Paraprosdokian. Etymology "Paraprosdokian" comes from Greek "παρά", meaning "against" and "προσδοκία", meaning "expectation".
The term "prosdokia" ("expectation") occurs with the preposition "para" in Greek rhetorical writers of the 1st century BCE and the 1st and 2nd centuries CE, with the meaning "contrary to expectation" or "unexpectedly. " These four sources are cited under "prosdokia" in Liddell-Scott-Jones, Greek Lexicon. Canadian linguist and etymology author William Gordon Casselman argues that, while the word is now in wide circulation, "paraprosdokian" (or "paraprosdokia") is not a term of classical (or medieval) Greek or Latin rhetoric, but a late 20th-century neologism, citing the fact that the word does not yet appear in the Oxford English Dictionary as evidence of its late coinage. However, the word appeared in print as early as 1891 in a humorous article in Punch magazine. Examples
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The art of empathy: According to new study, literature makes you care about others. Reading is good for you, we have long been told, and a new study by researchers at Ohio State describes one of the many benefits of reading: It makes you identify with people who are not like yourself and, consequently, care for them.
(Image via Lenny Likes Libraries) The escaped slave Sethe in Toni Morrison's "Beloved"; the ghettoized immigrants in Henry Roth's "Call it Sleep" -- when you read about them, you become these imaginary individuals in a process the OSU researchers call "experience-taking. " The OSU findings, which appear in the Journal of Personality and Social Psychology indicate that readers of fiction "found themselves feeling the emotions, thoughts, beliefs and internal responses of one of the characters as if they were their own.
" Literary anti-intellectualism on reddit : books. Over the last few days a link to the New York Times blog featuring a study regarding literary fiction's ability to teach empathy has been circulating several subreddits, and with it I've noticed a very interesting phenomenon.
I've seen it here, on Science, on Writing, and perhaps some other places I don't remember, and the popular response has been largely the same in each place. What book left you feeling amazing and on top of the world? : books. My personal favorite book is "Prince of Foxes" by Samuel Shellabarger.
It hasn't been popular since the 1950s and it's hard to find copies, but the story is the best pick-me-up ever (and my dad used to read it out loud to me). It's basically a story of a bad man becoming a good man, and it's just a damn good and well-written adventure novel in general. Pixar's 22 Rules of Storytelling. #1: You admire a character for trying more than for their successes. #2: You gotta keep in mind what’s interesting to you as an audience, not what’s fun to do as a writer.
They can be v. different. You think English is easy? : funny. You think English is easy?
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Ernest Hemingway once said “All American literature comes from one book by Mark Twain called Huckleberry Finn. There was nothing before. There has been nothing as good since.” While many have challenged Ernest’s view, there’s no denying that over a career spanning more than three decades, Papa became a master of his craft. In his lifetime, he published seven novels, six short story collections, and two non-fiction works. His last major work of fiction, The Old Man and the Sea won him the 1953 Pulitzer Prize for Fiction and was cited by the Nobel Committee as contributing to the awarding of him the Nobel Prize in Literature a year later.
32 Books That Will Actually Change Your Life. Doris Lessing and the Perils of the Pseudonymous Novel. In the early nineteen-eighties, a literary agent in London sent the manuscript of a first novel titled “The Diary of a Good Neighbour,” by a certain Jane Somers, to the publishing company Jonathan Cape. Cape still maintained the old-fashioned practice of employing in-house readers, and the manuscript duly appeared in their office, on the shelf reserved for agented material, guaranteeing it prompt and serious attention. Of the half-dozen or so men and women paid to sit around in armchairs perusing new manuscripts, the one who plucked it from the shelf happened to be the youngest, an aspiring poet and fiction writer of twenty-three. He didn’t think much of it, and wrote a report saying so. After a brief discussion at the weekly editorial meeting, the book was turned down.
Some time later, it was revealed that “Jane Somers” was, in fact, Doris Lessing. Reader, I was that reader. Top Books Derived from 11 "Top 100" Lists : books. This post has its roots in a post from /r/booklists which linked to a blog post about the "Top 10 Top 100 Book Lists". This post linked to 10+ "Top 100" book lists from sources such as TIME magazine, Entertainment Weekly, Modern Library, etc. They were all in such different formats, and such different ways of being presented that I wanted to amalgamate all of these into one master "list" in order to compare them (thirteen lists in total since I also added in the first 100 of the Reddit's 200 favorite books). Pixar's 22 Rules of Storytelling. - StumbleUpon. 40 websites that will make you cleverer right now.
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Le Degré zéro de l'écriture. Charles Dickens. Book Review - The Elephant’s Journey - By José Saramago. Dick Turpin. Andrew Stanton: The clues to a great story.
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Super Sad True Habits of Highly Effective Writers: Part 1. How to use a semicolon. Crafting the novel’s crucial first line. Asyndeton.