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First woman to swim the English Channel: from the archive, 7 August 1926. Miss Gertrude Ederle, a 19-year-old New York swimmer, swam the English Channel yesterday from the French coast to England.

First woman to swim the English Channel: from the archive, 7 August 1926

She is the first woman to accomplish this feat, which has been performed on only five previous occasions, although her fellow countrywoman Miss Clarabelle Barrett came within two miles of it last Monday. Her time is given as 14 hours 45 minutes, which sets up a new Channel swimming record, the previous best being 16 hours 33 minutes - the performance of Tiraboschi, the Italian swimmer, in 1923. This is Miss Ederle’s second attempt, her first being in 1925. The Channel has now been swum as follows:- 1875 Captain Webb 21h. 45m1911 Burgess 21h. 35m.1923 (August) Sullivan 26h. 50m.1923 (August) Tiraboschi 16h. 33m.1923 (September) Toth 16h. 54m.1926 Miss Ederle 14h. 45m. Miss Ederle began her effort at seven o’clock yesterday morning in unfavourable conditions.

Meet Margaret Hamilton, the badass '60s programmer who saved the moon landing. Happy moon landing day!

Meet Margaret Hamilton, the badass '60s programmer who saved the moon landing

July 20, 2015 marks the 46th anniversary of Apollo 11's arrival on the moon. The lunar lander holding Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin touched down at 4:18 PM eastern, and Armstrong became the first human in history to walk on the lunar surface at 10:56 PM. Huge amounts of aeronautical and hardware engineering effort went into the Apollo program from its birth in 1961 to its completion in 1972, as NASA and its partners designed the Saturn V rocket to get astronauts out of Earth's orbit, the command/service modules that orbited the moon, and the lunar modules that actually landed on the moon.

But Apollo was also a major software project. Astronauts used the Apollo Guidance Computer, which was placed in both the command module and the lunar module, for navigation assistance and to control the spacecraft, and someone needed to program it. NASA, via Steve Milan Literally weaving software together. Indira Gandhi. Indira Gandhi née: Nehru; (19 November 1917 – 31 October 1984) was the Prime Minister of the Republic of India for three consecutive terms from 1966 to 1977 and for a fourth term from 1980 until her assassination in 1984, a total of fifteen years.

Indira Gandhi

She was India’s first female Prime Minister. In 1999, she was voted the greatest woman of the past thousand years in a poll carried by BBC news, ahead of other notable women such as Queen Elizabeth I of England, Marie Curie and Mother Teresa. Gabrielle Giffords. Gabrielle Giffords is a former Arizona congresswoman who made headlines when she became the victim of an assassination attempt, from which she later recovered.

Gabrielle Giffords

Synopsis Born in Arizona in 1970, Gabrielle Giffords worked as an urban planner before winning election to the Arizona State House of Representatives in 2002. She was elected to U.S. Congress in 2007—only the third Arizona woman to do so. Giffords was the victim of an assassination attempt in 2011. Early Life Gabrielle Dee "Gabby" Giffords was born on June 8, 1970, in Tucson, Arizona, to mother Gloria Kay and father Spencer J. Giffords earned her bachelor degree from Scripps College in 1993, majoring in Latin American history and sociology. Political Career Also in 2000 Giffords, at one time a Republican, switched over to the Democratic party and decided to try her hand at politics.

Giffords earned re-election in 2008, defeating Republican state Senate President Timothy Bee, a childhood schoolmate, with 55 percent of the vote. Emma Goldman. Germaine Greer. Brought up in Melbourne, Australia, Germaine Greer became attracted to radical anarchist philosophies which sought to challenge the perceived wisdom of the day.

Germaine Greer

She was particularly attracted by radical feminist politics and her book – The Female Eunuch (1970) proved a pivotal book in the ‘post feminist’ literature of the 1970s. The Female Eunuch explores the idea of continual female oppression arguing that society seeks to impose certain norms onto women’s expected behaviour. In the book Germaine argues it is time for women to get angry again and pursue greater independence away from the social pressures that exist.

The Female Eunuch and Germaine Greer have been associated with the ‘bra burning movement’ because Germaine pointed out how restrictive and uncomfortable a 1960s bra could be. “Bras are a ludicrous invention,” she wrote, “but if you make bralessness a rule, you’re just subjecting yourself to yet another repression.” She has courted both praise and controversy. Hatshepsut. Hatshepsut was the longest reigning female pharaoh in Egypt, ruling for 20 years in the 15th century B.C.


She is considered one of Egypt's most successful pharaohs. Synopsis Born circa 1508 B.C., Queen Hatshepsut reigned over Egypt for more than 20 years. She served as queen alongside her husband, Thutmose II, but after his death, claimed the role of pharaoh while acting as regent to her step-son, Thutmose III. She reigned peaceably, building temples and monuments, resulting in the flourish of Egypt. Early Life The only child born to the Egyptian king Thutmose I by his principal wife and queen, Ahmose, Hatshepsut was expected to be queen. Ascent to Power Thutmose II died after a 15 year reign, making Hatshepsut a widow before the age of 30.