Basic income guarantee. An unconditional basic income (also called basic income, basic income guarantee, universal basic income, universal demogrant, or citizen’s income) is a proposed system of social security in which all citizens or residents of a country regularly receive an unconditional sum of money, either from a government or some other public institution, in addition to any income received from elsewhere. A basic income is typically intended to be only enough for a person to survive on, so as to encourage people to engage in economic activity.
A basic income of any amount less than the social minimum is sometimes referred to as a 'partial basic income'. On the other hand, it should be high enough so as to facilitate any socially useful activity someone could not afford to engage in if dependent on working for money to earn a living.  Basic income systems financed on returns to publicly owned enterprises are major components in many proposals for market socialism.
Properties Basic Income, a new human right. IEET Contributor, B. Abbott on Structural Unemployment Sign the petition here: Follow us on facebook: Basic Income should be universal, individual, unconditional and high enough to ensure a dignified existence and participation in society. This new fundamental right for humanity, not only would eradicate misery, it is also a way to develop non-market oriented work: such as artists, parents and volunteers. But it's also an economic measure! Therefore, it would enable us to fully exercise our citizenship. More about basic income: French Version: Italian Version: Spanish Version: Dutch: Want to add more languages? Polish subtitles credits: Listen/View. The unconditional basic income: a solution?
Last year, the European Commission received a ‘citizens’ initiative’ on the introduction of an unconditional basic income in the European Union. It asked to promote and encourage cooperation among the Member States in order to launch such a basic income and to improve the systems of social security. One million signatories were necessary to successfully introduce this demand, but it failed. However, it did stimulate the debate. In many meetings of social movements, someone is asking to put this topic on the agenda, whereas social protection is hardly mentioned.
It is indeed an attractive and easy proposal, more particularly at a moment when all people are suffering from austerity policies and when social protection systems are ‘modernized’ in order to make them more ‘effective’. The proposal certainly has to be looked at carefully in order to see its advantages and its pitfalls. Semantic clarification This BI is not the same as the ‘guaranteed minimum income’ (MI).
The advantages. Seedbombing: applying the principles of permaculture to finance | Ecology Building Society. Brett Scott – campaigner and author of The Heretic’s Guide to Global Finance – makes the case for permaculture principles and guerrilla tactics in redesigning our financial system Finance, even in its most high-tech formulations, is rooted in ecological systems. A high-frequency trading hedge fund, for example, relies on electricity created by burning fossilised organic matter. It relies on employees, surviving via agricultural systems.
It trades in company shares, given value by the actions of those companies’ employees using assets (like computers and telecommunications systems) that are all dependent – at some level – on mining, forestry, and other extractive industries. The financial system has been a net drain on ecological systems, though. Permaculture is a body of thought that attempts to build ecological dynamics into design. Cultivating long-term balance A classic example of a parasitic financial institution is a payday lender. The ideal welfare system is a basic income. The British government spends more on welfare than it does on anything else apart from healthcare. The benefits system is arcane and unwieldy, a mish-mash of disparate attempts to address different social problems in a piecemeal fashion. It creates perverse incentives for those on it, such as people stuck in a ‘benefits trap’ where they lose almost as much money in benefits by working as they are earning, and distorts entire markets by inflating prices, as housing benefit does to the housing market.
Most people agree that the system is broken, though solutions differ. The Universal Credit is a fundamentally good idea that is failing because of the difficulty of implementing successful piecemeal reforms to a system as complicated as benefits in the UK, and will ultimately probably not succeed in the way its architects intend because it doesn’t go far enough. For example, we could set a basic income of £10,000/year by using a cut-off point of £20,000/year, and withdrawal rate of 50%. Technologically enhanced basic income as a solution to technological unemployment | DarkAI Blog. This proposal is presented for peer review purposes. Please shoot it down if you think it sucks, improve on it if you can, and I’ll credit you as a contributor.
