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Women (R-T)

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Eleanor Roosevelt. Born: October 11, 1884 New York, New York Died: November 6, 1962 New York, New York American first lady, international diplomat, writer, and philanthropist Eleanor Roosevelt was the wife of Franklin Delano Roosevelt (1882– 1945), the thirty-second president of the United States.

Eleanor Roosevelt

She was a well-known philanthropist (a person who works to aid others through charity). Sappho. Sappho was a female ancient Greek poet who wrote lyrical poetry famous for its intense passion and description of love.

Sappho

Being born on the Isle of Lesbos she is also referred to as the first Lesbian poet. Little is known of her actual life, though she was born around 620BC, and died approximately 50 years later. Unfortunately, much of her poetry has been lost, although some poems have been painstakingly pieced together through surviving fragments. Details of her life are hard to piece together as there are few reliable sources. For example, historians are unsure about whether to take her poetry as reliable autobiographical evidence. However, evidence from the period suggests she was temporarily exiled to Sicily because of political troubles on the island of Lesbos. Sapphos is sometimes referred to as a lesbian. Poetry of Sappho Come back to me, Gongyla, here tonight, You, my rose, with your Lydian lyre.

(from: Please by Paul Roche) –Translated by Josephine Balmer. Sophie Scholl. Sophia Scholl was a German student, who was active in the White Rose – a non-violent resistance group to Hitler and the Nazi party.

Sophie Scholl

Elizabeth Cady Stanton. Elizabeth Cady Stanton (1815-1902) – early feminist, civil rights activist and women’s rights advocate.

Elizabeth Cady Stanton

Elizabeth Cady Stanton was an influential figure in the civil rights movement of the Nineteenth Century. Stanton advocated the end of slavery, and equal rights for women and black Americans. After the American civil war, Stanton became increasingly focused on the issue of female suffrage and feminist issues. She was a strong supporter of the Temperance movement, and was also critical of organised Christianity for relegating the role of women. She wrote influential pamphlets and books, including: Declaration of Sentiments and Resolutions (1848) A Petition for Universal Suffrage (1866) History of Woman Suffrage (1881-1922) The Woman’s Bible (1895-1898) She is considered by many to be one of the key founders of the women’s rights movement in the US.

Early Life Elizabeth Cady Stanton. Nettie Maria Stevens. Nettie Maria Stevens and Edmund Beecher Wilson both independently developed the idea of sex determination by chromosomes.

Nettie Maria Stevens

Their work established the importance of chromosomes in heredity and helped Thomas Hunt Morgan interpret the early genetic results from Drosophila. Nettie Stevens was one of the first female scientists to make a name for herself in the biological sciences. She was born in Cavendish, Vermont. Her family settled in Westford, Vermont. Stevens' father was a carpenter and handyman.

Stevens was a brilliant student, consistently scoring the highest in her classes. After Stanford, Stevens went to Bryn Mawr College for more graduate work. In 1903, Stevens got her Ph.D. from Bryn Mawr, and started looking for a research position. Stevens' assistantship at Bryn Mawr still meant that she had to teach.

To prove the fertilizing power of semen (which contain sperm), in 1784, scientists put pants on male frogs before allowing them to mate. Why have a reduction system for meiosis? Harriet Beecher Stowe. Harriet Beecher Stowe was a writer and anti-slavery campaigner.

Harriet Beecher Stowe

She is best known for her book ‘Uncle Tom’s Cabin‘ This was a vivid depiction of slavery and its human cost. It was influential in shaping public opinion about slavery in the period leading upto the American civil war. She was born June 14, 1811 in Litchfield, Connecticut to a strongly religious family. She was educated at a girls school and received a wide ranging education. When she was 21 she moved to Ohio where she became involved in various literary circles and became concerned with social issues of the day..

Harriet married Calvin Ellis Stowe on January 6 1836. Though experiences such as this, Harriet gained a close hand knowledge of the institution of slavery. Kathrine Switzer. Trotula of Salerno (? -1097 A.D.) Trung Sisters. Beginning in 111 BCE, Han China sought to impose political and cultural control over northern Vietnam.

Trung Sisters

The Chinese assigned their own governors, who oversaw the existing local leadership. Despite the relatively loose control, cultural differences made relations between the Vietnamese and their Chinese conquerors tense. In particular, Han China followed the strictly hierarchical and patriarchal system espoused by Confucius (Kong Fuzi), whereas the Vietnamese social structure was based on more equal status between the sexes. Unlike those in China, women in Vietnam could serve as judges, soldiers, and even rulers. They also had equal rights to inherit land and other property. To the Confucian Chinese, it must have been shocking that the Vietnamese resistance movement was led by two women - the Trung Sisters, or Hai Ba Trung. The Trung Sisters: Trung Trac and Trung Nhi were the daughters of a Vietnamese nobleman and military general in the area near Hanoi. Queen Trung: Defeat and Subjugation: