Commons - Biens Communs - Bens comuns - Bienes comunes

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Category:Commons. = What we share.


Creations of both nature and society that belong to all of us equally, and should be maintained for future generations. The Commons has the potential to replace the commodity as the determining form of re-/producing societal living conditions. Quelles différences entre les biens communs et le communisme ? » Article » OWNI, Digital Journalism. Quelle sont les similitudes divergences entre les traditions socialistes et l'émergence des idées et pratiques liées au P2P et des biens communs ?

Quelles différences entre les biens communs et le communisme ? » Article » OWNI, Digital Journalism

Michel Bauwens, fondateur de la P2P Foundation, nous explique sa vision. Titre original : How does the idea of p2p and the commons differ from the socialist tradition? Dans cet article du journal Pagina 12, le journaliste Mariano Blejman écrit que je mets sur le même plan le matériel ouvert et socialisme. Et c’est également le message qui semble être relayé aujourd’hui sur twitter. Knowledge Is a Common Good - Transform Network. The Effects of the Open Source Movement on the Development of Politics and Society Introduction In October 2009, Transform!

Knowledge Is a Common Good - Transform Network

Co-promoted the first Free Culture Forum (FCF). The FCF is one of the first attempts to create an international space of networking and strategic reflection for a wide range of movements that have emerged across the world in different fields and are related to the production, access, circulation and management of cultural works and knowledge goods. It concluded an intense three days’ work with the release of a Charter for Innovation, Creativity and Access to Knowledge, which condensed demands, principles and concrete actions to differently regulate the legal, political and economical challenges posed by the revolution taking place in the way that knowledge, information and culture are created, accessed and transformed.

Tragedy of the commons. The tragedy of the commons is an economics theory by Garrett Hardin, according to which individuals, acting independently and rationally according to each one's self-interest, behave contrary to the whole group's long-term best interests by depleting some common resource.

Tragedy of the commons

The concept is often cited in connection with sustainable development, meshing economic growth and environmental protection, as well as in the debate over global warming. "Commons" can include the atmosphere, oceans, rivers, fish stocks, national parks and any other shared resource. Rio+20 – Tragedy of the Commons 2.0?

Are the discussions on sustainability at Rio about to end once more with no serious commitment to the fundamental transformations needed?

Rio+20 – Tragedy of the Commons 2.0?

These coming three days will be decisive with heads of state coming to a closure at the end of the week. They are summoned to exercise leadership and face their responsibilities. The feedback received from Rio is unpromising, after mobilizing for proposals via The Future We Want and other avenues for feedback and recommendation, most of the organizations representing civil society feel they have hardly been able to get their voice heard and they are now circulating a petition on The Future We Don’t Want… An admission of failure and the sentiment of having been played?

"Let The Hacking Begin" Declares Person Who Hacked Zuckerberg's Facebook Fan Page. Elinor Ostrom Debunks Tragedy of the Commons. Nobel Prize-winning economist Elinor Ostrom proved that people can—and do—work together to manage commonly-held resources without degrading them. posted Oct 27, 2009 The biggest roadblock standing in the way of many people’s recognition of the importance of the commons came tumbling down when Indiana University professor Elinor Ostrom won the Nobel Prize for Economics.

Elinor Ostrom Debunks Tragedy of the Commons

Garrett Hardin described the Tragedy of the Commons with a hypothetical example of shared herding land: If all herders make the individually rational economic decision of increasing the number of cows they graze on the land, the collective effect will deplete or destroy the common. Over many decades, Ostrom has documented how various communities manage common resources—grazing lands, forests, irrigation waters, fisheries—equitably and sustainably over the long term. Inducing Peer Pressure to Promote Cooperation : Scientific Reports. Overview of mechanism The main idea behind the mechanism is illustrated in Figure 1.

Inducing Peer Pressure to Promote Cooperation : Scientific Reports

In contrast with the Pigouvian approach, which focuses on the individual causing the externality, our mechanism focuses on their peers in the social network. The idea is to incentivize agent A's peers to exert (positive or negative) pressure on A. Le bien commun : l'assaut final - Un documentaire de Carole Poliquin. Nombreux sont ceux qui pensent qu’en France le projet de loi « Création et Internet » (ou Hadopi) n’est pas qu’une simple question technique et juridique pour endiguer le « piratage », mais se situe bien au delà, sur le front politique et sociétal de la défense des biens communs contre une « marchandisation » croissante des activités humaines, ici la culture[1].

Le bien commun : l'assaut final - Un documentaire de Carole Poliquin

C’est pourquoi il nous a semblé intéressant de proposer aux lecteurs de passage un « vieux » documentaire que vous n’avez peut-être pas eu l’occasion de voir à sa sortie en 2002 (durée : 1 heure). Il a pour titre Le bien commun : l’assaut final et a été réalisé par la québécoise Carole Poliquin (dont nous avons obtenu accord pour diffusion). Voici ce qu’en disait Bernard Langlois dans le journal Politis : Sur le fond, c’est une charge très argumentée, très démonstrative contre la mondialisation libérale, nourrie de reportages et de témoignages recueillis au Canada, au Mexique, aux États-Unis, en Inde, en France. Engaging For the Commons - Global Pull Platform. In january 2011, The Secretary General of the UN Ban Ki-moon, called for revolutionary thinking and action to ensure an economic model for survival.

