For the book by Jung, see Psychological Types. Clinically effective personality typologies Effective personality typologies reveal and increase knowledge and understanding of individuals, as opposed to diminishing knowledge and understanding as occurs in the case of stereotyping. Effective typologies also allow for increased ability to predict clinically relevant information about people and to develop effective treatment strategies. There is an extensive literature on the topic of classifying the various types of human temperament and an equally extensive literature on personality traits or domains. Type psychologique. Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre.
Les types psychologiques sont une typologie proposée par Carl Gustav Jung pour caractériser le mode de fonctionnement psychologique d'un sujet. Elle aboutit à distinguer seize types psychologiques, suivant la fonction cognitive dominante (quatre possibilités), son orientation introvertie ou extravertie, et l'orientation de la fonction cognitive auxiliaire sur l'axe complémentaire. Les types psychologiques de Jung doivent être vus comme des outils permettant de diagnostiquer les différences de fonctionnement psychologique entre les individus. Au lieu de reprocher à une personne son mode de raisonnement, on peut comprendre que cette personne est d'un type différent et donc aborde le monde selon d'autres priorités que les siennes.
Les différences de types psychologiques peuvent être utilisées comme un outil pour comprendre les différences de fonctionnement des autres. Introduction[modifier | modifier le code] Dans cette lignée, John P. Category:Personality typologies. The concept of personality type refers to the psychological classification of different types of people.
Personality types can be distinguished from personality traits, which come in different levels or degrees. According to type theories, for example, there are two fundamental types of people, introverts and extraverts. According to trait theories, introversion and extraversion are part of a continuous dimension, with many people in the middle. The Myers & Briggs Foundation. Myers-Briggs Type Indicator. Model of personality types A chart with descriptions of each Myers–Briggs personality type and the four dichotomies central to the theory The Myers–Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) is an introspective self-report questionnaire indicating differing psychological preferences in how people perceive the world and make decisions. The original versions of the MBTI were constructed by two Americans, Katharine Cook Briggs and her daughter Isabel Briggs Myers. The MBTI is based on the conceptual theory proposed by Swiss psychiatrist Carl Jung, who had speculated that people experience the world using four principal psychological functions – sensation, intuition, feeling, and thinking – and that one of these four functions is dominant for a person most of the time. The four categories are Introversion/Extraversion, Sensing/Intuition, Thinking/Feeling, Judging/Perception.
16 Personality Factors. The Sixteen Personality Factor Questionnaire (or 16PF), is a multiple-choice personality questionnaire which was developed over several decades of research by Raymond B.
Cattell, Maurice Tatsuoka and Herbert Eber. Beginning in the 1940s, Cattell used the new techniques of factor analysis (based on the correlation coefficient) in an attempt to try to discover and measure the source traits of human personality (Cattell, 1946)(Nevid, 2009). The questionnaire measures the 16 primary traits, and the Big Five secondary traits, which have become popularized by other authors in recent years. Category:Personality tests. Great Ideas in Personality. Personality Tests. The Sequence of Archetypes in Individuation. DynaPsych Table of Contents James Whitlark Professor of English Texas Tech University Scattered throughout Jung’s writings are a few references to the sequence of archetypes associated with stages of individuation.
9types.com - Enneagram tests, type descriptions, forums. Personality Quiz. Personality Test Site. 16 Personality Factors. Table of similar systems of comparison of temperaments. Beginnings The Roman physician Galen mapped the four temperaments (sanguine, phlegmatic, choleric and melancholic) to a matrix of hot/cold and dry/wet, taken from the four classical elements. Two of these temperaments, sanguine and choleric, shared a common trait: quickness of response (corresponding to "heat"), while the melancholic and phlegmatic shared the opposite, a longer response (coldness).
The melancholic and choleric, however, shared a sustained response (dryness), and the sanguine and phlegmatic shared a short-lived response (wetness). This meant that the choleric and melancholic both would tend to hang on to emotions like anger, and thus appear more serious and critical than the fun-loving sanguine, and the peaceful phlegmatic. However, the choleric would be characterized by quick expressions of anger (like the sanguine, with the difference being that the sanguine cools off); while the melancholic would build up anger slowly, silently, before exploding.
David W. The Personality Project.