The Romance languages (sometimes referred to as Romanic languages , Latin languages or Neo-Latin languages ) are all the related languages derived from Vulgar Latin and forming a subgroup of the Italic languages within the Indo-European language family. The Romance languages developed from Latin in the sixth to ninth centuries. Today, there are more than 800 million native speakers worldwide, mainly in Europe and the Americas and many smaller regions scattered throughout the world, as well as large numbers of non-native speakers, and widespread use as lingua franca . [ 1 ] Because of the extreme difficulty and varying methodology of distinguishing among language, variety, and dialect, it is impossible to count the number of Romance languages now in existence, but the standard count places the number of living Romance languages at almost 25. In fact, the number may be slightly larger, and many more existed previously ( SIL Ethnologue lists 47 Romance languages).
Map of Transnistria. Transnistria (also called Trans-Dniestr or Transdniestria ) is a breakaway territory located mostly on a strip of land between the River Dniester and the eastern Moldovan border with Ukraine . Since its declaration of independence in 1990, and especially after the War of Transnistria in 1992, it is governed as the Pridnestrovian Moldavian Republic ( PMR , also known as Pridnestrovie ), a state with limited recognition , which claims the territory to the east of the River Dniester, the city of Bender and its surrounding localities located on the west bank. The Republic of Moldova does not recognise PMR and considers most territory of Transnistria as part of Moldova - as Autonomous territorial unit with special legal status Transnistria ( Unitatea teritorială autonomă cu statut juridic special Transnistria ), [ 2 ] or Stînga Nistrului ("Left Bank of the Dniester"). [ 3 ] [ 4 ] [ 5 ]