of offering sacrifices to the deity in question. Some chthonic cults practised ritual sacrifice, which often happened at night time. When the sacrifice was a living creature, the animal was placed in a bothros ("pit") or megaron ("sunken chamber"). Cult type versus function[edit] Hyoscyamus niger. Hyoscyamus niger (commonly known as henbane),[1] also known as stinking nightshade or black henbane, is a plant of the family Solanaceae[1] that originated in Eurasia,[1] though it is now globally distributed. Toxicity and historical usage[edit] Recently evidence for its earlier use in the Scottish Neolithic has been debated.[6]). The name henbane dates at least to AD 1265. Golden Dawn (political party)

The Popular Association – Golden Dawn[5][6] (Greek: Λαϊκός Σύνδεσμος – Χρυσή Αυγή Laïkós Sýndesmos - Chryssí Avgí), usually known simply as Golden Dawn (Greek: Χρυσή Αυγή, Chryssí Avgí pronounced [xriˈsi avˈʝi]), is a far-right[7] political party in Greece. It is led by Nikolaos Michaloliakos. Scholars and media have described it as neo-Nazi[3][8][9] and fascist,[10] [11][12] though the group rejects these labels.[13] Members have expressed admiration of the former Greek leader Ioannis Metaxas, who ruled Greece from 1936 until 1941.[14] They have also made use of Nazi symbolism, and have praised figures of Nazi Germany in the past.[15][16][17] According to academic sources, the group is racist and xenophobic,[18][19] while the party's leader has openly identified it as nationalist and racist.[20] Michaloliakos began the foundations of what would become Golden Dawn in 1980.

It first received widespread attention in 1991, and in 1993 registered as a political party. Nymphaea caerulea. Nymphaea caerulea, also known as the Blue Egyptian water lily or sacred blue lily, is a water-lily in the genus Nymphaea. Distribution[edit] Its original habitat may have been along the Nile and other locations in East Africa. Datura stramonium. Silene undulata. Silene undulata in a small pot Silene undulata (Xhosa: undlela zimhlophe — “white ways/paths”, also known as African Dream Root) is a plant native to the Eastern Cape of South Africa.[1][2] Eleusinian Mysteries. Poppy goddess. Salema porgy. Sarpa salpa, known commonly as the Salema porgy, is a species of sea bream, recognisable by the golden stripes that run down the length of its body, and which can cause hallucinations when eaten.[1] It is relatively common off the coasts of South Africa, Tenerife, Malta and Cyprus, but has occasionally been found as far north as Great Britain.[1] Males are typically 15 to 30 centimeters in length, while females are usually 31 to 45 centimeters.[2] Sarpa salpa was reportedly consumed as a recreational drug during the time of the Roman Empire.[3] The fish became widely known for its psychoactivity following widely publicized articles in 2006, when two men ingested it at a Mediterranean restaurant and began to experience many auditory and visual hallucinogenic effects.[3] These hallucinations, described as frightening, were reported to have occurred minutes after the fish was ingested and had a total duration of 36 hours.

Diplopterys cabrerana. Entheogenic drugs and the archaeological record. Entheogenic drugs have been used by various groups for thousands of years. There are numerous historical reports as well as modern, contemporary reports of indigenous groups using entheogens. Eight-circuit model of consciousness. The eight-circuit model of consciousness is a theory proposed by Timothy Leary and expanded on by Robert Anton Wilson and Antero Alli. Neurotheology.

Ichthyoallyeinotoxism. Psychedelic experience. A "psychedelic experience" is an altered state of awareness induced by the consumption of certain psychotropics, holotropic breathwork, meditation, or sensory deprivation. Entheogen. Bad trip. Chaos magic. Fractal. Economic history of the world. Internet. Margaret Cavendish, Duchess of Newcastle-upon-Tyne. Supernatural. Neurotechnology.

Mind uploading. Cultured neuronal network. Brain–computer interface. List of emerging technologies. Cybernetics. Emergence. Neuroinformatics. Computational neuroscience. Mind uploading in fiction. Artificial neural network. Biological neural network. Ritual. Orthopraxy. Religious views on truth. Meditation.

LaVeyan Satanism.


Psychology. Social model. Great Transition. Transactional interpretation. Cliodynamics. Historic recurrence. Self-sufficiency. Subsistence agriculture. Historical demography. Homesteading. Permaculture. Anti-globalization movement. Planetary phase of civilization.

Ecovillage. Back-to-the-land movement. Artisan fishing. Bioregionalism. Eco-communalism. Democratic transhumanism. Technological singularity. Cross-cultural. Democratic globalization. Global citizens movement. Institution. Culture of the United States. Social class in the United States. American way. Classical demography. Social structure. Organizational culture. Philosophy. Behaviorism.

Philosophy of language. Philosophy of mind. Post-structuralism. Structural functionalism. Logic. Ontology. Reality. Axiology. Epistemology. Modal realism. Determinism. Connectionism. Moral universalism. Cosmopolitanism.