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Deja vu but different: how the fall of one New Zealand city helped save another | Cities. There was an uneasy sense of recognition as Mike Gillooly, Christchurch’s chief resilience officer, helicoptered over the township of Kaikoura, the epicentre of New Zealand’s latest major earthquake, last November. Railway tracks had been hauled off their foundations and lay sprawled across roads. Massive landslides entirely covered the main highway, cutting off access to this small seaside settlement on the east of the country’s South Island. Along the coast, the seabed had been pushed up almost two metres, exposing shellfish clinging to previously submerged rocks.

Inland, Gillooly could see massive cracks that had appeared along fault lines running through hilly farmland. Thousands were displaced as emergency services responded to the 7.8-magnitude earthquake that struck shortly after midnight. “It was deja vu, but it was different,” Gillooly says. “The scale of response was massive,” Gillooly recalls. However, severe weather compounded the problems. New Zealand’s new coastline.

The 7.8 magnitude earthquake that hit New Zealand in November has caused the seafloor around Kaikoura to rise a full two metres out of the water At Kaikoura, on the northeast coast of New Zealand’s south island, what used to be the seabed has now become a wall of stone two metres high. Laced with seaweed and the purplish layers of rock, the raised platform is the raw product of the category 7.8 earthquake that struck the region on 13 November. Image: NASA Earth Observatory images by Joshua Stevens, using Landsat data from the U.S. Geological Survey and Sentinel data from the European Space Agency Map Data Imagery ©2017 Cnes/Spot Image, DigitalGlobe, Landsat / Copernicus Map DataImagery ©2017 Cnes/Spot Image, DigitalGlobe, Landsat / Copernicus ‘The change happened in seconds,’ says Dr Joshu Mountjoy, a marine geologist at New Zealand’s National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research, ‘with a fault rupture speed of approximately two kilometres per second.’

(Image: Anna Redmund) Global earthquake animation - GIF on Imgur. Indonesia quake: Search for survivors continues. New Zealand quake: The cut-off tourist town of Kaikoura. Image copyright AP The tourists are gone, the town is cut off and the sewage is backing up, but businesses in quake-hit Kaikoura are vowing to struggle on. The town was cut off from the rest of New Zealand's South Island when a magnitude 7.8 earthquake destroyed its roads and railway on 14 November. Nearly two weeks later there is still no easy way in or out of the town and its biggest industries - fishing, agriculture and tourism - have ground to an agonising halt, just as it was preparing for peak visitor season.

Image copyright AFP "Quite literally, the money has just stopped coming in," said Matt Foy, the founder of Kaikoura Kayaks. "We've had a couple of tours out with people who were stranded here who have nothing else to do, but at this time of year we should be absolutely heaving. " Like many in the town, he is relying on government assistance, considerate banks and donations. A town which relies on tourism, farming and fishing is now struggling to find a way forward. Image copyright EPA. Magnitude 7.0 quake shakes Central America - News from Al Jazeera.

A 7.0 magnitude earthquake off the Pacific coast of Central America has shaken the region, just as a hurricane barrelled into the Caribbean coasts of Nicaragua and Costa Rica. There were no immediate reports of any damage from Thursday's quake, which occurred around 120km off the coast of El Salvador at a depth of 33km, according to the US Geological Survey. Earlier reports had put the quake's magnitute at 7.2. A tsunami alert issued by El Salvador was later lifted. In El Salvador, the earthquake could be felt in the regions of Chalatenango, San Salvador, Cabanas and San Miguel.

El Salvador sits along the major seismic zone known as the Pacific Ring of Fire, a series of faults marked by 450 active volcanoes over 40,000km. Over the past two weeks, earthquakes with magnitudes over 7.0 have hit Japan and New Zealand, both of which are also near the Ring of Fire. Shaking was also felt in the Nicaraguan capital of Managua, and as far as the Costa Rican capital San Jose. Source: News Agencies. Japan: Earthquake triggers tsunami at Fukushima - News from Al Jazeera. A powerful earthquake sent a series of moderate tsunamis towards Japan's northeastern shore, raising concerns about the Fukushima nuclear power plant destroyed by a much larger tsunami five year ago.

The magnitude 7.4 earthquake, which was felt in Tokyo, sent thousands of residents fleeing for higher ground as dawn broke along the northeastern coast. There were no reports of deaths or serious injuries several hours after the quake hit at 0559 (2059 GMT Monday). The tsunami warning was lifted nearly four hours later. The earthquake was centred off the coast of Fukushima prefecture at a depth of about 10km, the Japan Meteorological Agency said. A wave up to 1.4 metres high was recorded at Sendai, about 70km north of Fukushima, with smaller waves hitting ports elsewhere along the coast, public broadcaster NHK said.

