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Pedaling Mechanics. Zone 1 Known as the power phase, the portion of the pedal stroke from 12 o'clock to about 5 o'clock is the period of greatest muscle activity. "A lot of people think hamstrings are used only on the upstroke," says Carver, "but a good cyclist uses a lot of hamstring in the downstroke, because it extends the hip. " The key to accessing the large muscles in the back of your leg is dropping your heel as you come over the top of the stroke, says Carver. "At 12 o'clock, your toes should be pointed down about 20 degrees, but as you come over the top, start dropping that heel so that it's parallel to the ground or even 10 degrees past parallel by the time you get to 3 o'clock. " The biggest mistake Carver sees in novice riders: not dropping the heel enough in Zone 1. Zone 2 Using the same muscles as in the power phase, but to a lesser degree, this phase acts as a transition to the backstroke.

Zone 3 Even though you feel like you're pulling your foot through the back of the stroke, you're not. 5 Cycling Workouts That Will Help You Get Fast Quickly : Tabata Intervals to Build Power. 10 One-Hour Trainer Sessions. Every Tuesday we feature workouts that you can complete in 60 minutes (or less!). As we head into the cooler, off-season months we know you’ll be logging more time on your trainer. Here, we’re showcasing 10 of our favorite bike trainer workouts from coaches around the country. Bike Trainer Intensity Mix-Up This workout comes from Bethany Rutledge, owner and head coach at Energy Lab, a power cycling studio in Atlanta, Ga., and coaching director of Atlanta Tri Club.

“If you live in a colder climate and have been dreading using the trainer, here’s a time efficient set to ease into things focusing on form, aerobic fitness and, finally, aerobic capacity and neuromuscular firing,” Rutledge says. Get the workout here. Smooth Pedal Stroke Trainer Session This session comes from Marilyn Chychota, a former elite cyclist and triathlete and now coach for Endurance Corner. Get the workout here. Steady State Trainer Workouts (#1, #2, #3) Workout #1Workout #2Workout #3 ‘Kitchen Sink’ Bike Trainer Workout. What’s Holding You Back As A Cyclist? This fall, address the bike limiters that are standing in the way of your best results. Finding new speed on the bike during your off-season sounds like an unlikely occurrence, right?

But improving some simple things that factor into your cycling strength may be simpler than you think. It may not even involve doing more cycling! How fast you go depends on a few factors: your power, weight and how aerodynamic you are. On a flat course, what matters most is your power and drag. On a very hilly course, your power and weight matter more (watts per kilogram). „Ride more. „Follow a plan. „Hire a coach. RELATED: How To Use A Power Meter In A Race FILED UNDER: Bike / Training. The Benefits Of A Two-A-Day Cycling Plan.

Looking for a breakthrough on the bike? Consider riding twice a day. Trying to improve in three disciplines at once is a demanding juggling act. For athletes wanting to step up the distance or focus on getting better on the bike in particular, improvement often necessitates an increase in volume. Riding more miles means more time, which is not always easy to find with, say, a full-time job, family and social life. One creative solution is to ride twice a day. Between time constraints and lifestyle challenges, a two-a-day cycling plan may help you become a better cyclist in a more efficient manner. Before you try it, here’s what to consider. Potential Benefits Aerobic miles: It’s safe to say most time-constrained age-groupers can benefit from additional aerobic training. Recovery: Though it’s common for high-level runners to run twice per day and label one a recovery workout, an easy cycling workout can be an even better workout for promoting recovery.

RELATED: When To Run Twice In One Day. How To Become An Uber Biker (Part One): Training. If you want to learn how to become an uber biker, pay attention. Over the next few weeks we are going to serialise an article by former Ironman uber biker Torbjorn Sindballe, in which he pulls together the disparate parts of what it takes to be one of the quickest on the course. Written by Torbjorn Sindballe When striving for excellence, there is no magic pill. Sure, the latest aero wheels and a teardrop helmet are important, but becoming really fast on the bike is a long process that occurs over many years and demands endless hours of hard work, sound logic applied without compromise, and a strong belief in your own ability.