Engaging For the Commons - Global Pull Platform

A year later, the Global Sustainability Panel he created to this effect published its recommendations report for Rio+20: Resilient people, resilient Planet, a future worth choosing. The vision of the GSP as expressed in the report revolves around choice, influence, participation and action, and calls for a political process "able to summon both the arguments and the political will necessary to act for a sustainable future. "… Six outils pour faire vivre les biens communs. Le concept de bien commun a pris une place importante dans le champ médiatique depuis l’attribution en 2009 du prix (de la Banque royale de Suède en sciences économiques en mémoire d’Alfred) Nobel à la politologue étasunienne Elinor Ostrom.

Six outils pour faire vivre les biens communs

Cette dernière a produit une oeuvre scientifique immense démontrant magistralement que de nombreux biens communs (des ressources naturelles et des ressources culturelles) peuvent être bien gérées localement par des communautés très diverses qui se fabriquent des normes ad hoc pour éviter l’effondrement de leurs ressources (autrement appelé « la tragédie des biens communs »).

Ostrom montre qu’il n’y a pas de recette toute faite, mais qu’il y a bien des principes de base récurrents [1]. Commons In A Box. Common Good Forum. Commons. Commons refers to the cultural and natural resources accessible to all members of a society, including natural materials such as air, water, and a habitable earth. These resources are held in common, not owned privately.[1][dead link] The resources held in common can include everything from natural resources and common land to software.[2] The commons contains public property and private property, over which people have certain traditional rights. When commonly held property is transformed into private property this process alternatively is termed "enclosure" or more commonly, "privatization. " A person who has a right in, or over, common land jointly with another or others is called a commoner.[3] Concepts[edit] The commons were traditionally defined as the elements of the environment - forests, atmosphere, rivers, fisheries or grazing land - that are shared, used and enjoyed by all.

Debategraph. <-- Outline view Paul Hawken describes the challenge of sustainability and activist movements that he sees converging into an unnamed and shapeless 'movement' in his book Blessed Unrest: " ... as yet there has been no coming together of organizations in a united front that can counter the massive scale and power of the global corporations and lobbyists that protect the status quo. ...The as yet undelivered promise of this movement is a network of organizations that offer solutions to disantangle what appear to be insoluble dilemmas: poverty, global climate change, terrorism, ecological degradation, polarization of income, loss of culture, and many more. The world seems to be looking for the big solution, which is itself part of the problem, since the most effective solutions are both local and systemic.

Although the groups in the movement are autonomous, the coming together of different organizations to address an array of issues can effectively become a systemic approach. Communicating the Commons. << Outline View >> Back to Bubble View This is a work in progress. For the past couple of years I have collated and curated the possibilities, concepts, alternatives that people striving for a 'better world' were working on and talking about in various social network groups dedicated to sustainability, commons, new economy.

Additions or changes are welcome here. Biens Communs -- Commons -- Bens comuns -- Bienes comunes. La présentation du Manifeste pour la Récupération des Biens Communs à l'occasion du FSM 2009 à Belém au Brésil, marque le point de départ d'une campagne de mobilisation pour la préservation, la reconquête et la création des Biens Communs. Le but de cette campagne est de populariser la notion de Biens Communs en ouvrant un espace participatif de réflexion et de partage de toutes les initiatives concernant le futur des Biens Communs. Le manifeste est un point de départ. Open Culture. Commons Abundance Network. Towards a Material Commons. Transcripted from the original audio by Jane Loes Lipton for Guerrilla Translation!

Main image by Stacco TroncosoThis transcript is also available as a Spanish translation Can commons-oriented peer production be applied to material production? Commons Abundance Network | Working together to bring the principles and practices of the commons to the world. Creative Commons. Cooperation Commons | Le Sens du bien commun.

The Public Domain Review | Online journal dedicated to showcasing the most interesting and unusual out-of-copyright works available on the web. The Wealth of the Commons. SavoirsCom1. Knowledge commons. Understanding Knowledge as a Commons. Economía del Bien Común. IASC-COMMONS | The leading professional association dedicated to the commons. Ming the Mechanic: Ten incredible things we get for free. Search for Common Ground International Conflict Transformation Resolution, Peacebuilding. David Bollier | news and perspectives on the commons. Global Innovation Commons | Discover... Connect... Contribute... Think Commons. IASC COMMONS (iasc_commons)

G Innovation Commons (InnoCommons) L'Écomoneur | Économie politique des (biens) communs. La fin programmée de la civilisation du gâchis. Réflection faite. De quoi est fait notre avenir? Quel avenir pour notre civilisation? Dates d'puisement des ressources naturelles de notre planète. Ressource non renouvelable. Share The World’s Resources - STWR. Shortage of Resources for Renewable Energy.

Commodity Statistics and Information. Value Of The Public Domain. Cause commune. La redécouverte des biens communs. Le partage est légitime. Remix biens communs. Données personnelles : mais de quels droits veut-on encore nous priver ? | L'Écomoneur. Le Processus du Bien commun ! Ecologie sociale et pluralisme. KOKOPELLI. National Geographic Magazine -

Lecomoneur. Association Kokopelli. Digital Library Of The Commons. International Journal of the Commons. World Water Council. The Free World Charter: Let's make everything free. Common_cause_report. Move Commons. On the Commons. On the Commons (onthecommons) Common goods. On the Commons. Tomales Bay Institute: The Commons Rising (PDF) | fírgoa.