Television footage showed ships moving out to sea from harbours as tsunami warnings wailed. Earthquakes are common in Japan, one of the world's most seismically active areas. 7.3-magnitude earthquake strikes off Japan. Residents in Fukushima Prefecture braced for the worst after a tsunami warning was issued early Tuesday morning -- along the same stretch of coast devastated by enormous waves five years ago. In 2011, a 9.0-magnitude earthquake -- one of the worst ever to hit Japan -- killed more than 20,000 people and caused tsunamis of up to 12 meters (40 feet) which swamped the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant, triggering a nuclear meltdown. Tuesday's quake struck close to the epicenter of the 2011 quake, just 37 kilometers (23 miles) east-southeast of Namie at a depth of 11.4 kilometers (7 miles).

The quake triggered a tsunami warning in Japan's Fukushima and Miyagi prefectures, causing the government to urge thousands to seek higher ground amid warnings waves could be up to 3 meters high (10 feet). Speaking to CNN, resident from Fukushima prefecture said they immediately feared the worst when they felt Tuesday's earthquake. "I cannot describe in words how terrible to live in fear ... New Zealand hit by aftershocks after severe earthquake. Strong aftershocks have rocked New Zealand following a 7.8-magnitude earthquake that killed two people. The South Island has seen hundreds of tremors, including a 6.3-magnitude quake, after the initial one struck after midnight on Monday. The epicentre is northeast of Christchurch, near the town of Kaikoura which has been cut off by landslides. There are believed to be up to 1,000 tourists stranded in the town. Military helicopters and a navy ship are being sent to evacuate them and others from Kaikoura.

Cricket test set to go ahead in Christchurch The aftershocks have left some communities without power and water, although authorities are slowly restoring supplies. Prime Minister John Key described the scene in Kaikoura as "utter devastation" while flying over the area. GeoNet, a government-funded project monitoring earthquakes, said the first earthquake was actually two related tremors, and that aftershocks would continue over the next few months. Image copyright Getty Images. Japan: Aftermath of a Disaster. Ten years ago, in November 2006, Al Jazeera English was launched. To mark that anniversary, we've created REWIND, which updates some of the channel's most memorable and award-winning documentaries of the past decade. We find out what happened to some of the characters in those films and ask how the stories have developed in the years since our cameras left.

Japan had been waiting decades for "the big one" to hit, an earthquake powerful enough to devastate the country Emergency services and the public were drilled in how to respond when the earth moved; thousands of kilometres of sea walls were built to protect the coast from tsunamis, the deadly after-effects of quakes out at sea. But when the earthquake came on March 11, 2011, few would have predicted the devastation it caused. The magnitude 9.0 quake unleashed a tsunami so powerful, it tore through Japan's defences as though they were not there. "There are people who have returned to the affected area ... Source: Al Jazeera. Italy earthquake: More than 15,000 people in shelters. Dramatic images from the disaster zone show villages that appear entirely flattened, with historic buildings, including churches, crumbling when the quake struck 10 kilometers below the earth's surface.

Remarkably, there have been no reports of deaths from the 6.6-magnitude quake -- the strongest to hit the country in more than three decades -- as many of the towns had been evacuated following a devastating earthquake in August, which killed almost 300 people, as well as a string of tremors earlier last week.

Titti Postiglione, spokeswoman for Italy's Civil Protection agency, told reporters Monday that the number of people in temporary shelter was expected to grow as the agency continued its work in affected areas. "We are working under extremely difficult conditions," she said. "The roads were already compromised after the previous quakes and now they're even worse. " Mayor: We must 'start from scratch' 'At their wits' end'

Italy's Most Violent Tremor in Decades May Have Long-Term Impact. A 6.6-magnitude earthquake rocked central Italy on Sunday morning, and is believed to be the strongest quake to hit the nation in decades. The earthquake at about 7:40 a.m. local time was centered near Norcia, Italy, a town in the Perugia region about 150 kilometers northeast of Rome.

Aftershocks were reported as far away as Venice. The quake brought down several buildings but no deaths were reported; many had evacuated (25,000 are now reportedly displaced) after the area experienced a foreshock of a lower magnitude. Italy Prime Minister Matteo Renzi called the quake "the strongest since the Irpinia one," a 6.9-magnitude earthquake in southern Italy in November 1980 that killed some 3,000 people. An earthquake of a comparable magnitude (6.2) hit the region in August, killing more than 300 people. Though the damage caused by the most recent quake is less significant than that of the August quake, the tremors could still mean disaster for the region. Italy earthquake: historic structures levelled in biggest quake since 1980 | World news.

