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No democratic deficit

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Pressure group. “Shared aims” are not necessarily narrowly political, for instance The Ramblers’ Association may only want more footpaths.

Pressure group

“Policy” could refer to the options chosen by any branch of government (Executive, Legislative or Judicial) or any level of government(UK, National, Local or European), or indeed other organisations, such as companies. In fact, pressure groups are increasingly targeting image-conscious companies directly. This is because governments themselves may be frightened of driving away international investment if they introduce laws which irritate multinational corporations. “Political means” usually means lobbying (trying to persuade Ministers, MPs, European Commissioners etc, either through direct contact or through paid intermediaries). It also means petitioning, commissioning reports, taking cases to court, organising boycotts and demonstrations. Other means are more controversial. “Itself” means that the pressure group won’t put up candidates for election. Digital democracy: will 2015 be the year social media wins the General Election?

More than two decades after a certain tabloid boasted ‘It’s The Sun wot won it’ for John Major in the 1992 election, political insiders are wondering whether this time it’ll be Twitter or Facebook — or, indeed, YouTube, Vice or BuzzFeed — making that claim about whoever emerges victorious.

Digital democracy: will 2015 be the year social media wins the General Election?

Will 2015 mark the end of the old media elections, the last time ‘dead-tree’ newspapers, radio and television call the shots, and usher in a new world in which the digital giants lead the way? David Cameron — still regretting his ‘too many tweets might make a twat’ line from 2009 — has executed a digital reverse ferret. Not only has he signed up to Twitter, but you can barely click on to YouTube without seeing the PM extolling his long-term economic plan.

In 2013, he hired as a campaign strategy adviser Jim Messina, chief of Barack Obama’s 2012 campaign, which was largely fought over the internet. A year later, Ed Miliband signed up David Axelrod, Obama’s former White House strategist. Reuse content. Is e-democracy now a reality? The Downing Street website crashes under the weight of e-mails from angry voters.

Is e-democracy now a reality?

Former Cabinet ministers Alan Milburn and Charles Clarke - not men previously associated with the cutting edge of technology - make a big splash at Westminster with the launch of a website. A British-made film praising American foreign policy becomes a hit on You Tube. There have been more than a few false dawns since e-evangelists first predicted the internet would revolutionalise British politics. But in the past few weeks a watershed moment may have been reached. The net finally appears to be moving into the mainstream of British political life. The question now is where does it go from here? Feeling The road pricing petition, which saw 1.8 million people e-mailing the Downing Street website, was arguably the biggest protest against government policy since 2003's anti-war march. A judiciously timed message announcing a change of policy could work wonders on sceptical voters. 'Virtual party' He is not alone.

Women to make up nearly half of Theresa May’s reshuffled Cabinet. Labour leadership election: Jeremy Corbyn vows to 'extend democracy' across UK. To continue providing news and award winning journalism, we rely on advertising revenue.

Labour leadership election: Jeremy Corbyn vows to 'extend democracy' across UK

To continue reading, please turn off your ad blocker or whitelist us. Jeremy Corbyn promised to "extend democracy" across the UK as he unveiled four new pledges, as part of his campaign to retain the leadership of the Labour party. The left-winger claimed Britain faces a "democratic deficit" in politics, business and the economy. Corbyn reaffirmed his commitment to axe the unelected House of Lords and, among other things, to introduce new collective and individual rights at work. The announcement comes after Corbyn's controversial decision to nominate human rights campaigner Shami Chakrabarti for a peerage. "I am determined to democratise our country from the ground up, and give people a real say in their communities and workplaces," Corbyn said.

"Decisions in Britain are overwhelmingly taken from the top down. "I believe in the wisdom of ordinary citizens. The European elite forgot that democracy is the one thing Britain holds most ... 3 Membership of UK political parties. Latest Party membership figures According to the latest available estimates from political parties’ head offices, press releases and media estimates: The Labour Party has around 515,000 members, as of July 2016.The Conservative Party had 149,800 members as of December 2013, the latest available estimate published by CCHQ.The Scottish National Party has around 120,000 members, as of July 2016.The Liberal Democrat Party has 76,000 members, as of July 2016.The Green Party (England and Wales) has 55,500 members, as of July 2016.UKIP has around 39,000 members, as of July 2016.The Plaid Cymru has 8,273 members, as of July 2016.

3 Membership of UK political parties

Membership of UK political parties, July 2016 Note: Conservative figures are as of 1 December 2013 (Latest available estimate) Source: latest available figures provided by party head offices Historic analysis of Labour, Conservative and Liberal Democrat parties membership is available in the section 2.2 (pages 6-8)