Busuu - Learn languages for free online. Think On Your Own. Coursera. Welcome to IHS - The Institute for Humanist Studies. What is a Good Study?: Guidelines for Evaluating Scientific Studies. Questions to Ask 1. Was the study large enough to pass statistical muster? 2. Was it designed well? 3. Did it last long enough? 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. What is a Good Study? In becoming a science-based person, I can imagine a process that involves three tiers. If you ever would consider a career as a science writer or science journalist, there are a few basic techniques that you must master or at least become proficient at. Keep in mind that when you are evaluating a study, the more of these questions that you can have answered, the better off you are.
Is the study large enough to pass statistical muster? Numbers are very important in this regard. The other side of this question is to determine if the findings of a study are statistically significant, meaning that there is only an acceptably small chance that the findings were due to random chance alone. Is the study designed well? More generally, was there a control group? Did the study last long enough? Virtually no one study proves anything. Sporcle - Trivia, Quizzes & Brain Games. Play Manufactoria.
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Lizard Point Consulting. Arts & Letters Daily - ideas, criticism, debate. tAXtc.jpg (JPEG Image, 600 × 516 pixels) Minuscule 663. Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) is a potentially life-threatening complication in people with diabetes mellitus. It happens predominantly in those with type 1 diabetes, but it can occur in those with type 2 diabetes under certain circumstances. DKA results from a shortage of insulin; in response the body switches to burning fatty acids and producing acidic ketone bodies that cause most of the symptoms and complications. DKA may be the first symptom of previously undiagnosed diabetes, but it may also occur in people known to have diabetes as a result of a variety of causes, such as intercurrent illness or poor compliance with insulin therapy.
Vomiting, dehydration, deep gasping breathing, confusion and occasionally coma are typical symptoms. DKA is diagnosed with blood and urine tests; it is distinguished from other, rarer forms of ketoacidosis by the presence of high blood sugar levels. DKA is a medical emergency, and without treatment it can lead to death. Signs and symptoms HowStuffWorks "Learn how Everything Works!". Math Run - Mathgame - how fast are your Math skills? A simple Math Training Game for everyone.
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Random, Interesting, Amazing Facts - Fun Quizzes and Trivia | Mental Floss. No Excuse List. Busuu - Learn languages for free online. How To Actually Change Your Mind. Welcome to Less Wrong. Mysterious Answers to Mysterious Questions.
A sequence on how to see through the disguises of answers or beliefs or statements, that don't answer or say or mean anything. Mysterious Answers to Mysterious Questions is probably the most important core sequence in Less Wrong. Posts in the sequence are distributed from 28 Jul 07 to 11 Sep 07. Main sequence Making Beliefs Pay Rent (in Anticipated Experiences) Not every belief that we have is directly about sensory experience, but beliefs should pay rent in anticipations of experience. Belief in Belief Suppose someone claims to have a dragon in their garage, but as soon as you go to look, they say, "It's an invisible dragon! " Bayesian Judo You can have some fun with people whose anticipations get out of sync with what they believe they believe. Professing and Cheering A woman on a panel enthusiastically declared her belief in a pagan creation myth, flaunting its most outrageously improbable elements.
Belief as Attire Focus Your Uncertainty The Virtue of Narrowness Your Strength As A Rationalist. Map and Territory (sequence) Ludwig von Mises Institute : The Austrian School Is Advancing Liberty. Sequences. A sequence is a series of multiple posts on Less Wrong on the same topic, to coherently and fully explore a particular thesis. Reading the sequences is the most systematic way to approach the Less Wrong archives.
If you'd like an abridged index of the sequences, try XiXiDu's guide, or Academian's guide targeted at people who already have a science background. Benito's Guide aims to systematically fill the reader in on the most important ideas discussed on LessWrong (not just in the sequences). It also begins with a series of videos, which are a friendly introduction, and useful if you enjoy talks and interviews. If you prefer books over blog posts, Thinking and Deciding by Jonathan Baron and Good and Real by Gary Drescher have been mentioned as books that overlap significantly with the sequences. (Read more about how the sequences fit in with work done by others.) eReader Formats The Sequences have been converted to eReader compatible formats by several projects. Audio Major Sequences: Essay: No true Scotsman. For the practice of wearing a kilt without undergarments, see True Scotsman. Examples A simple rendition of the fallacy: Person A: "No Scotsman puts sugar on his porridge.
" Person B: "But my uncle Angus likes sugar with his porridge. " Person A: "Ah yes, but no true Scotsman puts sugar on his porridge. " Essayist Spengler compared the distinguishing between "mature" democracies, which never start wars, and "emerging democracies", which may start them, with the "No true Scotsman" fallacy, since, according to Spengler, the US academic dogma is that no true democracy starts a war. Origin The use of the term was advanced by British philosopher Antony Flew: Imagine Hamish McDonald, a Scotsman, sitting down with his Glasgow Morning Herald and seeing an article about how the "Brighton [(England)] Sex Maniac Strikes Again".
See also References Parenting/Popular Culture: Media’s Externalization of Your Children’s Self-identity - Dr. Jim Taylor. “To all of Chris’ friends: This is his father. My son carelessly left his account logged in so I decided to snoop around. Upon reading my son’s personal information, I would like to clear a few things up. My son is not a ‘gangsta,’ he will not ‘beat a ho’s ass’ and he will most certainly not ‘roll a fatty wit his boyz.’ So for all of those who think he is some hard ass thug, think again…he is Chris _______, a 15 year old kid that was afraid of the dark until he was 12 and cried at the end of Marley and Me.” Father changing his son’s Facebook status Is there anything more important to your children’s long-term development than the formation of a healthy self-identity?
Self-identity also involves two separate, though related, “mechanisms:” self-awareness and self-esteem. As children mature, healthy self-identity becomes clearly defined; children come to know who they are. Externalization of Self-identity This post is excerpted from Dr. Home Page. List of cognitive biases. Cognitive biases are systematic patterns of deviation from norm or rationality in judgment, and are often studied in psychology and behavioral economics. There are also controversies over some of these biases as to whether they count as useless or irrational, or whether they result in useful attitudes or behavior. For example, when getting to know others, people tend to ask leading questions which seem biased towards confirming their assumptions about the person.
However, this kind of confirmation bias has also been argued to be an example of social skill: a way to establish a connection with the other person. Although this research overwhelmingly involves human subjects, some findings that demonstrate bias have been found in non-human animals as well. For example, hyperbolic discounting has been observed in rats, pigeons, and monkeys. Decision-making, belief, and behavioral biases Social biases Most of these biases are labeled as attributional biases. See also