The latest PDF: “Resilience Network Project White paper v 0.2f” Resilience Network Project White paper v 0.2d Proposed by: firstname.lastname@example.org on 12/10/2013 (Proof of Existence: c2e463ccb40b769c54d078399bd41f3ed45ff4aaf584d0acc0a95db646ebdb90) Peer reviewed by: Contributions by: Abstract The ideas presented in this paper developed in response to help resolve some of the problems which will result from technological unemployment. Introduction “Current economic theory simply does not consider the possibility that robot labor might replace human labor as the primary source of economic growth.
The solution categories are political and technological There are generally two categories from which solutions to high unemployment are formed and chosen. Political solutions. A Strategic Opening for a Basic Income Guarantee in the Global Crisis Being Created by AI, Robots, Desktop Manufacturing and BioMedicine. James J. Hughes Institute for Ethics and Emerging Technologies Trinity College, Hartford CTjames.email@example.com Journal of Evolution and Technology - Vol. 24 Issue 1 – February 2014 - pgs 45-61 Abstract Robotics and artificial intelligence are beginning to fundamentally change the relative profitability and productivity of investments in capital versus human labor, creating technological unemployment at all levels of the workforce, from the North to the developing world.
For two hundred years economists have occasionally come to the conclusion that advancing technologies would destroy more jobs than they created. We are being afflicted with a new disease of which some readers may not yet have heard the name, but of which they will hear a great deal in the years to come - namely, technological unemployment. Again, the prediction of technological unemployment proved premature. . · Compensation via new machines and products. . · Compensation via decrease in prices. (Landy, 2012) A. B. A. B. Basic Income Studies, Berkeley Electronic Press.
MONEY FOR NOTHING ? L'Inde expérimente le revenu inconditionnel. Dans son dernier numéro, le magazine Altermondes zoome sur une ambitieuse expérience d'allocation inconditionnelle auprès des populations rurales menée par un syndicat de femmes (Sewa) en Inde. Une réflexion qui pourrait ouvrir une nouvelle voie dans la lutte contre la pauvreté. En effet, le Parlement indien a beau avoir approuvé le plus vaste programme de sécurité alimentaire au monde (le Food Security Bill), beaucoup craignent que le dispositif ne reproduise les erreurs à l’origine de l’échec de nombreux programmes sociaux.
Photo © Eva Eva Munyiri [Extraits] Ghodakhurd est un village de l'Etat du Madhia Pradesh, l'immense cœur aride de l'Inde. Les résultats montrent une augmentation significative des dépenses dans la nourriture, les médicaments et l’éducation, une augmentation de l’épargne et une réduction de l’endettement, ainsi qu’une amélioration de l’habitat. Voir l'article entier Voir le sommaire du numéro 36 d'Altermondes S'abonner à Altermondes Creuser le sujet : Basic Income Studies. Instructions for Authors This document provides authors with details on policy, copyediting, formatting, and layout requirements pertaining to final manuscript submission to this journal.
All manuscripts must have correct formatting to be considered for publication. The manuscript submission and review process is handled through ScholarOne Manuscripts. All manuscripts should be submitted to Unpublished material: Submission of a manuscript implies that the work described is not copyrighted, published or submitted elsewhere, except in abstract form. The corresponding author should ensure that all authors approve the manuscript before its submission. Copyright: Manuscripts are accepted on condition of transfer of copyright (for U.S. government employees: to the extent transferable) to Basic Income Studies. The ScholarOne system has been designed to improve the scholarly publication process for authors. . • Only use Unicode fonts (e.g. BIEN Dublin 2008 Paper - 1eiifranzmannbisociologyreligion.pdf. Problématique d'une allocation universelle. Avant-propos Ingénieur de recherche dans une vie antérieure (environnement et étudesépidémiologiques dans une grande entreprise publique), j'aime bien creuser une questionlorsqu'elle me chatouille ...
Après un travail sur le problème récent des retraites, j'ai eu lacuriosité de me pencher sur la question de l'allocation universelle, et d'en parler autour demoi. Un groupe d'amis intéressés m'a alors demandé de leur faire un exposé sur cetintéressant problème ... Banco, je m'y suis mis et, très modestement, j'en proﬁte pour vousproposer ici le fruit de mes investigations.Plus que d'un travail de chercheur, ce travail d'analyse et de synthèse (classique pour unchercheur évidemment) serait normalement, à mon avis, du ressort de journalistes ... Allocation Universelle - JC. Loewenstein - Février 2012. Philippe Van Parijs - Closing of 14th Congress of the Basic Income Earth Network (BIEN2012) Rediscovering The Utopian In Europe: An Interview With Philippe Van Parijs. Philippe Van Parijs is a central figure in the worlds of philosophy and politics alike.