While superb genetics are needed to get to the top end of the sport, anyone can work on improving cycling skills—no matter who you are and what your inherent ability is. Your maximal aerobic power is largely determined by your genetics, but it can be improved with a focused effort over long periods of time. Your Aero Edge. Although aerodynamics are incredibly individual to each rider, there are common findings that have come out of the velodrome tests that you can use to uncover more speed. Prioritize a bike fit Manton says he can get most people 85 percent of the way there aerodynamically simply by giving them a proper bike fit. Before you even dream of setting foot on the track, go to a qualified fitter to find your ideal position. “The average age-grouper comes in with a horrible fit,” Stover says. “They’re way too low or way too high in the front. You see a lot of athletes who, by 100 miles into the bike ride, are riding completely upright, and that’s just indicative of a bad fit and/or lack of training.”

As a triathlete, you have to bear in mind that whole running thing afterward, not to mention the need to digest nutrition while riding. Buy an on-trend and well-tested helmet Any aero helmet will be faster than a traditional helmet, but from there it can be pretty individual based on your head shape. Do-It-Yourself Bike Tune-Up: A 5-Step Checklist. Learn how to tune up your bike to save time and money. 1. Clean the chain. Most wet chain lubes double as excellent degreasers.

Cover the chain in the lube, grip the lower segment of the chain with a towel and pedal backward. Keep scrubbing until the chain sparkles. RELATED: Your Bike Race-Ready Checklist 2. RELATED: Your Bike Maintenance Schedule 3. RELATED – Rookie In Training: Bike Maintenance 4. RELATED – TriWorkBench: Adjusting A Rear Derailleur 5. FILED UNDER: Beginner Essentials / Bike / Gear & Tech TAGS: Aaron Hersh / Bike tune up / Gear Advice / how to clean your bike / how to tune a bike / how-to-repairs / tech advice / Triathlon tech.

7 easy ways to get faster with aerodynamics. There are two methods to get faster on the bike: pedal harder, or decrease resistance. By making a few small changes, you can quickly decrease your aerodynamic profile and go faster on your road bike with the same effort. With a PhD in aeronautics, Chris Yu is Specialized’s aero R&D engineer. Ever since the Californian company built its own wind tunnel in 2012, Yu and his team have carried out more than 1,600 hours of aero testing on bikes, parts and riders, from world champions to everyday cyclists. Here he shares some of the basic lessons he’s learned along the way about how to make big aerodynamic gains without breaking the bank.

Each of these tips hinges around the idea that a smaller frontal profile is faster. The first five suggestions add up to as much aero savings as fast aero wheels and an aero frame over a standard setup, Yu says. And don't forget — drop those elbows! 1. 2. 3. “If you’re going for a PR, lose the giant saddle bag; it isn’t helping you,” Yu said. 4. 5. 6. 7. Pedal Slow To Ride Fast. Many novice cyclists ride at a low cadence. Over the past two decades, the mantra of most respected cycling coaches has been to “spin, spin, spin” in order to increase efficiency and speed. By this they mean that instead of turning the pedals at 70 revolutions per minute, athletes should try to move their legs a little more quickly.

This is good advice. Spinning with a smooth average cadence of 85 to 95 rpm on race day is an effective way to maintain a consistent heart rate and conserve glycogen (easily accessible, limited-supply muscle energy) while minimising lactate accumulation. I have taught many age-group athletes who have spent years riding at 70 to 80 rpm to spin at a higher cadence. Sponsored link: Looking for triathlon lifestyle kit? However, training athletes over multiple seasons at higher cadences resulted in a phenomenon I didn’t expect: In some cases, performance started to taper off, and power output dropped. Identifying & targeting the muscles used in cycling. Image: TrainingPeaks (click to enlarge) Every sport has its own set of primary muscles responsible for the majority of work of the sports specific motion. Primary muscles, or movers, are the first muscles called upon when there is a need for increased speed or force.

