A FOOD FORECAST: MICROBIOTOURS & FOOD PHREAKING 03 – The Center for Genomic Gastronomy. Friday-Sunday (27–29 May), 11:00-16:00 come to FOOD FORECAST: MICROBIOTOURS & FOOD PHREAKING at the Rowett Institute, Aberdeen, Scotland.
FOOD FORECAST consists of a free walking tour and exhibition by the artist group the Center for Genomic Gastronomy. It has been developed through an Artist in Residence, at the Rowett Institute for Nutrition and Health and supported by the Leverhulme Trust. During their residency at the Rowett over the last year, the Center has focused on emerging research about the human gut microbiota. Food Phreaking. Microbiote digestif humain. Could our gut micriobiome hold a key to treating or preventing autism? Microbiome may be next big frontier in medicine. The GLP aggregated and excerpted this blog/article to reflect the diversity of news, opinion and analysis.
The human gut microbiome — which includes the community of trillions of bacteria living within our intestines — has been called one of the next big frontiers in medicine. In recent years, a growing body of research has shown that the bacteria in our gut exert a powerful influence on our immune and endocrine systems, brain health, mood and cognitive function, and other key biological processes. We know that the balance of good and bad bacteria in the gut can keep us healthy — or can contribute to disease. Now, the next step for this exciting medical frontier is learning how to leverage the power of the microbiome to treat disease. In new research, biologists and medical engineers at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology are doing just that by reprogramming gut bacteria to act as “living therapeutics” that can correct the metabolic dysfunctions underlying certain ailments.
January High Five – Writing and Re-writing History – Altmetric. Welcome to a new year of the Altmetric High Five!
On a monthly basis, my High Five posts examine a selection of the most popular research outputs Altmetric has seen attention for that month. This month’s theme is changing history. The top scientific papers this month according to Altmetric.com all have big implications for our understanding of human, and celestial, history. Pluto may no longer be a planet, but another “planet nine” may lurk beyond it. Revised estimates for the number of human and bacteria cells in the body. You’re probably not mostly microbes « Nothing in Biology Makes Sense!
Why Count Stools in the Human Microbiome? Sorry, it turns out you are human after all. Sorry, it turns out you are human after all It’s often said that the bacteria and other microbes in our body outnumber our own cells by about ten to one.
But that’s a myth that should be forgotten according to a new paper – the ratio between resident microbes and human cells is more likely to be one-to-one. The myth arises from a rough estimate made in 1972 which has persisted ever since. » Ce qui se passe d’extraordinaire chaque fois que vous allez à la toilette… Gas-sensing pills sniff out fiber’s effect on the gut. Intestinal gases are more than just an embarrassing problem.
Changes in the type of gases are linked to digestive diseases like irritable bowel syndrome, which affects at least 15.8 million people in the United States alone. But doctors and scientists didn’t have an easy, reliable tool for figuring out how gases change in sick people—until now. Microbiome remains malleable after birth. The GLP aggregated and excerpted this blog/article to reflect the diversity of news, opinion and analysis.
Trillions of bacteria – and other tiny single-celled organisms, such as archaea and protozoa – live in our bodies, largely in our gut. They’re estimated to outnumber the actual cells of “our” bodies. This ecosystem of tiny creatures we carry around with us is thought to have profound effects on our health. The Human Microbiome Project says that the makeup of an animal’s microbiome has an impact on its immune systems, heart health, and behaviour, among other things. Your Microbes, Yourself – Pacific Standard. An immunotoxicologist by profession, Dietert speaks about these cutting-edge scientific matters with the zeal of the convert.
Indeed, near the end of the book, we learn that he had something of a life-changing experience a few years ago. While visiting Germany for less than a week and eating whatever conference catering provided, Dietert discovered that he was losing weight and enjoying noticeable relief from two chronic conditions: gastric reflux and sinusitis. (The weight loss was all the more unusual because he was sitting in conferences for almost the entire trip.)
Different Strokes: Blending Microbiology and Art. Microbe ISSN: 1558-7452, Online ISSN: 1558-7460 DOI: Volume 11, Issue 12, pages 421- 426 Copyright © 2016, American Society for Microbiology.
All Rights Reserved. Jeffrey MaloyJeffrey Maloy is a graduate student at the University of California, Los Angeles. Although Michele Banks is not a microbiologist, she found herself speaking to a packed room of microbiologists at the 2016 ASM Microbe meeting in Boston last June. “It all started with the paint,” she says. “I was working with wet-in-wet watercolor, making abstract paintings with a kind of bleeding look and fuzzy edges.
Outsider art from a scientist, revealing the hidden machinations of the natural world. Microbial Art. Combien le corps humain renferme-t-il de bactéries ? - RÉALITÉS BIOMÉDICALES : Actualités en médecine et biologie. Trop de gras déséquilibre rapidement la flore intestinale. Métagenome intestinal. Notre intestin est l’hôte d’un immense écosystème bactérien : on comptabiliserait 100 000 milliards de bactéries, soit dix fois plus que le nombre de cellules constituant le corps humain !
