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War. Thule. Ancient geography[edit] Now Pytheas of Massilia tells us that Thule, the most northerly of the Britannic Islands, is farthest north, and that there the circle of the summer tropic is the same as the Arctic Circle.


But from the other writers I learn nothing on the subject—neither that there exists a certain island by the name of Thule, nor whether the northern regions are inhabitable up to the point where the summer tropic becomes the Arctic Circle. The Roman geographer Pomponius Mela placed Thule north of Scythia.[10] Other late classical writers and post-classical writers such as Orosius (384-420 A.D) and the Irish monk Dicuil (late 8th and early 9th century), describe Thule as being North and West of both Ireland and Britain.

Dicuil described Thule as being beyond islands that seem to be the Faroes, strongly suggesting Iceland. Ancient literature[edit] Cleomedes referenced Pytheas' journey to Thule, but added no new information.[16] Inhabitants of Thule[edit] Modern use[edit] WikiMiniAtlas. Sybaris. Sybaris (Ancient Greek: Σύβαρις; Italian: Sibari) was an important city of Magna Graecia.


It was situated on the Gulf of Taranto between two rivers, the Crathis (Crati) and the Sybaris (Coscile). In 510/09 BC[A] the city was subjugated by its neighbor Kroton and its population driven out. Sybaris became a dependent ally of Kroton, but Kroton again besieged the city in 476/5 BC, probably resulting in another victory for Kroton. Two attempts to reoccupy the city failed around 452/1 BC and 446/5 BC when the remaining Sybarites were again expelled by the Krotoniates. After a call for help the Sybarites reoccupied their city later in 446/5 BC with the assistance of new settlers from Athens and other cities in the Peloponnese.

The ruins of Sybaris and Thurii became forgotten as they were buried by sediment from the Crati river over time. Geography[edit] History[edit] Foundation in 720 BC[edit] Asian culture. Chantecler (play) Chantecler is a verse play in four acts, written by Edmond Rostand.

Chantecler (play)

The play is notable in that all the characters are farmyard animals including the main protagonist, a chanticleer, or rooster. The play centers on the theme of idealism and spiritual sincerity, as contrasted with cynicism and artificiality. Much of the play satirizes modernist artistic doctrines from Rostand's romanticist perspective. The play finally premiered on 7 February 1910 at the Théâtre de la Porte Saint-Martin in Paris, with Lucien Guitry in the title role. The play was not initially successful, due, in Rostand's opinion, to Guitry's uninspired performance, but also because the sophisticated Parisians in the audience realised their way of life was being criticised. The play made its American debut on Broadway in 1911, featuring Maude Adams in an adaptation by Louis N.

The story of Chantecler was loosely adapted into the 1992 American animated film Rock-a-Doodle, directed by Don Bluth.


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