Prime minister Matteo Renzi swore that Italy would rebuild devastated towns and villages across central Italy that were rocked by a 6.6-magnitude earthquake on Sunday morning, saying the area represented the “soul of our country”. It was the most powerful earthquake to hit Italy since 1980, striking a blow to the regions of Marche and Umbria just days after they were hit by two other earthquakes. It also frightened and displaced thousands of already-jittery residents who have seen the ancient structures and walls in their towns, including the San Benedetto basilica in Norcia, which is considered a sacred site, crumble into heaps on the street.

“We will rebuild everything — the houses, the churches, the shops. We are dealing with marvelous territories, territories of beauty,” Renzi said. The epicentre of the latest earthquake was about 40 miles (68km) (40 miles) south-west of Perugia and close to the town of Norcia, which had also been hit by Wednesday night’s quakes. “It all came down. What 50 Years of Earthquakes and Volcanic Eruptions Look Like.

Has a violent heartbeat. We feel it whenever the ground quakes and volcanoes erupt. These devastating events, which kill thousands of people and affect millions more every year, may seem like random acts of nature. But when you watch them over a long time scale, a pattern emerges. A new interactive app released Thursday shows more than 50 years’ worth of earthquakes and eruptions occurring across the globe. The blue dots represent strong quakes (5 on the Richter scale and above), and the red triangles mark volcanic blasts.

“Our planet has an internal heat engine; it’s like a warm-blooded animal,” said Elizabeth Cottrell, the director of the Global Volcanism Program at the , which created the app. By looking at the interactive, you can see that earthquakes and eruptions are concentrated along plate boundaries, the locations where Earth is creating or destroying crust. The map also features large green blobs that represent sulfur dioxide emissions spewed from volcanoes. Magnitude 7 earthquake in California could be imminent as swarm of smaller quakes strike near major faultline | The Independent. California may be about to be hit by a massive magnitude 7 earthquake after geologists discovered a succession of smaller tremors under a lake near the San Andreas fault. An earthquake warning – stating that a quake is more likely in the next three days – has been issued by the California Office of Emergency Services after fears that the rumblings may trigger a much larger quake affecting the southern part of state, including Los Angeles, San Diego and San Bernardino.

"Any time there is significant seismic activity in the vicinity of the San Andreas fault, we seismologists get nervous," said Thomas Jordan, director of the Southern California Earthquake Centre. "We recognise that the probability of having a large earthquake goes up. " The news comes after more than 140 smaller quakes rippled under the Salton Sea, a lake situated north of San Diego. The likelihood of this event, however, decreases as each day passes. Three quakes in the swarm measured above a magnitude of four.

Reuse content. Earthquake early warning system closer to reality for California. Gov. Jerry Brown on Thursday, Sept. 29, signed legislation that will put California on track for a long-awaited earthquake early warning system that officials said could begin in some areas in as little as one year. The warning signals, delivered to smarphones and other media, can be programmed to slow trains, halt traffic from entering tunnels, shut down manufacturing machinery, put electronic systems in “safe” mode, and command fire station garage doors to open. Medical procedures and other delicate work can halt when warnings are issued. The challenges are to link sensors and communication systems throughout the state and deliver reliable, nearly-instant warnings that may be only a few seconds when the quake’s epicenter is nearby. RELATED Should we worry about the Salton Sea earthquakes?

The sensors can detect the fastest shock waves from earthquakes, known as p-waves. “Think of the possibilities,” said Sen. It is a system still under development. Magnitude 7 earthquake in California could be imminent as swarm of smaller quakes strike near major faultline | The Independent. Italy earthquake: Race to help homeless as nights turn cold. Survivors of Italy's deadly earthquake all have a different story to tell of the day their homes crumbled and their lives fell apart. For Roberta, a mother-of-four, it was being asked Why Mummy, was there fog hanging over the village, as she gazed into a cloud of dust on the morning of 24 August. For Samuele, her youngest, it was the work of a monster that lives in the back garden of his damaged house. Samuele turned four on Monday.

He still covers his eyes not to see the creature, each time he goes across the lawn to their tent to sleep. For Enzo, it was all about emerging unscathed. Road signs still lead to Pescara del Tronto but the village is gone, except for Enzo. For Francesco, a rescue manager, it was getting home in the early hours after a night out, climbing into bed and immediately being shaken out of it. How bad was the quake? The 6.0-magnitude earthquake claimed 298 lives. Fewer people lost their homes this time. Image copyright Antonio Filippini "These are our mountains. Indonesia evacuates tourists after volcano eruption. Are we listening to our ancestors’ warnings? | Sustainable Cities. Gravitational pull 'has role in quakes' Innovative Christchurch buildings designed to beat quakes. Lessons from L'Aquila.

Natural disasters: earthquakes. Some Villages in Italy May Never Recover From Earthquake. Italy earthquake: Death toll passes 240 as rescue efforts continue. Earthquake in Italy: Live updates. Earthquake leaves at least 13 dead in central Italy. New Earthquake Threat Could Lurk Under 140 Million People.