Category:Commons. = What we share.
Creations of both nature and society that belong to all of us equally, and should be maintained for future generations. The Commons has the potential to replace the commodity as the determining form of re-/producing societal living conditions. Quelles différences entre les biens communs et le communisme ? » Article » OWNI, Digital Journalism. Knowledge Is a Common Good - Transform Network. The Effects of the Open Source Movement on the Development of Politics and Society Introduction In October 2009, Transform!
Co-promoted the first Free Culture Forum (FCF). The FCF is one of the first attempts to create an international space of networking and strategic reflection for a wide range of movements that have emerged across the world in different fields and are related to the production, access, circulation and management of cultural works and knowledge goods. It concluded an intense three days’ work with the release of a Charter for Innovation, Creativity and Access to Knowledge, which condensed demands, principles and concrete actions to differently regulate the legal, political and economical challenges posed by the revolution taking place in the way that knowledge, information and culture are created, accessed and transformed.
Tragedy of the commons. The tragedy of the commons is an economics theory by Garrett Hardin, according to which individuals, acting independently and rationally according to each one's self-interest, behave contrary to the whole group's long-term best interests by depleting some common resource.
The concept is often cited in connection with sustainable development, meshing economic growth and environmental protection, as well as in the debate over global warming. "Commons" can include the atmosphere, oceans, rivers, fish stocks, national parks and any other shared resource. Rio+20 – Tragedy of the Commons 2.0? Are the discussions on sustainability at Rio about to end once more with no serious commitment to the fundamental transformations needed?
These coming three days will be decisive with heads of state coming to a closure at the end of the week. They are summoned to exercise leadership and face their responsibilities. The feedback received from Rio is unpromising, after mobilizing for proposals via The Future We Want and other avenues for feedback and recommendation, most of the organizations representing civil society feel they have hardly been able to get their voice heard and they are now circulating a petition on The Future We Don’t Want… An admission of failure and the sentiment of having been played? "Let The Hacking Begin" Declares Person Who Hacked Zuckerberg's Facebook Fan Page. Elinor Ostrom Debunks Tragedy of the Commons. Nobel Prize-winning economist Elinor Ostrom proved that people can—and do—work together to manage commonly-held resources without degrading them. posted Oct 27, 2009 The biggest roadblock standing in the way of many people’s recognition of the importance of the commons came tumbling down when Indiana University professor Elinor Ostrom won the Nobel Prize for Economics.
Garrett Hardin described the Tragedy of the Commons with a hypothetical example of shared herding land: If all herders make the individually rational economic decision of increasing the number of cows they graze on the land, the collective effect will deplete or destroy the common. Over many decades, Ostrom has documented how various communities manage common resources—grazing lands, forests, irrigation waters, fisheries—equitably and sustainably over the long term.
Inducing Peer Pressure to Promote Cooperation : Scientific Reports. Overview of mechanism The main idea behind the mechanism is illustrated in Figure 1.
In contrast with the Pigouvian approach, which focuses on the individual causing the externality, our mechanism focuses on their peers in the social network. The idea is to incentivize agent A's peers to exert (positive or negative) pressure on A. Le bien commun : l'assaut final - Un documentaire de Carole Poliquin. Engaging For the Commons - Global Pull Platform. In january 2011, The Secretary General of the UN Ban Ki-moon, called for revolutionary thinking and action to ensure an economic model for survival.
A year later, the Global Sustainability Panel he created to this effect published its recommendations report for Rio+20: Resilient people, resilient Planet, a future worth choosing. The vision of the GSP as expressed in the report revolves around choice, influence, participation and action, and calls for a political process "able to summon both the arguments and the political will necessary to act for a sustainable future. "… Six outils pour faire vivre les biens communs. Commons In A Box. Common Good Forum. Commons. Commons refers to the cultural and natural resources accessible to all members of a society, including natural materials such as air, water, and a habitable earth. These resources are held in common, not owned privately.[dead link] The resources held in common can include everything from natural resources and common land to software. The commons contains public property and private property, over which people have certain traditional rights.
When commonly held property is transformed into private property this process alternatively is termed "enclosure" or more commonly, "privatization. " A person who has a right in, or over, common land jointly with another or others is called a commoner. Concepts The commons were traditionally defined as the elements of the environment - forests, atmosphere, rivers, fisheries or grazing land - that are shared, used and enjoyed by all. Debategraph. <-- Outline view Paul Hawken describes the challenge of sustainability and activist movements that he sees converging into an unnamed and shapeless 'movement' in his book Blessed Unrest: " ... as yet there has been no coming together of organizations in a united front that can counter the massive scale and power of the global corporations and lobbyists that protect the status quo. ...The as yet undelivered promise of this movement is a network of organizations that offer solutions to disantangle what appear to be insoluble dilemmas: poverty, global climate change, terrorism, ecological degradation, polarization of income, loss of culture, and many more.