Comment les fibres nous protègent du diabète et de l’obésité. Il est bien connu des chercheurs qu’une alimentation riche en fibres protège l’organisme de l’obésité et du diabète.
Néanmoins, les mécanismes à l’œuvre leur échappaient depuis une vingtaine d’années. Une équipe franco-suédoise comprenant des chercheurs du CNRS, de l’Inserm et de l’Université Claude Bernard Lyon 1 (Unité Inserm 855 « Nutrition et cerveau ») vient d’élucider ce mécanisme dans lequel sont impliquées la flore intestinale et la capacité de l’intestin à produire du glucose entre les repas. Ces résultats, publiés dans la revue Cell le 9 janvier 2014, précisent en outre le rôle de l’intestin et de ses microorganismes associés dans le maintien de la glycémie. Ils permettront aussi de proposer de nouvelles recommandations nutritionnelles afin de se prémunir du diabète et de l’obésité. La plupart des fruits sucrés et de nombreux légumes tels que les salsifis, les choux ou les fèves, sont riches en fibres dites fermentescibles. Party Like A Microbe. Bonnie Bassler: How bacteria "talk" Bacterial Identification Virtual Lab.
How Your Gut Bacteria Influence What You Eat. You can’t always trust your gut: it may be deliberately lying to you as part of the eternal microscopic war going on inside your body. Within the human digestive system lives a massive ecosystem of bacteria, known as gut flora or the gut microbiota, and recent research suggests that these microbes can manipulate your brain into eating unhealthy things and even into feeling stressed and depressed. This is all part of the schemes bacteria use to optimize their environment for themselves. In a recent meta-analysis published in the journal BioEssays, researchers from UC San Francisco, Arizona State University, and the University of New Mexico concluded that these microbiota can influence their host's eating patterns through the vagus nerve. MIT Technology Review. Diet, the gut microbiome, and colorectal cancer: are they linked?
New Rochelle, NY, December 9, 2016--Recent evidence from animal models suggests a role for specific types of intestinal bacteria in the development of colorectal cancer (CRC). If a microbial imbalance in the gut could actively contribute to CRC in humans, dietary-based therapeutic interventions may be able to modify the composition of the gut microbiome to reduce CRC risk, as discussed in a review article published in BioResearch Open Access, a peer-reviewed open access journal from Mary Ann Liebert, Inc., publishers. The article is available free on the BioResearch Open Access website. Olivia Coleman and Tiago Nunes, Technical University of Munich (Freising-Weihenstephan, Germany), discuss the significance and therapeutic implications of the latest evidence linking the intestinal microbiota to CRC development and progression. "This review provides an excellent overview of the relationship between the intestinal microbiota and colorectal cancer development.
About the Journal. MICROBIOTE: L'ensemencement vaginal pour transmettre au nouveau-né les bonnes bactéries ? – BMJ. La pratique est de plus en plus courante qui consiste à permettre à la mère, en cas d’accouchement par césarienne, de mettre son nourrisson en contact avec son liquide vaginal afin de lui transmettre une partie de son microbiote, comme c’est le cas, naturellement, en cas d’accouchement par voie basse. En effet, les études ont montré que, privés du contact utérovaginal, les bébés nés par césarienne présentaient une communauté bactérienne moins diversifiée et moins de types de bactéries bénéfiques que les bébés nés par voie vaginale.
La formation du système nerveux de l’intestin. Peut-être le saviez vous déjà, nos intestins grouillent de neurones. Il y en a 100 millions, soit autant que dans le cerveau d’un labrador, mais 1000 fois moins que dans notre vrai grand cerveau, celui là-haut. Igem.org. Zooniverse. Bio Academy —HTGAA. Tal Danino. Corpus Médical de la Faculté de Médecine de Grenoble - Bienvenue. Ernest Pharmaceuticals. Tracking the Daily Rhythms of the Microbiome. IRA FLATOW: This is “Science Friday.” I’m Ira Flatow. Almost every week, there is some discovery about the microbiome. What do you imagine a day in the life of one of your gut bacteria might look like? 161201122159. Gut microbes may play a critical role in the development of Parkinson's-like movement disorders in genetically predisposed mice, researchers report December 1 in Cell. Antibiotic treatment reduced motor deficits and molecular hallmarks of Parkinson's disease in a mouse model, whereas transplantation of gut microbes from patients with Parkinson's disease exacerbated symptoms in these mice.
The findings could lead to new treatment strategies for the second most common neurodegenerative disease in the United States. "We have discovered for the first time a biological link between the gut microbiome and Parkinson's disease. More generally, this research reveals that a neurodegenerative disease may have its origins in the gut, and not only in the brain as had been previously thought," says senior study author Sarkis Mazmanian of the California Institute of Technology. Microbiote de Noël. AeroMorph. Pimagic, retouche photo en ligne à la porté de tous.