Described by Amartya Sen as “one of the most original and creative thinkers of our time,” he is famous for his defense of a Universal Basic Income – an unconditional monthly grant allocated to all – as the best expression of social justice and freedom. Building on the thought-provoking exchange between Francis Fukuyama and Jürgen Habermas published in May, this special extended interview challenges us to imagine a fairer future for the European project. In their interview in this magazine last year, Jürgen Habermas and Francis Fukuyama suggested the financial crisis had revealed the weaknesses of the European Union (EU). There seems to be a critical lack of trust, solidarity and cohesion – what is your diagnosis? Solidarity is easy when it does not cost much. Solidarity is also more difficult to manage when different cultures are involved. Some European elites do wish to transcend national concerns.
Philippe Van Parijs. Philippe Van Parijs (French: [filip vɑ̃ paʁɛjs]; born 23 May 1951, Brussels) is a Belgian philosopher and political economist, mainly known as a proponent and main defender of the basic income concept and for the first systematic treatment of linguistic justice. Education Philippe Van Parijs studied philosophy, law, political economy, sociology and linguistics at the Université Saint-Louis (Brussels), at the Université catholique de Louvain (UCL) in Louvain-La-Neuve, at the Katholieke Universiteit Leuven (KU Leuven) in Leuven, Oxford, Bielefeld and California (Berkeley).
He holds doctorates in the social sciences (Louvain, 1977) and in philosophy (Oxford, 1980). Career He is professor at the Faculty of economic, social and political sciences of the Université catholique de Louvain (UCL), where he directs the Hoover Chair of economic and social ethics since its creation in 1991. Bibliography Arguing About Justice. Work References External links 1992.Verso_-_Intro__Competing_.final.pdf (Objet application/pdf)
Interview: Instaurer un revenu de base, c'est possible! - Suisse. Interview De passage à Genève, le professeur belge Philippe van Parijs défend ce système, qui est aujourd'hui proposé dans une initiative populaire L’économiste, sociologue et philosophe belge Philippe van Parijs. Image: Olivier Vogelsang Signaler une erreur Vous avez vu une erreur? Veuillez SVP entrez une adresse e-mail valide Partager & Commenter Votre email a été envoyé.
Et si nous touchions tous un revenu de base, sans qu’aucune contrepartie ou travail ne soit exigé? Le but du revenu de base est de remplacer le filet de sécurité sociale par un socle sur lequel s’appuyer. Avec un tel revenu garanti, plus personne ne voudra travailler! Cela dépend des montants alloués!. Justement: ne changerait-on pas de paradigme en arrêtant de lier le revenu au travail? Ce lien reste vrai avec un revenu de base, puisque les personnes qui travaillent gagnent davantage. Equality of outcome. Equality of outcome, equality of condition, or equality of results is a political concept which is central to some political ideologies and is used regularly in political discourse, often in contrast to the term equality of opportunity. It describes a state in which people have approximately the same material wealth or in which the general economic conditions of their lives are similar.
Achieving equal results generally entails reducing or eliminating material inequalities between individuals or households in a society, and usually involves a transfer of income or wealth from wealthier to poorer individuals, or adopting other measures to promote equality of condition. A related way of defining equality of outcome is to think of it as "equality in the central and valuable things in life. Comparisons with related concepts Equality of outcome is often compared to related concepts of equality, particularly with equality of opportunity. Equality of opportunity. Equality of autonomy. Maximum Wage. Test. This is a Universal Basic Income Calculator. Click on the programs and the taxes you would like to put towards creating a Universal Basic Income; feel free to write in your own estimates of the amounts. Notes at the bottom. This is still a beta draft version; comments and concerns are welcome. Definitions and notes: 0. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.
Comments and concerns welcome.