The world seems to be looking for the big solution, which is itself part of the problem, since the most effective solutions are both local and systemic. Although the groups in the movement are autonomous, the coming together of different organizations to address an array of issues can effectively become a systemic approach. Communicating the Commons. << Outline View >> Back to Bubble View This is a work in progress.
For the past couple of years I have collated and curated the possibilities, concepts, alternatives that people striving for a 'better world' were working on and talking about in various social network groups dedicated to sustainability, commons, new economy. Additions or changes are welcome here. Bienes comunes. Open Culture. Commons Abundance Network. Towards a Material Commons. Transcripted from the original audio by Jane Loes Lipton for Guerrilla Translation!
Main image by Stacco TroncosoThis transcript is also available as a Spanish translation Can commons-oriented peer production be applied to material production? Working together to bring the principles and practices of the commons to the world. Creative Commons. Cooperation Commons. Le Sens du bien commun. Online journal dedicated to showcasing the most interesting and unusual out-of-copyright works available on the web. The Wealth of the Commons. SavoirsCom1. Knowledge commons. Conceptual background The term 'commons' is derived from the medieval economic system the commons. Today, the knowledge commons act as a frame of reference for a number of domains, including Open Educational resources such as the MIT OpenCourseware, free digital media such as Wikipedia, Creative commons–licensed art, open-source research, and open scientific collections such as the Public Library of Science or the Science Commons, Free Software and Open Design.
Understanding Knowledge as a Commons. Knowledge in digital form offers unprecedented access to information through the Internet but at the same time is subject to ever-greater restrictions through intellectual property legislation, overpatenting, licensing, overpricing, and lack of preservation. Looking at knowledge as a commons—as a shared resource—allows us to understand both its limitless possibilities and what threatens it. In Understanding Knowledge as a Commons, experts from a range of disciplines discuss the knowledge commons in the digital era—how to conceptualize it, protect it, and build it. Contributors consider the concept of the commons historically and offer an analytical framework for understanding knowledge as a shared social-ecological system.
They look at ways to guard against enclosure of the knowledge commons, considering, among other topics, the role of research libraries, the advantages of making scholarly material available outside the academy, and the problem of disappearing Web pages. Economía del Bien Común. The leading professional association dedicated to the commons. Ming the Mechanic: Ten incredible things we get for free. By Flemming Funch Life2.0: Here are 10 wonderful things that just seem to happen by themselves: • Diversity & Harmony • Connection & Friendship • Self-organisation & Synergy • Resonance & Synchronicity • Insight & The spread of great ideas • Emergence & Paradigm Shifts • Learning & Growth • Happiness & Flow • Healing & Forgiveness • Relaxation & Enlightenment Not a bad list is it?
Don't you find it comforting to know that without our interference things have a way of working out just fine... that life is basically set up to help us succeed no matter what? And all of these phenomena seem to work whether we believe in them or not. Philip Dick defined reality as 'that which, when you stop believing in it, doesn't go away'. Search for Common Ground International Conflict Transformation Resolution, Peacebuilding. News and perspectives on the commons. Discover... Connect... Contribute... Think Commons. IASC COMMONS (iasc_commons) G Innovation Commons (InnoCommons) Économie politique des (biens) communs. La fin programmée de la civilisation du gâchis. Réflection faite. De quoi est fait notre avenir? Quel avenir pour notre civilisation? Dates d'puisement des ressources naturelles de notre planète.
Ressource non renouvelable. Share The World’s Resources - STWR. Shortage of Resources for Renewable Energy. UK Government Report Calls for “Strategic Metals” Plan. Not only are supplies of oil and natural gas under imminent threat of failing to meet demand for them, but so is a whole range of precious metals, along with indium, gallium and germanium and other vital elements such as phosphorus and helium, as is discussed throughout this Commentary. A report1 from the Science and Technology Committee, advised by the Royal Society of Chemistry, warns that if the U.K. does not secure supplies of strategic metals, its economic growth will be severely jeopardized. Of particular concern are indium, used in touch screens and liquid crystal displays, and rare earth elements (REEs) particularly neodymium and dysprosium, used to fabricate highly efficient magnets for electric cars and wind turbines. Commodity Statistics and Information. Value Of The Public Domain. Cause commune.
La redécouverte des biens communs. Le partage est légitime. Remix biens communs. Données personnelles : mais de quels droits veut-on encore nous priver ? Le Processus du Bien commun ! Ecologie sociale et pluralisme. KOKOPELLI. National Geographic Magazine - NGM.com. Association Kokopelli. Digital Library Of The Commons. International Journal of the Commons. World Water Council. The Free World Charter: Let's make everything free. Common_cause_report. Move Commons. On the Commons. On the Commons (onthecommons) Common goods. On the Commons. Tomales Bay Institute: The Commons Rising (PDF)