For a cyclist, these muscles are located in the hips and legs. Sometimes referred to as pistons, the legs, revolving at 80 to 100 reps per minute, are what’s responsible for producing power and speed. This article first appeared on The Power of the Pedal Stroke For a road cyclist pedalling while in the saddle, most of the power happens between the 12 o’clock and 5 o’clock position of the pedal stroke. The power phase happens while the hip and knee extends, pressing downward on the pedal.

Build Strength When it comes to strength training for the bike, there is not one group of muscle that is more important to focus on than the other. Squats Squats focus on the gluteus, quadriceps, hamstrings, and core muscles.

Cycliste : comment s'entrainer pour progresser ? Robert Gauthier et le CMS de Lyon proposent de travailler « sur trois plans » : production maximale d'énergie (puissance équivalente à la VO2 Max), puissance maximale aérobie (puissance mécanique maximale), capacité maximale de travail (puissance au seuil anaérobie). >> Lire notre dossier : VO2Max et PMA Avec un entraînement sur trois niveaux : phase 1 : automatisme et coordination (musculaire et respiratoire), phase 2 : endurance de base (zone 65 à 80 % du seuil anaérobie), phase 3 : endurance foncière (zone 80 à 100 % du seuil anaérobie), résistance (100 à 160 % de la puissance maximale aérobie). Conseils préalables : Phase 1 - Préparation -Automatismes et coordination En côte, travailler la force : monter assis en recul sur la selle en soignant le passage des points morts (minimum de position en danseuse à l'entraînement). En descente, travailler la souplesse : rester en appui constant sur les pédales, même à cadence élevée (passage points morts comme ci-dessus).

30/30. Cycle d'entrainement. : Calcul des developpements d'un velo. Pour celle ou celui qui utilise réguliérement son velo, se pose la question des developpements, et donc des braquets. Si sur une voiture, personne ne connait la valeur de démultiplication, le cycliste, vvtiste ou cyclotouriste, pas forcement sportif, finit par s'interesser au nombre de dents de ses plateaux et pignons. Nous vous proposons ici de faire le tableau des braquets et développements de votre vélo. Il vous suffit de renseigner le nombre de dents pour un à 3 plateaux, et pour un à 12 pignons. Bien sur, rares sont les vélos pourvus de 12 pignons mais cela apparait sur les vélos de course & compétition.

Ensuite, il faut indiquer le type de roue. Vous pouvez choisir dans la liste déroulante, ou indiquer la circonférence, pour avoir une plus grande précision. Enfin, en indiquant une cadence de pédalage (généralement nous aimons pedaler à 60 tours/minute), vous obtiendrez l'allure pour chaque combinaison de rapports. Tableau et Graphique des développements Lien commercial Des questions ? Learn How To Be A Successful Cyclist Through Periodization! As a cyclist progresses through years of intense training, sometimes motivation can lack. Many cyclists will continue to drag themselves through a few more months of training, hoping that their motivation will come back. The problem isn't motivation though.

These athletes are seriously burnt out from the tedious efforts of repeating their cycling workout over and over week in and week out. This lack of energy and drive to cycle doesn't come for no reason though - it is not just "in your head," it is not just a mental block. This is the body's way of telling a cyclist that they are lacking something! Many athletes will start off the spring and summer ready to go and full of motivation to succeed after taking some time off. Then the cycle (no pun intended) repeats itself and the athletes lose motivation. Periodization This is where periodization comes in. By cycling their training (yes that was a pun) cyclists can improve their progression in speed, strength, coordination and even endurance.

Velo Five turbo training sessions - Bike - 220Triathlon. Legendary cyclist Graeme Obree is quoted as saying that the first thing he’d rescue from his house if it was on fire would be his turbo trainer. While most of us probably don’t have the same zealous devotion as him – many would happily see the damn thing go up in flames – there’s no disputing its value as a training tool, especially during the winter months. Try these five sets of our favourites turbo training sessions, and take your biking to the next level this winter. Technique session to develop a smooth, even pedal stroke. Can be used as an extended warm-up for other sessions or as a recovery workout. Warm-up 5mins Easy spinning in smaller chainring and middle sprocket on the cassette. Main set 1min: clip out your weaker leg and rest it on a stool.

Cool-down 5mins easy spinning. Next page.